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5 definitions found
 for Common carrier
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Common \Com"mon\, a. [Compar. Commoner; superl. Commonest.]
     [OE. commun, comon, OF. comun, F. commun, fr. L. communis;
     com- + munis ready to be of service; cf. Skr. mi to make
     fast, set up, build, Goth. gamains common, G. gemein, and E.
     mean low, common. Cf. Immunity, Commune, n. & v.]
     1. Belonging or relating equally, or similarly, to more than
        one; as, you and I have a common interest in the property.
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              Though life and sense be common to men and brutes.
                                                    --Sir M. Hale.
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     2. Belonging to or shared by, affecting or serving, all the
        members of a class, considered together; general; public;
        as, properties common to all plants; the common schools;
        the Book of Common Prayer.
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              Such actions as the common good requireth. --Hooker.
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              The common enemy of man.              --Shak.
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     3. Often met with; usual; frequent; customary.
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              Grief more than common grief.         --Shak.
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     4. Not distinguished or exceptional; inconspicuous; ordinary;
        plebeian; -- often in a depreciatory sense.
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              The honest, heart-felt enjoyment of common life.
                                                    --W. Irving.
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              This fact was infamous
              And ill beseeming any common man,
              Much more a knight, a captain and a leader. --Shak.
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              Above the vulgar flight of common souls. --A.
                                                    Murphy.
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     5. Profane; polluted. [Obs.]
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              What God hath cleansed, that call not thou common.
                                                    --Acts x. 15.
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     6. Given to habits of lewdness; prostitute.
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              A dame who herself was common.        --L'Estrange.
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     Common bar (Law) Same as Blank bar, under Blank.
  
     Common barrator (Law), one who makes a business of
        instigating litigation.
  
     Common Bench, a name sometimes given to the English Court
        of Common Pleas.
  
     Common brawler (Law), one addicted to public brawling and
        quarreling. See Brawler.
  
     Common carrier (Law), one who undertakes the office of
        carrying (goods or persons) for hire. Such a carrier is
        bound to carry in all cases when he has accommodation, and
        when his fixed price is tendered, and he is liable for all
        losses and injuries to the goods, except those which
        happen in consequence of the act of God, or of the enemies
        of the country, or of the owner of the property himself.
        
  
     Common chord (Mus.), a chord consisting of the fundamental
        tone, with its third and fifth.
  
     Common council, the representative (legislative) body, or
        the lower branch of the representative body, of a city or
        other municipal corporation.
  
     Common crier, the crier of a town or city.
  
     Common divisor (Math.), a number or quantity that divides
        two or more numbers or quantities without a remainder; a
        common measure.
  
     Common gender (Gram.), the gender comprising words that may
        be of either the masculine or the feminine gender.
  
     Common law, a system of jurisprudence developing under the
        guidance of the courts so as to apply a consistent and
        reasonable rule to each litigated case. It may be
        superseded by statute, but unless superseded it controls.
        --Wharton.
  
     Note: It is by others defined as the unwritten law
           (especially of England), the law that receives its
           binding force from immemorial usage and universal
           reception, as ascertained and expressed in the
           judgments of the courts. This term is often used in
           contradistinction from statute law. Many use it to
           designate a law common to the whole country. It is also
           used to designate the whole body of English (or other)
           law, as distinguished from its subdivisions, local,
           civil, admiralty, equity, etc. See Law.
  
     Common lawyer, one versed in common law.
  
     Common lewdness (Law), the habitual performance of lewd
        acts in public.
  
     Common multiple (Arith.) See under Multiple.
  
     Common noun (Gram.), the name of any one of a class of
        objects, as distinguished from a proper noun (the name of
        a particular person or thing).
  
     Common nuisance (Law), that which is deleterious to the
        health or comfort or sense of decency of the community at
        large.
  
     Common pleas, one of the three superior courts of common
        law at Westminster, presided over by a chief justice and
        four puisne judges. Its jurisdiction is confined to civil
        matters. Courts bearing this title exist in several of the
        United States, having, however, in some cases, both civil
        and criminal jurisdiction extending over the whole State.
        In other States the jurisdiction of the common pleas is
        limited to a county, and it is sometimes called a county
        court. Its powers are generally defined by statute.
  
     Common prayer, the liturgy of the Church of England, or of
        the Protestant Episcopal church of the United States,
        which all its clergy are enjoined to use. It is contained
        in the Book of Common Prayer.
  
     Common school, a school maintained at the public expense,
        and open to all.
  
     Common scold (Law), a woman addicted to scolding
        indiscriminately, in public.
  
     Common seal, a seal adopted and used by a corporation.
  
