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4 definitions found
 for Coal tar
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Tar \Tar\, n. [OE. terre, tarre, AS. teru, teoru; akin to D.
     teer, G. teer, theer, Icel. tjara, Sw. tj[aum]ra, Dan.
     ti[ae]re, and to E. tree. [root]63. See Tree.]
     A thick, black, viscous liquid obtained by the distillation
     of wood, coal, etc., and having a varied composition
     according to the temperature and material employed in
     obtaining it.
     [1913 Webster]
  
     Coal tar. See in the Vocabulary.
  
     Mineral tar (Min.), a kind of soft native bitumen.
  
     Tar board, a strong quality of millboard made from junk and
        old tarred rope. --Knight.
  
     Tar water.
     (a) A cold infusion of tar in water, used as a medicine.
     (b) The ammoniacal water of gas works.
  
     Wood tar, tar obtained from wood. It is usually obtained by
        the distillation of the wood of the pine, spruce, or fir,
        and is used in varnishes, cements, and to render ropes,
        oakum, etc., impervious to water.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Coal \Coal\ (k[=o]l), n. [AS. col; akin to D. kool, OHG. chol,
     cholo, G. kohle, Icel. kol, pl., Sw. kol, Dan. kul; cf. Skr.
     jval to burn. Cf. Kiln, Collier.]
     1. A thoroughly charred, and extinguished or still ignited,
        fragment from wood or other combustible substance;
        charcoal.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. (Min.) A black, or brownish black, solid, combustible
        substance, dug from beds or veins in the earth to be used
        for fuel, and consisting, like charcoal, mainly of carbon,
        but more compact, and often affording, when heated, a
        large amount of volatile matter.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: This word is often used adjectively, or as the first
           part of self-explaining compounds; as, coal-black; coal
           formation; coal scuttle; coal ship. etc.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: In England the plural coals is used, for the broken
           mineral coal burned in grates, etc.; as, to put coals
           on the fire. In the United States the singular in a
           collective sense is the customary usage; as, a hod of
           coal.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     Age of coal plants. See Age of Acrogens, under Acrogen.
        
  
     Anthracite or Glance coal. See Anthracite.
  
     Bituminous coal. See under Bituminous.
  
     Blind coal. See under Blind.
  
     Brown coal or Brown Lignite. See Lignite.
  
     Caking coal, a bituminous coal, which softens and becomes
        pasty or semi-viscid when heated. On increasing the heat,
        the volatile products are driven off, and a coherent,
        grayish black, cellular mass of coke is left.
  
     Cannel coal, a very compact bituminous coal, of fine
        texture and dull luster. See Cannel coal.
  
     Coal bed (Geol.), a layer or stratum of mineral coal.
  
     Coal breaker, a structure including machines and machinery
        adapted for crushing, cleansing, and assorting coal.
  
     Coal field (Geol.), a region in which deposits of coal
        occur. Such regions have often a basinlike structure, and
        are hence called coal basins. See Basin.
  
     Coal gas, a variety of carbureted hydrogen, procured from
        bituminous coal, used in lighting streets, houses, etc.,
        and for cooking and heating.
  
     Coal heaver, a man employed in carrying coal, and esp. in
        putting it in, and discharging it from, ships.
  
     Coal measures. (Geol.)
        (a) Strata of coal with the attendant rocks.
        (b) A subdivision of the carboniferous formation, between
            the millstone grit below and the Permian formation
            above, and including nearly all the workable coal beds
            of the world.
  
     Coal oil, a general name for mineral oils; petroleum.
  
     Coal plant (Geol.), one of the remains or impressions of
        plants found in the strata of the coal formation.
  
     Coal tar. See in the Vocabulary.
  
     To haul over the coals, to call to account; to scold or
        censure. [Colloq.]
  
     Wood coal. See Lignite.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Coal tar \Coal" tar`\
     A thick, black, tarry liquid, obtained by the distillation of
     bituminous coal in the manufacture of illuminating gas; used
     for making printer's ink, black varnish, etc. It is a complex
     mixture from which many substances have been obtained,
     especially hydrocarbons of the benzene or aromatic series.
     [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: Among its important ingredients are benzene, aniline,
           phenol, naphtalene, anthracene, etc., which are
           respectively typical of many dye stuffs, as the aniline
           dyes, the phthale["i]ns, indigo, alizarin, and many
           flavoring extracts whose artificial production is a
           matter of great commercial importance.
           [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  coal tar
      n 1: a tar formed from distillation of bituminous coal; coal tar
           can be further distilled to give various aromatic compounds

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