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2 definitions found
 for Central African Republic
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Central African Republic
      n 1: a landlocked country in central Africa; formerly under
           French control; became independent in 1960 [syn: Central
           African Republic, Central Africa]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Central African Republic
  
     Introduction Central African Republic
     -------------------------------------
                               Background: The former French colony of Ubangi-
                                           Shari became the Central African
                                           Republic upon independence in 1960.
                                           After three tumultuous decades of
                                           misrule - mostly by military
                                           governments - a civilian government
                                           was installed in 1993.
    
     Geography Central African Republic
     ----------------------------------
                                Location: Central Africa, north of Democratic
                                          Republic of the Congo
                  Geographic coordinates: 7 00 N, 21 00 E
                          Map references: Africa
                                    Area: total: 622,984 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 622,984 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Texas
                         Land boundaries: total: 5,203 km
                                          border countries: Cameroon 797 km,
                                          Chad 1,197 km, Democratic Republic
                                          of the Congo 1,577 km, Republic of
                                          the Congo 467 km, Sudan 1,165 km
                               Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
                         Maritime claims: none (landlocked)
                                 Climate: tropical; hot, dry winters; mild to
                                          hot, wet summers
                                 Terrain: vast, flat to rolling, monotonous
                                          plateau; scattered hills in
                                          northeast and southwest
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Oubangui River 335 m
                                          highest point: Mont Ngaoui 1,420 m
                       Natural resources: diamonds, uranium, timber, gold,
                                          oil, hydropower
                                Land use: arable land: 3.1%
                                          permanent crops: 0.14%
                                          other: 96.76% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: hot, dry, dusty harmattan winds
                                          affect northern areas; floods are
                                          common
            Environment - current issues: tap water is not potable; poaching
                                          has diminished its reputation as one
                                          of the last great wildlife refuges;
                                          desertification; deforestation
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone
                                          Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 94
    
                                          signed, but not ratified: Law of the
                                          Sea
                        Geography - note: landlocked; almost the precise
                                          center of Africa
    
     People Central African Republic
     -------------------------------
                              Population: 3,642,739
                                          note: estimates for this country
                                          explicitly take into account the
                                          effects of excess mortality due to
                                          AIDS; this can result in lower life
                                          expectancy, higher infant mortality
                                          and death rates, lower population
                                          and growth rates, and changes in the
                                          distribution of population by age
                                          and sex than would otherwise be
                                          expected (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 43% (male 788,417;
                                          female 776,721)
                                          15-64 years: 53.2% (male 951,908;
                                          female 986,947)
                                          65 years and over: 3.8% (male
                                          60,395; female 78,351) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.8% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 36.6 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 18.62 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 0.98 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 103.81 deaths/1,000 live births
                                          (2002 est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 43.58 years
                                          female: 45.13 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 42.08 years
                    Total fertility rate: 4.77 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 13.84% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 240,000 (1999 est.)
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 23,000 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Central African(s)
                                          adjective: Central African
                           Ethnic groups: Baya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%,
                                          Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M'Baka 4%,
                                          Yakoma 4%, other 2%
                               Religions: indigenous beliefs 35%, Protestant
                                          25%, Roman Catholic 25%, Muslim 15%
                                          note: animistic beliefs and
                                          practices strongly influence the
                                          Christian majority
                               Languages: French (official), Sangho (lingua
                                          franca and national language),
                                          tribal languages
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 60%
                                          male: 68.5%
                                          female: 52.4% (1995 est.)
    
