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1 definition found
 for Bahamas, The
From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Bahamas, The
  
     Introduction Bahamas, The
     -------------------------
                              Background: Since attaining independence from
                                          the UK in 1973, The Bahamas have
                                          prospered through tourism and
                                          international banking and investment
                                          management. Because of its
                                          geography, the country is a major
                                          transshipment point for illegal
                                          drugs, particularly shipments to the
                                          US, and its territory is used for
                                          smuggling illegal migrants into the
                                          US.
    
     Geography Bahamas, The
     ----------------------
                                Location: Caribbean, chain of islands in the
                                          North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of
                                          Florida
                  Geographic coordinates: 24 15 N, 76 00 W
                          Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
                                    Area: total: 13,940 sq km
                                          water: 3,870 sq km
                                          land: 10,070 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Connecticut
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 3,542 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical marine; moderated by warm
                                          waters of Gulf Stream
                                 Terrain: long, flat coral formations with
                                          some low rounded hills
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Mount Alvernia, on
                                          Cat Island 63 m
                       Natural resources: salt, aragonite, timber, arable land
                                Land use: arable land: 0.6%
                                          permanent crops: 0.4%
                                          other: 99% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: hurricanes and other tropical storms
                                          cause extensive flood and wind
                                          damage
            Environment - current issues: coral reef decay; solid waste
                                          disposal
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Climate Change-Kyoto
                                          Protocol, Desertification,
                                          Endangered Species, Hazardous
                                          Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test
                                          Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship
                                          Pollution, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: strategic location adjacent to US
                                          and Cuba; extensive island chain of
                                          which 30 are inhabited
    
     People Bahamas, The
     -------------------
                              Population: 300,529
                                          note: estimates for this country
                                          explicitly take into account the
                                          effects of excess mortality due to
                                          AIDS; this can result in lower life
                                          expectancy, higher infant mortality
                                          and death rates, lower population
                                          and growth rates, and changes in the
                                          distribution of population by age
                                          and sex than would otherwise be
                                          expected (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 29% (male 43,964; female
                                          43,250)
                                          15-64 years: 64.7% (male 95,508;
                                          female 98,859)
                                          65 years and over: 6.3% (male 7,948;
                                          female 11,000) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 0.86% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 18.69 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 7.49 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: -2.63 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 0.96 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 17.08 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 69.87 years
                                          female: 73.49 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 66.32 years
                    Total fertility rate: 2.28 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 4.13% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 6,900 (1999 est.)
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 500 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Bahamian(s)
                                          adjective: Bahamian
                           Ethnic groups: black 85%, white 12%, Asian and
                                          Hispanic 3%
                               Religions: Baptist 32%, Anglican 20%, Roman
                                          Catholic 19%, Methodist 6%, Church
                                          of God 6%, other Protestant 12%,
                                          none or unknown 3%, other 2%
                               Languages: English, Creole (among Haitian
                                          immigrants)
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 98.2%
                                          male: 98.5%
                                          female: 98% (1995 est.)
    
