dict.org

The DICT Development Group


Search for:
Search type:
Database:

Database copyright information
Server information
Wiki: Resources, links, and other information


2 definitions found
 for Antigua and Barbuda
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Antigua and Barbuda
      n 1: a country in the northern Leeward Islands

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Antigua and Barbuda
  
     Introduction Antigua and Barbuda
     --------------------------------
                              Background: The islands of Antigua and Barbuda
                                          became an independent state within
                                          the British Commonwealth of Nations
                                          in 1981. Some 3,000 refugees fleeing
                                          a volcanic eruption on nearby
                                          Montserrat have settled in Antigua
                                          and Barbuda since 1995.
    
     Geography Antigua and Barbuda
     -----------------------------
                                Location: Caribbean, islands between the
                                          Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic
                                          Ocean, east-southeast of Puerto Rico
                  Geographic coordinates: 17 03 N, 61 48 W
                          Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
                                    Area: total: 443 sq km (Antigua 280 sq km;
                                          Barbuda 161 sq km)
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          note: includes Redonda, 1.6 sq km
                                          land: 442 sq km
                      Area - comparative: 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 153 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          continental shelf: 200 NM or to the
                                          edge of the continental margin
                                 Climate: tropical marine; little seasonal
                                          temperature variation
                                 Terrain: mostly low-lying limestone and coral
                                          islands, with some higher volcanic
                                          areas
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
                                          highest point: Boggy Peak 402 m
                       Natural resources: NEGL; pleasant climate fosters
                                          tourism
                                Land use: arable land: 18.18%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 81.82% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: hurricanes and tropical storms (July
                                          to October); periodic droughts
            Environment - current issues: water management - a major concern
                                          because of limited natural fresh
                                          water resources - is further
                                          hampered by the clearing of trees to
                                          increase crop production, causing
                                          rainfall to run off quickly
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Climate Change-Kyoto
                                          Protocol, Desertification,
                                          Endangered Species, Environmental
                                          Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law
                                          of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear
                                          Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection,
                                          Ship Pollution, Whaling
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: Antigua has a deeply indented
                                          shoreline with many natural harbors
                                          and beaches; Barbuda has a very
                                          large western harbor
    
     People Antigua and Barbuda
     --------------------------
                              Population: 67,448 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 28% (male 9,618; female
                                          9,293)
                                          15-64 years: 67.3% (male 22,695;
                                          female 22,682)
                                          65 years and over: 4.7% (male 1,289;
                                          female 1,871) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 0.69% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 18.84 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 5.75 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: -6.23 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 0.99 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 21.61 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 71.02 years
                                          female: 73.45 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 68.72 years
                    Total fertility rate: 2.29 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Antiguan(s), Barbudan(s)
                                          adjective: Antiguan, Barbudan
                           Ethnic groups: black, British, Portuguese,
                                          Lebanese, Syrian
                               Religions: Anglican (predominant), other
                                          Protestant, some Roman Catholic
                               Languages: English (official), local dialects
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over has
                                          completed five or more years of
                                          schooling
                                          total population: 89%
                                          male: 90%
                                          female: 88% (1960 est.)
    
