dict.org

The DICT Development Group


Search for:
Search type:
Database:

Database copyright information
Server information
Wiki: Resources, links, and other information


5 definitions found
 for Cyprus
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Cyprus \Cy"prus\ (s?"pr?s), n. [OE. cipres, cypirs; perh. so
     named as being first manufactured in Cyprus. Cf. Cipers.]
     A thin, transparent stuff, the same as, or corresponding to,
     crape. It was either white or black, the latter being most
     common, and used for mourning. [Obs.]
     [1913 Webster]
  
           Lawn as white as driven snow,
           Cyprus black as e'er was crow.           --Shak.
     [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Cyprus
      n 1: a country on the island of Cyprus; 80% of the people are of
           Greek origin and 20% or Turkish origin [syn: Cyprus,
           Republic of Cyprus]
      2: an island in the eastern Mediterranean

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary :

  Cyprus
     one of the largest islands of the Mediterranean, about 148 miles
     long and 40 broad. It is distant about 60 miles from the Syrian
     coast. It was the "Chittim" of the Old Testament (Num. 24:24).
     The Greek colonists gave it the name of Kypros, from the cyprus,
     i.e., the henna (see CAMPHIRE), which grew on this
     island. It was originally inhabited by Phoenicians. In B.C. 477
     it fell under the dominion of the Greeks; and became a Roman
     province B.C. 58. In ancient times it was a centre of great
     commercial activity. Corn and wine and oil were produced here in
     the greatest perfection. It was rich also in timber and in
     mineral wealth.
     
       It is first mentioned in the New Testament (Acts 4:36) as the
     native place of Barnabas. It was the scene of Paul's first
     missionary labours (13:4-13), when he and Barnabas and John Mark
     were sent forth by the church of Antioch. It was afterwards
     visited by Barnabas and Mark alone (15:39). Mnason, an "old
     disciple," probaly one of the converts of the day of Pentecost
     belonging to this island, is mentioned (21:16). It is also
     mentioned in connection with the voyages of Paul (Acts 21:3;
     27:4). After being under the Turks for three hundred years, it
     was given up to the British Government in 1878.
     

From Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary (late 1800's) :

  Cyprus, fair; fairness
  

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Cyprus
  
     Introduction Cyprus
     -------------------
                              Background: Independence from the UK was
                                          approved in 1960 with constitutional
                                          guarantees by the Greek Cypriot
                                          majority to the Turkish Cypriot
                                          minority. In 1974, a Greek-sponsored
                                          attempt to seize the government was
                                          met by military intervention from
                                          Turkey, which soon controlled almost
                                          40% of the island. In 1983, the
                                          Turkish-held area declared itself
                                          the "Turkish Republic of Northern
                                          Cyprus", but it is recognized only
                                          by Turkey. UN-led talks on the
                                          status of Cyprus resumed in December
                                          1999 to prepare the ground for
                                          meaningful negotiations leading to a
                                          comprehensive settlement.
    
     Geography Cyprus
     ----------------
                                Location: Middle East, island in the
                                          Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey
                  Geographic coordinates: 35 00 N, 33 00 E
                          Map references: Middle East
                                    Area: total: 9,250 sq km (of which 3,355
                                          sq km are in the Turkish Cypriot
                                          area)
                                          water: 10 sq km
                                          land: 9,240 sq km
                      Area - comparative: about 0.6 times the size of
                                          Connecticut
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 648 km
                         Maritime claims: continental shelf: 200-m depth or to
                                          the depth of exploitation
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: temperate; Mediterranean with hot,
                                          dry summers and cool winters
                                 Terrain: central plain with mountains to
                                          north and south; scattered but
                                          significant plains along southern
                                          coast
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
                                          highest point: Olympus 1,951 m
                       Natural resources: copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum,
                                          timber, salt, marble, clay earth
                                          pigment
                                Land use: arable land: 10.61%
                                          permanent crops: 4.65%
                                          other: 84.74% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 400 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: moderate earthquake activity;
                                          droughts
            Environment - current issues: water resource problems (no natural
                                          reservoir catchments, seasonal
                                          disparity in rainfall, sea water
                                          intrusion to island's largest
                                          aquifer, increased salination in the
                                          north); water pollution from sewage
                                          and industrial wastes; coastal
                                          degradation; loss of wildlife
                                          habitats from urbanization
              Environment - international party to: Air Pollution,
                              agreements: Biodiversity, Climate Change,
                                          Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol,
                                          Desertification, Endangered Species,
                                          Environmental Modification,
                                          Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea,
                                          Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban,
                                          Ozone Layer Protection, Ship
                                          Pollution
                                          signed, but not ratified: Air
                                          Pollution-Persistent Organic
                                          Pollutants
                        Geography - note: the third largest island in the
                                          Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily and
                                          Sardinia)
    
