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3 definitions found
 for General average
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  General \Gen"er*al\, a. [F. g['e]n['e]ral, fr. L. generalis. See
     Genus.]
     1. Relating to a genus or kind; pertaining to a whole class
        or order; as, a general law of animal or vegetable
        economy.
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     2. Comprehending many species or individuals; not special or
        particular; including all particulars; as, a general
        inference or conclusion.
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     3. Not restrained or limited to a precise import; not
        specific; vague; indefinite; lax in signification; as, a
        loose and general expression.
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     4. Common to many, or the greatest number; widely spread;
        prevalent; extensive, though not universal; as, a general
        opinion; a general custom.
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              This general applause and cheerful shout
              Argue your wisdom and your love to Richard. --Shak.
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     5. Having a relation to all; common to the whole; as, Adam,
        our general sire. --Milton.
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     6. As a whole; in gross; for the most part.
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              His general behavior vain, ridiculous. --Shak.
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     7. Usual; common, on most occasions; as, his general habit or
        method.
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     Note: The word general, annexed to a name of office, usually
           denotes chief or superior; as, attorney-general;
           adjutant general; commissary general; quartermaster
           general; vicar-general, etc.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     General agent (Law), an agent whom a principal employs to
        transact all his business of a particular kind, or to act
        in his affairs generally.
  
     General assembly. See the Note under Assembly.
  
     General average, General Court. See under Average,
        Court.
  
     General court-martial (Mil.), the highest military and
        naval judicial tribunal.
  
     General dealer (Com.), a shopkeeper who deals in all
        articles in common use.
  
     General demurrer (Law), a demurrer which objects to a
        pleading in general terms, as insufficient, without
        specifying the defects. --Abbott.
  
     General epistle, a canonical epistle.
  
     General guides (Mil.), two sergeants (called the right, and
        the left, general guide) posted opposite the right and
        left flanks of an infantry battalion, to preserve accuracy
        in marching. --Farrow.
  
     General hospitals (Mil.), hospitals established to receive
        sick and wounded sent from the field hospitals. --Farrow.
  
     General issue (Law), an issue made by a general plea, which
        traverses the whole declaration or indictment at once,
        without offering any special matter to evade it.
        --Bouvier. --Burrill.
  
     General lien (Law), a right to detain a chattel, etc.,
        until payment is made of any balance due on a general
        account.
  
     General officer (Mil.), any officer having a rank above
        that of colonel.
  
     General orders (Mil.), orders from headquarters published
        to the whole command.
  
     General practitioner, in the United States, one who
        practices medicine in all its branches without confining
        himself to any specialty; in England, one who practices
        both as physician and as surgeon.
  
     General ship, a ship not chartered or let to particular
        parties.
  
     General term (Logic), a term which is the sign of a general
        conception or notion.
  
     General verdict (Law), the ordinary comprehensive verdict
        in civil actions, "for the plaintiff" or "for the
        defendant". --Burrill.
  
     General warrant (Law), a warrant, now illegal, to apprehend
        suspected persons, without naming individuals.
  
     Syn: Syn. General, Common, Universal.
  
     Usage: Common denotes primarily that in which many share; and
            hence, that which is often met with. General is
            stronger, denoting that which pertains to a majority
            of the individuals which compose a genus, or whole.
            Universal, that which pertains to all without
            exception. To be able to read and write is so common
            an attainment in the United States, that we may
            pronounce it general, though by no means universal.
            [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Gross \Gross\, a. [Compar. Grosser; superl. Grossest.] [F.
     gros, L. grossus, perh. fr. L. crassus thick, dense, fat, E.
     crass, cf. Skr. grathita tied together, wound up, hardened.
     Cf. Engross, Grocer, Grogram.]
     1. Great; large; bulky; fat; of huge size; excessively large.
        "A gross fat man." --Shak.
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              A gross body of horse under the Duke. --Milton.
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     2. Coarse; rough; not fine or delicate.
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     3. Not easily aroused or excited; not sensitive in perception
        or feeling; dull; witless.
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              Tell her of things that no gross ear can hear.
                                                    --Milton.
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     4. Expressing, or originating in, animal or sensual
        appetites; hence, coarse, vulgar, low, obscene, or impure.
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              The terms which are delicate in one age become gross
              in the next.                          --Macaulay.
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     5. Hence: Disgusting; repulsive; highly offensive; as, a
        gross remark.
        [PJC]
  
