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2 definitions found
 for Cape Verde
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Cape Verde
      n 1: an island country in the Atlantic off the coast of Senegal
           [syn: Cape Verde, Republic of Cape Verde]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Cape Verde
  
     Introduction Cape Verde
     -----------------------
                              Background: The uninhabited islands were
                                          discovered and colonized by the
                                          Portuguese in the 15th century; they
                                          subsequently became a trading center
                                          for African slaves and later an
                                          important coaling and resupply stop
                                          for whaling and transatlantic
                                          shipping. Most Cape Verdeans have
                                          both African and Portuguese
                                          antecedents. Independence was
                                          achieved in 1975.
    
     Geography Cape Verde
     --------------------
                                Location: Western Africa, group of islands in
                                          the North Atlantic Ocean, west of
                                          Senegal
                  Geographic coordinates: 16 00 N, 24 00 W
                          Map references: Political Map of the World
                                    Area: total: 4,033 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 4,033 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Rhode Island
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 965 km
                         Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic
                                          baselines
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                 Climate: temperate; warm, dry summer;
                                          precipitation meager and very
                                          erratic
                                 Terrain: steep, rugged, rocky, volcanic
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Mt. Fogo 2,829 m (a
                                          volcano on Fogo Island)
                       Natural resources: salt, basalt rock, limestone,
                                          kaolin, fish
                                Land use: arable land: 9.68%
                                          permanent crops: 0.5%
                                          other: 89.83% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 30 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: prolonged droughts; seasonal
                                          harmattan wind produces obscuring
                                          dust; volcanically and seismically
                                          active
            Environment - current issues: soil erosion; demand for wood used
                                          as fuel has resulted in
                                          deforestation; desertification;
                                          environmental damage has threatened
                                          several species of birds and
                                          reptiles; illegal beach sand
                                          extraction; overfishing
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification,
                                          Environmental Modification,
                                          Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea,
                                          Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer
                                          Protection
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: strategic location 500 km from west
                                          coast of Africa near major north-
                                          south sea routes; important
                                          communications station; important
                                          sea and air refueling site
    
     People Cape Verde
     -----------------
                              Population: 408,760 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 41.9% (male 86,466;
                                          female 84,918)
                                          15-64 years: 51.5% (male 100,684;
                                          female 109,841)
                                          65 years and over: 6.6% (male
                                          10,363; female 16,488) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 0.85% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 27.81 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 7.01 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: -12.26 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.63 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 0.94 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 51.86 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 69.52 years
                                          female: 72.91 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 66.23 years
                    Total fertility rate: 3.91 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.04% (2001 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 775 (2001)
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 225 (as of 2001)
                             Nationality: noun: Cape Verdean(s)
                                          adjective: Cape Verdean
                           Ethnic groups: Creole (mulatto) 71%, African 28%,
                                          European 1%
                               Religions: Roman Catholic (infused with
                                          indigenous beliefs); Protestant
                                          (mostly Church of the Nazarene)
                               Languages: Portuguese, Crioulo (a blend of
                                          Portuguese and West African words)
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 71.6%
                                          male: 81.4%
                                          female: 63.8% (1995 est.)
    
     Government Cape Verde
     ---------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          Cape Verde
                                          conventional short form: Cape Verde
                                          local short form: Cabo Verde
                                          local long form: Republica de Cabo
                                          Verde
                         Government type: republic
                                 Capital: Praia
                Administrative divisions: 17 districts (concelhos, singular -
                                          concelho); Boa Vista, Brava,
                                          Calheta, Maio, Mosteiros, Paul,
                                          Praia, Porto Novo, Ribeira Grande,
                                          Sal, Santa Catarina, Santa Cruz, Sao
                                          Domingos, Sao Nicolau, Sao Filipe,
                                          Sao Vicente, Tarrafal
                            Independence: 5 July 1975 (from Portugal)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 5 July (1975)
                            Constitution: new constitution came into force 25
                                          September 1992; underwent a major
                                          revision on 23 November 1995,
                                          substantially increasing the powers
                                          of the president, and a further
                                          revision in 1999, to create the
                                          position of national ombudsman
                                          (Provedor de Justica)
                            Legal system: derived from the legal system of
                                          Portugal
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Pedro
                                          PIRES (since 22 March 2001)
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Jose Maria Pereira NEVES (since 1
                                          February 2001)
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          appointed by the president on the
                                          recommendation of the prime minister
    
