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4 definitions found
 for refraction
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Refraction \Re*frac"tion\ (r?*fr?k"sh?n), n. [F. r['e]fraction.]
     1. The act of refracting, or the state of being refracted.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. The change in the direction of ray of light, heat, or the
        like, when it enters obliquely a medium of a different
        density from that through which it has previously moved.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Refraction out of the rarer medium into the denser,
              is made towards the perpendicular.    --Sir I.
                                                    Newton.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. (Astron.)
        (a) The change in the direction of a ray of light, and,
            consequently, in the apparent position of a heavenly
            body from which it emanates, arising from its passage
            through the earth's atmosphere; -- hence distinguished
            as atmospheric refraction, or astronomical refraction.
        (b) The correction which is to be deducted from the
            apparent altitude of a heavenly body on account of
            atmospheric refraction, in order to obtain the true
            altitude.
            [1913 Webster]
  
     Angle of refraction (Opt.), the angle which a refracted ray
        makes with the perpendicular to the surface separating the
        two media traversed by the ray.
  
     Conical refraction (Opt.), the refraction of a ray of light
        into an infinite number of rays, forming a hollow cone.
        This occurs when a ray of light is passed through crystals
        of some substances, under certain circumstances. Conical
        refraction is of two kinds; external conical refraction,
        in which the ray issues from the crystal in the form of a
        cone, the vertex of which is at the point of emergence;
        and internal conical refraction, in which the ray is
        changed into the form of a cone on entering the crystal,
        from which it issues in the form of a hollow cylinder.
        This singular phenomenon was first discovered by Sir W. R.
        Hamilton by mathematical reasoning alone, unaided by
        experiment.
  
     Differential refraction (Astron.), the change of the
        apparent place of one object relative to a second object
        near it, due to refraction; also, the correction required
        to be made to the observed relative places of the two
        bodies.
  
     Double refraction (Opt.), the refraction of light in two
        directions, which produces two distinct images. The power
        of double refraction is possessed by all crystals except
        those of the isometric system. A uniaxial crystal is said
        to be optically positive (like quartz), or optically
        negative (like calcite), or to have positive, or negative,
        double refraction, according as the optic axis is the axis
        of least or greatest elasticity for light; a biaxial
        crystal is similarly designated when the same relation
        holds for the acute bisectrix.
  
     Index of refraction. See under Index.
  
     Refraction circle (Opt.), an instrument provided with a
        graduated circle for the measurement of refraction.
  
     Refraction of latitude, longitude, declination, right
     ascension, etc., the change in the apparent latitude,
        longitude, etc., of a heavenly body, due to the effect of
        atmospheric refraction.
  
     Terrestrial refraction, the change in the apparent altitude
        of a distant point on or near the earth's surface, as the
        top of a mountain, arising from the passage of light from
        it to the eye through atmospheric strata of varying
        density.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Angle \An"gle\ ([a^][ng]"g'l), n. [F. angle, L. angulus angle,
     corner; akin to uncus hook, Gr. 'agky`los bent, crooked,
     angular, 'a`gkos a bend or hollow, AS. angel hook, fish-hook,
     G. angel, and F. anchor.]
     1. The inclosed space near the point where two lines meet; a
        corner; a nook.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Into the utmost angle of the world.   --Spenser.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              To search the tenderest angles of the heart.
                                                    --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. (Geom.)
        (a) The figure made by. two lines which meet.
        (b) The difference of direction of two lines. In the lines
            meet, the point of meeting is the vertex of the angle.
            [1913 Webster]
  
     3. A projecting or sharp corner; an angular fragment.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Though but an angle reached him of the stone.
                                                    --Dryden.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. (Astrol.) A name given to four of the twelve astrological
        "houses." [Obs.] --Chaucer.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. [AS. angel.] A fishhook; tackle for catching fish,
        consisting of a line, hook, and bait, with or without a
        rod.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Give me mine angle: we 'll to the river there.
                                                    --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              A fisher next his trembling angle bears. --Pope.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Acute angle, one less than a right angle, or less than
        90[deg].
  
     Adjacent or Contiguous angles, such as have one leg
        common to both angles.
  
     Alternate angles. See Alternate.
  
     Angle bar.
        (a) (Carp.) An upright bar at the angle where two faces of
            a polygonal or bay window meet. --Knight.
        (b) (Mach.) Same as Angle iron.
  
     Angle bead (Arch.), a bead worked on or fixed to the angle
        of any architectural work, esp. for protecting an angle of
        a wall.
  
     Angle brace, Angle tie (Carp.), a brace across an
        interior angle of a wooden frame, forming the hypothenuse
        and securing the two side pieces together. --Knight.
  
     Angle iron (Mach.), a rolled bar or plate of iron having
        one or more angles, used for forming the corners, or
        connecting or sustaining the sides of an iron structure to
        which it is riveted.
  
     Angle leaf (Arch.), a detail in the form of a leaf, more or
        less conventionalized, used to decorate and sometimes to
        strengthen an angle.
  
     Angle meter, an instrument for measuring angles, esp. for
        ascertaining the dip of strata.
  
     Angle shaft (Arch.), an enriched angle bead, often having a
        capital or base, or both.
  
     Curvilineal angle, one formed by two curved lines.
  
     External angles, angles formed by the sides of any
        right-lined figure, when the sides are produced or
        lengthened.
  
     Facial angle. See under Facial.
  
     Internal angles, those which are within any right-lined
        figure.
  
     Mixtilineal angle, one formed by a right line with a curved
        line.
  
     Oblique angle, one acute or obtuse, in opposition to a
        right angle.
  
     Obtuse angle, one greater than a right angle, or more than
        90[deg].
  
     Optic angle. See under Optic.
  
     Rectilineal or Right-lined angle, one formed by two right
        lines.
  
     Right angle, one formed by a right line falling on another
        perpendicularly, or an angle of 90[deg] (measured by a
        quarter circle).
  
     Solid angle, the figure formed by the meeting of three or
        more plane angles at one point.
  
     Spherical angle, one made by the meeting of two arcs of
        great circles, which mutually cut one another on the
        surface of a globe or sphere.
  
     Visual angle, the angle formed by two rays of light, or two
        straight lines drawn from the extreme points of an object
        to the center of the eye.
  
     For Angles of commutation, draught, incidence,
     reflection, refraction, position, repose, fraction,
        see Commutation, Draught, Incidence, Reflection,
        Refraction, etc.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  refraction
      n 1: the change in direction of a propagating wave (light or
           sound) when passing from one medium to another
      2: the amount by which a propagating wave is bent [syn:
         deflection, deflexion, refraction]

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  18 Moby Thesaurus words for "refraction":
     atmospheric attenuation, blind spots, clutter, deflection,
     deflexure, diffraction, diffusion, dispersion, distortion,
     false echoes, flection, flexure, ground clutter, scatter,
     sea clutter, skewness, superrefraction, torsion
  
  

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