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1 definition found
 for British Indian Ocean Territory
From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  British Indian Ocean Territory
  
     Introduction British Indian Ocean Territory
     -------------------------------------------
                              Background: Established as a territory of the UK
                                          in 1965, a number of the British
                                          Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT)
                                          islands were transferred to the
                                          Seychelles when it attained
                                          independence in 1976. Subsequently,
                                          BIOT has consisted only of the six
                                          main island groups comprising the
                                          Chagos Archipelago. The largest and
                                          most southerly of the islands, Diego
                                          Garcia, contains a joint UK-US naval
                                          support facility. All of the
                                          remaining islands are uninhabited.
                                          Former agricultural workers, earlier
                                          residents in the islands, were
                                          relocated primarily to Mauritius but
                                          also to the Seychelles, between 1967
                                          and 1973. In 2000, a British High
                                          Court ruling invalidated the local
                                          immigration order which had excluded
                                          them from the archipelago, but
                                          upheld the special military status
                                          of Diego Garcia.
    
     Geography British Indian Ocean Territory
     ----------------------------------------
                                Location: Southern Asia, archipelago in the
                                          Indian Ocean, about one-half the way
                                          from Africa to Indonesia
                  Geographic coordinates: 6 00 S, 71 30 E
                          Map references: Political Map of the World
                                    Area: total: 60 sq km
                                          note: includes the entire Chagos
                                          Archipelago
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 60 sq km
                      Area - comparative: about 0.3 times the size of
                                          Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 698 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 3 NM
                                 Climate: tropical marine; hot, humid,
                                          moderated by trade winds
                                 Terrain: flat and low (most areas do not
                                          exceed four meters in elevation)
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: unnamed location on
                                          Diego Garcia 15 m
                       Natural resources: coconuts, fish, sugarcane
                                Land use: arable land: NEGL
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 100% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: NA
            Environment - current issues: NA
                        Geography - note: archipelago of 2,300 islands; Diego
                                          Garcia, largest and southernmost
                                          island, occupies strategic location
                                          in central Indian Ocean; island is
                                          site of joint US-UK military
                                          facility
    
     People British Indian Ocean Territory
     -------------------------------------
                              Population: no indigenous inhabitants
                                          note: approximately 1,200 former
                                          agricultural workers resident in the
                                          Chagos Archipelago, often referred
                                          to as Chagossians or Ilois, were
                                          relocated to Mauritius and the
                                          Seychelles around the time of the
                                          construction of UK-US military
                                          facilities; in 2001, there were
                                          approximately 1,500 UK and US
                                          military personnel and 2,000
                                          civilian contractors living on the
                                          island of Diego Garcia (July 2002
                                          est.)
    
     Government British Indian Ocean Territory
     -----------------------------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: British
                                          Indian Ocean Territory
                                          conventional short form: none
                                          abbreviation: BIOT
                       Dependency status: overseas territory of the UK;
                                          administered by a commissioner,
                                          resident in the Foreign and
                                          Commonwealth Office in London
                            Legal system: the laws of the UK, where
                                          applicable, apply
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II
                                          (since 6 February 1952)
                                          head of government: Commissioner
                                          John WHITE (since NA); Administrator
                                          Louise SAVILL (since NA); note -
                                          both reside in the UK
                                          elections: none; the monarch is
                                          hereditary; commissioner and
                                          administrator appointed by the
                                          monarch
                                          cabinet: NA
     Diplomatic representation in the US: none (overseas territory of the UK)
       Diplomatic representation from the none (overseas territory of the UK)
                                      US:
                        Flag description: white with six blue wavy horizontal
                                          stripes; the flag of the UK is in
                                          the upper hoist-side quadrant; the
                                          striped section bears a palm tree
                                          and yellow crown centered on the
                                          outer half of the flag
    
     Economy British Indian Ocean Territory
     --------------------------------------
                      Economy - overview: All economic activity is
                                          concentrated on the largest island
                                          of Diego Garcia, where joint UK-US
                                          defense facilities are located.
                                          Construction projects and various
                                          services needed to support the
                                          military installations are done by
                                          military and contract employees from
                                          the UK, Mauritius, the Philippines,
                                          and the US. There are no industrial
                                          or agricultural activities on the
                                          islands. When the Ilois return, they
                                          plan to reestablish sugarcane
                                          production and fishing.
                Electricity - production: NA kWh; note - electricity supplied
                                          by the US military
               Electricity - consumption: NA kWh
    
     Communications British Indian Ocean Territory
     ---------------------------------------------
           Telephones - main lines in use: NA
                         Telephone system: general assessment: separate
                                           facilities for military and public
                                           needs are available
                                           domestic: all commercial telephone
                                           services are available, including
                                           connection to the Internet
                                           international: international
                                           telephone service is carried by
                                           satellite (2000)
                 Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 2, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                   Radios: NA
            Television broadcast stations: 1 (1997)
                              Televisions: NA
                    Internet country code: .io
        Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
    
     Transportation British Indian Ocean Territory
     ---------------------------------------------
                                 Highways: total: NA km
                                           paved: short stretch of paved road
                                           of NA km between port and airfield
                                           on Diego Garcia
                                           unpaved: NA km
                                Waterways: none
                        Ports and harbors: Diego Garcia
                                 Airports: 1 (2001)
            Airports - with paved runways: total: 1
                                           over 3,047 m: 1 (2001)
    
     Military British Indian Ocean Territory
     ---------------------------------------
                         Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the
                                          UK; the US lease on Diego Garcia
                                          expires in 2016
    
     Transnational Issues British Indian Ocean Territory
     ---------------------------------------------------
                Disputes - international: Mauritius and Seychelles claim the
                                          Chagos Archipelago and its former
                                          inhabitants, who reside chiefly in
                                          Mauritius, but in 2001 were granted
                                          UK citizenship and the right to
                                          repatriation since eviction in 1965;
                                          repatriation is complicated by the
                                          US military lease of Diego Garcia,
                                          the largest island in the chain
    
                                         
  
  

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