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2 definitions found
 for ((Centaurea solstitialis
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Saint \Saint\ (s[=a]nt), n. [F., fr. L. sanctus sacred, properly
     p. p. of sancire to render sacred by a religious act, to
     appoint as sacred; akin to sacer sacred. Cf. Sacred,
     Sanctity, Sanctum, Sanctus.]
     1. A person sanctified; a holy or godly person; one eminent
        for piety and virtue; any true Christian, as being
        redeemed and consecrated to God.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to
              be saints.                            --1 Cor. i. 2.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. One of the blessed in heaven.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Then shall thy saints, unmixed, and from the impure
              Far separate, circling thy holy mount,
              Unfeigned hallelujahs to thee sing.   --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. (Eccl.) One canonized by the church. [Abbrev. St.]
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Saint Andrew's cross.
        (a) A cross shaped like the letter X. See Illust. 4, under
            Cross.
        (b) (Bot.) A low North American shrub ({Ascyrum
            Crux-Andreae, the petals of which have the form of a
            Saint Andrew's cross. --Gray.
  
     Saint Anthony's cross, a T-shaped cross. See Illust. 6,
        under Cross.
  
     Saint Anthony's fire, the erysipelas; -- popularly so
        called because it was supposed to have been cured by the
        intercession of Saint Anthony.
  
     Saint Anthony's nut (Bot.), the groundnut ({Bunium
        flexuosum); -- so called because swine feed on it, and
        St. Anthony was once a swineherd. --Dr. Prior.
  
     Saint Anthony's turnip (Bot.), the bulbous crowfoot, a
        favorite food of swine. --Dr. Prior.
  
     Saint Barnaby's thistle (Bot.), a kind of knapweed
        ({Centaurea solstitialis) flowering on St. Barnabas's
        Day, June 11th. --Dr. Prior.
  
     Saint Bernard (Zool.), a breed of large, handsome dogs
        celebrated for strength and sagacity, formerly bred
        chiefly at the Hospice of St. Bernard in Switzerland, but
        now common in Europe and America. There are two races, the
        smooth-haired and the rough-haired. See Illust. under
        Dog.
  
     Saint Catharine's flower (Bot.), the plant love-in-a-mist.
        See under Love.
  
     Saint Cuthbert's beads (Paleon.), the fossil joints of
        crinoid stems.
  
     Saint Dabeoc's heath (Bot.), a heatherlike plant ({Daboecia
        polifolia), named from an Irish saint.
  
     Saint Distaff's Day. See under Distaff.
  
     Saint Elmo's fire, a luminous, flamelike appearance,
        sometimes seen in dark, tempestuous nights, at some
        prominent point on a ship, particularly at the masthead
        and the yardarms. It has also been observed on land, and
        is due to the discharge of electricity from elevated or
        pointed objects. A single flame is called a Helena, or a
        Corposant; a double, or twin, flame is called a Castor
        and Pollux, or a double Corposant. It takes its name
        from St. Elmo, the patron saint of sailors.
  
     Saint George's cross (Her.), a Greek cross gules upon a
        field argent, the field being represented by a narrow
        fimbriation in the ensign, or union jack, of Great
        Britain.
  
     Saint George's ensign, a red cross on a white field with a
        union jack in the upper corner next the mast. It is the
        distinguishing badge of ships of the royal navy of
        England; -- called also the white ensign. --Brande & C.
  
     Saint George's flag, a smaller flag resembling the ensign,
        but without the union jack; used as the sign of the
        presence and command of an admiral. [Eng.] --Brande & C.
  
     Saint Gobain glass (Chem.), a fine variety of soda-lime
        plate glass, so called from St. Gobain in France, where it
        was manufactured.
  
     Saint Ignatius's bean (Bot.), the seed of a tree of the
        Philippines ({Strychnos Ignatia), of properties similar
        to the nux vomica.
  
     Saint+James's+shell+(Zool.),+a+pecten+({Vola+Jacobaeus">Saint James's shell (Zool.), a pecten ({Vola Jacobaeus)
        worn by pilgrims to the Holy Land. See Illust. under
        Scallop.
  
