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1 definition found
 for Christmas Island
From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Christmas Island
  
     Introduction Christmas Island
     -----------------------------
                              Background: Named in 1643 for the day of its
                                          discovery, the island was annexed
                                          and settlement was begun by the UK
                                          in 1888. Phosphate mining began in
                                          the 1890s. The UK transferred
                                          sovereignty to Australia in 1958.
                                          Almost two-thirds of the island has
                                          been declared a national park.
    
     Geography Christmas Island
     --------------------------
                                Location: Southeastern Asia, island in the
                                          Indian Ocean, south of Indonesia
                  Geographic coordinates: 10 30 S, 105 40 E
                          Map references: Southeast Asia
                                    Area: total: 135 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 135 sq km
                      Area - comparative: about 0.7 times the size of
                                          Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 80 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 12 NM
                                          exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; heat and humidity
                                          moderated by trade winds
                                 Terrain: steep cliffs along coast rise
                                          abruptly to central plateau
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Murray Hill 361 m
                       Natural resources: phosphate, beaches
                                Land use: arable land: 0%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 100%
                                          note: mainly tropical rainforest;
                                          63% of the island is a national park
                                          (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: the narrow fringing reef surrounding
                                          the island can be a maritime hazard
            Environment - current issues: NA
                        Geography - note: located along major sea lanes of
                                          Indian Ocean
    
     People Christmas Island
     -----------------------
                              Population: 474 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: NA%
                                          15-64 years: NA%
                                          65 years and over: NA%
                  Population growth rate: -9% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: NA births/1,000 population
                              Death rate: NA deaths/1,000 population
                      Net migration rate: NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
                               Sex ratio: NA
                   Infant mortality rate: NA deaths/1,000 live births
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: NA years
                                          female: NA years
                                          male: NA years
                    Total fertility rate: NA children born/woman
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Christmas Islander(s)
                                          adjective: Christmas Island
                           Ethnic groups: Chinese 70%, European 20%, Malay 10%
    
                                          note: no indigenous population
                                          (2001)
                               Religions: Buddhist 36%, Muslim 25%, Christian
                                          18%, other 21% (1997)
                               Languages: English (official), Chinese, Malay
                                Literacy: NA
    
     Government Christmas Island
     ---------------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Territory of
                                          Christmas Island
                                          conventional short form: Christmas
                                          Island
                       Dependency status: territory of Australia; administered
                                          by the Australian Department of
                                          Transport and Regional Services
                         Government type: NA
                                 Capital: The Settlement
                Administrative divisions: none (territory of Australia)
                            Independence: none (territory of Australia)
                        National holiday: NA
                            Constitution: NA
                            Legal system: under the authority of the governor
                                          general of Australia and Australian
                                          law
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II
                                          (since 6 February 1952), represented
                                          by the Australian governor general
                                          head of government: Administrator
                                          William Leonard TAYLOR (since 4
                                          February 1999)
                                          elections: none; the monarch is
                                          hereditary; administrator appointed
                                          by the governor general of Australia
                                          and represents the monarch and
                                          Australia
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Christmas Island Shire
                                          Council (9 seats; members elected by
                                          popular vote to serve one-year
                                          terms)
                                          election results: percent of vote -
                                          NA%; seats - independents 9
                                          elections: last held NA December
                                          2001 (next to be held NA December
                                          2002)
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court; District Court;
                                          Magistrate's Court
           Political parties and leaders: none
            Political pressure groups and none
                                 leaders:
               International organization none
                           participation:
     Diplomatic representation in the US: none (territory of Australia)
       Diplomatic representation from the none (territory of Australia)
                                      US:
                        Flag description: the flag of Australia is used; note
                                          - in early 1986, the Christmas
                                          Island Assembly held a design
                                          competition for an island flag,
                                          however, the winning design has
                                          never been formally adopted as the
                                          official flag of the territory
    
     Economy Christmas Island
     ------------------------
                      Economy - overview: Phosphate mining had been the only
                                          significant economic activity, but
                                          in December 1987 the Australian
                                          Government closed the mine. In 1991,
                                          the mine was reopened. With the
                                          support of the government, a $34
                                          million casino opened in 1993. The
                                          casino closed in 1998. The
                                          Australian Government in 2001 agreed
                                          to support the creation of a
                                          commercial space-launching site on
                                          the island, slated to begin
                                          operation in 2003.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $NA
                  GDP - real growth rate: NA%
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $NA
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: NA%
                                          industry: NA%
                                          services: NA%
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): NA%
                             Labor force: NA
             Labor force - by occupation: tourism 400 people, mining 100
                                          people (1995)
                       Unemployment rate: NA%
                                  Budget: revenues: $NA
                                          expenditures: $NA, including capital
                                          expenditures of $NA
                              Industries: tourism, phosphate extraction (near
                                          depletion)
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: NA kWh
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: NA%
                                          hydro: NA%
                                          other: NA%
                                          nuclear: NA%
               Electricity - consumption: NA kWh
                  Agriculture - products: NA
                                 Exports: $NA
                   Exports - commodities: phosphate
                      Exports - partners: Australia, NZ
                                 Imports: $NA
                   Imports - commodities: consumer goods
                      Imports - partners: principally Australia
                         Debt - external: $NA
                Economic aid - recipient: $NA
                                Currency: Australian dollar (AUD)
                           Currency code: AUD
                          Exchange rates: Australian dollars per US dollar -
                                          1.9354 (January 2002), 1.9320
                                          (2001), 1.7173 (2000), 1.5497
                                          (1999), 1.5888 (1998), 1.3439 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June
    
     Communications Christmas Island
     -------------------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: NA
            Telephones - mobile cellular: NA
                        Telephone system: general assessment: service provided
                                          by the Australian network
                                          domestic: only analog mobile
                                          telephone service is available
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          stations - one Intelsat earth
                                          station provides telephone and telex
                                          service (2000)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 1,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: NA
                             Televisions: 600 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .cx
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2 (2000)
                          Internet users: NA
    
     Transportation Christmas Island
     -------------------------------
                                 Railways: 24 km to serve phosphate mines
                                 Highways: total: 140 km (not including 100 km
                                           that is maintained by private
                                           industry)
                                           paved: 30 km
                                           unpaved: 110 km (1999)
                                Waterways: none
                        Ports and harbors: Flying Fish Cove
                          Merchant marine: none (2002 est.)
                                 Airports: 1 (2001)
            Airports - with paved runways: total: 1
                                           1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2001)
    
     Military Christmas Island
     -------------------------
                             Military - note: defense is the responsibility of
                                              Australia
    
     Transnational Issues Christmas Island
     -------------------------------------
                                                Disputes - international: none
    
                                         
  
  

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