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9 definitions found
 for Cuba
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Cuba \Cuba\ (k[=u]"b[.a]), prop. n.
     1. a country on the island of Cuba.
        [WordNet 1.5]
  
     2. the largest island in the West Indies.
        [WordNet 1.5]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Cuba
      n 1: a communist state in the Caribbean on the island of Cuba
           [syn: Cuba, Republic of Cuba]
      2: the largest island in the West Indies

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Cuba
  
     Introduction Cuba
     -----------------
                              Background: Fidel CASTRO led a rebel army to
                                          victory in 1959; his iron rule has
                                          held the country together since.
                                          Cuba's Communist revolution, with
                                          Soviet support, was exported
                                          throughout Latin America and Africa
                                          during the 1960s, 70s, and 80s. The
                                          country is now slowly recovering
                                          from a severe economic recession in
                                          1990, following the withdrawal of
                                          former Soviet subsidies, worth $4
                                          billion to $6 billion annually.
                                          Havana portrays its difficulties as
                                          the result of the US embargo in
                                          place since 1961. Illicit migration
                                          to the US - using homemade rafts,
                                          alien smugglers, or falsified visas
                                          - is a continuing problem. Some
                                          3,000 Cubans attempted the crossing
                                          of the Straits of Florida in 2001;
                                          the US Coast Guard interdicted only
                                          about 25% of these.
    
     Geography Cuba
     --------------
                                Location: Caribbean, island between the
                                          Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic
                                          Ocean, 150 km south of Key West,
                                          Florida
                  Geographic coordinates: 21 30 N, 80 00 W
                          Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
                                    Area: total: 110,860 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 110,860 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Pennsylvania
                         Land boundaries: total: 29 km
                                          border countries: US Naval Base at
                                          Guantanamo Bay 29 km
                                          note: Guantanamo Naval Base is
                                          leased by the US and thus remains
                                          part of Cuba
                               Coastline: 3,735 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds;
                                          dry season (November to April);
                                          rainy season (May to October)
                                 Terrain: mostly flat to rolling plains, with
                                          rugged hills and mountains in the
                                          southeast
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
                                          highest point: Pico Turquino 2,005 m
                       Natural resources: cobalt, nickel, iron ore, copper,
                                          manganese, salt, timber, silica,
                                          petroleum, arable land
                                Land use: arable land: 33.04%
                                          other: 59.35% (1998 est.)
                                          permanent crops: 7.61%
                          Irrigated land: 870 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: the east coast is subject to
                                          hurricanes from August to October
                                          (in general, the country averages
                                          about one hurricane every other
                                          year); droughts are common
            Environment - current issues: air and water pollution;
                                          biodiversity loss; deforestation
              Environment - international party to: Antarctic Treaty,
                              agreements: Biodiversity, Climate Change,
                                          Desertification, Endangered Species,
                                          Environmental Modification,
                                          Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea,
                                          Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer
                                          Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    
                                          signed, but not ratified: Antarctic-
                                          Environmental Protocol, Climate
                                          Change-Kyoto Protocol, Marine Life
                                          Conservation
                        Geography - note: largest country in Caribbean and
                                          westernmost island of the Greater
                                          Antilles
    
     People Cuba
     -----------
                              Population: 11,224,321 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 20.6% (male 1,188,125;
                                          female 1,125,743)
                                          15-64 years: 69.3% (male 3,902,162;
                                          female 3,880,531)
                                          65 years and over: 10.1% (male
                                          520,849; female 606,911) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 0.35% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 12.08 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 7.35 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: -1.21 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 1 male(s)/female
                                          (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 7.27 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 76.6 years
                                          female: 79.15 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 74.2 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.6 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.03% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 2,800 (2001 est.)
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 120 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Cuban(s)
                                          adjective: Cuban
                           Ethnic groups: mulatto 51%, white 37%, black 11%,
                                          Chinese 1%
                               Religions: nominally 85% Roman Catholic prior
                                          to CASTRO assuming power;
                                          Protestants, Jehovah's Witnesses,
                                          Jews, and Santeria are also
                                          represented
                               Languages: Spanish
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          male: 96.2%
                                          female: 95.3% (1995 est.)
                                          total population: 95.7%
                           People - note: illicit migration is a continuing
                                          problem; Cubans attempt to depart
                                          the island and enter the US using
                                          homemade rafts, alien smugglers,
                                          direct flights, or falsified visas;
                                          some 3,000 Cubans took to the
                                          Straits of Florida in 2001; the US
                                          Coast Guard interdicted about 25% of
                                          these migrants; Cubans also use non-
                                          maritime routes to enter the US;
                                          some 2,400 Cubans arrived overland
                                          via the southwest border and direct
                                          flights to Miami in 2000
    