     Saint James's-wort (Bot.), a kind of ragwort ({Senecio
        Jacobaea).
  
     Saint John's bread. (Bot.) See Carob.
  
     Saint John's-wort (Bot.), any plant of the genus
        Hypericum, most species of which have yellow flowers; --
        called also John's-wort.
  
     Saint Leger, the name of a race for three-year-old horses
        run annually in September at Doncaster, England; --
        instituted in 1776 by Col. St. Leger.
  
     Saint Martin's herb (Bot.), a small tropical American
        violaceous plant ({Sauvagesia erecta). It is very
        mucilaginous and is used in medicine.
  
     Saint Martin's summer, a season of mild, damp weather
        frequently prevailing during late autumn in England and
        the Mediterranean countries; -- so called from St.
        Martin's Festival, occurring on November 11. It
        corresponds to the Indian summer in America. --Shak.
        --Whittier.
  
     Saint Patrick's cross. See Illust. 4, under Cross.
  
     Saint Patrick's Day, the 17th of March, anniversary of the
        death (about 466) of St. Patrick, the apostle and patron
        saint of Ireland.
  
     Saint Peter's fish. (Zool.) See John Dory, under John.
        
  
     Saint Peter's-wort (Bot.), a name of several plants, as
        Hypericum Ascyron, Hypericum quadrangulum, Ascyrum
        stans, etc.
  
     Saint Peter's wreath (Bot.), a shrubby kind of Spiraea
        ({Spiraea hypericifolia), having long slender branches
        covered with clusters of small white blossoms in spring.
        
  
     Saint's bell. See Sanctus bell, under Sanctus.
  
     Saint Vitus's dance (Med.), chorea; -- so called from the
        supposed cures wrought on intercession to this saint.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Star \Star\ (st[aum]r), n. [OE. sterre, AS. steorra; akin to
     OFries. stera, OS. sterro, D. ster, OHG. sterno, sterro, G.
     stern, Icel. stjarna, Sw. stjerna, Dan. stierne, Goth.
     sta['i]rn[=o], Armor. & Corn. steren, L. stella, Gr. 'asth`r,
     'a`stron, Skr. star; perhaps from a root meaning, to scatter,
     Skr. st[.r], L. sternere (cf. Stratum), and originally
     applied to the stars as being strewn over the sky, or as
     being scatterers or spreaders of light. [root]296. Cf.
     Aster, Asteroid, Constellation, Disaster, Stellar.]
     1. One of the innumerable luminous bodies seen in the
        heavens; any heavenly body other than the sun, moon,
        comets, and nebulae.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              His eyen twinkled in his head aright,
              As do the stars in the frosty night.  --Chaucer.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: The stars are distinguished as planets, and fixed
           stars. See Planet, Fixed stars under Fixed, and
           Magnitude of a star under Magnitude.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     2. The polestar; the north star. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. (Astrol.) A planet supposed to influence one's destiny;
        (usually pl.) a configuration of the planets, supposed to
        influence fortune.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              O malignant and ill-brooding stars.   --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Blesses his stars, and thinks it luxury. --Addison.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. That which resembles the figure of a star, as an ornament
        worn on the breast to indicate rank or honor.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              On whom . . .
              Lavish Honor showered all her stars.  --Tennyson.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. Specifically, a radiated mark in writing or printing; an
        asterisk [thus, *]; -- used as a reference to a note, or
        to fill a blank where something is omitted, etc.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. (Pyrotechny) A composition of combustible matter used in
        the heading of rockets, in mines, etc., which, exploding
        in the air, presents a starlike appearance.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     7. A person of brilliant and attractive qualities, especially
        on public occasions, as a distinguished orator, a leading
        theatrical performer, etc.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: Star is used in the formation of compound words
           generally of obvious signification; as, star-aspiring,
           star-bespangled, star-bestudded, star-blasting,
           star-bright, star-crowned, star-directed, star-eyed,
           star-headed, star-paved, star-roofed, star-sprinkled,
           star-wreathed.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     Blazing star, Double star, Multiple star, Shooting
     star, etc. See under Blazing, Double, etc.
  
