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3 definitions found
 for Azerbaijan
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Azerbaidzhan \Azerbaidzhan\, Azerbaijan \Azerbaijan\n.
     a country in the Caucuses, formerly an Asian Soviet.
     [WordNet 1.5]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Azerbaijan
      n 1: a landlocked republic in southwestern Asia; formerly an
           Asian soviet [syn: Azerbaijan, Azerbaijani Republic,
           Azerbajdzhan, Azerbajdzhan Republic]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Azerbaijan
  
     Introduction Azerbaijan
     -----------------------
                              Background: Azerbaijan - a nation of Turkic
                                          Muslims - has been an independent
                                          republic since the collapse of the
                                          Soviet Union in 1991. Despite a 1994
                                          cease-fire, Azerbaijan has yet to
                                          resolve its conflict with Armenia
                                          over the Azerbaijani Nagorno-
                                          Karabakh enclave (largely Armenian
                                          populated). Azerbaijan has lost
                                          almost 20% of its territory and must
                                          support some 750,000 refugees and
                                          internally displaced persons as a
                                          result of the conflict. Corruption
                                          is ubiquitous and the promise of
                                          widespread wealth from Azerbaijan's
                                          undeveloped petroleum resources
                                          remains largely unfulfilled.
    
     Geography Azerbaijan
     --------------------
                                Location: Southwestern Asia, bordering the
                                          Caspian Sea, between Iran and Russia
                  Geographic coordinates: 40 30 N, 47 30 E
                          Map references: Asia
                                    Area: total: 86,600 sq km
                                          note: includes the exclave of
                                          Naxcivan Autonomous Republic and the
                                          Nagorno-Karabakh region; the
                                          region's autonomy was abolished by
                                          Azerbaijani Supreme Soviet on 26
                                          November 1991
                                          water: 500 sq km
                                          land: 86,100 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Maine
                         Land boundaries: total: 2,013 km
                                          border countries: Armenia (with
                                          Azerbaijan-proper) 566 km, Armenia
                                          (with Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave)
                                          221 km, Georgia 322 km, Iran (with
                                          Azerbaijan-proper) 432 km, Iran
                                          (with Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave)
                                          179 km, Russia 284 km, Turkey 9 km
                               Coastline: 0 km (landlocked); note - Azerbaijan
                                          borders the Caspian Sea (800 km,
                                          est.)
                         Maritime claims: none (landlocked)
                                 Climate: dry, semiarid steppe
                                 Terrain: large, flat Kur-Araz Ovaligi (Kura-
                                          Araks Lowland) (much of it below sea
                                          level) with Great Caucasus Mountains
                                          to the north, Qarabag Yaylasi
                                          (Karabakh Upland) in west; Baku lies
                                          on Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron
                                          Peninsula) that juts into Caspian
                                          Sea
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caspian Sea -28 m
                                          highest point: Bazarduzu Dagi 4,485
                                          m
                       Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore,
                                          nonferrous metals, alumina
                                Land use: arable land: 19.31%
                                          permanent crops: 3.04%
                                          other: 77.66% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 14,550 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: droughts
            Environment - current issues: local scientists consider the
                                          Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron
                                          Peninsula) (including Baku and
                                          Sumqayit) and the Caspian Sea to be
                                          the ecologically most devastated
                                          area in the world because of severe
                                          air, water, and soil pollution; soil
                                          pollution results from the use of
                                          DDT as a pesticide and also from
                                          toxic defoliants used in the
                                          production of cotton
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Climate Change-Kyoto
                                          Protocol, Desertification,
                                          Endangered Species, Hazardous
                                          Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer
                                          Protection, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: both the main area of the country
                                          and the Naxcivan exclave are
                                          landlocked
    
     People Azerbaijan
     -----------------
                              Population: 7,798,497 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 28.3% (male 1,122,340;
                                          female 1,082,355)
                                          15-64 years: 64.3% (male 2,441,830;
                                          female 2,577,109)
                                          65 years and over: 7.4% (male
                                          228,735; female 346,128) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 0.38% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 18.84 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 9.61 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: -5.41 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 0.95 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 82.74 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 63.06 years
                                          female: 67.53 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 58.8 years
                    Total fertility rate: 2.29 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: less than 0.01% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ less than 500 (1999 est.)
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: less than 100 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Azerbaijani(s)
                                          adjective: Azerbaijani
                           Ethnic groups: Azeri 90%, Dagestani 3.2%, Russian
                                          2.5%, Armenian 2%, other 2.3% (1998
                                          est.)
                                          note: almost all Armenians live in
                                          the separatist Nagorno-Karabakh
                                          region
                               Religions: Muslim 93.4%, Russian Orthodox 2.5%,
                                          Armenian Orthodox 2.3%, other 1.8%
                                          (1995 est.)
                                          note: religious affiliation is still
                                          nominal in Azerbaijan; percentages
                                          for actual practicing adherents are
                                          much lower
                               Languages: Azerbaijani (Azeri) 89%, Russian 3%,
                                          Armenian 2%, other 6% (1995 est.)
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 97%
                                          male: 99%
                                          female: 96% (1989 est.)
    