     Government Antigua and Barbuda
     ------------------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: none
                                          conventional short form: Antigua and
                                          Barbuda
                         Government type: constitutional monarchy with UK-
                                          style parliament
                                 Capital: Saint John's
                Administrative divisions: 6 parishes and 2 dependencies*;
                                          Barbuda*, Redonda*, Saint George,
                                          Saint John, Saint Mary, Saint Paul,
                                          Saint Peter, Saint Philip
                            Independence: 1 November 1981 (from UK)
                        National holiday: Independence Day (National Day), 1
                                          November (1981)
                            Constitution: 1 November 1981
                            Legal system: based on English common law
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II
                                          (since 6 February 1952), represented
                                          by Governor General James B.
                                          CARLISLE (since NA 1993)
                                          elections: none; the monarch is
                                          hereditary; governor general chosen
                                          by the monarch on the advice of the
                                          prime minister; prime minister
                                          appointed by the governor general
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          appointed by the governor general on
                                          the advice of the prime minister
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Lester Bryant BIRD (since 8 March
                                          1994)
                      Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament consists of the
                                          Senate (17-member body appointed by
                                          the governor general) and the House
                                          of Representatives (17 seats;
                                          members are elected by proportional
                                          representation to serve five-year
                                          terms)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - ALP
                                          12, UPP 4, independent 1
                                          elections: House of Representatives
                                          - last held 9 March 1999 (next to be
                                          held NA March 2004)
                         Judicial branch: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court
                                          (based in Saint Lucia; one judge of
                                          the Supreme Court is a resident of
                                          the islands and presides over the
                                          Court of Summary Jurisdiction)
           Political parties and leaders: Antigua Labor Party or ALP [Lester
                                          Bryant BIRD]; Barbuda People's
                                          Movement or BPM [Thomas H. FRANK];
                                          United Progressive Party or UPP
                                          [Baldwin SPENCER] (a coalition of
                                          three opposition parties - United
                                          National Democratic Party or UNDP,
                                          Antigua Caribbean Liberation
                                          Movement or ACLM, and Progressive
                                          Labor Movement or PLM)
            Political pressure groups and Antigua Trades and Labor Union or
                                 leaders: ATLU [William ROBINSON]; People's
                                          Democratic Movement or PDM [Hugh
                                          MARSHALL]
               International organization ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-
                           participation: 77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IFAD,
                                          IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol,
                                          IOC, ISO (subscriber), ITU, NAM
                                          (observer), OAS, OECS, OPANAL, UN,
                                          UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO,
                                          WIPO, WMO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Lionel
                                          Alexander HURST
                                          chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20016
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 362-5211
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 362-5225
                                          consulate(s) general: Miami
       Diplomatic representation from the the US does not have an embassy in
                                      US: Antigua and Barbuda (embassy closed
                                          30 June 1994); the US Ambassador to
                                          Barbados is accredited to Antigua
                                          and Barbuda
                        Flag description: red, with an inverted isosceles
                                          triangle based on the top edge of
                                          the flag; the triangle contains
                                          three horizontal bands of black
                                          (top), light blue, and white, with a
                                          yellow rising sun in the black band
    
     Economy Antigua and Barbuda
     ---------------------------
                      Economy - overview: Tourism continues to dominate the
                                          economy, accounting for more than
                                          half of GDP. Weak tourist arrival
                                          numbers since early 2000 have slowed
                                          the economy, however, and pressed
                                          the government into a tight fiscal
                                          corner. The dual-island nation's
                                          agricultural production is focused
                                          on the domestic market and
                                          constrained by a limited water
                                          supply and a labor shortage stemming
                                          from the lure of higher wages in
                                          tourism and construction work.
                                          Manufacturing comprises enclave-type
                                          assembly for export with major
                                          products being bedding, handicrafts,
                                          and electronic components. Prospects
                                          for economic growth in the medium
                                          term will continue to depend on
                                          income growth in the industrialized
                                          world, especially in the US, which
                                          accounts for about one-third of all
                                          tourist arrivals.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $674
                                          million (2000 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 3.5% (2000 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $10,000
                                          (2000 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 3.9%
                                          industry: 19.1%
                                          services: 77% (2001 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 0.4% (2000 est.)
                             Labor force: 30,000
             Labor force - by occupation: commerce and services 82%,
                                          agriculture 11%, industry 7% (1983)
                       Unemployment rate: 7% (2000 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $123.7 million
                                          expenditures: $145.9 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (2000 est.)
                              Industries: tourism, construction, light
                                          manufacturing (clothing, alcohol,
                                          household appliances)
       Industrial production growth rate: 6% (1997 est.)
                Electricity - production: 100 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 93 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: cotton, fruits, vegetables, bananas,
                                          coconuts, cucumbers, mangoes,
                                          sugarcane; livestock
                                 Exports: $40 million (2000 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: petroleum products 48%, manufactures
                                          23%, machinery and transport
                                          equipment 17%, food and live animals
                                          4%, other 8%
                      Exports - partners: OECS 26%, Barbados 15%, Guyana 4%,
                                          Trinidad and Tobago 2%, US 0.3%
                                 Imports: $357 million (2000 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: food and live animals, machinery and
                                          transport equipment, manufactures,
                                          chemicals, oil
                      Imports - partners: US 27%, UK 16%, Canada 4%, OECS 3%
                         Debt - external: $231 million (1999)
                Economic aid - recipient: $2.3 million (1995)
                                Currency: East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
                           Currency code: XCD
                          Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars per US dollar
                                          - 2.7000 (fixed rate since 1976)
                             Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March
    