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote for a five-year term;
                                          election last held 11 and 25
                                          February 2001 (next to be held NA
                                          February 2006); prime minister
                                          nominated by the National Assembly
                                          and appointed by the president
                                          election results: Pedro PIRES
                                          elected president; percent of vote -
                                          Pedro PIRES (PAICV) 49.43%, Carlos
                                          VIEGA (MPD) 49.42%; note - the
                                          election was won by only twelve
                                          votes
                      Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly or
                                          Assembleia Nacional (72 seats;
                                          members are elected by popular vote
                                          to serve five-year terms)
                                          elections: last held 14 January 2001
                                          (next to be held NA December 2005)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - PAICV 47.3%, MPD 39.8%, ADM
                                          6%, other 6.9%; seats by party -
                                          PAICV 40, MPD 30, ADM 2
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Tribunal of Justice or
                                          Supremo Tribunal de Justia
           Political parties and leaders: African Party for Independence of
                                          Cape Verde or PAICV [Jose Maria
                                          Pereira NEVES, chairman]; Democratic
                                          Alliance for Change or ADM [Dr.
                                          Eurico MONTEIRO] (a coalition of
                                          PCD, PTS, and UCID); Democratic
                                          Christian Party or PDC [Manuel
                                          RODRIGUES, chairman]; Democratic
                                          Renovation Party or PRD [Jacinto
                                          SANTOS, president]; Movement for
                                          Democracy or MPD [Agostinho LOPES,
                                          president]; Party for Democratic
                                          Convergence or PCD [Dr. Eurico
                                          MONTEIRO, president]; Party of Work
                                          and Solidarity or PTS [Anibal
                                          MEDINA, president]; Social
                                          Democratic Party or PSD [Joao ALEM,
                                          president]
            Political pressure groups and NA
                                 leaders:
               International organization ACCT, ACP, AfDB, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS,
                           participation: FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM,
                                          IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF,
                                          IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IOM
                                          (observer), ITU, NAM, OAU, OPCW
                                          (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO,
                                          UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO
                                          (observer)
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Jose
                                          BRITO
                                          consulate(s) general: Boston
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 965-1207
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 965-6820
                                          chancery: 3415 Massachusetts Avenue
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20007
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Michael
                                      US: D. METELITS
                                          embassy: Rua Abilio Macedo 81, Praia
    
                                          mailing address: C. P. 201, Praia
                                          telephone: [238] 61 56 16
                                          FAX: [238] 61 13 55
                        Flag description: three horizontal bands of light blue
                                          (top, double width), white (with a
                                          horizontal red stripe in the middle
                                          third), and light blue; a circle of
                                          10 yellow five-pointed stars is
                                          centered on the hoist end of the red
                                          stripe and extends into the upper
                                          and lower blue bands
    
