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2 definitions found
 for Close borough
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Borough \Bor"ough\, n. [OE. burgh, burw, boru, port, town,
     burrow, AS. burh, burg; akin to Icel., Sw., & Dan. borg, OS.
     & D. burg, OHG. puruc, purc, MHG. burc, G. burg, Goth.
     ba['u]rgs; and from the root of AS. beorgan to hide, save,
     defend, G. bergen; or perh. from that of AS. beorg hill,
     mountain. [root]95. See Bury, v. t., and cf. Burrow,
     Burg, Bury, n., Burgess, Iceberg, Borrow, Harbor,
     Hauberk.]
     1. In England, an incorporated town that is not a city; also,
        a town that sends members to parliament; in Scotland, a
        body corporate, consisting of the inhabitants of a certain
        district, erected by the sovereign, with a certain
        jurisdiction; in America, an incorporated town or village,
        as in Pennsylvania and Connecticut. --Burrill. --Erskine.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. The collective body of citizens or inhabitants of a
        borough; as, the borough voted to lay a tax.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Close borough, or Pocket borough, a borough having the
        right of sending a member to Parliament, whose nomination
        is in the hands of a single person.
  
     Rotten borough, a name given to any borough which, at the
        time of the passage of the Reform Bill of 1832, contained
        but few voters, yet retained the privilege of sending a
        member to Parliament.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Close \Close\ (kl[=o]s), a. [Compar. Closer (kl[=o]"s[~e]r);
     superl. Closest.] [Of. & F. clos, p. p. of clore. See
     Close, v. t.]
     1. Shut fast; closed; tight; as, a close box.
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              From a close bower this dainty music flowed.
                                                    --Dryden.
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     2. Narrow; confined; as, a close alley; close quarters. "A
        close prison." --Dickens.
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     3. Oppressive; without motion or ventilation; causing a
        feeling of lassitude; -- said of the air, weather, etc.
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              If the rooms be low-roofed, or full of windows and
              doors, the one maketh the air close, . . . and the
              other maketh it exceeding unequal.    --Bacon.
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     4. Strictly confined; carefully quarded; as, a close
        prisoner.
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     5. Out of the way observation; secluded; secret; hidden. "He
        yet kept himself close because of Saul." --1 Chron. xii. 1
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              "Her close intent."                   --Spenser.
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     6. Disposed to keep secrets; secretive; reticent. "For
        secrecy, no lady closer." --Shak.
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     7. Having the parts near each other; dense; solid; compact;
        as applied to bodies; viscous; tenacious; not volatile, as
        applied to liquids.
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              The golden globe being put into a press, . . . the
              water made itself way through the pores of that very
              close metal.                          --Locke.
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     8. Concise; to the point; as, close reasoning. "Where the
        original is close no version can reach it in the same
        compass." --Dryden.
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     9. Adjoining; near; either in space; time, or thought; --
        often followed by to.
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              Plant the spring crocuses close to a wall.
                                                    --Mortimer.
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              The thought of the Man of sorrows seemed a very
              close thing -- not a faint hearsay.   --G. Eliot.
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     10. Short; as, to cut grass or hair close.
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     11. Intimate; familiar; confidential.
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               League with you I seek
               And mutual amity, so strait, so close,
               That I with you must dwell, or you with me.
                                                    --Milton.
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     12. Nearly equal; almost evenly balanced; as, a close vote.
         "A close contest." --Prescott.
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     13. Difficult to obtain; as, money is close. --Bartlett.
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     14. Parsimonious; stingy. "A crusty old fellow, as close as a
         vise." --Hawthorne.
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     15. Adhering strictly to a standard or original; exact;
         strict; as, a close translation. --Locke.
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     16. Accurate; careful; precise; also, attentive; undeviating;
         strict; not wandering; as, a close observer.
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     17. (Phon.) Uttered with a relatively contracted opening of
         the mouth, as certain sounds of e and o in French,
         Italian, and German; -- opposed to open.
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     Close borough. See under Borough.
  
     Close breeding. See under Breeding.
  
     Close communion, communion in the Lord's supper, restricted
        to those who have received baptism by immersion.
  
     Close corporation, a body or corporation which fills its
        own vacancies.
  
     Close fertilization. (Bot.) See Fertilization.
  
     Close harmony (Mus.), compact harmony, in which the tones
        composing each chord are not widely distributed over
        several octaves.
  
     Close time, a fixed period during which killing game or
        catching certain fish is prohibited by law.
  
     Close vowel (Pron.), a vowel which is pronounced with a
        diminished aperture of the lips, or with contraction of
        the cavity of the mouth.
  
     Close to the wind (Naut.), directed as nearly to the point
        from which the wind blows as it is possible to sail;
        closehauled; -- said of a vessel.
        [1913 Webster]

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