     Government Azerbaijan
     ---------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          Azerbaijan
                                          conventional short form: Azerbaijan
                                          local short form: none
                                          former: Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist
                                          Republic
                                          local long form: Azarbaycan
                                          Respublikasi
                         Government type: republic
                                 Capital: Baku (Baki)
                Administrative divisions: 59 rayons (rayonlar; rayon -
                                          singular), 11 cities* (saharlar;
                                          sahar - singular), 1 autonomous
                                          republic** (muxtar respublika);
                                          Abseron Rayonu, Agcabadi Rayonu,
                                          Agdam Rayonu, Agdas Rayonu, Agstafa
                                          Rayonu, Agsu Rayonu, Ali Bayramli
                                          Sahari*, Astara Rayonu, Baki
                                          Sahari*, Balakan Rayonu, Barda
                                          Rayonu, Beylaqan Rayonu, Bilasuvar
                                          Rayonu, Cabrayil Rayonu, Calilabad
                                          Rayonu, Daskasan Rayonu, Davaci
                                          Rayonu, Fuzuli Rayonu, Gadabay
                                          Rayonu, Ganca Sahari*, Goranboy
                                          Rayonu, Goycay Rayonu, Haciqabul
                                          Rayonu, Imisli Rayonu, Ismayilli
                                          Rayonu, Kalbacar Rayonu, Kurdamir
                                          Rayonu, Lacin Rayonu, Lankaran
                                          Rayonu, Lankaran Sahari*, Lerik
                                          Rayonu, Masalli Rayonu, Mingacevir
                                          Sahari*, Naftalan Sahari*, Naxcivan
                                          Muxtar Respublikasi**, Neftcala
                                          Rayonu, Oguz Rayonu, Qabala Rayonu,
                                          Qax Rayonu, Qazax Rayonu, Qobustan
                                          Rayonu, Quba Rayonu, Qubadli Rayonu,
                                          Qusar Rayonu, Saatli Rayonu,
                                          Sabirabad Rayonu, Saki Rayonu, Saki
                                          Sahari*, Salyan Rayonu, Samaxi
                                          Rayonu, Samkir Rayonu, Samux Rayonu,
                                          Siyazan Rayonu, Sumqayit Sahari*,
                                          Susa Rayonu, Susa Sahari*, Tartar
                                          Rayonu, Tovuz Rayonu, Ucar Rayonu,
                                          Xacmaz Rayonu, Xankandi Sahari*,
                                          Xanlar Rayonu, Xizi Rayonu, Xocali
                                          Rayonu, Xocavand Rayonu, Yardimli
                                          Rayonu, Yevlax Rayonu, Yevlax
                                          Sahari*, Zangilan Rayonu, Zaqatala
                                          Rayonu, Zardab Rayonu
                            Independence: 30 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)
                        National holiday: Founding of the Democratic Republic
                                          of Azerbaidzhan, 28 May (1918)
                            Constitution: adopted 12 November 1995
                            Legal system: based on civil law system
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Heydar
                                          ALIYEV (since 18 June 1993)
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Artur RASIZADE (since 26 November
                                          1996)
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          appointed by the president and
                                          confirmed by the National Assembly
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote to a five-year term;
                                          election last held 11 October 1998
                                          (next to be held NA October 2003);
                                          prime minister and first deputy
                                          prime ministers appointed by the
                                          president and confirmed by the
                                          National Assembly
                                          election results: Heydar ALIYEV
                                          reelected president; percent of vote
                                          - Heydar ALIYEV 77.6%, Etibar
                                          MAMEDOV 11.8%, Nizami SULEYMANOV
                                          8.2%
                      Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly or
                                          Milli Mejlis (125 seats; members
                                          elected by popular vote to serve
                                          five-year terms)
                                          elections: last held 4 November 2000
                                          (next to be held NA November 2005)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - NAP
                                          and allies 108, APF 6, CSP 3, PNIA
                                          2, Musavat Party 2, CPA 2, APF
                                          "traditionalist" 1, Compatriot Party
                                          1
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court
           Political parties and leaders: Azerbaijan Popular Front or APF [Ali
                                          KARIMLI, leader of "reform faction";
                                          Mirmahmud FATTAYEV, leader of
                                          "traditionalist" faction]; Civic
                                          Solidarity Party or CSP [Sabir
                                          RUSTAMKHANLY]; Civic Union Party
                                          [Ayaz MUTALIBOV]; Communist Party of
                                          Azerbaijan or CPA [Ramiz AHMADOV];
                                          Compatriot Party [Mais SAFARLI];
                                          Democratic Party for Azerbaijan or
                                          DPA [Rasul QULIYEV, chairman];
                                          Justice Party [Ilyas ISMAILOV];
                                          Liberal Party of Azerbaijan [Lala
                                          Shvkat HACIYEVA]; Musavat [Isa
                                          GAMBAR, chairman]; New Azerbaijan
                                          Party or NAP [Heydar ALIYEV,
                                          chairman]; Party for National
                                          Independence of Azerbaijan or PNIA
                                          [Etibar MAMMADOV, chairman]; Social
                                          Democratic Party of Azerbaijan or
                                          SDP [Zardust ALIZADE and Araz
                                          ALIZADE]
                                          note: opposition parties regularly
                                          factionalize and form new parties
            Political pressure groups and Sadval, Lezgin movement; self-
                                 leaders: proclaimed Armenian Nagorno-Karabakh
                                          Republic; Talysh independence
                                          movement
               International organization AsDB, BSEC, CCC, CE, CIS, EAPC,
                           participation: EBRD, ECE, ECO, ESCAP, FAO, IAEA,
                                          IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB,
                                          IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO,
                                          Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO
                                          (correspondent), ITU, NAM
                                          (observer), OAS (observer), OIC,
                                          OPCW, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO,
                                          UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO,
                                          WToO, WTrO (observer)
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Hafiz
                                          Mir Jalal PASHAYEV
                                          chancery: 2741 34th Street NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20008
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 337-5911
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 337-3500
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Ross
                                      US: WILSON
                                          embassy: 83 Azadliq Avenue, Baku
                                          370007
                                          mailing address: American Embassy
                                          Baku, Department of State,
                                          Washington, DC 20521-7050
                                          telephone: [9] (9412) 98-03-35, 36,
                                          37
                                          FAX: [9] (9412) 90-66-71
                        Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of blue
                                          (top), red, and green; a crescent
                                          and eight-pointed star in white are
                                          centered in red band
    
