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3 definitions found
 for Arkansas
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a state in south central United States; one of the
           Confederate states during the American Civil War [syn:
           Arkansas, Land of Opportunity, AR]
      2: a river that rises in the Rocky Mountains in Colorado and
         flows southeast through Kansas and Oklahoma and through
         Arkansas to become a tributary of the Mississippi River [syn:
         Arkansas, Arkansas River]

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  ARKANSAS. The name of one of the new states of the United States. It was
  admitted into the Union by the act of congress of June 15th, 1836, 4 Sharsw.
  cont. of Story's L. U. S. 2444, by which it is declared that the state of
  Arkansas shall be one, and is hereby declared to be one of the United States
  of America, and admitted into the Union on an equal footing with the
  original states in all respects whatever.
       2. A convention assembled at Little Rock, on Monday, the 4th day of
  January, 1836, for the purpose of forming a constitution, by which it is
  declared that "We, the people of the Territory of Arkansas, by our
  representatives in convention assembled, in order to secure to ourselves and
  our posterity the enjoyments of all the rights of life, liberty and
  property, and the free pursuit of happiness do mutually agree with each
  other to form ourselves into a free and independent state, by the name and
  style of `The State of Arkansas.'" The constitution was finally adopted on
  the 30th day of January, 1836.
       3. The powers of the government are divided into three departments;
  each of them is confided to a separate body of magistry, to wit; those which
  are legislative, to one; those which are executive, to another and those
  which are judicial, to a third.
       4.-1. The legislative authority of the state is vested in a general
  assembly, which consists of a senate and house of representatives. Each
  house shall appoint its own officers, and shall judge of the qualifications,
  returns and elections of its own members. Two-thirds of each shall
  constitute a quorum to do business, but a smaller number may adjourn from
  day to day, and compel the attendance of absent members, in such manner, and
  under such penalties, as each house shall provide. Sect. 15. Each house may
  determine the rules of its own proceedings, punish its own members for
  disorderly behaviour, and with the concurrence of two-thirds of the members
  elected, expel a member; but no member shall be expelled a second time for
  the same offence. They shall each from time to time publish a journal of
  their proceedings, except such parts as, in their opinion, require secrecy;
  and the yeas and nays shall be entered on the journal, at the desire of any
  five members. Sect. 16.
       5. The doors of each house while in session, or in a committee of the
  whole shall be kept open, except in cases which may require secrecy; and
  each house may punish by fine and imprisonment, any person, not a member,
  who shall be guilty of disrespect to the house, by any disorderly or
  contemptuous behaviour in their presence, during, their session; but such
  imprisonment shall not extend beyond the final adjournment of that session.
  Sect. 17.
       6. Bills may originate in either house, and be amended or rejected in
  the other and every bill shall be read on three different days in each
  house, unless two-thirds of, the house where the same is pending shall
  dispense with the rules : and every bill having passed both houses shall be
  signed by the president of the senate, and the speaker of the house of
  representatives. Sect. 81.
       7. Whenever an officer, civil or military, shall be appointed by the
  joint concurrent vote of both houses, or by the separate vote of either
  house of the general assembly, the vote shall be taken viva voce, and
  entered on the journal. Sect. 19.
       8. The senators and representatives shall, in all cases except treason,
  felony, or breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest, during the
  session of the general assembly, and for fifteen days before the
  commencement and after the termination of each session; and for any speech
  or debate in either house, they shall not be questioned in any other place.
  Sect. 20.
       9. The members of the general assembly shall severally receive, from
  the public treasury, compensation for their services, which may be increased
  or diminished; but no alteration of such compensation of members shall take
  effect during the session at which it is made. Sect. 21.
      10.-1. The senate shall never consist of less than seventeen nor more
  than thirty-three members. Art. 4, Sect. 31. The members shall be chosen for
  four years, by the qualified electors of the several districts. Art. 4,
  Sect. 5. No person shall be a senator who shall not have attained the age of
  thirty years; Who shall not be a free white male citizen of the United
  States; who shall not have been an inhabitant of this state for one year;
  and who shall not, at the time of his election, have an actual residence in
  the district he may be chosen to represent. Art. 4, Sect. 6.
      11. All impeachments shall be tried by the senate; and when sitting for
  that purpose, the senators shall be on oath or affirmation to do justice
  according to law and evidence. When the governor shall be tried, the chief
  justice of the supreme court shall preside; and no person shall be convicted
  without the concurrence of two-thirds of the senators elected. Art. 4, Sect.
      12.-2. The house of representatives shall consist of not less than
  fifty-four, nor more than one hundred representatives, to be apportioned
  among the several counties in this state, according to the number of free
  white male inhabitants therein, taking five hundred as the ratio, until the
  number of representatives amounts to seventy-five; and when they amount to
  seventy-five, they shall not be further increased until the population of
  the state amounts to five hundred thousand souls. Provided that each county
  now organized shall, although its population may not give the existing
  ratio, always be entitled to one representative. The members are chosen
  every second year, by the qualified electors of the several counties. Art.