     Nebulous star (Astron.), a small well-defined circular
        nebula, having a bright nucleus at its center like a star.
        
  
     Star anise (Bot.), any plant of the genus Illicium; -- so
        called from its star-shaped capsules.
  
     Star apple (Bot.), a tropical American tree ({Chrysophyllum
        Cainito), having a milky juice and oblong leaves with a
        silky-golden pubescence beneath. It bears an applelike
        fruit, the carpels of which present a starlike figure when
        cut across. The name is extended to the whole genus of
        about sixty species, and the natural order ({Sapotaceae)
        to which it belongs is called the Star-apple family.
  
     Star conner, one who cons, or studies, the stars; an
        astronomer or an astrologer. --Gascoigne.
  
     Star coral (Zool.), any one of numerous species of stony
        corals belonging to Astraea, Orbicella, and allied
        genera, in which the calicles are round or polygonal and
        contain conspicuous radiating septa.
  
     Star cucumber. (Bot.) See under Cucumber.
  
     Star flower. (Bot.)
        (a) A plant of the genus Ornithogalum;
            star-of-Bethlehem.
        (b) See Starwort
        (b) .
        (c) An American plant of the genus Trientalis
            ({Trientalis Americana). --Gray.
  
     Star fort (Fort.), a fort surrounded on the exterior with
        projecting angles; -- whence the name.
  
     Star gauge (Ordnance), a long rod, with adjustable points
        projecting radially at its end, for measuring the size of
        different parts of the bore of a gun.
  
     Star grass. (Bot.)
        (a) A small grasslike plant ({Hypoxis erecta) having
            star-shaped yellow flowers.
        (b) The colicroot. See Colicroot.
  
     Star hyacinth (Bot.), a bulbous plant of the genus Scilla
        ({Scilla autumnalis); -- called also star-headed
        hyacinth.
  
     Star jelly (Bot.), any one of several gelatinous plants
        ({Nostoc commune, Nostoc edule, etc.). See Nostoc.
  
     Star lizard. (Zool.) Same as Stellion.
  
     Star-of-Bethlehem (Bot.), a bulbous liliaceous plant
        ({Ornithogalum umbellatum) having a small white starlike
        flower.
  
     Star-of-the-earth (Bot.), a plant of the genus Plantago
        ({Plantago coronopus), growing upon the seashore.
  
     Star polygon (Geom.), a polygon whose sides cut each other
        so as to form a star-shaped figure.
  
     Stars and Stripes, a popular name for the flag of the
        United States, which consists of thirteen horizontal
        stripes, alternately red and white, and a union having, in
        a blue field, white stars to represent the several States,
        one for each.
  
              With the old flag, the true American flag, the
              Eagle, and the Stars and Stripes, waving over the
              chamber in which we sit.              --D. Webster.
  
     Star showers. See Shooting star, under Shooting.
  
     Star thistle (Bot.), an annual composite plant ({Centaurea
        solstitialis) having the involucre armed with stout
        radiating spines.
  
     Star wheel (Mach.), a star-shaped disk, used as a kind of
        ratchet wheel, in repeating watches and the feed motions
        of some machines.
  
     Star worm (Zool.), a gephyrean.
  
     Temporary star (Astron.), a star which appears suddenly,
        shines for a period, and then nearly or quite disappears.
        These stars were supposed by some astronomers to be
        variable stars of long and undetermined periods. More
        recently, variations star in start intensity are
        classified more specifically, and this term is now
        obsolescent. See also nova. [Obsolescent]
  
     Variable star (Astron.), a star whose brilliancy varies
        periodically, generally with regularity, but sometimes
        irregularly; -- called periodical star when its changes
        occur at fixed periods.
  
     Water star grass (Bot.), an aquatic plant ({Schollera
        graminea) with small yellow starlike blossoms.
        [1913 Webster]

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