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2 definitions found
 for Equatorial Guinea
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Equatorial Guinea
      n 1: a country of west central Africa (including islands in the
           Gulf of Guinea); became independent from Spain in 1968
           [syn: Equatorial Guinea, Republic of Equatorial Guinea,
           Spanish Guinea]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Equatorial Guinea
  
     Introduction Equatorial Guinea
     ------------------------------
                              Background: Composed of a mainland portion and
                                          five inhabited islands, Equatorial
                                          Guinea, which gained independence in
                                          1968 after 190 years of Spanish
                                          rule, has been ruled by President
                                          OBIANG NGUEM MBASOGO since he seized
                                          power in a coup in 1979. Although
                                          nominally a constitutional democracy
                                          since 1991, the 1996 presidential
                                          and 1999 legislative elections were
                                          widely seen as being flawed.
    
     Geography Equatorial Guinea
     ---------------------------
                                Location: Western Africa, bordering the Bight
                                          of Biafra, between Cameroon and
                                          Gabon
                  Geographic coordinates: 2 00 N, 10 00 E
                          Map references: Africa
                                    Area: total: 28,051 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 28,051 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland
                         Land boundaries: total: 539 km
                                          border countries: Cameroon 189 km,
                                          Gabon 350 km
                               Coastline: 296 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; always hot, humid
                                 Terrain: coastal plains rise to interior
                                          hills; islands are volcanic
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Pico Basile 3,008 m
                       Natural resources: oil, petroleum, timber, small
                                          unexploited deposits of gold,
                                          manganese, uranium
                                Land use: arable land: 4.63%
                                          permanent crops: 3.57%
                                          other: 91.8% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: violent windstorms, flash floods
            Environment - current issues: tap water is not potable;
                                          deforestation
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Climate Change-Kyoto
                                          Protocol, Desertification,
                                          Endangered Species, Law of the Sea,
                                          Ship Pollution
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: insular and continental regions
                                          rather widely separated
    
     People Equatorial Guinea
     ------------------------
                              Population: 498,144 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 42.4% (male 106,061;
                                          female 105,071)
                                          15-64 years: 53.8% (male 128,489;
                                          female 139,732)
                                          65 years and over: 3.8% (male 8,385;
                                          female 10,406) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 2.45% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 37.33 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 12.83 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: NEGL migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 0.95 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 90.96 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 54.35 years
                                          female: 56.5 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 52.26 years
                    Total fertility rate: 4.81 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.51% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 1,100 (1999 est.)
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 120 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Equatorial Guinean(s) or
                                          Equatoguinean(s)
                                          adjective: Equatorial Guinean or
                                          Equatoguinean
                           Ethnic groups: Bioko (primarily Bubi, some
                                          Fernandinos), Rio Muni (primarily
                                          Fang), Europeans less than 1,000,
                                          mostly Spanish
                               Religions: nominally Christian and
                                          predominantly Roman Catholic, pagan
                                          practices
                               Languages: Spanish (official), French
                                          (official), pidgin English, Fang,
                                          Bubi, Ibo
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 78.5%
                                          male: 89.6%
                                          female: 68.1% (1995 est.)
    
     Government Equatorial Guinea
     ----------------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          Equatorial Guinea
                                          conventional short form: Equatorial
                                          Guinea
                                          local short form: Guinea Ecuatorial
                                          local long form: Republica de Guinea
                                          Ecuatorial
                                          former: Spanish Guinea
                         Government type: republic
                                 Capital: Malabo
                Administrative divisions: 7 provinces (provincias, singular -
                                          provincia); Annobon, Bioko Norte,
                                          Bioko Sur, Centro Sur, Kie-Ntem,
                                          Litoral, Wele-Nzas
                            Independence: 12 October 1968 (from Spain)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 12 October (1968)
                            Constitution: approved by national referendum 17
                                          November 1991; amended January 1995
                            Legal system: partly based on Spanish civil law
                                          and tribal custom
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal adult
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Brig. Gen.
                                          (Ret.) Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO
                                          (since 3 August 1979 when he seized
                                          power in a military coup)
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote for a seven-year term;
                                          election last held 25 February 1996
                                          (next to be held NA February 2003);
                                          prime minister and deputy prime
                                          ministers appointed by the president
    
