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11 definitions found
 for Carbon
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Carbon \Car"bon\ (k[aum]r"b[o^]n), n. [F. carbone, fr. L. carbo
     coal; cf. Skr. [,c]r[=a] to cook.] (Chem.)
     1. An elementary substance, not metallic in its nature, which
        is present in all organic compounds. Atomic weight 11.97.
        Symbol C. it is combustible, and forms the base of
        lampblack and charcoal, and enters largely into mineral
        coals. In its pure crystallized state it constitutes the
        diamond, the hardest of known substances, occuring in
        monometric crystals like the octahedron, etc. Another
        modification is graphite, or blacklead, and in this it is
        soft, and occurs in hexagonal prisms or tables. When
        united with oxygen it forms carbon dioxide, commonly
        called carbonic acid, or carbonic oxide, according to the
        proportions of the oxygen; when united with hydrogen, it
        forms various compounds called hydrocarbons. Compare
        Diamond, and Graphite.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. (Elec.) A carbon rod or pencil used in an arc lamp; also,
        a plate or piece of carbon used as one of the elements of
        a voltaic battery.
        [Webster 1913 Suppl.]
  
     3. a sheet of carbon paper.
        [PJC]
  
     4. a carbon copy.
        [PJC]
  
     Carbon compounds, Compounds of carbon (Chem.), those
        compounds consisting largely of carbon, commonly produced
        by animals and plants, and hence called organic compounds,
        though their synthesis may be effected in many cases in
        the laboratory.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The formation of the compounds of carbon is not
              dependent upon the life process.      --I. Remsen
  
     carbon copy, originally, a copy of a document made by use
        of a carbon paper, but now used generally to refer to
        any copy of a document made by a mechanical process, such
        as xerographic copying.
  
     Carbon dioxide, Carbon monoxide. (Chem.) See under
        Carbonic.
  
     Carbon light (Elec.), an extremely brilliant electric light
        produced by passing a galvanic current through two carbon
        points kept constantly with their apexes neary in contact.
        
  
     Carbon point (Elec.), a small cylinder or bit of gas carbon
        moved forward by clockwork so that, as it is burned away
        by the electric current, it shall constantly maintain its
        proper relation to the opposing point.
  
     Carbon paper, a thin type of paper coated with a
        dark-colored waxy substance which can be transferred to
        another sheet of paper underneath it by pressing on the
        carbon paper. It is used by placing a sheet between two
        sheets of ordinary writing paper, and then writing or
        typing on the top sheet, by which process a copy of the
        writing or typing is transferred to the second sheet
        below, making a copy without the need for writing or
        typing a second time. Multiple sheets may be used, with a
        carbon paper placed above each plain paper to which an
        impression is to be transferred. In 1997 such paper was
        still used, particularly to make multiple copies of
        filled-in purchase invoice forms, but in most applications
        this technique has been superseded by the more faithful
        xerographic reproduction and computerized printing
        processes.
  
     Carbon tissue, paper coated with gelatine and pigment, used
        in the autotype process of photography. --Abney.
  
     Gas carbon, a compact variety of carbon obtained as an
        incrustation on the interior of gas retorts, and used for
        the manufacture of the carbon rods of pencils for the
        voltaic, arc, and for the plates of voltaic batteries,
        etc.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  carbon
      n 1: an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in
           three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and
           diamond; occurs in all organic compounds [syn: carbon,
           C, atomic number 6]
      2: a thin paper coated on one side with a dark waxy substance
         (often containing carbon); used to transfer characters from
         the original to an under sheet of paper [syn: carbon paper,
         carbon]
      3: a copy made with carbon paper [syn: carbon, carbon copy]

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  80 Moby Thesaurus words for "carbon":
     alcohol, apograph, ash, ashes, benzine, brand, briquette, burnable,
     butane, calx, carbon copy, charcoal, cinder, clinker, coal, coke,
     combustible, coom, copy, ditto, dope, dross, duplicate, ethane,
     ethanol, facsimile, fiche, fireball, firing, flammable,
     flammable material, fuel, fuel additive, fuel dope, fume, gas,
     gas carbon, gasoline, heptane, hexane, inflammable,
     inflammable material, isooctane, jet fuel, kerosene, lava,
     manifold, methane, methanol, microcopy, microfiche, microform,
     natural gas, octane, oil, paraffin, peat, pentane, propane,
     propellant, recording, reduplication, reek, replica, replication,
     rocket fuel, rubbing, scoria, slag, smoke, smudge, smut, soot,
     sullage, tenor, tracing, transcript, transcription, transfer,
     turf
  
