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1 definition found
 for Cote d''Ivoire
From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Cote d'Ivoire
  
     Introduction Cote d'Ivoire
     --------------------------
                              Background: Close ties to France since
                                          independence in 1960, the
                                          development of cocoa production for
                                          export, and foreign investment made
                                          Cote d'Ivoire one of the most
                                          prosperous of the tropical African
                                          states. Falling cocoa prices and
                                          political turmoil, however, sparked
                                          an economic downturn in 1999 and
                                          2000. On 25 December 1999, a
                                          military coup - the first ever in
                                          Cote d'Ivoire's history - overthrew
                                          the government led by President
                                          Henri Konan BEDIE. Presidential and
                                          legislative elections held in
                                          October and December 2000 provoked
                                          violence due to the exclusion of
                                          opposition leader Alassane OUATTARA.
                                          In October 2000, Laurent GBAGBO
                                          replaced junta leader Robert GUEI as
                                          president, ending 10 months of
                                          military rule. In October 2001,
                                          President GBAGBO initiated a two-
                                          month-long National Reconciliation
                                          Forum, but its ability to conciliate
                                          Ivorians with one another remains
                                          unclear.
    
     Geography Cote d'Ivoire
     -----------------------
                                Location: Western Africa, bordering the North
                                          Atlantic Ocean, between Ghana and
                                          Liberia
                  Geographic coordinates: 8 00 N, 5 00 W
                          Map references: Africa
                                    Area: total: 322,460 sq km
                                          water: 4,460 sq km
                                          land: 318,000 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly larger than New Mexico
                         Land boundaries: total: 3,110 km
                                          border countries: Burkina Faso 584
                                          km, Ghana 668 km, Guinea 610 km,
                                          Liberia 716 km, Mali 532 km
                               Coastline: 515 km
                         Maritime claims: continental shelf: 200 NM
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical along coast, semiarid in
                                          far north; three seasons - warm and
                                          dry (November to March), hot and dry
                                          (March to May), hot and wet (June to
                                          October)
                                 Terrain: mostly flat to undulating plains;
                                          mountains in northwest
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Gulf of Guinea 0 m
                                          highest point: Mont Nimba 1,752 m
                       Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, diamonds,
                                          manganese, iron ore, cobalt,
                                          bauxite, copper, hydropower
                                Land use: arable land: 9.28%
                                          permanent crops: 13.84%
                                          other: 76.89% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 730 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: coast has heavy surf and no natural
                                          harbors; during the rainy season
                                          torrential flooding is possible
            Environment - current issues: deforestation (most of the country's
                                          forests - once the largest in West
                                          Africa - have been heavily logged);
                                          water pollution from sewage and
                                          industrial and agricultural
                                          effluents
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of
                                          the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear
                                          Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection,
                                          Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83,
                                          Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: most of the inhabitants live along
                                          the sandy coastal region; apart from
                                          the capital area, the forested
                                          interior is sparsely populated
    
     People Cote d'Ivoire
     --------------------
                              Population: 16,804,784
                                          note: estimates for this country
                                          explicitly take into account the
                                          effects of excess mortality due to
                                          AIDS; this can result in lower life
                                          expectancy, higher infant mortality
                                          and death rates, lower population
                                          and growth rates, and changes in the
                                          distribution of population by age
                                          and sex than would otherwise be
                                          expected (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 46% (male 3,874,651;
                                          female 3,847,080)
                                          15-64 years: 51.8% (male 4,468,242;
                                          female 4,238,998)
                                          65 years and over: 2.2% (male
                                          185,306; female 190,507) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 2.45% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 39.99 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 16.74 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: 1.22 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          note: after Liberia's civil war
                                          started in 1990, more than 350,000
                                          refugees fled to Cote d'Ivoire; by
                                          the end of 1999 most Liberian
                                          refugees were assumed to have
                                          returned (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.97 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 1.03 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 92.23 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 44.72 years
                                          female: 46.03 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 43.45 years
                    Total fertility rate: 5.61 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 10.76% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 1 million (2000)
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 72,000 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Ivorian(s)
                                          adjective: Ivorian
                           Ethnic groups: Akan 42.1%, Voltaiques or Gur 17.6%,
                                          Northern Mandes 16.5%, Krous 11%,
                                          Southern Mandes 10%, other 2.8%
                                          (includes 130,000 Lebanese and
                                          20,000 French) (1998)
                               Religions: Christian 20-30%, Muslim 35-40%,
                                          indigenous 25-40% (2001)
                                          note: the majority of foreigners
                                          (migratory workers) are Muslim (70%)
                                          and Christian (20%)
                               Languages: French (official), 60 native
                                          dialects with Dioula the most widely
                                          spoken
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 48.5%
                                          male: 57%
                                          female: 40%
    