     Government Central African Republic
     -----------------------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Central
                                          African Republic
                                          conventional short form: none
                                          local short form: none
                                          former: Ubangi-Shari, Central
                                          African Empire
                                          local long form: Republique
                                          Centrafricaine
                                          abbreviation: CAR
                         Government type: republic
                                 Capital: Bangui
                Administrative divisions: 14 prefectures (prefectures,
                                          singular - prefecture), 2 economic
                                          prefectures* (prefectures
                                          economiques, singular - prefecture
                                          economique), and 1 commune**;
                                          Bamingui-Bangoran, Bangui**, Basse-
                                          Kotto, Gribingui*, Haute-Kotto,
                                          Haute-Sangha, Haut-Mbomou, Kemo-
                                          Gribingui, Lobaye, Mbomou, Nana-
                                          Mambere, Ombella-Mpoko, Ouaka,
                                          Ouham, Ouham-Pende, Sangha*, Vakaga
                            Independence: 13 August 1960 (from France)
                        National holiday: Republic Day, 1 December (1958)
                            Constitution: passed by referendum 29 December
                                          1994; adopted 7 January 1995
                            Legal system: based on French law
                                Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Ange-Felix
                                          PATASSE (since 22 October 1993)
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Martin ZIGUELE (since 1 April 2001)
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote for a six-year term;
                                          election last held 19 September 1999
                                          (next to be held NA September 2005);
                                          prime minister appointed by the
                                          president
                                          election results: Ange-Felix PATASSE
                                          reelected president; percent of vote
                                          - Ange-Felix PATASSE 51.63%, Andre
                                          KOLINGBA 19.38%, David DACKO 11.15%
                      Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly or
                                          Assemblee Nationale (109 seats;
                                          members are elected by popular vote
                                          to serve five-year terms; note -
                                          there were 85 seats in the National
                                          Assembly before the 1998 election)
                                          elections: last held 22-23 November
                                          and 13 December 1998 (next to be
                                          held NA 2003)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - MLPC 43%, RDC 18%, MDD 9%,
                                          FPP 6%, PSD 5%, ADP 4%, PUN 3%,
                                          FODEM 2%, PLD 2%, UPR 1%, FC 1%,
                                          independents 6%; seats by party -
                                          MLPC 47, RDC 20, MDD 8, FPP 7, PSD
                                          6, ADP 5, PUN 3, FODEM 2, PLD 2, UPR
                                          1, FC 1, independents 7
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Cour Supreme;
                                          Constitutional Court (3 judges
                                          appointed by the president, 3 by the
                                          president of the National Assembly,
                                          and 3 by fellow judges); Court of
                                          Appeal; Criminal Courts; Inferior
                                          Courts
           Political parties and leaders: Alliance for Democracy and Progress
                                          or ADP [Jacques MBOLIEDAS]; Central
                                          African Democratic Assembly or RDC
                                          [Andre KOLINGBA]; Civic Forum or FC
                                          [Gen. Timothee MALENDOMA];
                                          Democratic Forum for Modernity or
                                          FODEM [Charles MASSI]; Liberal
                                          Democratic Party or PLD [Nestor
                                          KOMBO-NAGUEMON]; Movement for
                                          Democracy and Development or MDD
                                          [David DACKO]; Movement for the
                                          Liberation of the Central African
                                          People or MLPC [the party of the
                                          president, Ange-Felix PATASSE];
                                          Patriotic Front for Progress or FPP
                                          [Abel GOUMBA]; People's Union for
                                          the Republic or UPR [Pierre Sammy
                                          MAKFOY]; National Unity Party or PUN
                                          [Jean-Paul NGOUPANDE]; Social
                                          Democratic Party or PSD [Enoch
                                          LAKOUE]
            Political pressure groups and NA
                                 leaders:
               International organization ACCT, ACP, AfDB, BDEAC, CCC, CEEAC,
                           participation: CEMAC, ECA, FAO, FZ, G-77, IAEA,
                                          IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD,
                                          IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC,
                                          ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC (observer), OPCW
                                          (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO,
                                          UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO,
                                          WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador
                                          Emmanuel TOUABOY
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 332-9893
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 483-7800
                                          chancery: 1618 22nd Street NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20008
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Mattie
                                      US: R. SHARPLESS
                                          embassy: Avenue David Dacko, Bangui
                                          mailing address: B. P. 924, Bangui
                                          telephone: [236] 61 02 00
                                          FAX: [236] 61 44 94
                        Flag description: four equal horizontal bands of blue
                                          (top), white, green, and yellow with
                                          a vertical red band in center; there
                                          is a yellow five-pointed star on the
                                          hoist side of the blue band
    