     Government Bahamas, The
     -----------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Commonwealth
                                          of The Bahamas
                                          conventional short form: The Bahamas
                         Government type: constitutional parliamentary
                                          democracy
                                 Capital: Nassau
                Administrative divisions: 21 districts; Acklins and Crooked
                                          Islands, Bimini, Cat Island, Exuma,
                                          Freeport, Fresh Creek, Governor's
                                          Harbour, Green Turtle Cay, Harbour
                                          Island, High Rock, Inagua, Kemps
                                          Bay, Long Island, Marsh Harbour,
                                          Mayaguana, New Providence,
                                          Nichollstown and Berry Islands,
                                          Ragged Island, Rock Sound, Sandy
                                          Point, San Salvador and Rum Cay
                            Independence: 10 July 1973 (from UK)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 10 July (1973)
                            Constitution: 10 July 1973
                            Legal system: based on English common law
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II
                                          (since 6 February 1952), represented
                                          by Governor General Ivy DUMONT
                                          (since NA May 2002)
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Perry CHRISTIE (since 3 May 2002)
                                          and Deputy Prime Minister Cynthia
                                          PRATT (since 7 May 2002)
                                          cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                                          governor general on the prime
                                          minister's recommendation
                                          elections: none; the monarch is
                                          hereditary; governor general
                                          appointed by the monarch; prime
                                          minister and deputy prime minister
                                          appointed by the governor general
                      Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament consists of the
                                          Senate (16-member body appointed by
                                          the governor general upon the advice
                                          of the prime minister and the
                                          opposition leader for five-year
                                          terms) and the House of Assembly (40
                                          seats; members elected by direct
                                          popular vote to serve five-year
                                          terms)
                                          elections: last held NA March 2002
                                          (next to be held by March 2007)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - PLP 50.8%, FNM 41.1%,
                                          independents 5.2%; seats by party -
                                          PLP 29, FNM 7, independents 4
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court; Court of Appeal;
                                          magistrates courts
           Political parties and leaders: Free National Movement or FNM
                                          [leader-designate Tommy TURNQUEST];
                                          Progressive Liberal Party or PLP
                                          [Perry CHRISTIE]
            Political pressure groups and NA
                                 leaders:
               International organization ACP, C, Caricom, CCC, CDB, ECLAC,
                           participation: FAO, G-77, IADB, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU,
                                          ICRM, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO,
                                          Interpol, IOC, ITU, LAES, NAM, OAS,
                                          OPANAL, OPCW (signatory), UN,
                                          UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO,
                                          WIPO, WMO, WTrO (observer)
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Joshua
                                          SEARS
                                          consulate(s) general: Miami and New
                                          York
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 319-2668
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 319-2660
                                          chancery: 2220 Massachusetts Avenue
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20008
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador J.
                                      US: Richard BLANKENSHIP
                                          embassy: Queen Street, Nassau
                                          mailing address: local or express
                                          mail address: P. O. Box N-8197,
                                          Nassau; stateside address: American
                                          Embassy Nassau, P. O. Box 599009,
                                          Miami, FL 33159-9009; pouch address:
                                          Nassau, Department of State,
                                          Washington, DC 20521-3370
                                          telephone: [1] (242) 322-1181, 328-
                                          2206
                                          FAX: [1] (242) 356-0222
                        Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of
                                          aquamarine (top), gold, and
                                          aquamarine, with a black equilateral
                                          triangle based on the hoist side
    
     Economy Bahamas, The
     --------------------
                      Economy - overview: The Bahamas is a stable, developing
                                          nation with an economy heavily
                                          dependent on tourism and offshore
                                          banking. Tourism alone accounts for
                                          more than 60% of GDP and directly or
                                          indirectly employs almost half of
                                          the archipelago's labor force.
                                          Steady growth in tourism receipts
                                          and a boom in construction of new
                                          hotels, resorts, and residences have
                                          led to solid GDP growth in recent
                                          years. Manufacturing and agriculture
                                          together contribute approximately a
                                          tenth of GDP and show little growth,
                                          despite government incentives aimed
                                          at those sectors. Overall growth
                                          prospects in the short run rest
                                          heavily on the fortunes of the
                                          tourism sector, which depends on
                                          growth in the US, the source of the
                                          majority of tourist visitors.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $5 billion
                                          (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 3.5% (2001)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $16,800
                                          (2000 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 3%
                                          industry: 7%
                                          services: 90% (1999 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.5% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 156,000 (1999)
             Labor force - by occupation: tourism 40%, other services 50%,
                                          industry 5%, agriculture 5% (1995
                                          est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 6.9% (2001 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $918.5 million
                                          expenditures: $956.5 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $106.7 million (FY99/00)
                              Industries: tourism, banking, cement, oil
                                          refining and transshipment, salt,
                                          rum, aragonite, pharmaceuticals,
                                          spiral-welded steel pipe
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: 1.54 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 1.432 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: citrus, vegetables; poultry
                                 Exports: $535.8 million (2000)
                   Exports - commodities: fish and crawfish; rum, salt,
                                          chemicals; fruit and vegetables
                                          (1999)
                      Exports - partners: US 28.2%, France 16.5%, Germany
                                          14.1%, UK 12.4% (2000)
                                 Imports: $1.88 billion (2000)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment,
                                          manufactures, chemicals, mineral
                                          fuels; food and live animals (1999)
                      Imports - partners: US 31.6%, South Korea 18.2%, Italy
                                          17.4%, Japan 5.8% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $381.9 million (2000)
                Economic aid - recipient: $9.8 million (1995)
                                Currency: Bahamian dollar (BSD)
                           Currency code: BSD
                          Exchange rates: Bahamian dollars per US dollar -
                                          1.000 (fixed rate pegged to the
                                          dollar)
                             Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June
    