     People Cyprus
     -------------
                              Population: 767,314 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 22.4% (male 87,981;
                                          female 84,168)
                                          15-64 years: 66.6% (male 258,414;
                                          female 252,778)
                                          65 years and over: 11% (male 36,607;
                                          female 47,366) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 0.57% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 12.91 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 7.63 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: 0.43 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 1 male(s)/female
                                          (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 7.71 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 77.08 years
                                          female: 79.5 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 74.77 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.9 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.1% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 400 (1999 est.)
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Cypriot(s)
                                          adjective: Cypriot
                           Ethnic groups: Greek 85.2%, Turkish 11.6%, other
                                          3.2% (2000)
                               Religions: Greek Orthodox 78%, Muslim 18%,
                                          Maronite, Armenian Apostolic, and
                                          other 4%
                               Languages: Greek, Turkish, English
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 97%
                                          male: 98.7%
                                          female: 95% (1999)
    
     Government Cyprus
     -----------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          Cyprus
                                          conventional short form: Cyprus
                                          note: the Turkish Cypriot area
                                          refers to itself as the "Turkish
                                          Republic of Northern Cyprus" (TRNC)
                         Government type: republic
                                          note: a disaggregation of the two
                                          ethnic communities inhabiting the
                                          island began following the outbreak
                                          of communal strife in 1963; this
                                          separation was further solidified
                                          after the Turkish intervention in
                                          July 1974 after a Greek junta-based
                                          coup attempt gave the Turkish
                                          Cypriots de facto control in the
                                          north; Greek Cypriots control the
                                          only internationally recognized
                                          government; on 15 November 1983
                                          Turkish Cypriot "President" Rauf
                                          DENKTASH declared independence and
                                          the formation of a "Turkish Republic
                                          of Northern Cyprus" (TRNC),
                                          recognized only by Turkey; both
                                          sides publicly support a settlement
                                          based on a federation (Greek Cypriot
                                          position) or confederation (Turkish
                                          Cypriot position)
                                 Capital: Nicosia
                Administrative divisions: 6 districts; Famagusta, Kyrenia,
                                          Larnaca, Limassol, Nicosia, Paphos;
                                          note - Turkish Cypriot area's
                                          administrative divisions include
                                          Kyrenia, all but a small part of
                                          Famagusta, and small parts of
                                          Lefkosa (Nicosia) and Larnaca
                            Independence: 16 August 1960 (from UK); note -
                                          Turkish Cypriot area proclaimed
                                          self-rule on 13 February 1975
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 1 October (1960);
                                          note - Turkish Cypriot area
                                          celebrates 15 November (1983) as
                                          Independence Day
                            Constitution: 16 August 1960; negotiations to
                                          create the basis for a new or
                                          revised constitution to govern the
                                          island and to better relations
                                          between Greek and Turkish Cypriots
                                          have been held intermittently; in
                                          1975 Turkish Cypriots created their
                                          own constitution and governing
                                          bodies within the "Turkish Federated
                                          State of Cyprus," which was renamed
                                          the "Turkish Republic of Northern
                                          Cyprus" in 1983; a new constitution
                                          for the Turkish Cypriot area passed
                                          by referendum on 5 May 1985
                            Legal system: based on common law, with civil law
                                          modifications
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Glafcos
                                          CLERIDES (since 28 February 1993);
                                          note - the president is both the
                                          chief of state and head of
                                          government; post of vice president
                                          is currently vacant; under the 1960
                                          constitution, the post is reserved
                                          for a Turkish Cypriot
                                          head of government: President
                                          Glafcos CLERIDES (since 28 February
                                          1993); note - the president is both
                                          the chief of state and head of
                                          government; post of vice president
                                          is currently vacant; under the 1960
                                          constitution, the post is reserved
                                          for a Turkish Cypriot
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          appointed jointly by the president
                                          and vice president
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote for a five-year term;
                                          election last held 15 February 1998
                                          (next to be held NA February 2003)
                                          note: Rauf R. DENKTASH has been
                                          "president" of the Turkish Cypriot
                                          area since 13 February 1975
                                          ("president" elected by popular vote
                                          for a five-year term); elections
                                          last held 15 April 2000 (next to be
                                          held NA April 2005); results - Rauf
                                          R. DENKTASH reelected president
                                          after the other contender withdrew;
                                          Dervis EROGLU has been "prime
                                          minister" of the Turkish Cypriot
                                          area since 16 August 1996; there is
