dict.org

The DICT Development Group


Search for:
Search type:
Database:

Database copyright information
Server information
Wiki: Resources, links, and other information


2 definitions found
 for By heart
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Heart \Heart\ (h[aum]rt), n. [OE. harte, herte, heorte, AS.
     heorte; akin to OS. herta, OFies. hirte, D. hart, OHG. herza,
     G. herz, Icel. hjarta, Sw. hjerta, Goth. ha['i]rt[=o], Lith.
     szirdis, Russ. serdtse, Ir. cridhe, L. cor, Gr. kardi`a,
     kh^r. [root]277. Cf. Accord, Discord, Cordial, 4th
     Core, Courage.]
     1. (Anat.) A hollow, muscular organ, which, by contracting
        rhythmically, keeps up the circulation of the blood.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Why does my blood thus muster to my heart! --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: In adult mammals and birds, the heart is
           four-chambered, the right auricle and ventricle being
           completely separated from the left auricle and
           ventricle; and the blood flows from the systemic veins
           to the right auricle, thence to the right ventricle,
           from which it is forced to the lungs, then returned to
           the left auricle, thence passes to the left ventricle,
           from which it is driven into the systemic arteries. See
           Illust. under Aorta. In fishes there are but one
           auricle and one ventricle, the blood being pumped from
           the ventricle through the gills to the system, and
           thence returned to the auricle. In most amphibians and
           reptiles, the separation of the auricles is partial or
           complete, and in reptiles the ventricles also are
           separated more or less completely. The so-called lymph
           hearts, found in many amphibians, reptiles, and birds,
           are contractile sacs, which pump the lymph into the
           veins.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     2. The seat of the affections or sensibilities, collectively
        or separately, as love, hate, joy, grief, courage, and the
        like; rarely, the seat of the understanding or will; --
        usually in a good sense, when no epithet is expressed; the
        better or lovelier part of our nature; the spring of all
        our actions and purposes; the seat of moral life and
        character; the moral affections and character itself; the
        individual disposition and character; as, a good, tender,
        loving, bad, hard, or selfish heart.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Hearts are dust, hearts' loves remain. --Emerson.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. The nearest the middle or center; the part most hidden and
        within; the inmost or most essential part of any body or
        system; the source of life and motion in any organization;
        the chief or vital portion; the center of activity, or of
        energetic or efficient action; as, the heart of a country,
        of a tree, etc.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Exploits done in the heart of France. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Peace subsisting at the heart
              Of endless agitation.                 --Wordsworth.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. Courage; courageous purpose; spirit.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Eve, recovering heart, replied.       --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The expelled nations take heart, and when they fly
              from one country invade another.      --Sir W.
                                                    Temple.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. Vigorous and efficient activity; power of fertile
        production; condition of the soil, whether good or bad.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              That the spent earth may gather heart again.
                                                    --Dryden.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. That which resembles a heart in shape; especially, a
        roundish or oval figure or object having an obtuse point
        at one end, and at the other a corresponding indentation,
        -- used as a symbol or representative of the heart.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     7. One of the suits of playing cards, distinguished by the
        figure or figures of a heart; as, hearts are trumps.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     8. Vital part; secret meaning; real intention.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              And then show you the heart of my message. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     9. A term of affectionate or kindly and familiar address. "I
        speak to thee, my heart." --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: Heart is used in many compounds, the most of which need
           no special explanation; as, heart-appalling,
           heart-breaking, heart-cheering, heart-chilled,
           heart-expanding, heart-free, heart-hardened,
           heart-heavy, heart-purifying, heart-searching,
           heart-sickening, heart-sinking, heart-sore,
           heart-stirring, heart-touching, heart-wearing,
           heart-whole, heart-wounding, heart-wringing, etc.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     After one's own heart, conforming with one's inmost
        approval and desire; as, a friend after my own heart.
  
              The Lord hath sought him a man after his own heart.
                                                    --1 Sam. xiii.
                                                    14.
  
     At heart, in the inmost character or disposition; at
        bottom; really; as, he is at heart a good man.
  
     By heart, in the closest or most thorough manner; as, to
        know or learn by heart. "Composing songs, for fools to get
        by heart" (that is, to commit to memory, or to learn
        thoroughly). --Pope.
  
     to learn by heart, to memorize.
  
     For my heart, for my life; if my life were at stake. [Obs.]
        "I could not get him for my heart to do it." --Shak.
  
     Heart bond (Masonry), a bond in which no header stone
        stretches across the wall, but two headers meet in the
        middle, and their joint is covered by another stone laid
        header fashion. --Knight.
  
     Heart and hand, with enthusiastic co["o]peration.
  
     Heart hardness, hardness of heart; callousness of feeling;
        moral insensibility. --Shak.
  
     Heart heaviness, depression of spirits. --Shak.
  
     Heart point (Her.), the fess point. See Escutcheon.
  
     Heart rising, a rising of the heart, as in opposition.
  
     Heart shell (Zool.), any marine, bivalve shell of the genus
        Cardium and allied genera, having a heart-shaped shell;
        esp., the European Isocardia cor; -- called also heart
        cockle.
  
     Heart sickness, extreme depression of spirits.
  
     Heart and soul, with the utmost earnestness.
  
     Heart urchin (Zool.), any heartshaped, spatangoid sea
        urchin. See Spatangoid.
  
     Heart wheel, a form of cam, shaped like a heart. See Cam.
        
  
     In good heart, in good courage; in good hope.
  
     Out of heart, discouraged.
  
     Poor heart, an exclamation of pity.
  
     To break the heart of.
        (a) To bring to despair or hopeless grief; to cause to be
            utterly cast down by sorrow.
        (b) To bring almost to completion; to finish very nearly;
            -- said of anything undertaken; as, he has broken the
            heart of the task.
  
     To find in the heart, to be willing or disposed. "I could
        find in my heart to ask your pardon." --Sir P. Sidney.
  
     To have at heart, to desire (anything) earnestly.
  
     To have in the heart, to purpose; to design or intend to
        do.
  
     To have the heart in the mouth, to be much frightened.
  
     To lose heart, to become discouraged.
  
     To lose one's heart, to fall in love.
  
     To set the heart at rest, to put one's self at ease.
  
     To set the heart upon, to fix the desires on; to long for
        earnestly; to be very fond of.
  
     To take heart of grace, to take courage.
  
     To take to heart, to grieve over.
  
     To wear one's heart upon one's sleeve, to expose one's
        feelings or intentions; to be frank or impulsive.
  
     With all one's heart, With one's whole heart, very
        earnestly; fully; completely; devotedly.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  by heart
      adv 1: by committing to memory; "she knew the poem by heart"
             [syn: by heart, by memory]

Questions or comments about this site? Contact webmaster@dict.org