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2 definitions found
 for Gaza Strip
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Gaza Strip
      n 1: a coastal region at the southeastern corner of the
           Mediterranean bordering Israel and Egypt; "he is a
           Palestinian from Gaza" [syn: Gaza Strip, Gaza]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Gaza Strip
  
     Introduction Gaza Strip
     -----------------------
                              Background: The Israel-PLO Declaration of
                                          Principles on Interim Self-
                                          Government Arrangements (the DOP),
                                          signed in Washington on 13 September
                                          1993, provided for a transitional
                                          period not exceeding five years of
                                          Palestinian interim self-government
                                          in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.
                                          Under the DOP, Israel agreed to
                                          transfer certain powers and
                                          responsibilities to the Palestinian
                                          Authority, which includes the
                                          Palestinian Legislative Council
                                          elected in January 1996, as part of
                                          the interim self-governing
                                          arrangements in the West Bank and
                                          Gaza Strip. A transfer of powers and
                                          responsibilities for the Gaza Strip
                                          and Jericho took place pursuant to
                                          the Israel-PLO 4 May 1994 Cairo
                                          Agreement on the Gaza Strip and the
                                          Jericho Area and in additional areas
                                          of the West Bank pursuant to the
                                          Israel-PLO 28 September 1995 Interim
                                          Agreement, the Israel-PLO 15 January
                                          1997 Protocol Concerning
                                          Redeployment in Hebron, the Israel-
                                          PLO 23 October 1998 Wye River
                                          Memorandum, and the 4 September 1999
                                          Sharm el-Sheikh Agreement. The DOP
                                          provides that Israel will retain
                                          responsibility during the
                                          transitional period for external
                                          security and for internal security
                                          and public order of settlements and
                                          Israeli citizens. Direct
                                          negotiations to determine the
                                          permanent status of Gaza and West
                                          Bank had begun in September 1999
                                          after a three-year hiatus, but have
                                          been derailed by a second intifadah
                                          that broke out in September 2000.
                                          The resulting widespread violence in
                                          the West Bank and Gaza Strip,
                                          Israel's military response, and
                                          instability within the Palestinian
                                          Authority continue to undermine
                                          progress toward a permanent
                                          agreement.
    
     Geography Gaza Strip
     --------------------
                                Location: Middle East, bordering the
                                          Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and
                                          Israel
                  Geographic coordinates: 31 25 N, 34 20 E
                          Map references: Middle East
                                    Area: total: 360 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 360 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly more than twice the size of
                                          Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: total: 62 km
                                          border countries: Egypt 11 km,
                                          Israel 51 km
                               Coastline: 40 km
                         Maritime claims: Israeli-occupied with current status
                                          subject to the Israeli-Palestinian
                                          Interim Agreement - permanent status
                                          to be determined through further
                                          negotiation
                                 Climate: temperate, mild winters, dry and
                                          warm to hot summers
                                 Terrain: flat to rolling, sand- and dune-
                                          covered coastal plain
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
                                          highest point: Abu 'Awdah (Joz Abu
                                          'Auda) 105 m
                       Natural resources: arable land, natural gas
                                Land use: arable land: 26.32%
                                          permanent crops: 39.47%
                                          other: 34.21% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 120 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: droughts
            Environment - current issues: desertification; salination of fresh
                                          water; sewage treatment; water-borne
                                          disease; soil degradation; depletion
                                          and contamination of underground
                                          water resources
                        Geography - note: there are 25 Israeli settlements and
                                          civilian land use sites in the Gaza
                                          Strip (August 2001 est.)
    
     People Gaza Strip
     -----------------
                              Population: 1,225,911 (July 2002 est.)
                                          note: in addition, there are fewer
                                          than 7,000 Israeli settlers in the
                                          Gaza Strip (August 2001 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 49.7% (male 312,253;
                                          female 297,008)
                                          15-64 years: 47.5% (male 296,488;
                                          female 286,393)
                                          65 years and over: 2.8% (male
                                          14,407; female 19,362) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 3.95% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 41.85 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 4.12 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: 1.73 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 1.03 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 24.76 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 71.2 years
                                          female: 72.52 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 69.95 years
                    Total fertility rate: 6.29 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: NA
                                          adjective: NA
                           Ethnic groups: Palestinian Arab and other 99.4%,
                                          Jewish 0.6%
                               Religions: Muslim (predominantly Sunni) 98.7%,
                                          Christian 0.7%, Jewish 0.6%
                               Languages: Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by Israeli
                                          settlers and many Palestinians),
                                          English (widely understood)
                                Literacy: definition: NA
                                          total population: NA%
                                          male: NA%
                                          female: NA%
    
     Government Gaza Strip
     ---------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: none
                                          conventional short form: Gaza Strip
                                          local long form: none
                                          local short form: Qita Ghazzah
    