     Government Cote d'Ivoire
     ------------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          Cote d'Ivoire
                                          conventional short form: Cote
                                          d'Ivoire
                                          local short form: Cote d'Ivoire
                                          former: Ivory Coast
                                          local long form: Republique de Cote
                                          d'Ivoire
                         Government type: republic; multiparty presidential
                                          regime established 1960
                                 Capital: Yamoussoukro; note - although
                                          Yamoussoukro has been the official
                                          capital since 1983, Abidjan remains
                                          the administrative center; the US,
                                          like other countries, maintains its
                                          Embassy in Abidjan
                Administrative divisions: 58 departments (departements,
                                          singular - departement); Abengourou,
                                          Abidjan, Aboisso, Adiake, Adzope,
                                          Agboville, Agnibilekrou, Alepe,
                                          Bocanda, Bangolo, Beoumi, Biankouma,
                                          Bondoukou, Bongouanou, Bouafle,
                                          Bouake, Bouna, Boundiali, Dabakala,
                                          Dabou, Daloa, Danane, Daoukro,
                                          Dimbokro, Divo, Duekoue,
                                          Ferkessedougou, Gagnoa, Grand-
                                          Bassam, Grand-Lahou, Guiglo, Issia,
                                          Jacqueville, Katiola, Korhogo,
                                          Lakota, Man, Mankono, Mbahiakro,
                                          Odienne, Oume, Sakassou, San-Pedro,
                                          Sassandra, Seguela, Sinfra, Soubre,
                                          Tabou, Tanda, Tiebissou, Tingrela,
                                          Tiassale, Touba, Toulepleu, Toumodi,
                                          Vavoua, Yamoussoukro, Zuenoula
                            Independence: 7 August (1960) (from France)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 7 August (1960)
                            Constitution: 3 November 1960; has been amended
                                          numerous times, last time 27 July
                                          1998
                            Legal system: based on French civil law system and
                                          customary law; judicial review in
                                          the Constitutional Chamber of the
                                          Supreme Court; has not accepted
                                          compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Laurent
                                          GBAGBO (since 26 October 2000); note
                                          - took power following a popular
                                          overthrow of the interim leader Gen.
                                          Robert GUEI who had claimed a
                                          dubious victory in presidential
                                          elections; Gen. GUEI himself had
                                          assumed power on 25 December 1999,
                                          following a military coup against
                                          the government of former President
                                          Henri Konan BEDIE
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          and Minister of Planning and
                                          Development Affi N'GUESSAN (since 27
                                          October 2000)
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          appointed by the president
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote for a five-year term;
                                          election last held 26 October 2000
                                          (next to be held NA 2005); prime
                                          minister appointed by the president
                                          election results: Laurent GBAGBO
                                          elected president; percent of vote -
                                          Laurent GBAGBO 59.4%, Robert GUEI
                                          32.7%, Francis WODIE 5.7%, other
                                          2.2%
                      Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly or
                                          Assemblee Nationale (225 seats;
                                          members are elected in single- and
                                          multi-district elections by direct
                                          popular vote to serve five-year
                                          terms)
                                          elections: elections last held 10
                                          December 2000 with by-elections on
                                          14 January 2001 (next to be held NA
                                          2005)
                                          note: a Senate is scheduled to be
                                          created in the next full election in
                                          2005
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - FPI
                                          96, PDCI-RDA 94, RDR 5, PIT 4, other
                                          2, independents 22, vacant 2
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Cour Supreme
                                          consists of four chambers: Judicial
                                          Chamber for criminal cases, Audit
                                          Chamber for financial cases,
                                          Constitutional Chamber for judicial
                                          review cases, and Administrative
                                          Chamber for civil cases; there is no
                                          legal limit to the number of members
           Political parties and leaders: Democratic Party of Cote d'Ivoire-
                                          African Democratic Rally or PDCI-RDA
                                          [Aime Henri Konan BEDIE]; Ivorian
                                          Popular Front or FPI [Laurent
                                          GBAGBO]; Ivorian Worker's Party or
                                          PIT [Francis WODIE]; Rally of the
                                          Republicans or RDR [Alassane
                                          OUATTARA]; Union for Democracy and
                                          Peace or UDPCI [Gen. Robert GUEI];
                                          over 20 smaller parties
            Political pressure groups and NA
                                 leaders:
               International organization ACP, AfDB, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS,
                           participation: Entente, FAO, FZ, G-24, G-77, IAEA,
                                          IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD,
                                          IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol,
                                          IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITU,
                                          NAM, OAU, OIC, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD,
                                          UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WADB
                                          (regional), WAEMU, WCL, WFTU, WHO,
                                          WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador
                                          Youssoufou BAMBA
                                          chancery: 3421 Massachusetts Avenue
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20007
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 462-9444
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 797-0300
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Arlene
                                      US: RENDER
                                          embassy: 5 Rue Jesse Owens, Abidjan
                                          mailing address: B. P. 1712, Abidjan
                                          01
                                          telephone: [225] 20 21 09 79
                                          FAX: [225] 20 22 32 59
                        Flag description: three equal vertical bands of orange
                                          (hoist side), white, and green;
                                          similar to the flag of Ireland,
                                          which is longer and has the colors
                                          reversed - green (hoist side),
                                          white, and orange; also similar to
                                          the flag of Italy, which is green
                                          (hoist side), white, and red; design
                                          was based on the flag of France
    
