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1 definition found
 for French Guiana
From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  French Guiana
  
     Introduction French Guiana
     --------------------------
                              Background: First settled by the French in 1604,
                                          French Guiana was the site of
                                          notorious penal settlements until
                                          1951. The European Space Agency
                                          launches its communication
                                          satellites from Kourou.
    
     Geography French Guiana
     -----------------------
                                Location: Northern South America, bordering
                                          the North Atlantic Ocean, between
                                          Brazil and Suriname
                  Geographic coordinates: 4 00 N, 53 00 W
                          Map references: South America
                                    Area: total: 91,000 sq km
                                          water: 1,850 sq km
                                          land: 89,150 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Indiana
                         Land boundaries: total: 1,183 km
                                          border countries: Brazil 673 km,
                                          Suriname 510 km
                               Coastline: 378 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; hot, humid; little
                                          seasonal temperature variation
                                 Terrain: low-lying coastal plains rising to
                                          hills and small mountains
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Bellevue de l'Inini
                                          851 m
                       Natural resources: bauxite, timber, gold (widely
                                          scattered), cinnabar, kaolin, fish
                                Land use: arable land: 0.11% NEGL
                                          permanent crops: 0.03%
                                          other: 99.85% (90% forest, 10%
                                          other) (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 20 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: high frequency of heavy showers and
                                          severe thunderstorms; flooding
            Environment - current issues: NA
                        Geography - note: mostly an unsettled wilderness; the
                                          only non-independent portion of the
                                          South American continent
    
     People French Guiana
     --------------------
                              Population: 182,333 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 30.2% (male 28,140;
                                          female 26,876)
                                          15-64 years: 64.2% (male 63,183;
                                          female 53,902)
                                          65 years and over: 5.6% (male 5,192;
                                          female 5,040) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 2.57% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 21.66 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 4.78 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: 8.78 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.17 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 1.03 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 1.13 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 13.22 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 76.49 years
                                          female: 79.99 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 73.16 years
                    Total fertility rate: 3.13 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: French Guianese (singular and
                                          plural)
                                          adjective: French Guianese
                           Ethnic groups: black or mulatto 66%, white 12%,
                                          East Indian, Chinese, Amerindian
                                          12%, other 10%
                               Religions: Roman Catholic
                               Languages: French
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 83%
                                          male: 84%
                                          female: 82% (1982 est.)
    
     Government French Guiana
     ------------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Department
                                          of Guiana
                                          conventional short form: French
                                          Guiana
                                          local short form: Guyane
                                          local long form: none
                       Dependency status: overseas department of France
                         Government type: NA
                                 Capital: Cayenne
                Administrative divisions: none (overseas department of France)
                            Independence: none (overseas department of France)
                        National holiday: Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
                            Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French
                                          Constitution)
                            Legal system: French legal system
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Jacques
                                          CHIRAC of France (since 17 May
                                          1995), represented by Prefect Henri
                                          MASSE (since NA July 1999)
                                          elections: French president elected
                                          by popular vote for a five-year
                                          term; prefect appointed by the
                                          French president on the advice of
                                          the French Ministry of Interior;
                                          presidents of the General and
                                          Regional Councils are appointed by
                                          the members of those councils
                                          head of government: President of the
                                          General Council Joseph HO-TEN-YOU
                                          (since NA March 2001); President of
                                          the Regional Council Antoine KARAM
                                          (since 22 March 1992)
                                          cabinet: NA
                      Legislative branch: unicameral General Council or
                                          Conseil General (19 seats; members
                                          are elected by popular vote to serve
                                          six-year terms) and a unicameral
                                          Regional Council or Conseil Regional
                                          (31 seats; members are elected by
                                          popular vote to serve six-year
                                          terms)
                                          elections: General Council - last
                                          held NA March 2000 (next to be held
                                          NA 2006); Regional Council - last
                                          held 15 March 1998 (next to be held
                                          NA 2004)
                                          election results: General Council -
                                          percent of vote by party - NA%;
                                          seats by party - PSG 5, various
                                          left-wing parties 5, independents 7,
                                          other 2; Regional Council - percent
                                          of vote by party - PS 28.28%,
                                          various left parties 22.56%, RPR
                                          15.91%, independents 8.6%, Walwari
                                          Committee 6%; seats by party - PS
                                          11, various left parties 9, RPR 6,
                                          independents 3, Walwari Committee 2
                                          note: one seat was elected to the
                                          French Senate on 27 September 1998
                                          (next to be held NA September 2007);
                                          results - percent of vote by party -
                                          NA%; seats by party - NA; 2 seats
                                          were elected to the French National
                                          Assembly on 9 June-16 June 2002
                                          (next to be held NA 2007); results -
                                          percent of vote by party - NA%;
                                          seats by party - NA
                         Judicial branch: Court of Appeals or Cour d'Appel
                                          (highest local court based in
                                          Martinique with jurisdiction over
                                          Martinique, Guadeloupe, and French
                                          Guiana)
           Political parties and leaders: Guyanese Democratic Action or ADG
                                          [Andre LECANTE]; Guyanese Socialist
                                          Party or PSG [Marie-Claude VERDAN];
                                          Guyana Democratic Forces or FDG
                                          [Georges OTHILY]; Popular National
                                          Guyanese Party or PNPG [Jose DORCY];
                                          Rally for the Republic or RPR
                                          [Roland HO-WEN-SZE]; Socialist Party
                                          or PS [Pierre RIBARDIERE]; Walwari
                                          Committee [Christine TAUBIRA-
                                          DELANON]
            Political pressure groups and NA
                                 leaders:
               International organization FZ, WCL, WFTU
                           participation:
     Diplomatic representation in the US: none (overseas department of France)
       Diplomatic representation from the none (overseas department of France)
                                      US:
                        Flag description: the flag of France is used
    
