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6 definitions found
 for Brake
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Break \Break\ (br[=a]k), v. t. [imp. broke (br[=o]k), (Obs.
     Brake); p. p. Broken (br[=o]"k'n), (Obs. Broke); p. pr.
     & vb. n. Breaking.] [OE. breken, AS. brecan; akin to OS.
     brekan, D. breken, OHG. brehhan, G. brechen, Icel. braka to
     creak, Sw. braka, br[aum]kka to crack, Dan. br[ae]kke to
     break, Goth. brikan to break, L. frangere. Cf. Bray to
     pound, Breach, Fragile.]
     1. To strain apart; to sever by fracture; to divide with
        violence; as, to break a rope or chain; to break a seal;
        to break an axle; to break rocks or coal; to break a lock.
        --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. To lay open as by breaking; to divide; as, to break a
        package of goods.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. To lay open, as a purpose; to disclose, divulge, or
        communicate.
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              Katharine, break thy mind to me.      --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. To infringe or violate, as an obligation, law, or promise.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Out, out, hyena! these are thy wonted arts . . .
              To break all faith, all vows, deceive, betray.
                                                    --Milton
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. To interrupt; to destroy the continuity of; to dissolve or
        terminate; as, to break silence; to break one's sleep; to
        break one's journey.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Go, release them, Ariel;
              My charms I'll break, their senses I'll restore.
                                                    --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. To destroy the completeness of; to remove a part from; as,
        to break a set.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     7. To destroy the arrangement of; to throw into disorder; to
        pierce; as, the cavalry were not able to break the British
        squares.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     8. To shatter to pieces; to reduce to fragments.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The victim broke in pieces the musical instruments
              with which he had solaced the hours of captivity.
                                                    --Prescott.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     9. To exchange for other money or currency of smaller
        denomination; as, to break a five dollar bill.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     10. To destroy the strength, firmness, or consistency of; as,
         to break flax.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     11. To weaken or impair, as health, spirit, or mind.
         [1913 Webster]
  
               An old man, broken with the storms of state.
                                                    --Shak.
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     12. To diminish the force of; to lessen the shock of, as a
         fall or blow.
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               I'll rather leap down first, and break your fall.
                                                    --Dryden.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     13. To impart, as news or information; to broach; -- with to,
         and often with a modified word implying some reserve; as,
         to break the news gently to the widow; to break a purpose
         cautiously to a friend.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     14. To tame; to reduce to subjection; to make tractable; to
         discipline; as, to break a horse to the harness or
         saddle. "To break a colt." --Spenser.
         [1913 Webster]
  
               Why, then thou canst not break her to the lute?
                                                    --Shak.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     15. To destroy the financial credit of; to make bankrupt; to
         ruin.
         [1913 Webster]
  
               With arts like these rich Matho, when he speaks,
               Attracts all fees, and little lawyers breaks.
                                                    --Dryden.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     16. To destroy the official character and standing of; to
         cashier; to dismiss.
         [1913 Webster]
  
               I see a great officer broken.        --Swift.
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     Note: With prepositions or adverbs: 
           [1913 Webster]
  
     To break down.
         (a) To crush; to overwhelm; as, to break down one's
             strength; to break down opposition.
         (b) To remove, or open a way through, by breaking; as, to
             break down a door or wall.
  
     To break in.
         (a) To force in; as, to break in a door.
         (b) To train; to discipline; as, a horse well broken in.
             
  
     To break of, to rid of; to cause to abandon; as, to break
        one of a habit.
  
     To break off.
         (a) To separate by breaking; as, to break off a twig.
         (b) To stop suddenly; to abandon. "Break off thy sins by
             righteousness." --Dan. iv. 27.
  
     To break open, to open by breaking. "Open the door, or I
        will break it open." --Shak.
  
     To break out, to take or force out by breaking; as, to
        break out a pane of glass.
  
     To break out a cargo, to unstow a cargo, so as to unload it
        easily.
  