     Economy Cote d'Ivoire
     ---------------------
                      Economy - overview: Cote d'Ivoire is among the world's
                                          largest producers and exporters of
                                          coffee, cocoa beans, and palm oil.
                                          Consequently, the economy is highly
                                          sensitive to fluctuations in
                                          international prices for these
                                          products and to weather conditions.
                                          Despite government attempts to
                                          diversify the economy, it is still
                                          largely dependent on agriculture and
                                          related activities, which engage
                                          roughly 68% of the population. After
                                          several years of lagging
                                          performance, the Ivorian economy
                                          began a comeback in 1994, due to the
                                          50% devaluation of the CFA franc and
                                          improved prices for cocoa and
                                          coffee, growth in nontraditional
                                          primary exports such as pineapples
                                          and rubber, limited trade and
                                          banking liberalization, offshore oil
                                          and gas discoveries, and generous
                                          external financing and debt
                                          rescheduling by multilateral lenders
                                          and France. Moreover, government
                                          adherence to donor-mandated reforms
                                          led to a jump in growth to 5%
                                          annually during 1996-99. Growth was
                                          negative in 2000 and 2001 because of
                                          the difficulty of meeting the
                                          conditions of international donors,
                                          continued low prices of key exports,
                                          and post-coup instability. Political
                                          instability continues to impede
                                          growth.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $25.5
                                          billion (2001)
                  GDP - real growth rate: -1% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $1,550
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 28%
                                          industry: 29%
                                          services: 43% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 3.1%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 28.8% (1995)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 36.7 (1995)
                                   index:
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.5% (2000 est.)
                             Labor force: 68% agricultural (2000 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 13% in urban areas (1998 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $1.72 billion
                                          expenditures: $2.4 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $420 million (2001 est.)
                              Industries: foodstuffs, beverages; wood
                                          products, oil refining, truck and
                                          bus assembly, textiles, fertilizer,
                                          building materials, electricity
       Industrial production growth rate: 15% (1998 est.)
                Electricity - production: 4.08 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 75.37%
                                          hydro: 24.63%
                                          other: 0% (1999)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 2.57 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 1.2 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (1999)
                  Agriculture - products: coffee, cocoa beans, bananas, palm
                                          kernels, corn, rice, manioc
                                          (tapioca), sweet potatoes, sugar,
                                          cotton, rubber; timber
                                 Exports: $3.6 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: cocoa 33%, coffee, timber,
                                          petroleum, cotton, bananas,
                                          pineapples, palm oil, cotton, fish
                                          (1999)
                      Exports - partners: France 13%, US 8%, Netherlands 7%,
                                          Germany 7%, Italy 6% (1999)
                                 Imports: $2.4 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: food, consumer goods; capital goods,
                                          fuel, transport equipment, raw
                                          materials
                      Imports - partners: France 26%, Nigeria 10%, China 7%,
                                          Italy 5%, Germany 4% (1999)
                         Debt - external: $13.3 billion (2000 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: ODA, $1 billion (1996 est.)
                                Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine
                                          franc (XOF); note - responsible
                                          authority is the Central Bank of the
                                          West African States
                           Currency code: XOF
                          Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine
                                          francs (XOF) per US dollar - 742.79
                                          (January 2002), 733.04 (2001),
                                          711.98 (2000), 615.70 (1999), 589.95
                                          (1998), 583.67 (1997); note - from 1
                                          January 1999, the XOF is pegged to
                                          the euro at a rate of 655.957 XOF
                                          per euro
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
    