                                          a Council of Ministers (cabinet) in
                                          the Turkish Cypriot area
                                          election results: Glafcos CLERIDES
                                          reelected president; percent of vote
                                          - Glafcos CLERIDES 50.8%, George
                                          IAKOVOU 49.2%
                      Legislative branch: unicameral - Greek Cypriot area:
                                          House of Representatives or Vouli
                                          Antiprosopon (80 seats; 56 assigned
                                          to the Greek Cypriots, 24 to Turkish
                                          Cypriots; note - only those assigned
                                          to Greek Cypriots are filled;
                                          members are elected by popular vote
                                          to serve five-year terms); Turkish
                                          Cypriot area: Assembly of the
                                          Republic or Cumhuriyet Meclisi (50
                                          seats; members are elected by
                                          popular vote to serve five-year
                                          terms)
                                          election results: Greek Cypriot
                                          area: House of Representatives -
                                          percent of vote by party - AKEL
                                          34.71%, DISY 34%, DIKO 14.84%, KISOS
                                          6.51%, others 9.94%; seats by party
                                          - AKEL (Communist) 20, DISY 19, DIKO
                                          9, KISOS 4, others 4; Turkish
                                          Cypriot area: Assembly of the
                                          Republic - percent of vote by party
                                          - UBP 40.3%, DP 22.6%, TKP 15.4%,
                                          CTP 13.4%, UDP 4.6%, YBH 2.5%, BP
                                          1.2%; seats by party - UBP 24, DP
                                          13, TKP 7, CTP 6
                                          elections: Greek Cypriot area: last
                                          held 27 May 2001 (next to be held NA
                                          May 2006); Turkish Cypriot area:
                                          last held 6 December 1998 (next to
                                          be held NA December 2003)
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court (judges are appointed
                                          jointly by the president and vice
                                          president)
                                          note: there is also a Supreme Court
                                          in the Turkish Cypriot area
           Political parties and leaders: Greek Cypriot area: Democratic Party
                                          or DIKO [Tassos PAPADOPOULOS];
                                          Democratic Rally or DISY [Nikos
                                          ANASTASIADHIS]; Eurodemocratic
                                          Renewal Movement or KEA [Antonis
                                          PASCHALIDES]; Fighting Democratic
                                          Movement or ADIK [Dinos
                                          MIKHAILIDIS]; Green Party of Cyprus
                                          [George PERDIKIS]; New Horizons
                                          [Nikolaus KOUTSOU]; Restorative
                                          Party of the Working People or AKEL
                                          (Communist Party) [Dimitrios
                                          CHRISTOFIAS]; Social Democrats
                                          Movement or KISOS (formerly United
                                          Democratic Union of Cyprus or EDEK)
                                          [Yiannakis OMIROU]; United Democrats
                                          Movement or EDE [George VASSILIOU];
                                          Turkish Cypriot area: Communal
                                          Liberation Party or TKP [Huseyin
                                          ANGOLEMLI]; Democratic Party or DP
                                          [Salih COSAR]; National Birth Party
                                          or UDP [Enver EMIN]; National Unity
                                          Party or UBP [Dervis EROGLU]; Our
                                          Party or BP [Okyay SADIKOGLU];
                                          Patriotic Unity Movement or YBH
                                          [Izzet IZCAN]; Republican Turkish
                                          Party or CTP [Mehmet ALI TALAT]
            Political pressure groups and Confederation of Cypriot Workers or
                                 leaders: SEK (pro-West); Confederation of
                                          Revolutionary Labor Unions or Dev-
                                          Is; Federation of Turkish Cypriot
                                          Labor Unions or Turk-Sen; Pan-
                                          Cyprian Labor Federation or PEO
                                          (Communist controlled)
               International organization Australia Group, C, CCC, CE, EBRD,
                           participation: ECE, EU (applicant), FAO, G-77,
                                          IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, IDA,
                                          IFAD, IFC, IFRCS (associate), IHO,
                                          ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM,
                                          ISO, ITU, NAM, NSG, OAS (observer),
                                          OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO,
                                          UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO,
                                          WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Erato
                                          KOZAKOU-MARCOULLIS
                                          chancery: 2211 R Street NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20008
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 483-6710
                                          note: representative of the Turkish
                                          Cypriot area in the US is Osman
                                          ERTUG; office at 1667 K Street NW,
                                          Washington, DC; telephone [1] (202)
                                          887-6198
                                          consulate(s) general: New York
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 462-5772
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Donald
                                      US: K. BANDLER
                                          embassy: corner of Metochiou and
                                          Ploutarchou Streets, Engomi, 2407
                                          Nicosia
                                          mailing address: P. O. Box 24536,
                                          FPO AE 09836
                                          telephone: [357] (22) 776400
                                          FAX: [357] (22) 780944
                        Flag description: white with a copper-colored
                                          silhouette of the island (the name
                                          Cyprus is derived from the Greek
                                          word for copper) above two green
                                          crossed olive branches in the center
                                          of the flag; the branches symbolize
                                          the hope for peace and
                                          reconciliation between the Greek and
                                          Turkish communities
                                          note: the Turkish Cypriot flag has a
                                          horizontal red stripe at the top and
                                          bottom between which is a red
                                          crescent and red star on a white
                                          field
    