     Economy French Guiana
     ---------------------
                      Economy - overview: The economy is tied closely to the
                                          French economy through subsidies and
                                          imports. Besides the French space
                                          center at Kourou, fishing and
                                          forestry are the most important
                                          economic activities. Forest and
                                          woodland cover 90% of the country.
                                          The large reserves of tropical
                                          hardwoods, not fully exploited,
                                          support an expanding sawmill
                                          industry that provides sawn logs for
                                          export. Cultivation of crops is
                                          limited to the coastal area, where
                                          the population is largely
                                          concentrated; rice and manioc are
                                          the major crops. French Guiana is
                                          heavily dependent on imports of food
                                          and energy. Unemployment is a
                                          serious problem, particularly among
                                          younger workers.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $1 billion
                                          (1998 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: NA%
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $6,000
                                          (1998 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: NA%
                                          industry: NA%
                                          services: NA%
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.5% (1992)
                             Labor force: 58,800 (1997)
             Labor force - by occupation: services, government, and commerce
                                          60.6%, industry 21.2%, agriculture
                                          18.2% (1980)
                       Unemployment rate: 21.4% (1998)
                                  Budget: revenues: $225 million
                                          expenditures: $390 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $105 million (1996)
                              Industries: construction, shrimp processing,
                                          forestry products, rum, gold mining
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: 450 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 418.5 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: corn, rice, manioc (tapioca), sugar,
                                          cocoa, vegetables, bananas; cattle,
                                          pigs, poultry
                                 Exports: $155 million (f.o.b., 1997)
                   Exports - commodities: shrimp, timber, gold, rum, rosewood
                                          essence, clothing
                      Exports - partners: France 62%, Switzerland 7%, US 2%
                                          (1997)
                                 Imports: $625 million (c.i.f., 1997)
                   Imports - commodities: food (grains, processed meat),
                                          machinery and transport equipment,
                                          fuels and chemicals
                      Imports - partners: France 52%, US 14%, Trinidad and
                                          Tobago 6% (1997)
                         Debt - external: $1.2 billion (1988)
                Economic aid - recipient: $NA
                                Currency: euro (EUR); French franc (FRF)
                           Currency code: EUR; FRF
                          Exchange rates: Euros per US dollar - 1.1324
                                          (January 2002), 1.1175 (2001),
                                          1.0854 (2000), 0.9386 (1999); French
                                          francs per US dollar - 5.8995
                                          (1998), 5.8367 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
    
     Communications French Guiana
     ----------------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 47,000 (1997)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: NA
                        Telephone system: general assessment: NA
                                          domestic: fair open wire and
                                          microwave radio relay system
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic
                                          Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 2, FM 14 (including 6 repeaters),
                                          shortwave 6 (including 5 repeaters)
                                          (1998)
                                  Radios: 104,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 3 (plus eight low-power repeaters)
                                          (1997)
                             Televisions: 30,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .gf
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2 (2000)
                          Internet users: 2,000 (2000)
    
     Transportation French Guiana
     ----------------------------
                                 Railways: 0 km
                                 Highways: total: 1,817 km
                                           paved: 817 km
                                           unpaved: 1,000 km (1998)
                                Waterways: 3,300 km navigable by native craft
                                           note: 460 km navigable by small
                                           oceangoing vessels and coastal and
                                           river steamers
                        Ports and harbors: Cayenne, Degrad des Cannes, Saint-
                                           Laurent du Maroni
                          Merchant marine: none (2002 est.)
                                 Airports: 11 (2001)
            Airports - with paved runways: total: 4
                                           over 3,047 m: 1
                                           914 to 1,523 m: 2
                                           under 914 m: 1 (2001)
          Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 7
                                           914 to 1,523 m: 2
                                           under 914 m: 5 (2001)
    
     Military French Guiana
     ----------------------
                        Military branches: no regular indigenous military
                                           forces; French Forces, Gendarmerie
         Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 50,504 (2002 est.)
      Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 32,720 (2002 est.)
                                  service:
            Military expenditures - dollar $NA
                                   figure:
        Military expenditures - percent of NA%
                                      GDP:
                          Military - note: defense is the responsibility of
                                           France
    
     Transnational Issues French Guiana
     ----------------------------------
                Disputes - international: Suriname claims area between Riviere
                                          Litani and Riviere Marouini (both
                                          headwaters of the Lawa)
                           Illicit drugs: small amount of marijuana grown for
                                          local consumption; minor
                                          transshipment point to Europe
    
                                         
  
  

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