  4, Sect. 2.
      13. The qualification of an elector is as follows: he must 1, be a free,
  white male citizen of the United States; 2, have attained the age of twenty-
  one years; 3, have been a citizen of this state six months; 4, be must
  actually reside in the county, or district where he votes for an office made
  elective under this state or the United States. But no soldier, seaman, or
  marine, in the army of the United States, shall be entitled to vote at any
  election within this state. Art. 4, Sect. 2.
      14. No person shall be a member of the house of representatives, who
  shall not have attained the age of twenty-five years; who shall not be a
  free, white male citizen of the United States; who shall not have been an
  inhabitant of this state one year; and who shall not, at the time of his
  election, have an, actual residence in the county he may be chosen to
  represent. Art. 4, Sect. 4.
      15. The house of representatives shall have the sole power of
  impeachment. Art. 4, Sect. 27.
      16.-2. The supreme executive power of this state is vested in a chief
  magistrate, who is styled "The Governor of the State of Arkansas." Art. 5,
  Sect. 1.
      17.-1. He is elected by the electors of the representatives.
      18.-2. He must be thirty years of age a native born citizen of
  Arkansas, or a native born citizen of the United States, or a resident of
  Arkansas ten years previous to the adoption of this constitution, if not a
  native of the United States; and, shall have been a resident of the same at
  least four years next before his election. Art. 4, s. 4.
      19.-3. The governor holds his office for the term of four years from
  the time of, his installation, and until his successor shall be duly
  qualified; but he is not eligible for more than eight years in any term of
  twelve years. Art. 5, sect. 4.
      20.-4. His principal duties are enumerated in the fifth article of the
  constitution, and are as follows: He Shall be commander-in-chief of the army
  of this state, and of the militia thereof, except when they shall be called
  into the service of the United States; s. 6: He may require information, in
  writing, from the officers of the executive department, on any subject
  relating to the duties of their respective offices; s. 7. He may by
  proclamation, on extraordinary occasions, convene the general assembly, at
  the seat of government, or at a different place, if that shall have become,
  since their last adjournment, dangerous from an enemy, or from contagious
  diseases. In case of disagreement between the two houses, with respect to
  the time of adjournment, he may adjourn them to such time as he shall think
  proper, not beyond the day of the next meeting of the general assembly; s,
  8. He shall, from time to time, give to the general assembly information of
  the state of the government, and recommend to their consideration such
  measures as he may deem expedient; s. 9. He shall take care that the laws be
  faithfully executed s. 10. In all criminal and penal cases, except those of
  treason and impeachment, he shall have power to grant pardons, after
  conviction, and remit fines and forfeitures, under such rules and
  regulations as shall be prescribed by law in cases of treason, he shall have
  power, by and with the advice and consent of the senate, to grant reprieve
  sand pardons; and he may, in the recess of the senate, respite the sentence
  until the end of the next session of the general assembly s. 11. He is the
  keeper of the seal of the' state, which is to be used by him officially; s.
  12. Every bill which shall have passed both houses, shall be presented to
  the governor. If he approve, he shall sign it; but if he shall not approve
  it, he shall return it, with his objections, to the house in which it Shall
  have originated, who shall enter his objections at large upon their
  journals, and proceed to reconsider it. If, after such reconsideration, a
  majority of the whole number elected to that house shall agree to pass the
  bill, it shall be sent, with the objections, to the other house, by which,
  likewise, it shall be reconsidered; and if approved by a majority of the
  whole number elected to that house it shall be a law; but in such cases, the
  votes of both houses shall be determined by yeas and nays; and the names of
  persons voting for or against the bill, shall be entered on the journals of
  each house respectively. If the bill shall not be returned by the governor
  within three days, Sundays excepted, after it shall have been presented to
  him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if be had signed it, unless
  the general assembly, by their adjournment, prevent its return; in such case
  it shall not be a law; s. 16. 5. In case of the impeachment of the governor,
  his removal from office, death, refusal to qualify, or absence from the
  state, the president of the senate shall exercise all the authority
  appertaining to the office of governor, until another governor shall have
  been elected and qualified, or until the governor absent or impeached, shall
  return or be acquitted; s. 18. If, during the vacancy of the office of
  governor, the president of the senate shall be impeached, removed from
  office, refuse to qualify, resign, die, or be absent from the state, the
  speaker of the house of representatives shall, in like manner, administer
  the government; s. 19.
      21.-3. The judicial power of this state is vested by the sixth article
  of the constitution, as follows
      22.-1. The judicial power of this state shall be vested in one supreme
  court, in circuit courts, in county courts, and in justices of the peace.
  The general assembly may also vest such jurisdiction as may be deemed
  necessary, in corporation courts; and, when they deem it expedient, may
  establish courts of chancery.
