dict.org

The DICT Development Group


Search for:
Search type:
Database:

Database copyright information
Server information
Wiki: Resources, links, and other information


5 definitions found
 for Conscience
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Conscience \Con"science\, n. [F. conscience, fr. L. conscientia,
     fr. consciens, p. pr. of conscire to know, to be conscious;
     con- + scire to know. See Science.]
     1. Knowledge of one's own thoughts or actions; consciousness.
        [Obs.]
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The sweetest cordial we receive, at last,
              Is conscience of our virtuous actions past.
                                                    --Denham.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. The faculty, power, or inward principle which decides as
        to the character of one's own actions, purposes, and
        affections, warning against and condemning that which is
        wrong, and approving and prompting to that which is right;
        the moral faculty passing judgment on one's self; the
        moral sense.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              My conscience hath a thousand several tongues,
              And every tongue brings in a several tale,
              And every tale condemns me for a villain. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              As science means knowledge, conscience
              etymologically means self-knowledge . . . But the
              English word implies a moral standard of action in
              the mind as well as a consciousness of our own
              actions. . . . Conscience is the reason, employed
              about questions of right and wrong, and accompanied
              with the sentiments of approbation and condemnation.
                                                    --Whewell.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. The estimate or determination of conscience; conviction or
        right or duty.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Conscience supposes the existence of some such
              [i.e., moral] faculty, and properly signifies our
              consciousness of having acted agreeably or contrary
              to its directions.                    --Adam Smith.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. Tenderness of feeling; pity. [Obs.] --Chaucer.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Conscience clause, a clause in a general law exempting
        persons whose religious scruples forbid compliance
        therewith, -- as from taking judicial oaths, rendering
        military service, etc.
  
     Conscience money, stolen or wrongfully acquired money that
        is voluntarily restored to the rightful possessor. Such
        money paid into the United States treasury by unknown
        debtors is called the Conscience fund.
  
     Court of Conscience, a court established for the recovery
        of small debts, in London and other trading cities and
        districts. [Eng.] --Blackstone.
  
     In conscience, In all conscience, in deference or
        obedience to conscience or reason; in reason; reasonably.
        "This is enough in conscience." --Howell. "Half a dozen
        fools are, in all conscience, as many as you should
        require." --Swift.
  
     To make conscience of, To make a matter of conscience, to
        act according to the dictates of conscience concerning
        (any matter), or to scruple to act contrary to its
        dictates.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  conscience
      n 1: motivation deriving logically from ethical or moral
           principles that govern a person's thoughts and actions
           [syn: conscience, scruples, moral sense, sense of
           right and wrong]
      2: conformity to one's own sense of right conduct; "a person of
         unflagging conscience"
      3: a feeling of shame when you do something immoral; "he has no
         conscience about his cruelty"

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  55 Moby Thesaurus words for "conscience":
     anima, censor, coconscious, collective unconscious, compunction,
     conscientiousness, conscious self, death instinct, demur, ego,
     ego ideal, ego-id conflict, ethical self, ethics, fairness,
     foreconscious, grace, honor, id, inner arbiter, inward monitor,
     judgement, libidinal energy, libido, mind, moral censor, morality,
     morals, motive force, persona, personality, pleasure principle,
     preconscious, primitive self, principles, psyche,
     psychic apparatus, racial unconscious, scruple, scruples, self,
     social conscience, standards, subconscious, subconscious mind,
     subliminal, subliminal self, submerged mind, superego,
     tender conscience, twinge of conscience, unconscious,
     unconscious mind, vital impulse, voice of conscience
  
  

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary :

  Conscience
     that faculty of the mind, or inborn sense of right and wrong, by
     which we judge of the moral character of human conduct. It is
     common to all men. Like all our other faculties, it has been
     perverted by the Fall (John 16:2; Acts 26:9; Rom. 2:15). It is
     spoken of as "defiled" (Titus 1:15), and "seared" (1 Tim. 4:2).
     A "conscience void of offence" is to be sought and cultivated
     (Acts 24:16; Rom. 9:1; 2 Cor. 1:12; 1 Tim. 1:5, 19; 1 Pet.
     3:21).
     

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  CONSCIENCE. The moral sense, or that capacity of our mental constitution, by 
  which we irresistibly feel the difference between right and wrong. 
       2. The constitution of the United States wisely provides that "no 
  religious test shall ever be required." No man, then, or body of men, have a 
  right to control a man's belief or opinion in religious matters, or to 
  forbid the most perfect freedom of inquiry in relation to them, by force or 
  threats, or by any other motives than arguments or persuasion. Vide Story, 
  Const. Sec. 1841-1843. 
  
  

Questions or comments about this site? Contact webmaster@dict.org