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2 definitions found
 for Costa Rica
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Costa Rica
      n 1: a republic in Central America; one of the most politically
           stable countries in Latin America [syn: Costa Rica,
           Republic of Costa Rica]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Costa Rica
  
     Introduction Costa Rica
     -----------------------
                              Background: Costa Rica is a Central American
                                          success story: since the late 19th
                                          century, only two brief periods of
                                          violence have marred its democratic
                                          development. Although still a
                                          largely agricultural country, it has
                                          expanded its economy to include
                                          strong technology and tourism
                                          sectors. The standard of living is
                                          relatively high. Land ownership is
                                          widespread.
    
     Geography Costa Rica
     --------------------
                                Location: Middle America, bordering both the
                                          Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific
                                          Ocean, between Nicaragua and Panama
                  Geographic coordinates: 10 00 N, 84 00 W
                          Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
                                    Area: total: 51,100 sq km
                                          note: includes Isla del Coco
                                          water: 440 sq km
                                          land: 50,660 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than West Virginia
                         Land boundaries: total: 639 km
                                          border countries: Nicaragua 309 km,
                                          Panama 330 km
                               Coastline: 1,290 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical and subtropical; dry season
                                          (December to April); rainy season
                                          (May to November); cooler in
                                          highlands
                                 Terrain: coastal plains separated by rugged
                                          mountains
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Cerro Chirripo 3,810
                                          m
                       Natural resources: hydropower
                                Land use: arable land: 4.41%
                                          permanent crops: 5.48%
                                          other: 90.11% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 1,260 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: occasional earthquakes, hurricanes
                                          along Atlantic coast; frequent
                                          flooding of lowlands at onset of
                                          rainy season and landslides; active
                                          volcanoes
            Environment - current issues: deforestation and land use change,
                                          largely a result of the clearing of
                                          land for cattle ranching and
                                          agriculture; soil erosion; coastal
                                          marine pollution; fisheries
                                          protection; solid waste management;
                                          air pollution
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Environmental Modification,
                                          Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea,
                                          Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban,
                                          Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands,
                                          Whaling
                                          signed, but not ratified: Climate
                                          Change-Kyoto Protocol, Marine Life
                                          Conservation
                        Geography - note: four volcanoes, two of them active,
                                          rise near the capital of San Jose in
                                          the center of the country; one of
                                          the volcanoes, Irazu, erupted
                                          destructively in 1963-65
    
     People Costa Rica
     -----------------
                              Population: 3,834,934 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 30.8% (male 603,270;
                                          female 575,766)
                                          15-64 years: 63.9% (male 1,239,618;
                                          female 1,211,641)
                                          65 years and over: 5.3% (male
                                          95,182; female 109,457) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.61% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 19.83 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 4.31 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: 0.52 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 1.02 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 10.87 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 76.22 years
                                          female: 78.89 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 73.68 years
                    Total fertility rate: 2.42 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.54% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 12,000 (1999 est.)
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 750 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Costa Rican(s)
                                          adjective: Costa Rican
                           Ethnic groups: white (including mestizo) 94%, black
                                          3%, Amerindian 1%, Chinese 1%, other
                                          1%
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 76.3%, Evangelical
                                          13.7%, other Protestant 0.7%,
                                          Jehovah's Witnesses 1.3%, other
                                          4.8%, none 3.2%
                               Languages: Spanish (official), English spoken
                                          around Puerto Limon
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 95.5%
                                          male: 95.5%
                                          female: 95.5% (1999 est.)
    