     To break through.
         (a) To make an opening through, as, as by violence or the
             force of gravity; to pass violently through; as, to
             break through the enemy's lines; to break through the
             ice.
         (b) To disregard; as, to break through the ceremony.
  
     To break up.
         (a) To separate into parts; to plow (new or fallow
             ground). "Break up this capon." --Shak. "Break up
             your fallow ground." --Jer. iv. 3.
         (b) To dissolve; to put an end to. "Break up the court."
             --Shak.
  
     To break (one) all up, to unsettle or disconcert
        completely; to upset. [Colloq.]
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: With an immediate object: 
           [1913 Webster]
  
     To break the back.
         (a) To dislocate the backbone; hence, to disable totally.
         (b) To get through the worst part of; as, to break the
             back of a difficult undertaking.
  
     To break bulk, to destroy the entirety of a load by
        removing a portion of it; to begin to unload; also, to
        transfer in detail, as from boats to cars.
  
     To break a code to discover a method to convert coded
        messages into the original understandable text.
  
     To break cover, to burst forth from a protecting
        concealment, as game when hunted.
  
     To break a deer or To break a stag, to cut it up and
        apportion the parts among those entitled to a share.
  
     To break fast, to partake of food after abstinence. See
        Breakfast.
  
     To break ground.
         (a) To open the earth as for planting; to commence
             excavation, as for building, siege operations, and
             the like; as, to break ground for a foundation, a
             canal, or a railroad.
         (b) Fig.: To begin to execute any plan.
         (c) (Naut.) To release the anchor from the bottom.
  
     To break the heart, to crush or overwhelm (one) with grief.
        
  
     To break a house (Law), to remove or set aside with
        violence and a felonious intent any part of a house or of
        the fastenings provided to secure it.
  
     To break the ice, to get through first difficulties; to
        overcome obstacles and make a beginning; to introduce a
        subject.
  
     To break jail, to escape from confinement in jail, usually
        by forcible means.
  
     To break a jest, to utter a jest. "Patroclus . . . the
        livelong day breaks scurril jests." --Shak.
  
     To break joints, to lay or arrange bricks, shingles, etc.,
        so that the joints in one course shall not coincide with
        those in the preceding course.
  
     To break a lance, to engage in a tilt or contest.
  
     To break the neck, to dislocate the joints of the neck.
  
     To break no squares, to create no trouble. [Obs.]
  
     To break a path, road, etc., to open a way through
        obstacles by force or labor.
  
     To break upon a wheel, to execute or torture, as a criminal
        by stretching him upon a wheel, and breaking his limbs
        with an iron bar; -- a mode of punishment formerly
        employed in some countries.
  
