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5 definitions found
 for Under
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Under \Un"der\ ([u^]n"d[~e]r), prep. [AS. under, prep. & adv.;
     akin to OFries. under, OS. undar, D. onder, G. unter, OHG.
     untar, Icel. undir, Sw. & Dan. under, Goth. undar, L. infra
     below, inferior lower, Skr. adhas below. [root]201. Cf.
     Inferior.]
     1. Below or lower, in place or position, with the idea of
        being covered; lower than; beneath; -- opposed to over;
        as, he stood under a tree; the carriage is under cover; a
        cellar extends under the whole house.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Fruit put in bottles, and the bottles let down into
              wells under water, will keep long.    --Bacon.
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              Be gathered now, ye waters under heaven,
              Into one place.                       --Milton.
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     2. Hence, in many figurative uses which may be classified as
        follows; 
        [1913 Webster]
        (a) Denoting relation to some thing or person that is
            superior, weighs upon, oppresses, bows down, governs,
            directs, influences powerfully, or the like, in a
            relation of subjection, subordination, obligation,
            liability, or the like; as, to travel under a heavy
            load; to live under extreme oppression; to have
            fortitude under the evils of life; to have patience
            under pain, or under misfortunes; to behave like a
            Christian under reproaches and injuries; under the
            pains and penalties of the law; the condition under
            which one enters upon an office; under the necessity
            of obeying the laws; under vows of chastity.
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                  Both Jews and Gentiles . . . are all under sin.
                                                    --Rom. iii. 9.
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                  That led the embattled seraphim to war
                  Under thy conduct.                --Milton.
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                  Who have their provand
                  Only for bearing burdens, and sore blows
                  For sinking under them.           --Shak.
            [1913 Webster]
        (b) Denoting relation to something that exceeds in rank or
            degree, in number, size, weight, age, or the like; in
            a relation of the less to the greater, of inferiority,
            or of falling short.
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                  Three sons he dying left under age. --Spenser.
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                  Medicines take effect sometimes under, and
                  sometimes above, the natural proportion of their
                  virtue.                           --Hooker.
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                  There are several hundred parishes in England
                  under twenty pounds a year.       --Swift.
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                  It was too great an honor for any man under a
                  duke.                             --Addison.
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     Note: Hence, it sometimes means at, with, or for, less than;
           as, he would not sell the horse under sixty dollars.
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                 Several young men could never leave the pulpit
                 under half a dozen conceits.       --Swift.
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        (c) Denoting relation to something that comprehends or
            includes, that represents or designates, that
            furnishes a cover, pretext, pretense, or the like; as,
            he betrayed him under the guise of friendship;
            Morpheus is represented under the figure of a boy
            asleep.
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                  A crew who, under names of old renown . . .
                  abused
                  Fanatic Egypt.                    --Milton.
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                  Mr. Duke may be mentioned under the double
                  capacity of a poet and a divine.  --Felton.
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                  Under this head may come in the several contests
                  and wars betwixt popes and the secular princes.
                                                    --C. Leslie.
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        (d) Less specifically, denoting the relation of being
            subject, of undergoing regard, treatment, or the like;
            as, a bill under discussion.
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                  Abject and lost, lay these, covering the flood,
                  Under amazement of their hideous change.
                                                    --Milton.
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     Under arms. (Mil.)
        (a) Drawn up fully armed and equipped.
        (b) Enrolled for military service; as, the state has a
            million men under arms.
  
     Under canvas.
        (a) (Naut.) Moved or propelled by sails; -- said of any
            vessel with her sail set, but especially of a steamer
            using her sails only, as distinguished from one under
            steam. Under steam and canvas signifies that a vessel
            is using both means of propulsion.
        (b) (Mil.) Provided with, or sheltered in, tents.
  
     Under fire, exposed to an enemy's fire; taking part in a
        battle or general engagement.
  
     Under foot. See under Foot, n.
  
     Under ground, below the surface of the ground.
  
     Under one's signature, with one's signature or name
        subscribed; attested or confirmed by one's signature. Cf.
        the second Note under Over, prep.
  
     Under sail. (Naut.)
        (a) With anchor up, and under the influence of sails;
            moved by sails; in motion.
        (b) With sails set, though the anchor is down.
        (c) Same as Under canvas
        (a), above. --Totten.
  
     Under sentence, having had one's sentence pronounced.
  
     Under the breath, Under one's breath, with low voice;
        very softly.
  
     Under the lee (Naut.), to the leeward; as, under the lee of
        the land.
  
     Under the gun. Under psychological pressure, such as the
        need to meet a pressing deadline; feeling pressured
  
     Under water, below the surface of the water.
  
     Under way, or Under weigh (Naut.), in a condition to make
        progress; having started.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Under \Un"der\, a.
     Lower in position, intensity, rank, or degree; subject;
     subordinate; -- generally in composition with a noun, and
     written with or without the hyphen; as, an undercurrent;
     undertone; underdose; under-garment; underofficer;
     undersheriff.
     [1913 Webster]
  
     Under covert (Zool.), one of the feathers situated beneath
        the bases of the quills in the wings and tail of a bird.
        See Illust. under Bird.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Under \Un"der\ ([u^]n"d[~e]r), adv.
     In a lower, subject, or subordinate condition; in subjection;
     -- used chiefly in a few idiomatic phrases; as, to bring
     under, to reduce to subjection; to subdue; to keep under, to
     keep in subjection; to control; to go under, to be
     unsuccessful; to fail; to go bankrupt.
     [1913 Webster]
  
           I keep under my body, and bring it into subjection. --1
                                                    Cor. ix. 27.
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           The minstrel fell, but the foeman's chain
           Could not bring his proud soul under.    --Moore.
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     Note: Under is often used in composition with a verb to
           indicate lowness or inferiority in position or degree,
           in the act named by the verb; as, to underline; to
           undermine; to underprop.
           [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  under
      adv 1: down to defeat, death, or ruin; "their competitors went
             under"
      2: through a range downward; "children six and under will be
         admitted free"
      3: into unconsciousness; "this will put the patient under"
      4: in or into a state of subordination or subjugation; "we must
         keep our disappointment under"
      5: below some quantity or limit; "fifty dollars or under"
      6: below the horizon; "the sun went under"
      7: down below; "get under quickly!"
      8: further down; "see under for further discussion" [syn:
         under, below]
      adj 1: located below or beneath something else; "nether
             garments"; "the under parts of a machine" [syn: nether,
             under]
      2: lower in rank, power, or authority; "an under secretary"

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  44 Moby Thesaurus words for "under":
     answerable to, at a disadvantage, at the nadir, below, below deck,
     below par, below the mark, belowstairs, beneath, collateral,
     dependent, down, down below, downstairs, drunk, earlier, high,
     impaired, in the gutter, inferior, infra, least, least of all,
     less, lesser, low, lower, lowest, neath, nether, out of sight,
     secondary, short of, sub, subjacent, subject, subordinate to,
     tipsy, tributary, under par, under the influence, underfoot,
     underneath, underwater
  
  

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