                                          election results: President Teodoro
                                          OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO reelected with
                                          98% of the popular vote in elections
                                          marred by widespread fraud
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          appointed by the president
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Candido Muatetema RIVAS (since 26
                                          February 2001); First Deputy Prime
                                          Minister Miguel OYONO NDONG (since
                                          NA January 1998); Deputy Prime
                                          Minister Demetrio Elo NDONG NZE FUMU
                                          (since NA January 1998)
                      Legislative branch: unicameral House of People's
                                          Representatives or Camara de
                                          Representantes del Pueblo (80 seats;
                                          members directly elected by popular
                                          vote to serve five-year terms)
                                          elections: last held 7 March 1999
                                          (next to be held NA March 2004)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - PDGE 80%, UP 6%, CPDS 5%;
                                          seats by party - PDGE 75, UP 4 and
                                          CPDS 1
                                          note: opposition parties have
                                          refused to take up their seats in
                                          the House to protest widespread
                                          irregularities in the 1999
                                          legislative elections
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Tribunal
           Political parties and leaders: Convergence Party for Social
                                          Democracy or CPDS [Placido MIKO
                                          Abogo]; Democratic Party for
                                          Equatorial Guinea or PDGE (ruling
                                          party) [Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA
                                          MBASOGO]; Party for Progress of
                                          Equatorial Guinea or PPGE [Severo
                                          MOTO]; Popular Action of Equatorial
                                          Guinea or APGE [Miguel Esono EMAN];
                                          Popular Union or UP [Andres Moises
                                          Bda ADA]; Progressive Democratic
                                          Alliance or ADP [Victorino Bolekia
                                          BONAY]; Union of Independent
                                          Democrats of UDI [Daniel OYONO]
            Political pressure groups and NA
                                 leaders:
               International organization ACCT, ACP, AfDB, BDEAC, CEEAC,
                           participation: CEMAC, ECA, FAO, FZ, G-77, IBRD,
                                          ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS,
                                          ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU,
                                          NAM, OAS (observer), OAU, OPCW, UN,
                                          UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO,
                                          WIPO, WToO, WTrO (applicant)
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Teodoro
                                          BIYOGO NSUE
                                          chancery: 2020 16th Street NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20009
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 528-5252
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 518-5700
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador George
                                      US: McDade STAPLES; note - the US does
                                          not have an embassy in Equatorial
                                          Guinea (embassy closed September
                                          1995); the US ambassador to Cameroon
                                          is accredited to Equatorial Guinea;
                                          the US State Department is
                                          considering opening a Consulate
                                          Agency in Malabo
                        Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of
                                          green (top), white, and red with a
                                          blue isosceles triangle based on the
                                          hoist side and the coat of arms
                                          centered in the white band; the coat
                                          of arms has six yellow six-pointed
                                          stars (representing the mainland and
                                          five offshore islands) above a gray
                                          shield bearing a silk-cotton tree
                                          and below which is a scroll with the
                                          motto UNIDAD, PAZ, JUSTICIA (Unity,
                                          Peace, Justice)
    
