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1 definition found
 for Cocos (Keeling) Islands
From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Cocos (Keeling) Islands
  
     Introduction Cocos (Keeling) Islands
     ------------------------------------
                              Background: There are 27 coral islands in the
                                          group. Captain William Keeling
                                          discovered the islands in 1609, but
                                          they remained uninhabited until the
                                          19th century. Annexed by the UK in
                                          1857, they were transferred to the
                                          Australian Government in 1955. The
                                          population on the two inhabited
                                          islands generally is split between
                                          the ethnic Europeans on West Island
                                          and the ethnic Malays on Home
                                          Island.
    
     Geography Cocos (Keeling) Islands
     ---------------------------------
                                Location: Southeastern Asia, group of islands
                                          in the Indian Ocean, south of
                                          Indonesia, about halfway from
                                          Australia to Sri Lanka
                  Geographic coordinates: 12 30 S, 96 50 E
                          Map references: Southeast Asia
                                    Area: total: 14 sq km
                                          note: includes the two main islands
                                          of West Island and Home Island
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 14 sq km
                      Area - comparative: about 24 times the size of The Mall
                                          in Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 26 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical with high humidity,
                                          moderated by the southeast trade
                                          winds for about nine months of the
                                          year
                                 Terrain: flat, low-lying coral atolls
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: unnamed location 5 m
                       Natural resources: fish
                                Land use: arable land: 0%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 100% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: cyclone season is October to April
            Environment - current issues: fresh water resources are limited to
                                          rainwater accumulations in natural
                                          underground reservoirs
                        Geography - note: islands are thickly covered with
                                          coconut palms and other vegetation
    
     People Cocos (Keeling) Islands
     ------------------------------
                                Population: 632 (July 2002 est.)
                             Age structure: 0-14 years: NA%
                                            15-64 years: NA%
                                            65 years and over: NA%
                    Population growth rate: -0.22% (2002 est.)
                                Birth rate: NA births/1,000 population
                                Death rate: NA deaths/1,000 population
                        Net migration rate: NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
                     Infant mortality rate: NA deaths/1,000 live births
                  Life expectancy at birth: total population: NA years
                                            male: NA years
                                            female: NA years
                      Total fertility rate: NA children born/woman
          HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
         HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                                      AIDS:
                         HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                               Nationality: noun: Cocos Islander(s)
                                            adjective: Cocos Islander
                             Ethnic groups: Europeans, Cocos Malays
                                 Religions: Sunni Muslim 80%, other 20% (2002
                                            est.)
                                 Languages: Malay (Cocos dialect), English
    
     Government Cocos (Keeling) Islands
     ----------------------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Territory of
                                          Cocos (Keeling) Islands
                                          conventional short form: Cocos
                                          (Keeling) Islands
                       Dependency status: territory of Australia; administered
                                          from Canberra by the Australian
                                          Department of Transport and Regional
                                          Services
                         Government type: NA
                                 Capital: West Island
                Administrative divisions: none (territory of Australia)
                            Independence: none (territory of Australia)
                        National holiday: NA
                            Constitution: Cocos (Keeling) Islands Act of 1955
                            Legal system: based upon the laws of Australia and
                                          local laws
                                Suffrage: NA
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II
                                          (since 6 February 1952), represented
                                          by the Australian governor general
                                          elections: none; the monarch is
                                          hereditary; administrator appointed
                                          by the governor general of Australia
                                          and represents the monarch and
                                          Australia
                                          head of government: Administrator
                                          (nonresident) William Leonard TAYLOR
                                          (since 4 February 1999)
                                          cabinet: NA
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Cocos (Keeling) Islands
                                          Shire Council (7 seats)
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court; Magistrate's Court
           Political parties and leaders: none
            Political pressure groups and none
                                 leaders:
               International organization none
                           participation:
     Diplomatic representation in the US: none (territory of Australia)
       Diplomatic representation from the none (territory of Australia)
                                      US:
                        Flag description: the flag of Australia is used
    
     Economy Cocos (Keeling) Islands
     -------------------------------
                      Economy - overview: Grown throughout the islands,
                                          coconuts are the sole cash crop.
                                          Small local gardens and fishing
                                          contribute to the food supply, but
                                          additional food and most other
                                          necessities must be imported from
                                          Australia. There is a small tourist
                                          industry.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $NA
                  GDP - real growth rate: NA%
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $NA
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: NA%
                                          industry: NA%
                                          services: NA%
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): NA%
                             Labor force: NA
             Labor force - by occupation: the Cocos Islands Cooperative
                                          Society Ltd. employs construction
                                          workers, stevedores, and lighterage
                                          workers; tourism employs others
                       Unemployment rate: 60% (2000 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $NA
                                          expenditures: $NA, including capital
                                          expenditures of $NA
                              Industries: copra products and tourism
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: NA kWh
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: NA%
                                          hydro: NA%
                                          other: NA%
                                          nuclear: NA%
               Electricity - consumption: NA kWh
                  Agriculture - products: vegetables, bananas, pawpaws,
                                          coconuts
                                 Exports: $NA
                   Exports - commodities: copra
                      Exports - partners: Australia
                                 Imports: $NA
                   Imports - commodities: foodstuffs
                      Imports - partners: Australia
                         Debt - external: $NA
                Economic aid - recipient: $NA
                                Currency: Australian dollar (AUD)
                           Currency code: AUD
                          Exchange rates: Australian dollars per US dollar -
                                          1.9354 (January 2002), 1.9320
                                          (2001), 1.7173 (2000), 1.5497
                                          (1999), 1.5888 (1998), 1.3439 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June
    
     Communications Cocos (Keeling) Islands
     --------------------------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 287 (1992)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: NA
                        Telephone system: general assessment: connected within
                                          Australia's telecommunication system
    
                                          domestic: NA
                                          international: telephone, telex, and
                                          facsimile communications with
                                          Australia and elsewhere via
                                          satellite; 1 satellite earth station
                                          of NA type (2002)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 0, shortwave 0 (2000)
                                  Radios: 300 (1992)
           Television broadcast stations: NA
                             Televisions: NA
                   Internet country code: .cc
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2 (2000)
                          Internet users: NA
    
     Transportation Cocos (Keeling) Islands
     --------------------------------------
                                         Railways: 0 km
                                         Highways: total: 15 km (2001)
                                                   paved: NA km
                                                   unpaved: NA km
                                        Waterways: none
                                Ports and harbors: none; lagoon anchorage only
                                  Merchant marine: none (2002 est.)
                                         Airports: 1 (2001)
                    Airports - with paved runways: total: 1
                                                   1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2001)
    
     Military Cocos (Keeling) Islands
     --------------------------------
                         Military - note: defense is the responsibility of
                                          Australia; the territory does have a
                                          five-person police force
    
     Transnational Issues Cocos (Keeling) Islands
     --------------------------------------------
                                                Disputes - international: none
    
                                         
  
  

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