     To break wind, to give vent to wind from the anus.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Syn: To dispart; rend; tear; shatter; batter; violate;
          infringe; demolish; destroy; burst; dislocate.
          [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Brake \Brake\ (br[=a]k),
     imp. of Break. [Arhaic] --Tennyson.
     [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Brake \Brake\, n. [OE. brake fern; cf. AS. bracce fern, LG.
     brake willow bush, Da. bregne fern, G. brach fallow; prob.
     orig. the growth on rough, broken ground, fr. the root of E.
     break. See Break, v. t., cf. Bracken, and 2d Brake, n.]
     [1913 Webster]
     1. (Bot.) A fern of the genus Pteris, esp. the Pteris
        aquilina, common in almost all countries. It has solitary
        stems dividing into three principal branches. Less
        properly: Any fern.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. A thicket; a place overgrown with shrubs and brambles,
        with undergrowth and ferns, or with canes.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Rounds rising hillocks, brakes obscure and rough,
              To shelter thee from tempest and from rain. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              He stayed not for brake, and he stopped not for
              stone.                                --Sir W.
                                                    Scott.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Cane brake, a thicket of canes. See Canebrake.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Brake \Brake\ (br[=a]k), n. [OE. brake; cf. LG. brake an
     instrument for breaking flax, G. breche, fr. the root of E.
     break. See Break, v. t., and cf. Breach.]
     1. An instrument or machine to break or bruise the woody part
        of flax or hemp so that it may be separated from the
        fiber.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. An extended handle by means of which a number of men can
        unite in working a pump, as in a fire engine.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. A baker's kneading though. --Johnson.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. A sharp bit or snaffle.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Pampered jades . . . which need nor break nor bit.
                                                    --Gascoigne.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. A frame for confining a refractory horse while the smith
        is shoeing him; also, an inclosure to restrain cattle,
        horses, etc.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              A horse . . . which Philip had bought . . . and
              because of his fierceness kept him within a brake of
              iron bars.                            --J. Brende.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. That part of a carriage, as of a movable battery, or
        engine, which enables it to turn.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     7. (Mil.) An ancient engine of war analogous to the crossbow
        and ballista.
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     8. (Agric.) A large, heavy harrow for breaking clods after
        plowing; a drag.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     9. A piece of mechanism for retarding or stopping motion by
        friction, as of a carriage or railway car, by the pressure
        of rubbers against the wheels, or of clogs or ratchets
        against the track or roadway, or of a pivoted lever
        against a wheel or drum in a machine.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     10. (Engin.) An apparatus for testing the power of a steam
         engine, or other motor, by weighing the amount of
         friction that the motor will overcome; a friction brake.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     11. A cart or carriage without a body, used in breaking in
         horses.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     12. An ancient instrument of torture. --Holinshed.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     Air brake. See Air brake, in the Vocabulary.
  
     Brake beam or Brake bar, the beam that connects the brake
        blocks of opposite wheels.
  
     Brake block.
         (a) The part of a brake holding the brake shoe.
         (b) A brake shoe.
  
     Brake shoe or Brake rubber, the part of a brake against
        which the wheel rubs.
  
     Brake wheel, a wheel on the platform or top of a car by
        which brakes are operated.
  
     Continuous brake . See under Continuous.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  brake
      n 1: a restraint used to slow or stop a vehicle
      2: any of various ferns of the genus Pteris having pinnately
         compound leaves and including several popular houseplants
      3: large coarse fern often several feet high; essentially weed
         ferns; cosmopolitan [syn: bracken, pasture brake,
         brake, Pteridium aquilinum]
      4: an area thickly overgrown usually with one kind of plant
      5: anything that slows or hinders a process; "she wan not ready
         to put the brakes on her life with a marriage"; "new
         legislation will put the brakes on spending"
      v 1: stop travelling by applying a brake; "We had to brake
           suddenly when a chicken crossed the road"
      2: cause to stop by applying the brakes; "brake the car before
         you go into a curve"

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  104 Moby Thesaurus words for "brake":
     arrest, backpedal, backwater, bar, bearing rein, bit, block,
     boscage, bosket, bring to, bring up short, canebrake, ceja, chain,
     chamisal, chaparral, check, checkmate, checkrein, chock,
     clip the wings, clog, constraint, control, coppice, copse,
     copsewood, countercheck, covert, curb, curb bit, cut short, dam,
     damper, deadlock, decelerate, delay, detain, doorstop, drag,
     drag sail, draw rein, drift anchor, drift sail, drogue, ease off,
     ease up, fetter, freeze, frith, halt, hold back, hold in check,
     hold up, holdback, impede, keep back, let down, let up,
     lose ground, lose momentum, lose speed, martingale, moderate,
     motte, obstruct, pelham, pull up, put paid to, reef, rein, rein in,
     relax, remora, restraint, restriction, retard, scotch, sea anchor,
     set back, shackle, slack off, slack up, slacken, slow, slow down,
     slow up, snaffle, spoke, stalemate, stall, stay, stem,
     stem the tide, stop, stop cold, stop dead, stop short, stymie,
     take in sail, thicket, thickset, throttle down, trammel
  
  

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