     Common sense.
        (a) A supposed sense which was held to be the common bond
            of all the others. [Obs.] --Trench.
        (b) Sound judgment. See under Sense.
  
     Common time (Mus.), that variety of time in which the
        measure consists of two or of four equal portions.
  
     In common, equally with another, or with others; owned,
        shared, or used, in community with others; affecting or
        affected equally.
  
     Out of the common, uncommon; extraordinary.
  
     Tenant in common, one holding real or personal property in
        common with others, having distinct but undivided
        interests. See Joint tenant, under Joint.
  
     To make common cause with, to join or ally one's self with.
  
     Syn: General; public; popular; national; universal; frequent;
          ordinary; customary; usual; familiar; habitual; vulgar;
          mean; trite; stale; threadbare; commonplace. See
          Mutual, Ordinary, General.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Carrier \Car"ri*er\, n. [From Carry.]
     1. One who, or that which, carries or conveys; a messenger.
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              The air which is but . . . a carrier of the sounds.
                                                    --Bacon.
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     2. One who is employed, or makes it his business, to carry
        goods for others for hire; a porter; a teamster.
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              The roads are crowded with carriers, laden with rich
              manufactures.                         --Swift.
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     3. (Mach.) That which drives or carries; as:
        (a) A piece which communicates to an object in a lathe the
            motion of the face plate; a lathe dog.
        (b) A spool holder or bobbin holder in a braiding machine.
            (c) A movable piece in magazine guns which transfers
            the cartridge to a position from which it can be
            thrust into the barrel.
            [1913 Webster]
  
     Carrier pigeon (Zool.), a variety of the domestic pigeon
        used to convey letters from a distant point to to its
        home.
  
     Carrier shell (Zool.), a univalve shell of the genus
        Phorus; -- so called because it fastens bits of stones
        and broken shells to its own shell, to such an extent as
        almost to conceal it.
  
     Common carrier (Law.) See under Common, a.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  common carrier
      n 1: a person or firm in the business of transporting people or
           goods or messages [syn: carrier, common carrier]

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (18 March 2015) :

  common carrier
  
      (Or "phone company") A private
     company that offers telecommunications services to the public.
  
     (1995-03-20)
  