     Economy Cyprus
     --------------
                      Economy - overview: Economic affairs are affected by the
                                          division of the country. The Greek
                                          Cypriot economy is prosperous but
                                          highly susceptible to external
                                          shocks. Erratic growth rates in the
                                          1990s reflect the economy's
                                          vulnerability to swings in tourist
                                          arrivals, caused by political
                                          instability in the region and
                                          fluctuations in economic conditions
                                          in Western Europe. Economic policy
                                          is focused on meeting the criteria
                                          for admission to the EU. As in the
                                          Turkish sector, water shortages are
                                          a perennial problem; a few
                                          desalination plants are now online.
                                          The Turkish Cypriot economy has less
                                          than one-half the per capita GDP of
                                          the south. Because it is recognized
                                          only by Turkey, it has had much
                                          difficulty arranging foreign
                                          financing, and foreign firms have
                                          hesitated to invest there. It
                                          remains heavily dependent on
                                          agriculture and government service,
                                          which together employ about half of
                                          the work force. To compensate for
                                          the economy's weakness, Turkey
                                          provides substantial direct and
                                          indirect aid to tourism, education,
                                          industry, etc.
                                     GDP: Greek Cypriot area: purchasing power
                                          parity - $9.1 billion (2001 est.);
                                          Turkish Cypriot area: purchasing
                                          power parity - $1.1 billion (2000
                                          est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: Greek Cypriot area: 2.6% (2001
                                          est.); Turkish Cypriot area: 0.8%
                                          (2000 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: Greek Cypriot area: purchasing power
                                          parity - $15,000 (2001 est.);
                                          Turkish Cypriot area: purchasing
                                          power parity - $7,000 (2000 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: Greek Cypriot area: agriculture
                                          4.6%, industry 19.9%, services 75.5%
                                          (2001); Turkish Cypriot area:
                                          agriculture 8.3%, industry 20.7%,
                                          services 71.0% (2000)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): Greek Cypriot area: 1.9% (2001
                                          est.); Turkish Cypriot area: 53.2%
                                          (2000 est.)
                             Labor force: Greek Cypriot area: 291,000; Turkish
                                          Cypriot area: 86,300 (2000)
             Labor force - by occupation: Greek Cypriot area: services 73%,
                                          industry 22%, agriculture 5% (2000);
                                          Turkish Cypriot area: services
                                          56.4%, industry 22.8%, agriculture
                                          20.8% (1998)
                       Unemployment rate: Greek Cypriot area: 3% (2001 est.);
                                          Turkish Cypriot area: 5.6% (1999
                                          est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: Greek Cypriot area - $2.4
                                          billion (2001 est.); Turkish Cypriot
                                          area - $294 million (2000 est.)
                                          expenditures: Greek Cypriot area -
                                          $3.7 billion, including capital
                                          expenditures of $539 million (2001
                                          est.); Turkish Cypriot area - $495
                                          million, including capital
                                          expenditures of $60 million (2000
                                          est.)
                              Industries: food, beverages, textiles,
                                          chemicals, metal products, tourism,
                                          wood products
       Industrial production growth rate: Greek Cypriot area: 2.2% (1999);
                                          Turkish Cypriot area: -0.3% (1999)
                Electricity - production: 3.13 billion kWh (1999); Turkish
                                          Cypriot area: NA kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
                                          hydro: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 2.911 billion kWh (1999); Turkish
                                          Cypriot area: NA kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: potatoes, citrus, vegetables,
                                          barley, grapes, olives, vegetables
                                 Exports: Greek Cypriot area: $851 million
                                          (f.o.b., 2001 est.); Turkish Cypriot
                                          area: $50.7 million (f.o.b., 2000)
                   Exports - commodities: Greek Cypriot area: citrus,
                                          potatoes, grapes, wine, cement,
                                          clothing and shoes; Turkish Cypriot
                                          area: citrus, potatoes, textiles
                      Exports - partners: Greek Cypriot area: EU 36% (UK 17%,
                                          Greece 8%), Russia 8%, Syria 7%,
                                          Lebanon 5%, US 2% (2000); Turkish
                                          Cypriot area: Turkey 51%, UK 31%,
                                          other EU 16.5% (1999)
                                 Imports: Greek Cypriot area: $3.5 billion
                                          (f.o.b., 2001 est.); Turkish Cypriot
                                          area: $424.9 million (f.o.b., 2000)
                   Imports - commodities: Greek Cypriot area: consumer goods,
                                          petroleum and lubricants, food and
                                          feed grains, machinery; Turkish
                                          Cypriot area: food, minerals,
                                          chemicals, machinery
                      Imports - partners: Greek Cypriot area: EU 52% (UK 11%,
                                          Italy 9%, Greece 9%, Germany 7%), US
                                          10% (2000); Turkish Cypriot area:
                                          Turkey 59%, UK 13%, other EU 13%
                                          (1999)
                         Debt - external: Greek Cypriot area: $NA; Turkish
                                          Cypriot area: $NA
                Economic aid - recipient: Greek Cypriot area - $17 million
                                          (1998); Turkish Cypriot area - $700
                                          million from Turkey in grants and
                                          loans (1990-97) which are usually
                                          forgiven
                                Currency: Greek Cypriot area: Cypriot pound
                                          (CYP); Turkish Cypriot area: Turkish
                                          lira (TRL)
                           Currency code: CYP; TRL
                          Exchange rates: Cypriot pounds per US dollar -
                                          0.6518 (January 2002), 0.6427
                                          (2001), 0.6208 (2000), 0.5423
                                          (1999), 0.5170 (1998), 0.5135
                                          (1997); Turkish liras per US dollar
                                          - 1,370,629 (January 2002),
                                          1,223,140 (2001), 625,219 (2000),
                                          418,783 (1999), 260,724 (1998),
                                          151,865 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
    
