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2 definitions found
 for Comparative sciences
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Comparative \Com*par"a*tive\, a. [L. comparativus: cf. F.
     comparatif.]
     1. Of or pertaining to comparison. "The comparative faculty."
        --Glanvill.
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     2. Proceeding from, or by the method of, comparison; as, the
        comparative sciences; the comparative anatomy.
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     3. Estimated by comparison; relative; not positive or
        absolute, as compared with another thing or state.
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              The recurrence of comparative warmth and cold.
                                                    --Whewell.
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              The bubble, by reason of its comparative levity to
              the fluid that incloses it, would necessarily ascend
              to the top.                           --Bentley.
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     4. (Gram.) Expressing a degree greater or less than the
        positive degree of the quality denoted by an adjective or
        adverb. The comparative degree is formed from the positive
        by the use of -er, more, or less; as, brighter, more
        bright, or less bright.
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     Comparative sciences, those which are based on a
        comprehensive comparison of the range of objects or facts
        in any branch or department, and which aim to study out
        and treat of the fundamental laws or systems of relation
        pervading them; as, comparative anatomy, comparative
        physiology, comparative philology.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Science \Sci"ence\, n. [F., fr. L. scientia, fr. sciens, -entis,
     p. pr. of scire to know. Cf. Conscience, Conscious,
     Nice.]
     1. Knowledge; knowledge of principles and causes; ascertained
        truth of facts.
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              If we conceive God's sight or science, before the
              creation, to be extended to all and every part of
              the world, seeing everything as it is, . . . his
              science or sight from all eternity lays no necessity
              on anything to come to pass.          --Hammond.
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              Shakespeare's deep and accurate science in mental
              philosophy.                           --Coleridge.
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     2. Accumulated and established knowledge, which has been
        systematized and formulated with reference to the
        discovery of general truths or the operation of general
        laws; knowledge classified and made available in work,
        life, or the search for truth; comprehensive, profound, or
        philosophical knowledge.
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              All this new science that men lere [teach].
                                                    --Chaucer.
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              Science is . . . a complement of cognitions, having,
              in point of form, the character of logical
              perfection, and in point of matter, the character of
              real truth.                           --Sir W.
                                                    Hamilton.
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     3. Especially, such knowledge when it relates to the physical
        world and its phenomena, the nature, constitution, and
        forces of matter, the qualities and functions of living
        tissues, etc.; -- called also natural science, and
        physical science.
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              Voltaire hardly left a single corner of the field
              entirely unexplored in science, poetry, history,
              philosophy.                           --J. Morley.
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     4. Any branch or department of systematized knowledge
        considered as a distinct field of investigation or object
        of study; as, the science of astronomy, of chemistry, or
        of mind.
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     Note: The ancients reckoned seven sciences, namely, grammar,
           rhetoric, logic, arithmetic, music, geometry, and
           astronomy; -- the first three being included in the
           Trivium, the remaining four in the Quadrivium.
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                 Good sense, which only is the gift of Heaven,
                 And though no science, fairly worth the seven.
                                                    --Pope.
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     5. Art, skill, or expertness, regarded as the result of
        knowledge of laws and principles.
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              His science, coolness, and great strength. --G. A.
                                                    Lawrence.
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     Note: Science is applied or pure. Applied science is a
           knowledge of facts, events, or phenomena, as explained,
           accounted for, or produced, by means of powers, causes,
           or laws. Pure science is the knowledge of these powers,
           causes, or laws, considered apart, or as pure from all
           applications. Both these terms have a similar and
           special signification when applied to the science of
           quantity; as, the applied and pure mathematics. Exact
           science is knowledge so systematized that prediction
           and verification, by measurement, experiment,
           observation, etc., are possible. The mathematical and
           physical sciences are called the exact sciences.
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     Comparative sciences, Inductive sciences. See under
        Comparative, and Inductive.
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     Syn: Literature; art; knowledge.
  
     Usage: Science, Literature, Art. Science is literally
            knowledge, but more usually denotes a systematic and
            orderly arrangement of knowledge. In a more
            distinctive sense, science embraces those branches of
            knowledge of which the subject-matter is either
            ultimate principles, or facts as explained by
            principles or laws thus arranged in natural order. The
            term literature sometimes denotes all compositions not
            embraced under science, but usually confined to the
            belles-lettres. [See Literature.] Art is that which
            depends on practice and skill in performance. "In
            science, scimus ut sciamus; in art, scimus ut
            producamus. And, therefore, science and art may be
            said to be investigations of truth; but one, science,
            inquires for the sake of knowledge; the other, art,
            for the sake of production; and hence science is more
            concerned with the higher truths, art with the lower;
            and science never is engaged, as art is, in productive
            application. And the most perfect state of science,
            therefore, will be the most high and accurate inquiry;
            the perfection of art will be the most apt and
            efficient system of rules; art always throwing itself
            into the form of rules." --Karslake.
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