     Government Cuba
     ---------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          Cuba
                                          conventional short form: Cuba
                                          local short form: Cuba
                                          local long form: Republica de Cuba
                         Government type: Communist state
                                 Capital: Havana
                Administrative divisions: 14 provinces (provincias, singular -
                                          provincia) and 1 special
                                          municipality* (municipio especial);
                                          Camaguey, Ciego de Avila,
                                          Cienfuegos, Ciudad de La Habana,
                                          Granma, Guantanamo, Holguin, Isla de
                                          la Juventud*, La Habana, Las Tunas,
                                          Matanzas, Pinar del Rio, Sancti
                                          Spiritus, Santiago de Cuba, Villa
                                          Clara
                            Independence: 20 May 1902 (from Spain 10 December
                                          1898; administered by the US from
                                          1898 to 1902)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 10 December
                                          (1898); note - 10 December 1898 is
                                          the date of independence from Spain,
                                          20 May 1902 is the date of
                                          independence from US administration
                            Constitution: 24 February 1976, amended July 1992
                            Legal system: based on Spanish and American law,
                                          with large elements of Communist
                                          legal theory; has not accepted
                                          compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: 16 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President of the
                                          Council of State and President of
                                          the Council of Ministers Fidel
                                          CASTRO Ruz (prime minister from
                                          February 1959 until 24 February 1976
                                          when office was abolished; president
                                          since 2 December 1976); First Vice
                                          President of the Council of State
                                          and First Vice President of the
                                          Council of Ministers Gen. Raul
                                          CASTRO Ruz (since 2 December 1976);
                                          note - the president is both the
                                          chief of state and head of
                                          government
                                          elections: president and vice
                                          president elected by the National
                                          Assembly; election last held 24
                                          February 1998 (next to be held in
                                          2003)
                                          election results: Fidel CASTRO Ruz
                                          elected president; percent of
                                          legislative vote - 100%; Raul CASTRO
                                          Ruz elected vice president; percent
                                          of legislative vote - 100%
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          proposed by the president of the
                                          Council of State, appointed by the
                                          National Assembly; note - there is
                                          also a Council of State whose
                                          members are elected by the National
                                          Assembly
                                          head of government: President of the
                                          Council of State and President of
                                          the Council of Ministers Fidel
                                          CASTRO Ruz (prime minister from
                                          February 1959 until 24 February 1976
                                          when office was abolished; president
                                          since 2 December 1976); First Vice
                                          President of the Council of State
                                          and First Vice President of the
                                          Council of Ministers Gen. Raul
                                          CASTRO Ruz (since 2 December 1976);
                                          note - the president is both the
                                          chief of state and head of
                                          government
                      Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly of
                                          People's Power or Asemblea Nacional
                                          del Poder Popular (601 seats,
                                          elected directly from slates
                                          approved by special candidacy
                                          commissions; members serve five-year
                                          terms)
                                          elections: last held 11 January 1998
                                          (next to be held in 2003)
                                          election results: percent of vote -
                                          PCC 94.39%; seats - PCC 601
                         Judicial branch: People's Supreme Court or Tribunal
                                          Supremo Popular (president, vice
                                          president, and other judges are
                                          elected by the National Assembly)
           Political parties and leaders: only party - Cuban Communist Party
                                          or PCC [Fidel CASTRO Ruz, first
                                          secretary]
            Political pressure groups and NA
                                 leaders:
               International organization CCC, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IAEA, ICAO,
                           participation: ICC, ICRM, IFAD, IFRCS, IHO, ILO,
                                          IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer),
                                          ISO, ITU, LAES, LAIA, NAM, OAS
                                          (excluded from formal participation
                                          since 1962), OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD,
                                          UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO,
                                          WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: none; note - Cuba has an Interests
                                          Section in the Swiss Embassy, headed
                                          by Principal Officer Dagoberto
                                          RODRIGUEZ Barrera (since August
                                          2001); address: Cuban Interests
                                          Section, Swiss Embassy, 2630 16th
                                          Street NW, Washington, DC 20009;
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 797-8518
       Diplomatic representation from the none; note - the US has an Interests
                                      US: Section in the Swiss Embassy, headed
                                          by Principal Officer Vicki
                                          HUDDLESTON; address: USINT, Swiss
                                          Embassy, Calzada between L and M
                                          Streets, Vedado Seccion, Havana;
                                          telephone: 33-3551 through 3559
                                          (operator assistance required); FAX:
                                          33-3700; protecting power in Cuba is
                                          Switzerland
                        Flag description: five equal horizontal bands of blue
                                          (top and bottom) alternating with
                                          white; a red equilateral triangle
                                          based on the hoist side bears a
                                          white, five-pointed star in the
                                          center; design influenced by the US
                                          flag
    