     Economy Azerbaijan
     ------------------
                      Economy - overview: Azerbaijan's number one export is
                                          oil. Azerbaijan's oil production
                                          declined through 1997 but has
                                          registered an increase every year
                                          since. Negotiation of production-
                                          sharing arrangements (PSAs) with
                                          foreign firms, which have thus far
                                          committed $60 billion to oilfield
                                          development, should generate the
                                          funds needed to spur future
                                          industrial development. Oil
                                          production under the first of these
                                          PSAs, with the Azerbaijan
                                          International Operating Company,
                                          began in November 1997. Azerbaijan
                                          shares all the formidable problems
                                          of the former Soviet republics in
                                          making the transition from a command
                                          to a market economy, but its
                                          considerable energy resources
                                          brighten its long-term prospects.
                                          Baku has only recently begun making
                                          progress on economic reform, and old
                                          economic ties and structures are
                                          slowly being replaced. An obstacle
                                          to economic progress, including
                                          stepped up foreign investment in the
                                          non-energy sector, is the continuing
                                          conflict with Armenia over the
                                          Nagorno-Karabakh region. Trade with
                                          Russia and the other former Soviet
                                          republics is declining in importance
                                          while trade is building with Turkey
                                          and the nations of Europe. Long-term
                                          prospects will depend on world oil
                                          prices, the location of new
                                          pipelines in the region, and
                                          Azerbaijan's ability to manage its
                                          oil wealth.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $24.3
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 9.9% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $3,100
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 22%
                                          industry: 33%
                                          services: 45% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: 64% (2001 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 2.8%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 27.8% (1995)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 36 (1995)
                                   index:
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.6% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 2.9 million (1997)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture and forestry 32%,
                                          industry 15%, services 53% (1997)
                       Unemployment rate: 20% (official rate is 1.3% for 2001)
                                          (1999 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $888 million
                                          expenditures: $978 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (2001 est.)
                              Industries: petroleum and natural gas, petroleum
                                          products, oilfield equipment; steel,
                                          iron ore, cement; chemicals and
                                          petrochemicals; textiles
       Industrial production growth rate: 5.1% (2001 est.)
                Electricity - production: 17.6 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 91.37%
                                          hydro: 8.63%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 16.7 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 900 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 1.25 billion kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: cotton, grain, rice, grapes, fruit,
                                          vegetables, tea, tobacco; cattle,
                                          pigs, sheep, goats
                                 Exports: $2 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: oil and gas 90%, machinery, cotton,
                                          foodstuffs
                      Exports - partners: Italy 43.7%, France 11.8%, Israel
                                          7.7%, Turkey 6.0%, France 5.6%
                                          (2000)
                                 Imports: $1.6 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, foodstuffs,
                                          metals, chemicals
                      Imports - partners: Russia 21.3%, Turkey 11%, US 8.9%,
                                          Iran 5.8%, Germany 5.8% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $1.5 billion (2001)
                Economic aid - recipient: ODA, $113 million (1996)
                                Currency: Azerbaijani manat (AZM)
                           Currency code: AZM
                          Exchange rates: Azerbaijani manats per US dollar -
                                          4,804 (11 February 2002), 4,656.58
                                          (2001), 4,474.15 (2000), 4,120.17
                                          (1999), 3,869 (1998), 3,985.38
                                          (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
    