     Economy Equatorial Guinea
     -------------------------
                      Economy - overview: The discovery and exploitation of
                                          large oil reserves have contributed
                                          to dramatic economic growth in
                                          recent years. Forestry, farming, and
                                          fishing are also major components of
                                          GDP. Subsistence farming
                                          predominates. Although pre-
                                          independence Equatorial Guinea
                                          counted on cocoa production for hard
                                          currency earnings, the neglect of
                                          the rural economy under successive
                                          regimes has diminished potential for
                                          agriculture-led growth (the
                                          government has stated its intention
                                          to reinvest some oil revenue into
                                          agriculture). A number of aid
                                          programs sponsored by the World Bank
                                          and the IMF have been cut off since
                                          1993 because of corruption and
                                          mismanagement. No longer eligible
                                          for concessional financing because
                                          of large oil revenues, the
                                          government has been unsuccessfully
                                          trying to agree on a "shadow" fiscal
                                          management program with the World
                                          Bank and IMF. Businesses, for the
                                          most part, are owned by government
                                          officials and their family members.
                                          Undeveloped natural resources
                                          include titanium, iron ore,
                                          manganese, uranium, and alluvial
                                          gold. Boosts in production and
                                          higher world oil prices stimulated
                                          growth in 2002, with oil accounting
                                          for 90% of increased exports.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $1.04
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 6% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $2,100
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 20%
                                          industry: 60%
                                          services: 20% (1999 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 6% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: NA
                       Unemployment rate: 30% (1998 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $200 million
                                          expenditures: $158 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (2001 est.)
                              Industries: petroleum, fishing, sawmilling,
                                          natural gas
       Industrial production growth rate: 7.4% (1994 est.)
                Electricity - production: 22 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 90.91%
                                          hydro: 9.09%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 20.46 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: coffee, cocoa, rice, yams, cassava
                                          (tapioca), bananas, palm oil nuts;
                                          livestock; timber
                                 Exports: $2.1 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: petroleum, timber, cocoa
                      Exports - partners: China 24%, Japan 7%, US 7%, South
                                          Korea 5% (1999)
                                 Imports: $736 million (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Imports - commodities: petroleum sector equipment,
                                          manufactured goods and equipment
                      Imports - partners: US 60%, France 12%, Spain 8%, Italy
                                          6% (1999)
                         Debt - external: $225 million (2000 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $33.8 million (1995)
                                Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine
                                          franc (XAF); note - responsible
                                          authority is the Bank of the Central
                                          African States
                           Currency code: XAF
                          Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine
                                          francs (XAF) per US dollar - 742.79
                                          (January 2002), 733.04 (2001),
                                          711.98 (2000), 615.70 (1999), 589.95
                                          (1998), 583.67 (1997); note - from 1
                                          January 1999, the XAF is pegged to
                                          the euro at a rate of 655.957 XAF
                                          per euro
                             Fiscal year: 1 January - 31 December
    
     Communications Equatorial Guinea
     --------------------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 4,000 (1996)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: NA
                        Telephone system: general assessment: poor system with
                                          adequate government services
                                          domestic: NA
                                          international: international
                                          communications from Bata and Malabo
                                          to African and European countries;
                                          satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat
                                          (Indian Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 0, FM 3, shortwave 5 (2002)
                                  Radios: 180,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 1 (2002)
                             Televisions: 4,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .gq
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
                          Internet users: 600 (2000)
    
     Transportation Equatorial Guinea
     --------------------------------
                                Railways: total: 0 km
                                Highways: total: 2,880 km
                                          paved: 0 km
                                          unpaved: 2,880 km (1996)
                               Waterways: none
                       Ports and harbors: Bata, Luba, Malabo
                         Merchant marine: total: 6 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 14,413 GRT/16,251 DWT
                                          ships by type: bulk 1, cargo 3,
                                          passenger 1, passenger/cargo 1 (2002
                                          est.)
                                Airports: 3 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 2
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 1
                                          under 914 m: 1 (2001)
    
     Military Equatorial Guinea
     --------------------------
                       Military branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, Rapid
                                          Intervention Force, National Police
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 112,664 (2002 est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 57,194 (2002 est.)
                                 service:
           Military expenditures - dollar $27.5 million (FY01)
                                  figure:
       Military expenditures - percent of 2.5% (FY01)
                                     GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues Equatorial Guinea
     --------------------------------------
                Disputes - international: tripartite maritime boundary and
                                          economic zone dispute with Cameroon
                                          and Nigeria is currently before the
                                          ICJ; maritime boundary dispute with
                                          Gabon because of disputed
                                          sovereignty over islands in Corisco
                                          Bay
    
                                         
  
  

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