     Economy Cuba
     ------------
                      Economy - overview: The government continues to balance
                                          the need for economic loosening
                                          against a concern for firm political
                                          control. It has undertaken limited
                                          reforms in recent years to stem
                                          excess liquidity, increase
                                          enterprise efficiency, and alleviate
                                          serious shortages of food, consumer
                                          goods, and services, but is unlikely
                                          to implement extensive changes. A
                                          major feature of the economy is the
                                          dichotomy between relatively
                                          efficient export enclaves and
                                          inefficient domestic sectors. The
                                          average Cuban's standard of living
                                          remains at a lower level than before
                                          the severe economic depression of
                                          the early 1990s, which was caused by
                                          the loss of Soviet aid and domestic
                                          inefficiencies. High oil prices,
                                          recessions in key export markets,
                                          and damage from Hurricane Michelle
                                          hampered growth in 2001. Cuba paid
                                          high prices for oil imports in the
                                          face of slumping prices in the key
                                          sugar and nickel industries and
                                          suffered a slowdown in tourist
                                          arrivals following September 11. The
                                          government subsequently depreciated
                                          the peso by approximately 30% and
                                          now aims for 3% growth in 2002.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $25.5
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 3% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $2,300
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 7.6%
                                          industry: 34.5%
                                          services: 57.9% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 0.5% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 4.3 million (2000 est.)
                                          note: state sector 78%, non-state
                                          sector 22% (1999)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 24%, industry 25%,
                                          services 51% (1999)
                       Unemployment rate: 4.1% (2001 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $14.9 billion
                                          expenditures: $15.6 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (2000 est.)
                              Industries: sugar, petroleum, tobacco,
                                          chemicals, construction, services,
                                          nickel, steel, cement, agricultural
                                          machinery, biotechnology
       Industrial production growth rate: 2.4% (2001 est.)
                Electricity - production: 14.87 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 94.63%
                                          hydro: 0.4%
                                          other: 4.97% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 13.829 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: sugar, tobacco, citrus, coffee,
                                          rice, potatoes, beans; livestock
                                 Exports: $1.7 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: sugar, nickel, tobacco, fish,
                                          medical products, citrus, coffee
                      Exports - partners: Russia 18%, Canada 16%, Netherlands
                                          12% (2000)
                                 Imports: $4.9 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: petroleum, food, machinery,
                                          chemicals, semifinished goods,
                                          transport equipment, consumer goods
                      Imports - partners: Spain 16%, Venezuela 13%, Italy 8%
                                          (2000)
                         Debt - external: $11 billion (convertible currency,
                                          2000 est.); another $15 billion -$20
                                          billion owed to Russia (2001)
                Economic aid - recipient: $68.2 million (1997 est.)
                                Currency: Cuban peso (CUP)
                           Currency code: CUP
                          Exchange rates: Cuban pesos per US dollar - 1.0000
                                          (nonconvertible, official rate, for
                                          international transactions, pegged
                                          to the US dollar); convertible peso
                                          sold for domestic use at a rate of
                                          1.00 US dollar per 27 pesos by the
                                          Government of Cuba (January 2002)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
    
     Communications Cuba
     -------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 473,031 (2000)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 2,994 (1997)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: NA
                                          domestic: principal trunk system,
                                          end to end of country, is coaxial
                                          cable; fiber-optic distribution in
                                          Havana and on Isla de la Juventud; 2
                                          microwave radio relay installations
                                          (one is old, US-built; the other
                                          newer, built during the period of
                                          Soviet support); both analog and
                                          digital mobile cellular service
                                          established
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          station - 1 Intersputnik (Atlantic
                                          Ocean region)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 169, FM 55, shortwave 1 (1998)
                                  Radios: 3.9 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 58 (1997)
                             Televisions: 2.64 million (1997)
                   Internet country code: .cu
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 5 (2001)
                          Internet users: 60,000 (2001)
    