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  COMMON CARRIER, contracts. One who undertakes for hire or reward to 
  transport the goods of any who may choose to employ him, from place to 
  place. 1 Pick. 50, 53; 1 Salk. 249, 250; Story, Bailm. Sec. 495 1 Bouv. 
  Inst. n. 1020. 
       2. Common carriers are generally of two descriptions, namely, carriers 
  by land and carriers by water. Of the former description are the proprietors 
  of stage coaches, stage wagons or expresses, which ply between different 
  places, and' carry goods for hire; and truckmen, teamsters, cartmen, and 
  porters, who undertake to carry goods for hire, as a common employment, from 
  one part of a town or city to another, are also considered as common 
  carriers. Carriers by water are the masters and owners of ships and 
  steamboats engaged in the transportation of goods for persons generally, for 
  hire and lightermen, hoymen, barge-owners, ferrymen, canal boatmen, and 
  others employed in like manner, are so considered. 
       3. By the common law, a common carrier is generally liable for all 
  losses which may occur to property entrusted to his charge in the course of 
  business, unless he can prove the loss happened in consequence of the act of 
  God, or of the enemies of the United States, or by the act of the owner of 
  the property. 8 S. & R. 533; 6 John. R. 160; 11 John. R. 107; 4 N. H. Rep. 
  304; Harp. R. 469; Peck. R. 270; 7 Yerg. R. 340; 3 Munf. R. 239; 1 Conn. R. 
  487; 1 Dev. & Bat. 273; 2 Bail. Rep. 157. 
       4. It was attempted to relax the rigor of the common law in relation to 
  carriers by water, in 6 Cowen, 266; but that case seems to be at variance 
  with other decisions. 2 Kent,. Com. 471, 472; 10 Johns. 1; 11 Johns. 107. 
       5. In respect to carriers by land, the rule of the common law seems 
  every where admitted in its full rigor in the states governed by the 
  jurisprudence of the common law. Louisiana follows the doctrine of the civil 
  law in her code. Proprietors of stage coaches or wagons, whose employment is 
  solely% to carry passengers, as hackney coachmen, are not deemed common 
  carriers; but if the proprietors of such vehicles for passengers, also carry 
  goods for hire, they are, in respect of such goods, to be deemed common 
  carriers. Bac. Ab. Carriers, A; 2 Show. Rep. 128 1 Salk. 282 Com. Rep. 25; 1 
  Pick. 50 5 Rawle, 1 79. The like reasoning applies to packet ships and 
  steam-boats, which ply between different ports, and are accustomed to carry 
  merchandise as well as passengers. 2 Watts. R. 443; 5 Day's Rep. 415; 1 
  Conn. R. 54; 4 Greenl. R. 411; 5 Yerg. R. 427; 4 Har. & J. 291; 2 Verm. R. 
  92; 2 Binn. Rep. 74; 1 Bay, Rep. 99; 10 John. R. 1; 11 Pick. R. 41; 8 Stew. 
  and Port. 135; 4 Stew. & Port. 382; 3 Misso. R. 264; 2 Nott. & M. 88. But 
  see 6 Cowen, R. 266. The rule which makes a common carrier responsible for 
  the loss of goods, does not extend to the carriage of persons; a carrier of 
  slaves is, therefore, answerable only for want of care and skill. 2 Pet. S. 
  C. R. 150. 4 M'Cord, R. 223; 4 Port. R. 238. 
       6. A common carrier of goods is in all cases entitled to demand the 
  price of carriage before he receives the goods, and, if not paid, he may 
  refuse to take charge of them; if, however, he take charge of them without 
  the hire being paid, he may afterwards recover it. The compensation which 
  becomes due for the carriage of goods by sea, is commonly called freight 
  (q.v.); and see also, Abb. on Sh. part 3, c. 7. The carrier is also entitled 
  to a lien on the goods for his hire, which, however, he may waive; but if 
  once waived, the right cannot be resumed. 2 Kent, Com. 497. The consignor or 
  shipper is commonly bound to the carrier for the hire or freight of goods. 1 
  T. R. 659. But whenever the consignee engages to pay it, he also becomes 
  responsible. It is usual in bills of lading to state, that the goods are to 
  be delivered to the consignee or to his assigns, he or they paying freight, 
  in which case the consignee and his assigns, by accepting the goods, 
  impliedly become bound to pay the freight, and the fact that the consignor 
  is also liable to pay it, will not, in such case, make any difference. 
  Abbott on Sh. part 3, o. 7, Sec. 4. 
       7. What is said above, relates to common carriers of goods. The duties, 
  liabilities, and rights of carriers of passengers, are now to be considered. 
  These are divided into carriers of passengers on land, and carriers of 
  passengers on water. 
       8. First, of carriers of passengers on land. The duties of such 
  carriers are, 1st. those which arise on the commencement of the journey. 1. 
  To carry passengers whenever they offer themselves and are ready to pay for 
  their transportation. They have no more right to refuse a passenger, if they 
  have sufficient room and accommodation, than an innkeeper has to refuse a 
  guest. 3 Brod. & Bing. 54; 9 Price's R. 408; 6 Moore, R. 141; 2 Chit. R. 1; 
  4 Esp. R. 460; 1 Bell's Com. 462; Story, Bailm. Sec. 591. 
       9. - 2. To provide coaches reasonably strong and sufficient for the 
  journey, with suitable horses, trappings and equipments. 
      10. - 3. To provide careful drivers of reasonable skill and. good habits 
  for the journey; and to employ horses which are steady and not vicious, or 
  likely to endanger the safety of the passengers. 
      11. - 4. Not to overload the coach either with passengers or luggage. 
      12. - 5. To receive and take care of the usual luggage allowed to every 
  passenger on the journey. 6 Hill, N. Y. Rep. 586. 
      13. - 2d. Their duties on the progress of the journey. 1. To stop at the 
  usual places, and allow the..Usual intervals for the refreshment of the 
  passengers. 5 Petersd. Ab. Carriers, p. 48, note. 
      14. - 2. To use all the ordinary precautions for the safety of 
  passengers on the road. 