     Government Costa Rica
     ---------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          Costa Rica
                                          conventional short form: Costa Rica
                                          local short form: Costa Rica
                                          local long form: Republica de Costa
                                          Rica
                         Government type: democratic republic
                                 Capital: San Jose
                Administrative divisions: 7 provinces (provincias, singular -
                                          provincia); Alajuela, Cartago,
                                          Guanacaste, Heredia, Limon,
                                          Puntarenas, San Jose
                            Independence: 15 September 1821 (from Spain)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 15 September
                                          (1821)
                            Constitution: 7 November 1949
                            Legal system: based on Spanish civil law system;
                                          judicial review of legislative acts
                                          in the Supreme Court; has accepted
                                          compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and
                                          compulsory
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Abel
                                          PACHECO (since 8 May 2002); First
                                          Vice President Lineth SABORIO (since
                                          NA May 2002); Second Vice President
                                          Luis FISHMAN (since NA May 2002);
                                          note - the president is both the
                                          chief of state and head of
                                          government
                                          head of government: President Abel
                                          PACHECO (since 8 May 2002); First
                                          Vice President Lineth SABORIO (since
                                          NA May 2002); Second Vice President
                                          Luis FISHMAN (since NA May 2002);
                                          note - the president is both the
                                          chief of state and head of
                                          government
                                          cabinet: Cabinet selected by the
                                          president
                                          elections: president and vice
                                          presidents elected on the same
                                          ticket by popular vote for four-year
                                          terms; election last held 3 February
                                          2002; run-off election held 7 April
                                          2002 (next to be held NA February
                                          2006)
                                          election results: Abel PACHECO
                                          elected president; percent of vote -
                                          Abel PACHECO (PUSC) 58%; Rolando
                                          ARAYA (PLN) 42%
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Assembly or
                                          Asamblea Legislativa (57 seats;
                                          members are elected by direct,
                                          popular vote to serve four-year
                                          terms)
                                          elections: last held 3 February 2002
                                          (next to be held 3 February 2006)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA; seats by party - PUSC
                                          19, PLN 17, PAC 14, PML 6, PRC 1
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Corte Suprema (22
                                          justices are elected for eight-year
                                          terms by the Legislative Assembly)
           Political parties and leaders: Agricultural Labor Action or PALA
                                          [Carlos Alberto SOLIS Blanco];
                                          Citizen Action Party or PAC [Otton
                                          SOLIS]; Costa Rican Renovation Party
                                          or PRC [Justo OROZCO]; Democratic
                                          Force Party or PFD [Jose M. NUNEZ];
                                          Libertarian Movement Party or PML
                                          [Otto GUEVARA Guth]; National
                                          Christian Alliance Party or ANC
                                          [Alejandro MADRIGAL]; National
                                          Independent Party or PNI [Jorge
                                          GONZALEZ Marten]; National
                                          Integration Party or PIN [Walter
                                          MUNOZ Cespedes]; National Liberation
                                          Party or PLN [Sonia PICADO]; Social
                                          Christian Unity Party or PUSC [Luis
                                          Manuel CHACON]
                                          note: mainly a two-party system -
                                          PUSC and PLN - until the 3 February
                                          2002 election in which the PAC
                                          captured a significant percentage,
                                          forcing a run-off in April 2002
            Political pressure groups and Authentic Confederation of
                                 leaders: Democratic Workers or CATD
                                          (Communist Party affiliate); Chamber
                                          of Coffee Growers; Confederated
                                          Union of Workers or CUT (Communist
                                          Party affiliate); Costa Rican
                                          Confederation of Democratic Workers
                                          or CCTD (Liberation Party
                                          affiliate); Federation of Public
                                          Service Workers or FTSP; National
                                          Association for Economic Development
                                          or ANFE; National Association of
                                          Educators or ANDE; Rerum Novarum or
                                          CTRN (PLN affiliate) [Gilbert Brown]
               International organization BCIE, CACM, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB,
                           participation: IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA,
                                          IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO,
                                          Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAES,
                                          LAIA (observer), NAM (observer),
                                          OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN,
                                          UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNU, UPU,
                                          WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO,
                                          WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Jaime
                                          DAREMBLUM Rosenstein
                                          chancery: 2114 S Street NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20008
                                          consulate(s) general: Atlanta,
                                          Boston, Chicago, Denver, Houston,
                                          Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New
                                          York, Phoenix, San Antonio, San
                                          Francisco, St. Paul, and Tampa
                                          consulate(s): Austin
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 265-4795
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 234-2945
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador John J.
                                      US: DANILOVICH
                                          embassy: Calle 120 Avenida O, Pavas,
                                          San Jose
                                          mailing address: APO AA 34020
                                          telephone: [506] 220-3939
                                          FAX: [506] 220-2305
                        Flag description: five horizontal bands of blue (top),
                                          white, red (double width), white,
                                          and blue, with the coat of arms in a
                                          white disk on the hoist side of the
                                          red band
    
