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12 definitions found
 for Grain
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Grain \Grain\, v. & n.
     See Groan. [Obs.]
     [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Grain \Grain\ (gr[=a]n), n. [F. grain, L. granum, grain, seed,
     small kernel, small particle. See Corn, and cf. Garner,
     n., Garnet, Gram the chick-pea, Granule, Kernel.]
     [1913 Webster]
     1. A single small hard seed; a kernel, especially of those
        plants, like wheat, whose seeds are used for food.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. The fruit of certain grasses which furnish the chief food
        of man, as corn, wheat, rye, oats, etc., or the plants
        themselves; -- used collectively.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Storehouses crammed with grain.       --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. Any small, hard particle, as of sand, sugar, salt, etc.;
        hence, any minute portion or particle; as, a grain of
        gunpowder, of pollen, of starch, of sense, of wit, etc.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              I . . . with a grain of manhood well resolved.
                                                    --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. The unit of the English system of weights; -- so called
        because considered equal to the average of grains taken
        from the middle of the ears of wheat. 7,000 grains
        constitute the pound avoirdupois, and 5,760 grains the
        pound troy. A grain is equal to .0648 gram. See Gram.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. A reddish dye made from the coccus insect, or kermes;
        hence, a red color of any tint or hue, as crimson,
        scarlet, etc.; sometimes used by the poets as equivalent
        to Tyrian purple.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              All in a robe of darkest grain.       --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Doing as the dyers do, who, having first dipped
              their silks in colors of less value, then give' them
              the last tincture of crimson in grain. --Quoted by
                                                    Coleridge,
                                                    preface to
                                                    Aids to
                                                    Reflection.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. The composite particles of any substance; that arrangement
        of the particles of any body which determines its
        comparative roughness or hardness; texture; as, marble,
        sugar, sandstone, etc., of fine grain.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Hard box, and linden of a softer grain. --Dryden.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     7. The direction, arrangement, or appearance of the fibers in
        wood, or of the strata in stone, slate, etc.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Knots, by the conflux of meeting sap,
              Infect the sound pine and divert his grain
              Tortive and errant from his course of growth.
                                                    --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     8. The fiber which forms the substance of wood or of any
        fibrous material.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     9. The hair side of a piece of leather, or the marking on
        that side. --Knight.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     10. pl. The remains of grain, etc., after brewing or
         distillation; hence, any residuum. Also called draff.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     11. (Bot.) A rounded prominence on the back of a sepal, as in
         the common dock. See Grained, a., 4.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     12. Temper; natural disposition; inclination. [Obs.]
         [1913 Webster]
  
               Brothers . . . not united in grain.  --Hayward.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     13. A sort of spice, the grain of paradise. [Obs.]
         [1913 Webster]
  
               He cheweth grain and licorice,
               To smellen sweet.                    --Chaucer.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     Against the grain, against or across the direction of the
        fibers; hence, against one's wishes or tastes;
        unwillingly; unpleasantly; reluctantly; with difficulty.
        --Swift. --Saintsbury.
  
     A grain of allowance, a slight indulgence or latitude a
        small allowance.
  
     Grain binder, an attachment to a harvester for binding the
        grain into sheaves.
  
     Grain colors, dyes made from the coccus or kermes insect.
        
  
     Grain leather.
         (a) Dressed horse hides.
         (b) Goat, seal, and other skins blacked on the grain side
             for women's shoes, etc.
  
     Grain moth (Zool.), one of several small moths, of the
        family Tineid[ae] (as Tinea granella and Butalis
        cerealella), whose larv[ae] devour grain in storehouses.
        
  
     Grain side (Leather), the side of a skin or hide from which
        the hair has been removed; -- opposed to flesh side.
  
     Grains of paradise, the seeds of a species of amomum.
  
     grain tin, crystalline tin ore metallic tin smelted with
        charcoal.
  
     Grain weevil (Zool.), a small red weevil ({Sitophilus
        granarius), which destroys stored wheat and other grain,
        by eating out the interior.
  
     Grain worm (Zool.), the larva of the grain moth. See grain
        moth, above.
  
     In grain, of a fast color; deeply seated; fixed; innate;
        genuine. "Anguish in grain." --Herbert.
  
     To dye in grain, to dye of a fast color by means of the
        coccus or kermes grain [see Grain, n., 5]; hence, to dye
        firmly; also, to dye in the wool, or in the raw material.
        See under Dye.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The red roses flush up in her cheeks . . .
              Likce crimson dyed in grain.          --Spenser.
  
     To go against the grain of (a person), to be repugnant to;
        to vex, irritate, mortify, or trouble.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Grain \Grain\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Grained (gr[=a]nd); p. pr.
     & vb. n. Graining.]
     1. To paint in imitation of the grain of wood, marble, etc.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. To form (powder, sugar, etc.) into grains.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. To take the hair off (skins); to soften and raise the
        grain of (leather, etc.).
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Grain \Grain\, v. i. [F. grainer, grener. See Grain, n.]
     1. To yield fruit. [Obs.] --Gower.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. To form grains, or to assume a granular form, as the
        result of crystallization; to granulate.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Grain \Grain\ (gr[=a]n), n. [See Groin a part of the body.]
     [1913 Webster]
     1. A branch of a tree; a stalk or stem of a plant. [Obs.]
        --G. Douglas.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. A tine, prong, or fork. Specifically:
        (a) One the branches of a valley or of a river.
        (b) pl. An iron fish spear or harpoon, having four or more
            barbed points.
            [1913 Webster]
  