      15. - 3d. Their duties on the termination of the journey. 1. To carry 
  the passengers to the end of the journey. 
      16. - 2. To put them down at the usual place of stopping, unless there 
  has been a special contract to the contrary, and then to put them down at 
  the place agreed upon. 1 Esp. R. 27. 
      17. The liabilities of such carriers. They are bound to use 
  extraordinary care and diligence to carry safely those whom they take in 
  their coaches. 2 Esp. R. 533; 2 Camp. R. 79; Peake's R. 80. But, not being 
  insurers, they are not responsible for accidents, when all reasonable skill 
  and diligence have been used. 
      18. The rights of such carriers. 1. To demand and receive their fare at 
  the time the passenger takes his seat. 2. They have a lien on the baggage of 
  the passenger for his fare or passage money, but not on the person of the 
  passenger nor the clothes he has on. Abb. on Sh. part 3, c. 3, Sec. 11; 2 
  Campb. R. 631. 
      19. Second, carriers of passengers by water. By the act of Congress of 
  2d March, 1819, 3 Story's Laws U. S. 1722, it is enacted, 1. that no master 
  of a vessel bound to or from the United States shall take more than two 
  passengers for every five tons of the ship's custom-house measurement. 2. 
  That the quantity of water and provisions, which shall be taken on board and 
  secured under deck, by every Ship bound from the United States to any port 
  on the continent of Europe, shall be sixty gallons of water, one hundred 
  pounds of salted provisions, one gallon of vinegar, and one hundred pounds 
  of wholesome ship bread for each passenger, besides the stores of the crew. 
  The tonnage here mentioned, is the measurement of the custom-house; and in 
  estimating the number of passengers in a vessel, no deduction is to be made 
  for children or persons not paying, but the crew is not to be included. 
  Gilp. R. 334. 
      20. The act of Congress of February 22, 1847, section 1, provides: "That 
  if the master of any vessel, owned in whole or in part by a citizen of the 
  United States of America, or by a citizen of any foreign country, shall take 
  on board such vessel, at any foreign port or place, a greater number of 
  passengers than in the following proportion to the space occupied by them 
  and appropriated for their use, and unoccupied by stores or other goods, not 
  being the personal luggage of such passengers, that is to say, on the lower 
  deck or platform one passenger for every fourteen clear superficial feet of 
  deck, if such vessel is not to pass within the tropics during such voyage; 
  but if such vessel is to pass within the tropics during such voyage, then 
  one passenger for every twenty such clear superficial feet of deck, and on 
  the @orlop deck (if any) one passenger for every thirty such superficial 
  feet in all cases, with intent to bring such passengers to the United States 
  of America, and shall leave such port or, place with the same, and bring the 
  same, or any number thereof, within the jurisdiction of the United States 
  aforesaid, or if any such master of a vessel shall take on board of his 
  vessel at any port or place within the jurisdiction of the United States 
  aforesaid, any greater number of passengers than the proportions aforesaid 
  admit, with intent to carry the same to any foreign port or place, every 
  such master shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction 
  thereof before any circuit or district court of the United States aforesaid, 
  shall, for each passenger taken on board beyond the above proportions, be 
  fined in the sum of fifty dollars, and may also be imprisoned for any term 
  not exceeding one year: Provided, That this act shall not be construed to 
  permit any ship or vessel to carry more than two passengers to five tons of 
  such ship or vessel." 
      21. Children under one year of age not to be computed in counting the 
  passengers, and those over one year and under eight, are to be counted as 
  two children for one passenger, Sect. 4. But this section is repealed so far 
  as authorizes shippers to estimate two children of eight years of age and 
  under as one passenger by the act of March 2, 1847, s. 2. 
       22. In New York, statutory regulations have been made in relation to 
  their canal navigation. Vide 6 Cowen's R. 698. As to the conduct of carrier 
  vessels on the ocean, Vide Story, Bailm. Sec. 607 et seq; Marsh. Ins. B. 1, 
  c. 12, s. 2. And see, generally, 1 Vin. Ab. 219; Bac. Ab. h.t.; 1 Com. Dig. 
  423; Petersd. Ab. h.t.; Dane's Ab. Index, h.t.; 2 Kent, Com. 464; 16 East, 
  247, note; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t. 
       23. In Louisiana carriers and watermen are subject, with respect to the 
  safe-keeping and preservation of the things entrusted to them, to the same 
  obligations and duties, as are imposed on tavern keepers; Civ. Code, art. 
  2722; that is, they are responsible for the effects which are brought, 
  though they were not delivered into their personal care; provided, however, 
  they were delivered to a servant or person in their employment; art. 2937. 
  They are responsible if any of the effects be stolen or damaged, either by 
  their servants or agents, or even by strangers; art. 2938; but they are not 
  responsible for what is stolen by force of arms or with exterior breaking 
  open of doors, or by any other extraordinary violence; art. 2939. For the 
  authorities on the subject of Common carriers in the civil law, the reader 
  is referred to Dig. 4, 9, 1 to 7; Poth. Pand. lib. 4, t. 9; Domat liv. 1, t. 
  16, S. 1 and 2; Pard. art. 537 to 555; Code Civil, art. 1782, 1786, 1952; 
  Moreau & Carlton, Partidas 5, t. 8, 1. 26; Ersk. Inst. B. 2, t. 1, Sec. 28; 
  1 Bell's Com. 465; Abb. on Sh. part 3, c. 3, Sec. 3, note (1); 1 Voet, ad 
  Pand. lib. 4, t. 9; Merl. Rep. mots Voiture, Voiturier; Dict. de Police, 
  Voiture. 
  
  

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