     6. Thick; dense; not attenuated; as, a gross medium.
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     7. Great; palpable; serious; vagrant; shameful; as, a gross
        mistake; gross injustice; gross negligence.
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     8. Whole; entire; total; without deduction; as, the gross
        sum, or gross amount, the gross weight; -- opposed to
        net.
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     Gross adventure (Law) the loan of money upon bottomry, i.
        e., on a mortgage of a ship.
  
     Gross average (Law), that kind of average which falls upon
        the gross or entire amount of ship, cargo, and freight; --
        commonly called general average. --Bouvier. --Burrill.
  
     Gross receipts, the total of the receipts, before they are
        diminished by any deduction, as for expenses; --
        distinguished from net profits. --Abbott.
  
     Gross weight the total weight of merchandise or goods,
        without deduction for tare, tret, or waste; --
        distinguished from neat weight, or net weight.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Average \Av"er*age\, n. [OF. average, LL. averagium, prob. fr.
     OF. aver, F. avoir, property, horses, cattle, etc.; prop.
     infin., to have, from L. habere to have. Cf. F. av['e]rage
     small cattle, and avarie (perh. of different origin) damage
     to ship or cargo, port dues. The first meaning was perhaps
     the service of carting a feudal lord's wheat, then charge for
     carriage, the contribution towards loss of things carried, in
     proportion to the amount of each person's property. Cf.
     Aver, n., Avercorn, Averpenny.]
     1. (OLd Eng. Law) That service which a tenant owed his lord,
        to be done by the work beasts of the tenant, as the
        carriage of wheat, turf, etc.
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     2. [Cf. F. avarie damage to ship or cargo.] (Com.)
        (a) A tariff or duty on goods, etc. [Obs.]
        (b) Any charge in addition to the regular charge for
            freight of goods shipped.
        (c) A contribution to a loss or charge which has been
            imposed upon one of several for the general benefit;
            damage done by sea perils.
        (d) The equitable and proportionate distribution of loss
            or expense among all interested.
            [1913 Webster]
  
     General average, a contribution made, by all parties
        concerned in a sea adventure, toward a loss occasioned by
        the voluntary sacrifice of the property of some of the
        parties in interest for the benefit of all. It is called
        general average, because it falls upon the gross amount of
        ship, cargo, and freight at risk and saved by the
        sacrifice. --Kent.
  
     Particular average signifies the damage or partial loss
        happening to the ship, or cargo, or freight, in
        consequence of some fortuitous or unavoidable accident;
        and it is borne by the individual owners of the articles
        damaged, or by their insurers.
  
     Petty averages are sundry small charges, which occur
        regularly, and are necessarily defrayed by the master in
        the usual course of a voyage; such as port charges, common
        pilotage, and the like, which formerly were, and in some
        cases still are, borne partly by the ship and partly by
        the cargo. In the clause commonly found in bills of
        lading, "primage and average accustomed," average means a
        kind of composition established by usage for such charges,
        which were formerly assessed by way of average. --Arnould.
        --Abbott. --Phillips.
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     3. A mean proportion, medial sum or quantity, made out of
        unequal sums or quantities; an arithmetical mean. Thus, if
        A loses 5 dollars, B 9, and C 16, the sum is 30, and the
        average 10.
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     4. Any medial estimate or general statement derived from a
        comparison of diverse specific cases; a medium or usual
        size, quantity, quality, rate, etc. "The average of
        sensations." --Paley.
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     5. pl. In the English corn trade, the medial price of the
        several kinds of grain in the principal corn markets.
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     On an average, taking the mean of unequal numbers or
        quantities.
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