  

From The Elements (07Nov00) :

  carbon
  Symbol: C
  Atomic number: 6
  Atomic weight: 12.01115
  Carbon is a member of group 14 of the periodic table. It has three
  allotropic forms of it, diamonds, graphite and fullerite. Carbon-14
  is commonly used in radioactive dating. Carbon occurs in all organic
  life
  and is the basis of organic chemistry. Carbon has the interesting
  chemical
  property of being able to bond with itself, and a wide variety of other
  elements.
  

From U.S. Gazetteer Counties (2000) :

  Carbon -- U.S. County in Montana
     Population (2000):    9552
     Housing Units (2000): 5494
     Land area (2000):     2047.991068 sq. miles (5304.272289 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    14.195141 sq. miles (36.765246 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    2062.186209 sq. miles (5341.037535 sq. km)
     Located within:       Montana (MT), FIPS 30
     Location:             45.313192 N, 109.087584 W
     Headwords:
      Carbon
      Carbon, MT
      Carbon County
      Carbon County, MT
  

From U.S. Gazetteer Counties (2000) :

  Carbon -- U.S. County in Pennsylvania
     Population (2000):    58802
     Housing Units (2000): 30492
     Land area (2000):     381.037035 sq. miles (986.881348 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    6.197095 sq. miles (16.050401 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    387.234130 sq. miles (1002.931749 sq. km)
     Located within:       Pennsylvania (PA), FIPS 42
     Location:             40.887766 N, 75.704111 W
     Headwords:
      Carbon
      Carbon, PA
      Carbon County
      Carbon County, PA
  

From U.S. Gazetteer Counties (2000) :

  Carbon -- U.S. County in Utah
     Population (2000):    20422
     Housing Units (2000): 8741
     Land area (2000):     1478.457821 sq. miles (3829.188016 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    6.115818 sq. miles (15.839896 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    1484.573639 sq. miles (3845.027912 sq. km)
     Located within:       Utah (UT), FIPS 49
     Location:             39.627056 N, 110.767483 W
     Headwords:
      Carbon
      Carbon, UT
      Carbon County
      Carbon County, UT
  

From U.S. Gazetteer Counties (2000) :

  Carbon -- U.S. County in Wyoming
     Population (2000):    15639
     Housing Units (2000): 8307
     Land area (2000):     7896.138587 sq. miles (20450.904187 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    67.892012 sq. miles (175.839496 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    7964.030599 sq. miles (20626.743683 sq. km)
     Located within:       Wyoming (WY), FIPS 56
     Location:             41.698637 N, 106.906874 W
     Headwords:
      Carbon
      Carbon, WY
      Carbon County
      Carbon County, WY
  

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Carbon, IN -- U.S. town in Indiana
     Population (2000):    334
     Housing Units (2000): 136
     Land area (2000):     0.158337 sq. miles (0.410090 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    0.158337 sq. miles (0.410090 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            10198
     Located within:       Indiana (IN), FIPS 18
     Location:             39.598974 N, 87.107510 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):     47837
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
     Headwords:
      Carbon, IN
      Carbon
  

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Carbon, IA -- U.S. city in Iowa
     Population (2000):    28
     Housing Units (2000): 28
     Land area (2000):     0.708502 sq. miles (1.835011 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    0.708502 sq. miles (1.835011 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            10585
     Located within:       Iowa (IA), FIPS 19
     Location:             41.050208 N, 94.825171 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):    
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
     Headwords:
      Carbon, IA
      Carbon
  

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Carbon, TX -- U.S. town in Texas
     Population (2000):    224
     Housing Units (2000): 120
     Land area (2000):     1.019955 sq. miles (2.641672 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    1.019955 sq. miles (2.641672 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            12736
     Located within:       Texas (TX), FIPS 48
     Location:             32.270302 N, 98.828445 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):     76435
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
     Headwords:
      Carbon, TX
      Carbon
  

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