     Communications Azerbaijan
     -------------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 663,000 (1997)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 40,000 (1997)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: inadequate;
                                          requires considerable expansion and
                                          modernization; teledensity of 8.6
                                          main lines per 100 persons is very
                                          low
                                          domestic: the majority of telephones
                                          are in Baku and other industrial
                                          centers - about 700 villages still
                                          without public telephone service;
                                          satellite service connects Baku to a
                                          modern switch in its exclave of
                                          Naxcivan
                                          international: the old Soviet system
                                          of cable and microwave is still
                                          serviceable; a satellite connection
                                          to Turkey enables Baku to reach
                                          about 200 additional countries, some
                                          of which are directly connected to
                                          Baku by satellite providers other
                                          than Turkey (1997)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 10, FM 17, shortwave 1 (1998)
                                  Radios: 175,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 2 (1997)
                             Televisions: 170,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .az
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2 (2000)
                          Internet users: 12,000 (2001)
    
     Transportation Azerbaijan
     -------------------------
                                Railways: total: 2,125 km in common carrier
                                          service; does not include industrial
                                          lines
                                          broad gauge: 2,125 km 1.520-m gauge
                                          (1,278 km electrified) (1993 est.)
                                Highways: total: 36,700 km
                                          paved: 31,800 km (includes some all-
                                          weather gravel-surfaced roads)
                                          unpaved: 4,900 km (these roads are
                                          made of unstabilized earth and are
                                          difficult to negotiate in wet
                                          weather) (1990)
                               Waterways: none
                               Pipelines: crude oil 1,130 km; petroleum
                                          products 630 km; natural gas 1,240
                                          km
                       Ports and harbors: Baku (Baki)
                         Merchant marine: total: 54 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 246,051 GRT/306,756 DWT
                                          ships by type: cargo 12, petroleum
                                          tanker 40, roll on/roll off 2 (2002
                                          est.)
                                Airports: 52 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 9
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 5
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 4 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 43
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 7
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 8
                                          under 914 m: 28 (2001)
    
     Military Azerbaijan
     -------------------
                         Military branches: Army, Navy, Air and Air Defense
                                            Forces
          Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
          Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 2,131,331 (2002
                                            est.)
       Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 1,706,325 (2002
                                   service: est.)
      Military manpower - reaching military males: 77,099 (2002 est.)
                              age annually:
             Military expenditures - dollar $121 million (FY99)
                                    figure:
         Military expenditures - percent of 2.6% (FY99)
                                       GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues Azerbaijan
     -------------------------------
                Disputes - international: Armenia supports ethnic Armenian
                                          secessionists in Nagorno-Karabakh
                                          and militarily occupies almost one-
                                          fifth of Azerbaijan - Organization
                                          for Security and Cooperation in
                                          Europe (OSCE) continues to mediate
                                          dispute; Azerbaijan signed bilateral
                                          agreements with Russia delimiting
                                          the Caspian seabed, but littoral
                                          states are far from multilateral
                                          agreement on dividing the waters and
                                          seabed regimes - Iran insists on
                                          division of Caspian Sea into five
                                          equal sectors while Azerbaijan,
                                          Kazakhstan, Russia, and Turkmenistan
                                          have generally agreed upon
                                          equidistant seabed boundaries; Iran
                                          threatens to conduct oil exploration
                                          in Azerbaijani-claimed waters, while
                                          interdicting Azerbaijani activities;
                                          Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan await
                                          ICJ decision to resolve sovereignty
                                          dispute over oilfields in the
                                          Caspian Sea
                           Illicit drugs: limited illicit cultivation of
                                          cannabis and opium poppy, mostly for
                                          CIS consumption; limited government
                                          eradication program; transshipment
                                          point for opiates via Iran, Central
                                          Asia, and Russia to Western Europe
    
                                         
  
  

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