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1 definition found
 for Cook Islands
From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Cook Islands
  
     Introduction Cook Islands
     -------------------------
                              Background: Named after Captain Cook, who
                                          sighted them in 1770, the islands
                                          became a British protectorate in
                                          1888. By 1900, administrative
                                          control was transferred to New
                                          Zealand; in 1965 residents chose
                                          self-government in free association
                                          with New Zealand. The emigration of
                                          skilled workers to New Zealand and
                                          government deficits are continuing
                                          problems.
    
     Geography Cook Islands
     ----------------------
                                Location: Oceania, group of islands in the
                                          South Pacific Ocean, about one-half
                                          of the way from Hawaii to New
                                          Zealand
                  Geographic coordinates: 21 14 S, 159 46 W
                          Map references: Oceania
                                    Area: total: 240 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 240 sq km
                      Area - comparative: 1.3 times the size of Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 120 km
                         Maritime claims: continental shelf: 200 NM or to the
                                          edge of the continental margin
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds
                                 Terrain: low coral atolls in north; volcanic,
                                          hilly islands in south
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Te Manga 652 m
                       Natural resources: NEGL
                                Land use: arable land: 17.39%
                                          permanent crops: 13.04%
                                          other: 69.57% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: typhoons (November to March)
            Environment - current issues: NA
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Climate Change-Kyoto
                                          Protocol, Desertification, Law of
                                          the Sea
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: the northern Cook Islands are seven
                                          low-lying, sparsely populated, coral
                                          atolls; the southern Cook Islands
                                          consist of eight elevated, fertile,
                                          volcanic isles where most of the
                                          populace lives
    
     People Cook Islands
     -------------------
                              Population: 20,811 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: NA%
                                          15-64 years: NA%
                                          65 years and over: NA%
                  Population growth rate: NA% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: NA births/1,000 population
                              Death rate: NA deaths/1,000 population
                               Sex ratio: NA
                   Infant mortality rate: NA deaths/1,000 live births
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: NA years
                                          male: NA years
                                          female: NA years
                    Total fertility rate: NA children born/woman
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Cook Islander(s)
                                          adjective: Cook Islander
                           Ethnic groups: Polynesian (full blood) 81.3%,
                                          Polynesian and European 7.7%,
                                          Polynesian and non-European 7.7%,
                                          European 2.4%, other 0.9%
                               Religions: Christian (majority of populace are
                                          members of the Cook Islands
                                          Christian Church)
                               Languages: English (official), Maori
                                Literacy: definition: NA
                                          total population: 95%
                                          male: NA%
                                          female: NA%
    
     Government Cook Islands
     -----------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: none
                                          conventional short form: Cook
                                          Islands
                                          former: Harvey Islands
                       Dependency status: self-governing in free association
                                          with New Zealand; Cook Islands is
                                          fully responsible for internal
                                          affairs; New Zealand retains
                                          responsibility for external affairs
                                          and defense, in consultation with
                                          the Cook Islands
                         Government type: self-governing parliamentary
                                          democracy
                                 Capital: Avarua
                Administrative divisions: none
                            Independence: none (became self-governing in free
                                          association with New Zealand on 4
                                          August 1965 and has the right at any
                                          time to move to full independence by
                                          unilateral action)
                        National holiday: Constitution Day, first Monday in
                                          August (1965)
                            Constitution: 4 August 1965
                            Legal system: based on New Zealand law and English
                                          common law
                                Suffrage: NA years of age; universal adult
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II
                                          (since 6 February 1952), represented
                                          by Frederick GOODWIN (since NA); New
                                          Zealand High Commissioner Kurt MEYER
                                          (since NA), representative of New
                                          Zealand
                                          note: on 12 February 2002, Prime
                                          Minister Terepai MAOATE was ousted
                                          following a vote of no-confidence; a
                                          four-party coalition is the third
                                          government since 1999
                                          elections: none; the monarch is
                                          hereditary; the UK representative is
                                          appointed by the monarch; the New
                                          Zealand high commissioner is
                                          appointed by the New Zealand
                                          Government; following legislative
                                          elections, the leader of the party
                                          that wins the most seats usually
                                          becomes prime minister
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Dr. Robert WOONTON (since 12
                                          February 2002); Deputy Prime
                                          Minister Sir Geoffrey HENRY (since
                                          12 February 2002)
                                          cabinet: Cabinet chosen by the prime
                                          minister; collectively responsible
                                          to Parliament
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament (25 seats;
                                          members elected by popular vote to
                                          serve five-year terms)
                                          elections: last held NA June 1999
                                          (next to be held by NA 2004)
                                          note: the House of Ariki (chiefs)
                                          advises on traditional matters and
                                          maintains considerable influence,
                                          but has no legislative powers
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - CIP
                                          12, DAP 12, NAP 1
                         Judicial branch: High Court
           Political parties and leaders: Cook Islands People's Party or CIP
                                          [Geoffrey HENRY]; Democratic
                                          Alliance Party or DAP [Terepai
                                          MAOATE]; New Alliance Party or NAP
                                          [Norman GEORGE]
            Political pressure groups and NA
                                 leaders:
               International organization ACP, AsDB, ESCAP (associate), FAO,
                           participation: ICAO, ICFTU, IFAD, IFRCS
                                          (associate), IOC, OPCW, Sparteca,
                                          SPC, SPF, UNESCO, WHO, WMO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: none (self-governing in free
                                          association with New Zealand)
       Diplomatic representation from the none (self-governing in free
                                      US: association with New Zealand)
                        Flag description: blue, with the flag of the UK in the
                                          upper hoist-side quadrant and a
                                          large circle of 15 white five-
                                          pointed stars (one for every island)
                                          centered in the outer half of the
                                          flag
    