     Communications Antigua and Barbuda
     ----------------------------------
           Telephones - main lines in use: 28,000 (1996)
             Telephones - mobile cellular: 1,300 (1996)
                         Telephone system: general assessment: NA
                                           domestic: good automatic telephone
                                           system
                                           international: 1 coaxial submarine
                                           cable; satellite earth station - 1
                                           Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean);
                                           tropospheric scatter to Saba
                                           (Netherlands Antilles) and
                                           Guadeloupe
                 Radio broadcast stations: AM 4, FM 2, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                   Radios: 36,000 (1997)
            Television broadcast stations: 2 (1997)
                              Televisions: 31,000 (1997)
                    Internet country code: .ag
        Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 16 (2000)
                           Internet users: 5,000 (2001)
    
     Transportation Antigua and Barbuda
     ----------------------------------
                                Railways: total: 77 km
                                          narrow gauge: 64 km 0.760-m gauge;
                                          13 km 0.610-m gauge (used almost
                                          exclusively for handling sugarcane)
                                          (2001 est.)
                                Highways: total: 1,165 km
                                          paved: 384 km
                                          unpaved: 781 km
                                          note: it is assumed that the main
                                          roads are paved; the secondary roads
                                          are assumed to be unpaved (1995)
                               Waterways: none
                       Ports and harbors: Saint John's
                         Merchant marine: total: 762 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 4,541,940 GRT/5,894,553 DWT
    
                                          ships by type: bulk 20, cargo 469,
                                          chemical tanker 9, combination bulk
                                          4, container 202, liquefied gas 7,
                                          multi-functional large-load carrier
                                          6, petroleum tanker 1, refrigerated
                                          cargo 9, roll on/roll off 35
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Australia 1, Bangladesh
                                          2, Belgium 3, Colombia 1, Cuba 1,
                                          Estonia 1, Germany 747, Greece 1,
                                          Iceland 8, Latvia 1, Lebanon 2,
                                          Lithuania 1, Netherlands 22, New
                                          Zealand 2, Portugal 1, Slovenia 6,
                                          South Africa 1, Sweden 2, United
                                          Kingdom 1, United States 7 (2002
                                          est.)
                                Airports: 3 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 2
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                          under 914 m: 1 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 1
                                          under 914 m: 1 (2001)
    
     Military Antigua and Barbuda
     ----------------------------
                         Military branches: Royal Antigua and Barbuda Defense
                                            Force, Royal Antigua and Barbuda
                                            Police Force (including the Coast
                                            Guard)
     Military expenditures - dollar figure: $NA
         Military expenditures - percent of NA%
                                       GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues Antigua and Barbuda
     ----------------------------------------
                Disputes - international: none
                           Illicit drugs: considered a minor transshipment
                                          point for narcotics bound for the US
                                          and Europe; more significant as a
                                          drug-money-laundering center
    
                                         
  
  

Questions or comments about this site? Contact webmaster@dict.org