     Communications Cote d'Ivoire
     ----------------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 263,700 (2000)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 450,000 (2000)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: well developed
                                          by African standards but operating
                                          well below capacity
                                          domestic: open-wire lines and
                                          microwave radio relay; 90%
                                          digitalized
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Atlantic
                                          Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean); 2 coaxial
                                          submarine cables (June 1999)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 2, FM 9, shortwave 3 (1998)
                                  Radios: 2.26 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 14 (1999)
                             Televisions: 1.09 million (2000)
                   Internet country code: .ci
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 5 (2001)
                          Internet users: 10,000 (2001)
    
     Transportation Cote d'Ivoire
     ----------------------------
                                Railways: total: 660 km
                                          narrow gauge: 660 km 1.000-meter
                                          gauge; 25 km double-track
                                          note: an additional 600 km of this
                                          railroad extends into Burkina Faso,
                                          ending at Kaya, north of Ouagadougou
                                          (2000 est.)
                                Highways: total: 50,400 km
                                          paved: 4,889 km
                                          unpaved: 45,511 km (1996)
                               Waterways: 980 km (navigable rivers, canals,
                                          and numerous coastal lagoons)
                       Ports and harbors: Abidjan, Aboisso, Dabou, San-Pedro
                                Airports: 36 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 7
                                          over 3,047 m: 1
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 4 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 29
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 7
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 13
                                          under 914 m: 9 (2001)
    
     Military Cote d'Ivoire
     ----------------------
                        Military branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, paramilitary
                                           Gendarmerie, Republican Guard
                                           (includes Presidential Guard)
         Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
         Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 3,963,166 (2002
                                           est.)
      Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 2,071,011 (2002
                                  service: est.)
     Military manpower - reaching military males: 188,411 (2002 est.)
                             age annually:
            Military expenditures - dollar $127.7 million (FY01)
                                   figure:
        Military expenditures - percent of 1.3% (FY01)
                                      GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues Cote d'Ivoire
     ----------------------------------
                Disputes - international: none
                           Illicit drugs: illicit producer of cannabis, mostly
                                          for local consumption; transshipment
                                          point for Southwest and Southeast
                                          Asian heroin to Europe and
                                          occasionally to the US, and for
                                          Latin American cocaine destined for
                                          Europe and South Africa
    
                                         
  
  

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