     Economy Cook Islands
     --------------------
                      Economy - overview: Like many other South Pacific island
                                          nations, the Cook Islands' economic
                                          development is hindered by the
                                          isolation of the country from
                                          foreign markets, the limited size of
                                          domestic markets, lack of natural
                                          resources, periodic devastation from
                                          natural disasters, and inadequate
                                          infrastructure. Agriculture provides
                                          the economic base with major exports
                                          made up of copra and citrus fruit.
                                          Manufacturing activities are limited
                                          to fruit processing, clothing, and
                                          handicrafts. Trade deficits are
                                          offset by remittances from emigrants
                                          and by foreign aid, overwhelmingly
                                          from New Zealand. In the 1980s and
                                          1990s, the country lived beyond its
                                          means, maintaining a bloated public
                                          service and accumulating a large
                                          foreign debt. Subsequent reforms,
                                          including the sale of state assets,
                                          the strengthening of economic
                                          management, the encouragement of
                                          tourism, and a debt restructuring
                                          agreement, have rekindled investment
                                          and growth.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $105
                                          million (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: NA%
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $5,000
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 17%
                                          industry: 7.8%
                                          services: 75.2% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.2% (2000 est.)
                             Labor force: 8,000 (1996)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 29%, industry 15%,
                                          services 56%
                                          note: shortage of skilled labor
                                          (1995)
                       Unemployment rate: 13% (1996)
                                  Budget: revenues: $28 million
                                          expenditures: $27 million, including
                                          capital expenditures of $3.3 million
                                          (FY00/01 est.)
                              Industries: fruit processing, tourism, fishing
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: 24 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 22.32 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: copra, citrus, pineapples, tomatoes,
                                          beans, pawpaws, bananas, yams, taro,
                                          coffee; pigs, poultry
                                 Exports: $9.1 million (f.o.b., 2000)
                   Exports - commodities: copra, papayas, fresh and canned
                                          citrus fruit, coffee; fish; pearls
                                          and pearl shells; clothing
                      Exports - partners: Australia 34%, Japan 27%, New
                                          Zealand 25%, US 8% (2000)
                                 Imports: $50.7 million (c.i.f., 2000)
                   Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, textiles, fuels, timber,
                                          capital goods
                      Imports - partners: NZ 61%, Fiji 19%, US 9%, Australia
                                          6%, Japan 2% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $141 million (1996 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $13.1 million (1995); note - New
                                          Zealand continues to furnish the
                                          greater part
                                Currency: New Zealand dollar (NZD)
                           Currency code: NZD
                          Exchange rates: New Zealand dollars per US dollar -
                                          2.3535 (January 2002), 2.3776
                                          (2001), 2.1863 (2000), 1.8886
                                          (1999), 1.8632 (1998), 1.5083 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March
    
     Communications Cook Islands
     ---------------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 5,000 (1997)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 0 (1994)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: NA
                                          domestic: the individual islands are
                                          connected by a combination of
                                          satellite earth stations, microwave
                                          systems, and VHF and HF
                                          radiotelephone; within the islands,
                                          service is provided by small
                                          exchanges connected to subscribers
                                          by open wire, cable, and fiber-optic
                                          cable
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 2, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 14,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 2 (plus eight low-power repeaters)
                                          (1997)
                             Televisions: 4,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .ck
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 3 (2000)
                          Internet users: NA
    
     Transportation Cook Islands
     ---------------------------
                                          Railways: 0 km
                                          Highways: total: 320 km (1992)
                                                    paved: NA
                                                    unpaved: NA
                                         Waterways: none
                                 Ports and harbors: Avarua, Avatiu
                                          Airports: 7 (2001)
                     Airports - with paved runways: total: 1
                                                    1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2001)
                   Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 6
                                                    1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
                                                    914 to 1,523 m: 3 (2001)
    
     Military Cook Islands
     ---------------------
                         Military - note: defense is the responsibility of New
                                          Zealand, in consultation with the
                                          Cook Islands and at its request
    
     Transnational Issues Cook Islands
     ---------------------------------
                                                Disputes - international: none
    
                                         
  
  

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