dict.org

The DICT Development Group


Search for:
Search type:
Database:

Database copyright information
Server information
Wiki: Resources, links, and other information


1 definition found
 for Baker Island
From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Baker Island
  
     Introduction Baker Island
     -------------------------
                              Background: The US took possession of the island
                                          in 1857, and its guano deposits were
                                          mined by US and British companies
                                          during the second half of the 19th
                                          century. In 1935, a short-lived
                                          attempt at colonization was begun on
                                          this island - as well as on nearby
                                          Howland Island - but was disrupted
                                          by World War II and thereafter
                                          abandoned. Presently the island is a
                                          National Wildlife Refuge run by the
                                          US Department of the Interior; a day
                                          beacon is situated near the middle
                                          of the west coast.
    
     Geography Baker Island
     ----------------------
                                Location: Oceania, atoll in the North Pacific
                                          Ocean, about half way between Hawaii
                                          and Australia
                  Geographic coordinates: 0 13 N, 176 31 W
                          Map references: Oceania
                                    Area: total: 1.4 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 1.4 sq km
                      Area - comparative: about 2.5 times the size of The Mall
                                          in Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 4.8 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: equatorial; scant rainfall, constant
                                          wind, burning sun
                                 Terrain: low, nearly level coral island
                                          surrounded by a narrow fringing reef
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: unnamed location 8 m
                       Natural resources: guano (deposits worked until 1891),
                                          terrestrial and aquatic wildlife
                                Land use: arable land: 0%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 100% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: the narrow fringing reef surrounding
                                          the island can be a maritime hazard
            Environment - current issues: no natural fresh water resources
                        Geography - note: treeless, sparse, and scattered
                                          vegetation consisting of grasses,
                                          prostrate vines, and low growing
                                          shrubs; primarily a nesting,
                                          roosting, and foraging habitat for
                                          seabirds, shorebirds, and marine
                                          wildlife
    
     People Baker Island
     -------------------
                              Population: uninhabited
                                          note: American civilians evacuated
                                          in 1942 after Japanese air and naval
                                          attacks during World War II;
                                          occupied by US military during World
                                          War II, but abandoned after the war;
                                          public entry is by special-use
                                          permit from US Fish and Wildlife
                                          Service only and generally
                                          restricted to scientists and
                                          educators; a cemetery and remnants
                                          of structures from early settlement
                                          are located near the middle of the
                                          west coast; visited annually by US
                                          Fish and Wildlife Service (July 2002
                                          est.)
                  Population growth rate: NA
    
     Government Baker Island
     -----------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: none
                                          conventional short form: Baker
                                          Island
                       Dependency status: unincorporated territory of the US;
                                          administered from Washington, DC, by
                                          the Fish and Wildlife Service of the
                                          US Department of the Interior as
                                          part of the National Wildlife Refuge
                                          system
                            Legal system: the laws of the US, where
                                          applicable, apply
                        Flag description: the flag of the US is used
    
     Economy Baker Island
     --------------------
                                      Economy - overview: no economic activity
    
    
     Transportation Baker Island
     ---------------------------
                               Waterways: none
                       Ports and harbors: none; offshore anchorage only; note
                                          - there is one small boat landing
                                          area along the middle of the west
                                          coast
                                Airports: 1 abandoned World War II runway of
                                          1,665 m, completely covered with
                                          vegetation and unusable
                   Transportation - note: there is a day beacon near the
                                          middle of the west coast
    
     Military Baker Island
     ---------------------
                         Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the
                                          US; visited annually by the US Coast
                                          Guard
    
     Transnational Issues Baker Island
     ---------------------------------
                                                Disputes - international: none
    
                                         
  
  

Questions or comments about this site? Contact webmaster@dict.org