     Economy Gaza Strip
     ------------------
                      Economy - overview: Economic output in the Gaza Strip -
                                          under the responsibility of the
                                          Palestinian Authority since the
                                          Cairo Agreement of May 1994 -
                                          declined by about one-third between
                                          1992 and 1996. The downturn was
                                          largely the result of Israeli
                                          closure policies - the imposition of
                                          generalized border closures in
                                          response to security incidents in
                                          Israel - which disrupted previously
                                          established labor and commodity
                                          market relationships between Israel
                                          and the WBGS (West Bank and Gaza
                                          Strip). The most serious negative
                                          social effect of this downturn was
                                          the emergence of high unemployment;
                                          unemployment in the WBGS during the
                                          1980s was generally under 5%; by
                                          1995 it had risen to over 20%.
                                          Israel's use of comprehensive
                                          closures decreased during the next
                                          few years and, in 1998, Israel
                                          implemented new policies to reduce
                                          the impact of closures and other
                                          security procedures on the movement
                                          of Palestinian goods and labor.
                                          These changes fueled an almost
                                          three-year-long economic recovery in
                                          the West Bank and Gaza Strip; real
                                          GDP grew by 5% in 1998 and 6% in
                                          1999. Recovery was upended in the
                                          last quarter of 2000 with the
                                          outbreak of Palestinian violence,
                                          triggering tight Israeli closures of
                                          Palestinian self-rule areas and a
                                          severe disruption of trade and labor
                                          movements. In 2001, and even more
                                          severely in early 2002, internal
                                          turmoil and Israeli military
                                          measures in Palestinian Authority
                                          areas resulted in the destruction of
                                          capital plant and administrative
                                          structure, widespread business
                                          closures, and a sharp drop in GDP.
                                          Another major loss has been the
                                          decline in income earned by
                                          Palestinian workers in Israel.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $750
                                          million (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: -35% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $625 (2001
                                          est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 9%
                                          industry: 28%
                                          services: 63% (includes West Bank,
                                          1999 est.)
           Population below poverty line: 60% (2001 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1% (includes West Bank) (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: NA
             Labor force - by occupation: services 66%, industry 21%,
                                          agriculture 13% (1996)
                       Unemployment rate: 26% (includes West Bank) (2001 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $930 million
                                          note:
                                          expenditures: $1.2 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $15 million (includes West Bank)
                                          (2000 est.)
                              Industries: generally small family businesses
                                          that produce textiles, soap, olive-
                                          wood carvings, and mother-of-pearl
                                          souvenirs; the Israelis have
                                          established some small-scale modern
                                          industries in an industrial center
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: NA kWh; note - electricity supplied
                                          by Israel
               Electricity - consumption: NA kWh
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (1999)
                   Electricity - imports: NA kWh; note - electricity supplied
                                          by Israel
                  Agriculture - products: olives, citrus, vegetables; beef,
                                          dairy products
                                 Exports: $603 million (includes West Bank)
                                          (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: citrus, flowers
                      Exports - partners: Israel, Egypt, West Bank
                                 Imports: $1.9 billion (includes West Bank)
                                          (c.i.f., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: food, consumer goods, construction
                                          materials
                      Imports - partners: Israel, Egypt, West Bank
                         Debt - external: $108 million (includes West Bank)
                                          (1997 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $800 million disbursed (includes
                                          West Bank) (2001 est.)
                                Currency: new Israeli shekel (ILS)
                           Currency code: ILS
                          Exchange rates: new Israeli shekels per US dollar -
                                          4.2757 (December 2001), 4.2057
                                          (2001), 4.0773 (2000), 4.1397
                                          (1999), 3.8001 (1998), 3.4494 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
    
     Communications Gaza Strip
     -------------------------
           Telephones - main lines in use: 95,729 (total for Gaza Strip and
                                           West Bank) (1997)
             Telephones - mobile cellular: NA
                         Telephone system: general assessment: NA
                                           domestic: rudimentary telephone
                                           services provided by an open wire
                                           system
                                           international: NA
                 Radio broadcast stations: AM 0, FM 0, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                   Radios: NA; note - most Palestinian
                                           households have radios (1999)
            Television broadcast stations: 2 (operated by the Palestinian
                                           Broadcasting Corporation) (1997)
                              Televisions: NA; note - most Palestinian
                                           households have televisions (1997)
        Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 3 (1999)
                           Internet users: 60,000 (includes West Bank) (2001)
    
     Transportation Gaza Strip
     -------------------------
                                Railways: total: NA km; note - one line,
                                          abandoned and in disrepair, little
                                          trackage remains (2001 est.)
                                Highways: total: NA km
                                          paved: NA km
                                          unpaved: NA km
                                          note: small, poorly developed road
                                          network
                               Waterways: none
                       Ports and harbors: Gaza
                                Airports: 2 (2001)
                                          note: includes Gaza International
                                          Airport (GIA), inaugurated on 24
                                          November 1998 as part of agreements
                                          stipulated in the September 1995
                                          Oslo II Accord and the 23 October
                                          1998 Wye River Memorandum; GIA has
                                          been largely closed since October
                                          2000 by Israeli orders and its
                                          runway was destroyed by the Israeli
                                          Defense Forces in December 2001
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 1
                                          over 3,047 m: 1 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 1
                                          under 914 m: 1 (2001)
    
     Military Gaza Strip
     -------------------
                       Military branches: in accordance with the peace
                                          agreement, the Palestinian Authority
                                          is not permitted conventional
                                          military forces; there are, however,
                                          a Public Security Force and a civil
                                          Police Force
           Military expenditures - dollar $NA
                                  figure:
       Military expenditures - percent of NA%
                                     GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues Gaza Strip
     -------------------------------
                Disputes - international: West Bank and Gaza Strip are
                                          Israeli-occupied with current status
                                          subject to the Israeli-Palestinian
                                          Interim Agreement - permanent status
                                          to be determined through further
                                          negotiation
    
                                         
  
  

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