     Economy Central African Republic
     --------------------------------
                      Economy - overview: Subsistence agriculture, together
                                          with forestry, remains the backbone
                                          of the economy of the Central
                                          African Republic (CAR), with more
                                          than 70% of the population living in
                                          outlying areas. The agricultural
                                          sector generates half of GDP. Timber
                                          has accounted for about 16% of
                                          export earnings and the diamond
                                          industry for 54%. Important
                                          constraints to economic development
                                          include the CAR's landlocked
                                          position, a poor transportation
                                          system, a largely unskilled work
                                          force, and a legacy of misdirected
                                          macroeconomic policies. The 50%
                                          devaluation of the currencies of 14
                                          Francophone African nations on 12
                                          January 1994 had mixed effects on
                                          the CAR's economy. Diamond, timber,
                                          coffee, and cotton exports
                                          increased, leading an estimated rise
                                          of GDP of 7% in 1994 and nearly 5%
                                          in 1995. Military rebellions and
                                          social unrest in 1996 were
                                          accompanied by widespread
                                          destruction of property and a drop
                                          in GDP of 2%. The IMF approved an
                                          Extended Structure Adjustment
                                          Facility in 1998 and the World Bank
                                          extended further credits in 1999 and
                                          approved a $10 million loan in early
                                          2001. As of January 2002, many civil
                                          servants were owed as much as 16
                                          months pay during the PATASSE
                                          administration, as well as 14 months
                                          pay from the KOLINGBA
                                          administration.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $4.6
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 1.8% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $1,300
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 55%
                                          industry: 20%
                                          services: 25% (2001 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 0.7%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 47.7% (1993)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 61.3 (1993)
                                   index:
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.6% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: NA
                       Unemployment rate: 8% (23% for Bangui) (2001 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $NA
                                          expenditures: $NA, including capital
                                          expenditures of $NA
                              Industries: diamond mining, sawmills, breweries,
                                          textiles, footwear, assembly of
                                          bicycles and motorcycles
       Industrial production growth rate: 3.9% (2001)
                Electricity - production: 104 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 20.19%
                                          hydro: 79.81%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 96.72 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: cotton, coffee, tobacco, manioc
                                          (tapioca), yams, millet, corn,
                                          bananas; timber
                                 Exports: $166 million (f.o.b., 2000)
                   Exports - commodities: diamonds, timber, cotton, coffee,
                                          tobacco
                      Exports - partners: Benelux 64%, Cote d'Ivoire, Spain,
                                          China, Egypt, France (1999)
                                 Imports: $154 million (f.o.b., 2000)
                   Imports - commodities: food, textiles, petroleum products,
                                          machinery, electrical equipment,
                                          motor vehicles, chemicals,
                                          pharmaceuticals, consumer goods,
                                          industrial products
                      Imports - partners: France 35%, Cameroon 13%, Benelux,
                                          Cote d'Ivoire, Germany, Japan (1999)
                         Debt - external: $881.4 million (2000 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $172.2 million (1995); note -
                                          traditional budget subsidies from
                                          France
                                Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine
                                          franc (XAF); note - responsible
                                          authority is the Bank of the Central
                                          African States
                           Currency code: XAF
                          Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine
                                          francs (XAF) per US dollar - 742.79
                                          (January 2002), 733.04 (2001),
                                          711.98 (2000), 615.70 (1999), 589.95
                                          (1998), 583.67 (1997); note - from 1
                                          January 1999, the XAF is pegged to
                                          the euro at a rate of 655.957 XAF
                                          per euro
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
    
     Communications Central African Republic
     ---------------------------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 10,000 (1997)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 570 (1997)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: fair system
                                          domestic: network consists
                                          principally of microwave radio relay
                                          and low-capacity, low-powered
                                          radiotelephone communication
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic
                                          Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 0, FM 4, shortwave 1 (2001)
                                  Radios: 283,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 1 (2001)
                             Televisions: 18,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .cf
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
                          Internet users: 1,500 (2001)
    
     Transportation Central African Republic
     ---------------------------------------
                                 Railways: 0 km
                                 Highways: total: 23,810 km
                                           paved: 429 km
                                           unpaved: 23,381 km (2000)
                                Waterways: 900 km
                                           note: traditional trade carried on
                                           by means of shallow-draft dugouts;
                                           Oubangui is the most important
                                           river, navigable all year to craft
                                           drawing 0.6 m or less; 282 km
                                           navigable to craft drawing as much
                                           as 1.8 m
                        Ports and harbors: Bangui, Nola, Salo, Nzinga
                                 Airports: 51 (2001)
            Airports - with paved runways: total: 3
                                           2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                           1,524 to 2,437 m: 2 (2001)
          Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 48
                                           2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                           1,524 to 2,437 m: 9
                                           914 to 1,523 m: 23
                                           under 914 m: 15 (2001)
    
     Military Central African Republic
     ---------------------------------
                       Military branches: Central African Armed Forces (FACA)
                                          (including Republican Guard, Ground
                                          Forces, Naval Forces, and Air
                                          Force), Presidential Security Guard,
                                          Gendarmerie, National Police
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 845,182 (2002 est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 442,220 (2002 est.)
                                 service:
           Military expenditures - dollar $29 million (FY96)
                                  figure:
       Military expenditures - percent of 2.2% (FY96)
                                     GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues Central African Republic
     ---------------------------------------------
                                                Disputes - international: none
    
                                         
  
  

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