     Communications Cyprus
     ---------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: Greek Cypriot area: 405,000 (1998);
                                          Turkish Cypriot area: 83,162 (1998)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: Greek Cypriot area: 68,000 (1998);
                                          Turkish Cypriot area: 70,000 (1999)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: excellent in
                                          both the Greek Cypriot and Turkish
                                          Cypriot areas
                                          domestic: open wire, fiber-optic
                                          cable, and microwave radio relay
                                          international: tropospheric scatter;
                                          3 coaxial and 5 fiber-optic
                                          submarine cables; satellite earth
                                          stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic
                                          Ocean and 2 Indian Ocean), 2
                                          Eutelsat, 2 Intersputnik, and 1
                                          Arabsat
                Radio broadcast stations: Greek Cypriot area: AM 7, FM 60,
                                          shortwave 1 (1998); Turkish Cypriot
                                          area: AM 3, FM 11, shortwave 1
                                          (1998)
                                  Radios: Greek Cypriot area: 310,000 (1997);
                                          Turkish Cypriot area: 56,450 (1994)
           Television broadcast stations: Greek Cypriot area: 4 (plus 225 low-
                                          power repeaters) (September 1995);
                                          Turkish Cypriot area: 4 (plus 5
                                          repeaters) (September 1995)
                             Televisions: Greek Cypriot area: 248,000 (1997);
                                          Turkish Cypriot area: 52,300 (1994)
                   Internet country code: .cy
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 6 (2000)
                          Internet users: 120,000 (2001)
    
