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3 definitions found
 for Doctors'' Commons
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Commons \Com"mons\, n. pl.,
     1. The mass of the people, as distinguished from the titled
        classes or nobility; the commonalty; the common people.
        [1913 Webster]
              'T is like the commons, rude unpolished hinds,
              Could send such message to their sovereign. --Shak.
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              The word commons in its present ordinary
              signification comprises all the people who are under
              the rank of peers.                    --Blackstone.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. The House of Commons, or lower house of the British
        Parliament, consisting of representatives elected by the
        qualified voters of counties, boroughs, and universities.
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              It is agreed that the Commons were no part of the
              great council till some ages after the Conquest.
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     3. Provisions; food; fare, -- as that provided at a common
        table in colleges and universities.
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              Their commons, though but coarse, were nothing
              scant.                                --Dryden.
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     4. A club or association for boarding at a common table, as
        in a college, the members sharing the expenses equally;
        as, to board in commons.
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     5. A common; public pasture ground.
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              To shake his ears, and graze in commons. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
     Doctors' Commons, a place near St. Paul's Churchyard in
        London where the doctors of civil law used to common
        together, and where were the ecclesiastical and admiralty
        courts and offices having jurisdiction of marriage
        licenses, divorces, registration of wills, etc.
     To be on short commons, to have a small allowance of food.
        [1913 Webster] Common sense

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  doctor \doc"tor\, n. [OF. doctur, L. doctor, teacher, fr. docere
     to teach. See Docile.]
     1. A teacher; one skilled in a profession, or branch of
        knowledge; a learned man. [Obs.]
        [1913 Webster]
              One of the doctors of Italy, Nicholas Macciavel. --
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     2. An academical title, originally meaning a man so well
        versed in his department as to be qualified to teach it.
        Hence: One who has taken the highest degree conferred by a
        university or college, or has received a diploma of the
        highest degree; as, a doctor of divinity, of law, of
        medicine, of music, or of philosophy. Such diplomas may
        confer an honorary title only.
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     3. One duly licensed to practice medicine; a member of the
        medical profession; a physician.
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              By medicine life may be prolonged, yet death
              Will seize the doctor too.            -- Shak.
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     4. Any mechanical contrivance intended to remedy a difficulty
        or serve some purpose in an exigency; as, the doctor of a
        calico-printing machine, which is a knife to remove
        superfluous coloring matter; the doctor, or auxiliary
        engine, called also donkey engine.
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     5. (Zool.) The friar skate. [Prov. Eng.]
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     Doctors' Commons. See under Commons.
     Doctor's stuff, physic, medicine. --G. Eliot.
     Doctor fish (Zool.), any fish of the genus Acanthurus;
        the surgeon fish; -- so called from a sharp lancetlike
        spine on each side of the tail. Also called barber fish.
        See Surgeon fish.
        [1913 Webster]

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  DOCTORS COMMONS. A building in London used for a college of civilians. Here 
  the judge of the court of arches, the judge of the admiralty, and the judge 
  of the court of Canterbury, with other eminent civilians, reside. Commons 
  signifies, in old English, pittance or allowance; because it is meant in 
  common among societies, as Universities, Inns of Courts, Doctors Commons, 
  &c. The Latin word is, demensum a demetiendo; dividing every one his part 
  Minsheu. It is called Doctors Commons, because the persons residing there 
  live in a collegiate commoning together. 

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