dict.org

The DICT Development Group


Search for:
Search type:
Database:

Database copyright information
Server information
Wiki: Resources, links, and other information


2 definitions found
 for Capacity for heat
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Capacity \Ca*pac"i*ty\ (k[.a]*p[a^]s"[i^]*t[y^]), n.; pl.
     Capacities (-t[i^]z). [L. capacitus, fr. capax, capacis;
     fr. F. capacit['e]. See Capacious.]
     1. The power of receiving or containing; extent of room or
        space; passive power; -- used in reference to physical
        things.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Had our great palace the capacity
              To camp this host, we all would sup together.
                                                    --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The capacity of the exhausted cylinder. --Boyle.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. The power of receiving and holding ideas, knowledge, etc.;
        the comprehensiveness of the mind; the receptive faculty;
        capability of understanding or feeling.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Capacity is now properly limited to these [the mere
              passive operations of the mind]; its primary
              signification, which is literally room for, as well
              as its employment, favors this; although it can not
              be denied that there are examples of its usage in an
              active sense.                         --Sir W.
                                                    Hamilton.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. Ability; power pertaining to, or resulting from, the
        possession of strength, wealth, or talent; possibility of
        being or of doing.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The capacity of blessing the people.  --Alex.
                                                    Hamilton.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              A cause with such capacities endued.  --Blackmore.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. Outward condition or circumstances; occupation;
        profession; character; position; as, to work in the
        capacity of a mason or a carpenter.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. (Law) Legal or moral qualification, as of age, residence,
        character, etc., necessary for certain purposes, as for
        holding office, for marrying, for making contracts, wills,
        etc.; legal power or right; competency.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Capacity for heat, the power of absorbing heat. Substances
        differ in the amount of heat requisite to raise them a
        given number of thermometric degrees, and this difference
        is the measure of, or depends upon, what is called their
        capacity for heat. See Specific heat, under Heat.
  
     Syn: Ability; faculty; talent; capability; skill; efficiency;
          cleverness. See Ability.
          [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Heat \Heat\ (h[=e]t), n. [OE. hete, h[ae]te, AS. h[=ae]tu,
     h[=ae]to, fr. h[=a]t hot; akin to OHG. heizi heat, Dan. hede,
     Sw. hetta. See Hot.]
     1. A force in nature which is recognized in various effects,
        but especially in the phenomena of fusion and evaporation,
        and which, as manifested in fire, the sun's rays,
        mechanical action, chemical combination, etc., becomes
        directly known to us through the sense of feeling. In its
        nature heat is a mode of motion, being in general a form
        of molecular disturbance or vibration. It was formerly
        supposed to be a subtile, imponderable fluid, to which was
        given the name caloric.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: As affecting the human body, heat produces different
           sensations, which are called by different names, as
           heat or sensible heat, warmth, cold, etc., according to
           its degree or amount relatively to the normal
           temperature of the body.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     2. The sensation caused by the force or influence of heat
        when excessive, or above that which is normal to the human
        body; the bodily feeling experienced on exposure to fire,
        the sun's rays, etc.; the reverse of cold.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. High temperature, as distinguished from low temperature,
        or cold; as, the heat of summer and the cold of winter;
        heat of the skin or body in fever, etc.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Else how had the world . . .
              Avoided pinching cold and scorching heat! --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. Indication of high temperature; appearance, condition, or
        color of a body, as indicating its temperature; redness;
        high color; flush; degree of temperature to which
        something is heated, as indicated by appearance,
        condition, or otherwise.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              It has raised . . . heats in their faces. --Addison.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The heats smiths take of their iron are a blood-red
              heat, a white-flame heat, and a sparkling or welding
              heat.                                 --Moxon.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. A single complete operation of heating, as at a forge or
        in a furnace; as, to make a horseshoe in a certain number
        of heats.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. A violent action unintermitted; a single effort; a single
        course in a race that consists of two or more courses; as,
        he won two heats out of three.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Many causes . . . for refreshment betwixt the heats.
                                                    --Dryden.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              [He] struck off at one heat the matchless tale of
              "Tam o' Shanter."                     --J. C.
                                                    Shairp.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     7. Utmost violence; rage; vehemence; as, the heat of battle
        or party. "The heat of their division." --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     8. Agitation of mind; inflammation or excitement;
        exasperation. "The heat and hurry of his rage." --South.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     9. Animation, as in discourse; ardor; fervency; as, in the
        heat of argument.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              With all the strength and heat of eloquence.
                                                    --Addison.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     10. (Zool.) Sexual excitement in animals; readiness for
         sexual activity; estrus or rut.
         [1913 Webster +PJC]
  
     11. Fermentation.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     12. Strong psychological pressure, as in a police
         investigation; as, when they turned up the heat, he took
         it on the lam. [slang]
         [PJC]
  
     Animal heat, Blood heat, Capacity for heat, etc. See
        under Animal, Blood, etc.
  
     Atomic heat (Chem.), the product obtained by multiplying
        the atomic weight of any element by its specific heat. The
        atomic heat of all solid elements is nearly a constant,
        the mean value being 6.4.
  
     Dynamical theory of heat, that theory of heat which assumes
        it to be, not a peculiar kind of matter, but a peculiar
        motion of the ultimate particles of matter.
  
     Heat engine, any apparatus by which a heated substance, as
        a heated fluid, is made to perform work by giving motion
        to mechanism, as a hot-air engine, or a steam engine.
  
     Heat producers. (Physiol.) See under Food.
  
     Heat rays, a term formerly applied to the rays near the red
        end of the spectrum, whether within or beyond the visible
        spectrum.
  
     Heat weight (Mech.), the product of any quantity of heat by
        the mechanical equivalent of heat divided by the absolute
        temperature; -- called also thermodynamic function, and
        entropy.
  
     Mechanical equivalent of heat. See under Equivalent.
  
     Specific heat of a substance (at any temperature), the
        number of units of heat required to raise the temperature
        of a unit mass of the substance at that temperature one
        degree.
  
     Unit of heat, the quantity of heat required to raise, by
        one degree, the temperature of a unit mass of water,
        initially at a certain standard temperature. The
        temperature usually employed is that of 0[deg] Centigrade,
        or 32[deg] Fahrenheit.
        [1913 Webster]

Questions or comments about this site? Contact webmaster@dict.org