     Transportation Cyprus
     ---------------------
                                Railways: 0 km
                                Highways: total: Greek Cypriot area: 10,663 km
                                          (1998 est.); Turkish Cypriot area:
                                          2,350 km (1996 est.)
                                          paved: Greek Cypriot area: 6,249 km
                                          (1998 est.); Turkish Cypriot area:
                                          1,370 km (1996 est.)
                                          unpaved: Greek Cypriot area: 4,414
                                          km (1998 est.); Turkish Cypriot
                                          area: 980 km (1996 est.)
                               Waterways: none
                       Ports and harbors: Famagusta, Kyrenia, Larnaca,
                                          Limassol, Paphos, Vasilikos
                         Merchant marine: total: 1,254 ships (1,000 GRT or
                                          over) totaling 22,802,712 GRT/
                                          36,337,768 DWT
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Austria 12, Belgium 2,
                                          Bulgaria 2, Canada 3, Chile 2, China
                                          16, Croatia 2, Cuba 11, Finland 1,
                                          Germany 229, Greece 607, Guam 1,
                                          Hong Kong 6, India 6, Iran 1,
                                          Ireland 1, Israel 5, Italy 1, Japan
                                          26, Latvia 14, Lebanon 1, Lithuania
                                          2, Mexico 1, Monaco 10, Netherlands
                                          30, Norway 23, Panama 1, Philippines
                                          2, Poland 19, Portugal 2, Russia 57,
                                          Singapore 2, Slovenia 2, South Korea
                                          4, Spain 7, Sudan 2, Sweden 6,
                                          Switzerland 4, Turkey 1, Ukraine 1,
                                          United Arab Emirates 13, United
                                          Kingdom 6, United States 4, Vietnam
                                          1 (2002 est.)
                                          ships by type: barge carrier 2, bulk
                                          438, cargo 378, chemical tanker 24,
                                          combination bulk 31, combination
                                          ore/oil 2, container 133, liquefied
                                          gas 4, passenger 7, passenger/cargo
                                          1, petroleum tanker 131,
                                          refrigerated cargo 46, roll on/roll
                                          off 41, short-sea passenger 10,
                                          specialized tanker 3, vehicle
                                          carrier 3
                                Airports: 15 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 12
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 7
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                          under 914 m: 1 (2001)
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 3
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 3
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 1
                                          under 914 m: 2 (2001)
                               Heliports: 7 (2001)
    
     Military Cyprus
     ---------------
                       Military branches: Greek area: Greek Cypriot National
                                          Guard (GCNG; including air and naval
                                          elements), Greek Cypriot Police
                                          Turkish area: Turkish Cypriot
                                          Security Force (GKK)
        Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 200,071 (2002 est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 137,322 (2002 est.)
                                 service:
             Military manpower - reaching males: 6,616 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $370 million (FY00)
                                  figure:
       Military expenditures - percent of 4.2% (FY00)
                                     GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues Cyprus
     ---------------------------
                Disputes - international: reunification talks - the first
                                          since 1974 hostilities divided the
                                          island into two de facto autonomous
                                          areas, a Greek Cypriot area
                                          controlled by the internationally
                                          recognized Cypriot Government (59%
                                          of the island's land area) and a
                                          Turkish-Cypriot area (37% of the
                                          island), that are separated by a UN
                                          buffer zone (4% of the island) -
                                          have recommenced; there are two UK
                                          sovereign base areas mostly within
                                          the Greek-Cypriot portion of the
                                          island
                           Illicit drugs: minor transit point for heroin and
                                          hashish via air routes and container
                                          traffic to Europe, especially from
                                          Lebanon and Turkey; some cocaine
                                          transits as well
    
                                         
  
  

Questions or comments about this site? Contact webmaster@dict.org