     Transportation Cuba
     -------------------
                                Railways: total: 4,807 km
                                          standard gauge: 4,807 km 1.435-
                                          m gauge, in public use (147 km
                                          electrified)
                                          note: in addition to the 4,807 km of
                                          standard-gauge track in public use,
                                          7,162 km of track is in private use
                                          by sugar plantations; about 90% of
                                          the private use track is standard
                                          gauge and the rest is narrow gauge
                                          (2000 est.)
                                Highways: total: 60,858 km
                                          paved: 29,820 km (including 638 km
                                          of expressway)
                                          unpaved: 31,038 km (1997)
                               Waterways: 240 km
                       Ports and harbors: Cienfuegos, Havana, Manzanillo,
                                          Mariel, Matanzas, Nuevitas, Santiago
                                          de Cuba
                         Merchant marine: total: 14 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 44,187 GRT/63,416 DWT
                                          ships by type: bulk 3, cargo 6,
                                          liquefied gas 1, petroleum tanker 1,
                                          refrigerated cargo 3 (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 172 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 78
                                          over 3,047 m: 7
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 8
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 20
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 7
                                          under 914 m: 36 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 94
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 31
                                          under 914 m: 63 (2001)
    
     Military Cuba
     -------------
                       Military branches: Revolutionary Armed Forces (FAR)
                                          including Ground Forces,
                                          Revolutionary Navy (MGR), Air and
                                          Air Defense Force (DAAFAR),
                                          Territorial Militia Troops (MTT),
                                          and Youth Labor Army (EJT); note -
                                          the Border Guard Troops (TGF) are
                                          controlled by the Interior Ministry
        Military manpower - military age: 17 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 3,102,312
                                          females age 15-49: 3,036,549 (2002
                                          est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 1,915,586
                                 service: females age 15-49: 1,869,867 (2002
                                          est.)
             Military manpower - reaching males: 86,632
                   military age annually: females: 79,562 (2002 est.)
           Military expenditures - dollar $NA
                                  figure:
       Military expenditures - percent of roughly 4% (FY95 est.)
                                     GDP:
                         Military - note: Moscow, for decades the key military
                                          supporter and supplier of Cuba, cut
                                          off almost all military aid by 1993
    
     Transnational Issues Cuba
     -------------------------
                 Disputes - international: US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay is
                                           leased to US and only mutual
                                           agreement or US abandonment of the
                                           area can terminate the lease
                            Illicit drugs: territorial waters and air space
                                           serve as transshipment zone for
                                           cocaine and heroin bound for the US
                                           and Europe; established the death
                                           penalty for certain drug-related
                                           crimes in 1999
    
                                         
  
  

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Cuba, NM -- U.S. village in New Mexico
     Population (2000):    590
     Housing Units (2000): 290
     Land area (2000):     1.267983 sq. miles (3.284061 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    1.267983 sq. miles (3.284061 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            19150
     Located within:       New Mexico (NM), FIPS 35
     Location:             36.018325 N, 106.959642 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):     87013
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
     Headwords:
      Cuba, NM
      Cuba
  

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Cuba, NY -- U.S. village in New York
     Population (2000):    1633
     Housing Units (2000): 698
     Land area (2000):     1.192879 sq. miles (3.089542 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    1.192879 sq. miles (3.089542 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            19356
     Located within:       New York (NY), FIPS 36
     Location:             42.217743 N, 78.275261 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):     14727
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
     Headwords:
      Cuba, NY
      Cuba
  

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Cuba, IL -- U.S. city in Illinois
     Population (2000):    1418
     Housing Units (2000): 594
     Land area (2000):     0.541903 sq. miles (1.403522 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    0.541903 sq. miles (1.403522 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            17991
     Located within:       Illinois (IL), FIPS 17
     Location:             40.493422 N, 90.193307 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):     61427
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
     Headwords:
      Cuba, IL
      Cuba
  

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Cuba, AL -- U.S. town in Alabama
     Population (2000):    363
     Housing Units (2000): 186
     Land area (2000):     4.063091 sq. miles (10.523356 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.007230 sq. miles (0.018725 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    4.070321 sq. miles (10.542081 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            18952
     Located within:       Alabama (AL), FIPS 01
     Location:             32.433782 N, 88.371776 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):     36907
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
     Headwords:
      Cuba, AL
      Cuba
  

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Cuba, KS -- U.S. city in Kansas
     Population (2000):    231
     Housing Units (2000): 148
     Land area (2000):     0.303548 sq. miles (0.786186 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    0.303548 sq. miles (0.786186 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            16625
     Located within:       Kansas (KS), FIPS 20
     Location:             39.802222 N, 97.457128 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):     66940
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
     Headwords:
      Cuba, KS
      Cuba
  

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Cuba, MO -- U.S. city in Missouri
     Population (2000):    3230
     Housing Units (2000): 1414
     Land area (2000):     2.948689 sq. miles (7.637069 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    2.948689 sq. miles (7.637069 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            17668
     Located within:       Missouri (MO), FIPS 29
     Location:             38.063093 N, 91.403297 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):     65453
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
     Headwords:
      Cuba, MO
      Cuba
  

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