     Economy Cape Verde
     ------------------
                      Economy - overview: Cape Verde suffers from a poor
                                          natural resource base, including
                                          serious water shortages exacerbated
                                          by cycles of long-term drought. The
                                          economy is service-oriented, with
                                          commerce, transport, and public
                                          services accounting for 70% of GDP.
                                          Although nearly 70% of the
                                          population lives in rural areas, the
                                          share of agriculture in GDP in 2001
                                          was only 11%, of which fishing
                                          accounts for 1.5%. About 82% of food
                                          must be imported. The fishing
                                          potential, mostly lobster and tuna,
                                          is not fully exploited. Cape Verde
                                          annually runs a high trade deficit,
                                          financed by foreign aid and
                                          remittances from emigrants;
                                          remittances supplement GDP by more
                                          than 20%. Economic reforms, launched
                                          by the new democratic government in
                                          1991, are aimed at developing the
                                          private sector and attracting
                                          foreign investment to diversify the
                                          economy. Prospects for 2002 depend
                                          heavily on the maintenance of aid
                                          flows, remittances, and the momentum
                                          of the government's development
                                          program.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $600
                                          million (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 3% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $1,500
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 11%
                                          industry: 17%
                                          services: 72% (2001)
           Population below poverty line: 30% (2000)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3% (2001)
                             Labor force: NA
                       Unemployment rate: 21% (2000 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $112 million
                                          expenditures: $198 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (2000)
                              Industries: food and beverages, fish processing,
                                          shoes and garments, salt mining,
                                          ship repair
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: 41 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 38.13 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: bananas, corn, beans, sweet
                                          potatoes, sugarcane, coffee,
                                          peanuts; fish
                                 Exports: $27.3 million (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: fuel, shoes, garments, fish, hides
                      Exports - partners: Portugal 45%, UK 20%, Germany 20%,
                                          Guinea-Bissau 5% (1999)
                                 Imports: $218 million (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, industrial products,
                                          transport equipment, fuels
                      Imports - partners: Portugal 52%, Germany 7%, France 4%,
                                          UK 3% (1999)
                         Debt - external: $301 million (2000)
                Economic aid - recipient: $136 million (1999)
                                Currency: Cape Verdean escudo (CVE)
                           Currency code: CVE
                          Exchange rates: Cape Verdean escudos per US dollar -
                                          123.556 (January 2002), 115.877
                                          (2000), 102.700 (1999), 98.158
                                          (1998), 93.177 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
    
     Communications Cape Verde
     -------------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 60,935 (2002)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 28,119 (2002)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: effective
                                          system, being improved
                                          domestic: interisland microwave
                                          radio relay system with both analog
                                          and digital exchanges; work is in
                                          progress on a submarine fiber-optic
                                          cable system which is scheduled for
                                          completion in 2003
                                          international: 2 coaxial submarine
                                          cables; HF radiotelephone to Senegal
                                          and Guinea-Bissau; satellite earth
                                          station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic
                                          Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 0, FM 11 (and 14 repeaters),
                                          shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 100,000 (2002 est.)
           Television broadcast stations: 3 (2002)
                             Televisions: 15,000 (2002 est.)
                   Internet country code: .cv
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
                          Internet users: 8,000 (2001)
    
     Transportation Cape Verde
     -------------------------
                                 Railways: 0 km
                                 Highways: total: 1,100 km
                                           paved: 858 km
                                           unpaved: 242 km (1996)
                                Waterways: none
                        Ports and harbors: Mindelo, Praia, Tarrafal
                          Merchant marine: total: 4 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                           totaling 5,395 GRT/6,614 DWT
                                           ships by type: cargo 3, chemical
                                           tanker 1
                                           note: includes a foreign-owned ship
                                           registered here as a flag of
                                           convenience: United Kingdom 1 (2002
                                           est.)
                                 Airports: 9
                                           note: 3 airports are reported to be
                                           nonoperational (2001)
            Airports - with paved runways: total: 3
                                           over 3,047 m: 1
                                           914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2001)
          Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 3
                                           914 to 1,523 m: 3 (2001)
    
     Military Cape Verde
     -------------------
                        Military branches: Army, Coast Guard
         Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 92,486 (2002 est.)
      Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 52,215 (2002 est.)
                                  service:
            Military expenditures - dollar $9.3 million (FY01)
                                   figure:
        Military expenditures - percent of 1.6% (FY01)
                                      GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues Cape Verde
     -------------------------------
                 Disputes - international: none
                            Illicit drugs: used as a transshipment point for
                                           illicit drugs moving from Latin
                                           America and Asia destined for
                                           Western Europe
    
                                         
  
  

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