      23.-2. The supreme court shall be composed of three judges, one of
  whom shall be styled chief justice, any two of whom shall constitute a
  quorum and the concurrence of any two of the said judges shall, in every
  case, be necessary to a decision. The supreme court, except in cases
  otherwise directed by this constitution, shall have appellate jurisdiction
  only, which shall be coextensive with the state, under such rules and
  regulations as may, from time to time, be prescribed by law; it shall have a
  general superintending control over all inferior and other courts of law and
  equity it shall have power to issue writs of error and Supersedeas,
  certiorari and habeas corpus, mandamus, and quo warranto, and other remedial
  writs, and to hear and determine the same; said judges shall be conservators
  of the peace throughout the state, and shall severally have power to issue
  any of the aforesaid writs.
      24.-3. The circuit court shall have jurisdiction over all criminal
  cases which shall not be otherwise provided for by law and exclusive
  original jurisdiction of all crimes amounting to felony.at common law; and
  original jurisdiction of all civil cases which shall not be cognizable
  before justices of the peace, until otherwise directed by the general
  assembly; and original jurisdiction in all matters of contract) when the sum
  in controversy is over one hundred dollars. It shall hold its terms at such
  place in each county, as may be by law directed.
      25.-4. The state shall be divided into convenient circuits, each to
  consist of not less than five, nor more than seven counties contiguous to
  each other, for each of which a judge shall be elected, who, during his
  continuance in office, shall reside and be a conservator of the peace within
  the circuit for which he shall have been elected.
      26.-5. The circuit courts shall exercise a superintending control over
  the county courts, and over justices of the peace, in each county in their
  respective circuits; and shall have power to issue all the necessary writs
  to carry into effect their general and specific powers.
      27.-6. Until the general assembly shall deem it expedient to establish
  courts of chancery, the circuit courts shall have jurisdiction in matters of
  equity, subject to appeal to the supreme court, in such manner as may be
  prescribed by law.
      28.-7. The general assembly shall, by joint vote of both houses, elect
  the judges of the supreme and circuit courts, a majority of the whole number
  in joint vote being necessary to a choice. The judges of the supreme court
  shall be at least thirty years of age; they shall hold their offices for
  eight years from the date of their commissions. The judges of the circuit
  courts shall be at least twenty-five years of age, and shall be elected for
  the term of four years from the date of their commissions.
      29.-8. There shall be established in each county, a court to be holden
  by the justices of the peace, and called the county court, which shall have
  jurisdiction in all matters relating, to county taxes, disbursements of
  money for county purposes, and in every other case that may be necessary to
  the internal improvement and local concerns of the respective counties.
      30.-9. There shall be elected by the justices of the peace of the
  respective counties, a presiding judge of the county court, to be
  commissioned by the governor, and hold his office for the term of two years,
  and until his successor is elected or qualified. He shall, in addition to
  the duties that may be required of him by law, as presiding judge of the
  county court, be a judge of the court of probate, and have such jurisdiction
  in matters relative to the estates of deceased persons, executors,
  administrators, and guardians, as may be prescribed by law, until otherwise
  directed by the general assembly.
      31.-10. No judge shall preside in the trial of any cause, in the event
  of which he may be interested, or where either of the parties shall be
  connected with him by affinity or consanguinity, within such degrees as may
  be proscribed by law, or in which he shall have been of counsel, or have
  presided in any inferior court, except by consent of all the parties.
      32.-11. The qualified voters in each township shall elect the justices
  of the peace for their respective townships. For every fifty voters there
  may be elected one justice of the peace, provided, that each township,
  however small, shall have two justices of the peace. Justices of the peace
  shall be elected for two years, and shall be commissioned by the governor,
  and reside in the townships for which they shall have been elected, during
  their continuance in office. They shall have individually, or two or more of
  them jointly, exclusive original jurisdiction in all matters of contract,
  except in actions of covenant, where the sum in controversy is of one
  hundred dollars and under. Justices of the peace shall in no case have
  jurisdiction to try and determine any criminal case or penal offence against
  the state; but may sit as examining courts, and commit, discharge, or
  recognize to the court having jurisdiction, for further trial, offenders
  against the peace. For the foregoing purposes they shall have power to issue
  all necessary process they shall also have power to bind to keep the peace,
  or for good behaviour.

From U.S. Gazetteer Counties (2000) :

  Arkansas -- U.S. County in Arkansas
     Population (2000):    20749
     Housing Units (2000): 9672
     Land area (2000):     988.490096 sq. miles (2560.177487 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    45.300763 sq. miles (117.328433 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    1033.790859 sq. miles (2677.505920 sq. km)
     Located within:       Arkansas (AR), FIPS 05
     Location:             34.359997 N, 91.429413 W
      Arkansas, AR
      Arkansas County
      Arkansas County, AR

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