     Economy Costa Rica
     ------------------
                      Economy - overview: Costa Rica's basically stable
                                          economy depends on tourism,
                                          agriculture, and electronics
                                          exports. Poverty has been
                                          substantially reduced over the past
                                          15 years, and a strong social safety
                                          net has been put into place. Foreign
                                          investors remain attracted by the
                                          country's political stability and
                                          high education levels, and tourism
                                          continues to bring in foreign
                                          exchange. However, traditional
                                          export sectors have not kept pace.
                                          Low coffee prices and an
                                          overabundance of bananas have hurt
                                          the agricultural sector. The
                                          government continues to grapple with
                                          its large deficit and massive
                                          internal debt and with the need to
                                          modernize the state-owned
                                          electricity and telecommunications
                                          sector.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $31.9
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 0.3% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $8,500
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 11%
                                          industry: 37%
                                          services: 52% (2000)
           Population below poverty line: 20.6% (1999 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 1.7%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 34.6% (2001)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 45.9 (1997)
                                   index:
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 12.1% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 1.9 million (1999)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 20%, industry 22%,
                                          services 58% (1999 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 5.2% (2000 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $1.91 billion
                                          expenditures: $2.35 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (2000 est.)
                              Industries: microprocessors, food processing,
                                          textiles and clothing, construction
                                          materials, fertilizer, plastic
                                          products
       Industrial production growth rate: -2.1% (2001 est.)
                Electricity - production: 6.887 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 1.15%
                                          hydro: 82.56%
                                          other: 16.29% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 5.895 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 532 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 22 million kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: coffee, pineapples, bananas, sugar,
                                          corn, rice, beans, potatoes; beef;
                                          timber
                                 Exports: $5 billion (2001)
                   Exports - commodities: coffee, bananas, sugar; pineapples;
                                          textiles, electronic components,
                                          medical equipment
                      Exports - partners: US 51.8%, EU 20%, Central America
                                          10.6%, Puerto Rico 2.8%, Mexico 1.7%
                                          (2000)
                                 Imports: $6.5 billion (2001)
                   Imports - commodities: raw materials, consumer goods,
                                          capital equipment, petroleum
                      Imports - partners: US 53.2%, EU 10.3%, Mexico 6.2%,
                                          Venezuela 5.3%, Central America 4.9%
                                          (2000)
                         Debt - external: $4.6 billion (2001 est.)
                                Currency: Costa Rican colon (CRC)
                           Currency code: CRC
                          Exchange rates: Costa Rican colones per US dollar -
                                          343.08 (January 2002), 328.87
                                          (2001), 308.19 (2000), 285.68
                                          (1999), 257.23 (1998), 232.60 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
    
     Communications Costa Rica
     -------------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 450,000 (1998)
                                          note: 584,000 installed in 1997, but
                                          only about 450,000 were in use in
                                          1998
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 143,000 (2000)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: very good
                                          domestic telephone service
                                          domestic: point-to-point and point-
                                          to-multi-point microwave, fiber-
                                          optic, and coaxial cable link rural
                                          areas; Internet service is available
    
                                          international: connected to Central
                                          American Microwave System; satellite
                                          earth stations - 2 Intelsat
                                          (Atlantic Ocean); two submarine
                                          cables (1999)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 50, FM 43, shortwave 19 (1998)
                                  Radios: 980,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 6 (plus 11 repeaters) (1997)
                             Televisions: 525,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .cr
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 3 (of which only one is legal)
                                          (2000)
                          Internet users: 250,000 (2001)
    
     Transportation Costa Rica
     -------------------------
                                Railways: total: 950 km
                                          narrow gauge: 950 km 1.067-m gauge
                                          (260 km electrified) (2000 est.)
                                Highways: total: 37,273 km
                                          paved: 7,827 km
                                          unpaved: 29,446 km (1998 est.)
                               Waterways: 730 km (seasonally navigable)
                               Pipelines: petroleum products 176 km
                       Ports and harbors: Caldera, Golfito, Moin, Puerto
                                          Limon, Puerto Quepos, Puntarenas
                         Merchant marine: total: 1 ship (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 1,716 GRT/NA DWT
                                          ships by type: passenger 1 (2002
                                          est.)
                                Airports: 152 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 29
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 19
                                          under 914 m: 7 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 123
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 28
                                          under 914 m: 95 (2001)
    
     Military Costa Rica
     -------------------
                       Military branches: no regular indigenous military
                                          forces; Air Section, Ministry of
                                          Public Forces (Fuerza Publica)
        Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 1,058,283 (2002
                                          est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 707,927 (2002 est.)
                                 service:
             Military manpower - reaching males: 39,411 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $69 million (FY99)
                                  figure:
       Military expenditures - percent of 1.6% (FY99)
                                     GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues Costa Rica
     -------------------------------
                 Disputes - international: legal dispute over navigational
                                           rights of Rio San Juan on border
                                           with Nicaragua
                            Illicit drugs: transshipment country for cocaine
                                           and heroin from South America;
                                           illicit production of cannabis on
                                           small, scattered plots; domestic
                                           cocaine consumption is rising,
                                           particularly crack cocaine
    
                                         
  
  

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