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4 definitions found
 for Basking shark
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Shark \Shark\ (sh[aum]rk), n. [Of uncertain origin; perhaps
     through OF. fr. carcharus a kind of dogfish, Gr. karchari`as,
     so called from its sharp teeth, fr. ka`rcharos having sharp
     or jagged teeth; or perhaps named from its rapacity (cf.
     Shark, v. t. & i.); cf. Corn. scarceas.]
     1. (Zool.) Any one of numerous species of elasmobranch fishes
        of the order Plagiostomi, found in all seas.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: Some sharks, as the basking shark and the whale shark,
           grow to an enormous size, the former becoming forty
           feet or more, and the latter sixty feet or more, in
           length. Most of them are harmless to man, but some are
           exceedingly voracious. The man-eating sharks mostly
           belong to the genera Carcharhinus, Carcharodon, and
           related genera. They have several rows of large sharp
           teeth with serrated edges, as the great white shark
           ({Carcharodon carcharias or Carcharodon Rondeleti)
           of tropical seas, and the great blue shark
           ({Carcharhinus glaucus syn. Prionace glauca) of all
           tropical and temperate seas. The former sometimes
           becomes thirty-six feet long, and is the most voracious
           and dangerous species known. The rare man-eating shark
           of the United States coast ({Carcharodon Atwoodi) is
           thought by some to be a variety, or the young, of
           Carcharodon carcharias. The dusky shark
           ({Carcharhinus obscurus) is a common species on the
           coast of the United States of moderate size and not
           dangerous. It feeds on shellfish and bottom fishes.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: The original 1913 Webster also mentioned a "smaller
           blue shark ({C. caudatus)", but this species could not
           be found mentioned on the Web (August 2002). The
           following is a list of Atlantic Ocean sharks:
           * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
           Common and Scientific Names of Atlantic Sharks
           * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
           from "Our Living Oceans 1995" (published by the
           National Printing Office):
           NMFS. 1999. Our Living Oceans. Report on the status of
           U.S. living marine resources, 1999. U.S. Dep. Commer.,
           NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-F/SPO-41, on-line version,
           http://spo.nwr.noaa.gov/olo99.htm.
           (the following list is found at at
           http://spo.nwr.noaa.gov/app5.pdf)
           (1) Pelagic Sharks
           Thresher shark ({Alopias vulpinus)
           Bigeye thresher ({Alopias superciliosus)
           Oceanic whitetip shark ({Carcharhinus longimanus)
           Sevengill shark ({Heptrachias perlo)
           Sixgill shark ({Hexanchus griseus)
           Bigeye sixgill shark ({Hexanchus vitulus)
           Shortfin mako ({Isurus oxyrinchus)
           Longfin mako ({Isurus paucus)
           Porbeagle ({Lamna nasus)
           Blue shark ({Prionace glauca)
           (2)Large Coastal Sharks
           Sandbar shark ({Carcharhinus plumbeus)
           Reef shark ({Carcharhinus perezi)
           Blacktip shark ({Carcharhinus limbatus)
           Dusky shark ({Carcharhinus obscurus)
           Spinner shark ({Carcharhinus brevipinna)
           Silky shark ({Carcharhinus falciformis)
           Bull shark ({Carcharhinus leucas)
           Bignose shark ({Carcharhinus altimus)
           Galapagos shark ({Carcharhinus galapagensis)
           Night shark ({Carcharhinus signatus)
           White shark ({Carcharodon carcharias)
           Basking shark ({Cetorhinus maximus)
           Tiger shark ({Galeocerdo cuvier)
           Nurse shark ({Ginglymostoma cirratum)
           Lemon shark ({Negaprion brevirostris)
           Ragged-tooth shark ({Odontaspis ferox)
           Whale shark ({Rhincodon typus)
           Scalloped hammerhead ({Sphyrna lewini)
           Great hammerhead ({Sphyrna mokarran)
           Smooth hammerhead ({Sphyrna zygaena)
           (3) Small Coastal Sharks
           Finetooth shark ({Carcharhinus isodon)
           Blacknose shark ({Carcharhinus acronotus)
           Atlantic sharpnose shark ({Rhizoprionodon erraenovae)
           Caribbean sharpnose shark ({Rhizoprionodon porosus)
           Bonnethead ({Sphyrna tiburo)
           Atlantic angel shark ({Squatina dumeril)
           [PJC]
  
     2. A rapacious, artful person; a sharper. [Colloq.]
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. Trickery; fraud; petty rapine; as, to live upon the shark.
        [Obs.] --South.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Basking shark, Liver shark, Nurse shark, Oil shark,
     Sand shark, Tiger shark, etc. See under Basking,
        Liver, etc. See also Dogfish, Houndfish,
        Notidanian, and Tope.
  
     Gray shark, the sand shark.
  
     Hammer-headed shark. See Hammerhead.
  
     Port Jackson shark. See Cestraciont.
  
     Shark barrow, the eggcase of a shark; a sea purse.
  
     Shark ray. Same as Angel fish
        (a), under Angel.
  
     Thrasher shark or Thresher shark, a large, voracious
        shark. See Thrasher.
  
     Whale+shark,+a+huge+harmless+shark+({Rhinodon+typicus">Whale shark, a huge harmless shark ({Rhinodon typicus) of
        the Indian Ocean. It becomes sixty feet or more in length,
        but has very small teeth.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Liver \Liv"er\, n. [AS. lifer; akin to D. liver, G. leber, OHG.
     lebara, Icel. lifr, Sw. lefver, and perh. to Gr. ? fat, E.
     live, v.] (Anat.)
     A very large glandular and vascular organ in the visceral
     cavity of all vertebrates.
     [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: Most of the venous blood from the alimentary canal
           passes through it on its way back to the heart; and it
           secretes the bile, produces glycogen, and in other ways
           changes the blood which passes through it. In man it is
           situated immediately beneath the diaphragm and mainly
           on the right side. See Bile, Digestive, and
           Glycogen. The liver of invertebrate animals is
           usually made up of c[ae]cal tubes, and differs
           materially, in form and function, from that of
           vertebrates.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     Floating liver. See Wandering liver, under Wandering.
        
  
     Liver of antimony, Liver of sulphur. (Old Chem.) See
        Hepar.
  
     Liver brown, Liver color, the color of liver, a dark,
        reddish brown.
  
     Liver shark (Zool.), a very large shark ({Cetorhinus
        maximus), inhabiting the northern coasts both of Europe
        and North America. It sometimes becomes forty feet in
        length, being one of the largest sharks known; but it has
        small simple teeth, and is not dangerous. It is captured
        for the sake of its liver, which often yields several
        barrels of oil. It has gill rakers, resembling whalebone,
        by means of which it separates small animals from the sea
        water. Called also basking shark, bone shark,
        hoemother, homer, and sailfish; it is sometimes
        referred to as whale shark, but that name is more
        commonly used for the Rhincodon typus, which grows even
        larger.
  
     Liver spots, yellowish brown patches on the skin, or spots
        of chloasma.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Basking shark \Bask"ing shark`\ (Zool.)
     One of the largest species of sharks ({Cetorhinus maximus),
     so called from its habit of basking in the sun; the liver
     shark, or bone shark. It inhabits the northern seas of
     Europe and America, and grows to a length of more than forty
     feet. It is a harmless species.
     [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  basking shark
      n 1: large harmless plankton-eating northern shark; often swims
           slowly or floats at the sea surface [syn: basking shark,
           Cetorhinus maximus]

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