     Communications Bahamas, The
     ---------------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 96,000 (1997)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 6,152 (1997)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: modern
                                          facilities
                                          domestic: totally automatic system;
                                          highly developed
                                          international: tropospheric scatter
                                          and submarine cable to Florida; 3
                                          coaxial submarine cables; satellite
                                          earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic
                                          Ocean) (1997)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 3, FM 4, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 215,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 1 (1997)
                             Televisions: 67,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .bs
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 19 (2000)
                          Internet users: 13,100 (2001)
    
     Transportation Bahamas, The
     ---------------------------
                                Railways: 0 km
                                Highways: total: 2,693 km
                                          paved: 1,546 km
                                          unpaved: 1,147 km (1997)
                               Waterways: none
                       Ports and harbors: Freeport, Matthew Town, Nassau
                         Merchant marine: total: 1,076 ships (1,000 GRT or
                                          over) totaling 31,309,187 GRT/
                                          45,859,485 DWT
                                          ships by type: bulk 159, cargo 246,
                                          chemical tanker 41, combination bulk
                                          13, combination ore/oil 22,
                                          container 80, liquefied gas 28,
                                          livestock carrier 2, multi-
                                          functional large-load carrier 8,
                                          passenger 88, passenger/cargo 1,
                                          petroleum tanker 178, railcar
                                          carrier 1, refrigerated cargo 120,
                                          roll on/roll off 49, short-sea
                                          passenger 16, specialized tanker 2,
                                          vehicle carrier 22
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Angola 1, Argentina 1,
                                          Australia 4, Belgium 18, Bermuda 1,
                                          Canada 5, Chile 1, China 3, Croatia
                                          2, Cuba 3, Cyprus 2, Denmark 27,
                                          Ecuador 1, Estonia 2, Finland 9,
                                          France 15, Germany 26, Greece 173,
                                          Hong Kong 6, India 2, Indonesia 2,
                                          Ireland 1, Israel 3, Italy 9,
                                          Jamaica 1, Japan 32, Kenya 3,
                                          Malaysia 10, Malta 2, Monaco 67,
                                          Netherlands 32, New Zealand 2,
                                          Norway 237, Panama 2, Philippines 3,
                                          Poland 13, Reunion 1, Russia 6,
                                          Saudi Arabia 9, Singapore 13,
                                          Slovenia 1, South Korea 2, Spain 7,
                                          Sweden 12, Switzerland 8, Thailand
                                          1, Trinidad and Tobago 2, Turkey 2,
                                          Ukraine 2, United Arab Emirates 10,
                                          United Kingdom 107, United States
                                          159, Uruguay 1 (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 67 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 32
                                          over 3,047 m: 3
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 4
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 10
                                          under 914 m: 3 (2001)
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 12
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 35
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 9
                                          under 914 m: 23 (2001)
                               Heliports: 1 (2001)
    
     Military Bahamas, The
     ---------------------
                         Military branches: Royal Bahamas Defense Force (Coast
                                            Guard only), Royal Bahamas Police
                                            Force
     Military expenditures - dollar figure: $20 million (FY95/96)
         Military expenditures - percent of 0.7% (FY99)
                                       GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues Bahamas, The
     ---------------------------------
                Disputes - international: none
                           Illicit drugs: transshipment point for cocaine and
                                          marijuana bound for US and Europe;
                                          banking industry vulnerable to money
                                          laundering
    
                                         
  
  

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