     3. A blade of a sword, knife, etc.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. (Founding) A thin piece of metal, used in a mold to steady
        a core.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  grain
      n 1: a relatively small granular particle of a substance; "a
           grain of sand"; "a grain of sugar"
      2: foodstuff prepared from the starchy grains of cereal grasses
         [syn: grain, food grain, cereal]
      3: the side of leather from which the hair has been removed
      4: a weight unit used for pearls or diamonds: 50 mg or 1/4 carat
         [syn: grain, metric grain]
      5: 1/60 dram; equals an avoirdupois grain or 64.799 milligrams
      6: 1/7000 pound; equals a troy grain or 64.799 milligrams
      7: dry seed-like fruit produced by the cereal grasses: e.g.
         wheat, barley, Indian corn [syn: grain, caryopsis]
      8: a cereal grass; "wheat is a grain that is grown in Kansas"
      9: the smallest possible unit of anything; "there was a grain of
         truth in what he said"; "he does not have a grain of sense"
      10: the direction, texture, or pattern of fibers found in wood
          or leather or stone or in a woven fabric; "saw the board
          across the grain"
      11: the physical composition of something (especially with
          respect to the size and shape of the small constituents of a
          substance); "breadfruit has the same texture as bread";
          "sand of a fine grain"; "fish with a delicate flavor and
          texture"; "a stone of coarse grain" [syn: texture,
          grain]
      v 1: thoroughly work in; "His hands were grained with dirt"
           [syn: ingrain, grain]
      2: paint (a surface) to make it look like stone or wood
      3: form into grains [syn: granulate, grain]
      4: become granular [syn: granulate, grain]

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  343 Moby Thesaurus words for "grain":
     abrade, ace, acorn, aftergrass, animus, apply paint, aptitude,
     atom, atomize, bamboo, barley, beat, bedaub, bedizen, begild, bent,
     berry, besmear, bias, bird seed, bit, blood, body-build, bran,
     brand, bray, break up, breccia, brecciate, breed, brush on paint,
     calcimine, cane, cast, cat food, cereal, cereal plant, character,
     characteristic, characteristics, chicken feed, chop, clan, coarsen,
     coat, color, come to dust, comminute, complexion, composition,
     constituents, constitution, contriturate, corn, cover, crasis,
     crumb, crumble, crumble into dust, crumble to dust, crush, dab,
     daub, debris, deep-dye, denomination, description, designation,
     detritus, dharma, diathesis, dip, disintegrate, disposition,
     distemper, dog food, dole, dot, double-dye, dram, dribble, driblet,
     drop, droplet, dwarf, dye, eatage, eccentricity, effloresce,
     emblazon, enamel, engild, ensilage, ethos, face, fall to dust,
     fall to pieces, farinaceous plant, farthing, fast-dye, feather,
     feed, feel, fiber, finish, flaxseed, fleck, flour, flyspeck,
     fodder, fog, forage, forage grass, form, fragment, frame, fresco,
     fruit, genius, genre, genus, gild, glaze, gloss, gnat, gobbet,
     graminaceous plant, granular texture, granulate, granule, granulet,
     granulize, grass, grate, gravel, grind, grind to powder, grist,
     grit, groat, habit, hair, handful, hay, hayseed, hint, hue, humor,
     humors, idiosyncrasy, ilk, illuminate, imbue, inclination,
     indentation, individualism, ingrain, iota, japan, jot, kernel,
     kidney, kin, kind, knub, label, lacquer, lawn grass, lay on color,
     leaning, levigate, line, linseed, little, little bit, lot, lota,
     make, makeup, manner, mark, mash, meal, mental set, mettle,
     microbe, microorganism, midge, mill, mind, mind-set, minim,
     minimum, minutia, minutiae, mite, modicum, mold, molecule, morsel,
     mote, nap, nature, nub, number, nut, nutshell, oats,
     ornamental grass, ounce, paint, parget, particle, pasturage,
     pasture, pattern, pebble, persuasion, pestle, pet food, phylum,
     physique, pigment, pile, pinch, pinhead, pinpoint, pip, pit,
     pittance, pock, point, pound, powder, predilection, predisposition,
     preference, prime, proclivity, propensity, property, protuberance,
     provender, pulverize, quality, race, reduce to powder, reed,
     roughen, sand, scintilla, scrap, scratch, scratch feed, scrunch,
     scruple, seed, set, shade, shadow, shag, shape, shard, shellac,
     shingle, shred, silage, slant, slop on paint, slops, smash, smear,
     smidgen, smidgin, smitch, smooth, snip, snippet, somatotype, sort,
     soupcon, species, speck, spirit, spoonful, spot, squash, stain,
     stamp, stipple, stone, strain, straw, streak, stripe, structure,
     style, suchness, suggestion, surface, surface texture, swill,
     system, taste, temper, temperament, tendency, tenor, texture,
     the like of, the likes of, thimbleful, tinct, tincture, tinge,
     tint, tiny bit, tittle, tone, tooth, trace, tribe, trifling amount,
     triturate, trivia, turn, turn of mind, twist, type, undercoat,
     vanishing point, variety, varnish, vein, wale, warp, wash, way,
     weave, wheat, whit, whitewash, woof
  
  

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (18 March 2015) :

  GRAIN
  
     A pictorial query language.
  
     ["Pictorial Information Systems", S.K.  Chang et al eds,
     Springer 1980].
  
     (1995-01-23)
  

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (18 March 2015) :

  granularity
  coarse grain
  fine grain
  grain
  
      The size of the units of code under
     consideration in some context.  The term generally refers to
     the level of detail at which code is considered, e.g. "You can
     specify the granularity for this profiling tool".
  
     The most common computing use is in parallelism or concurrency
     where "fine grain parallelism" means individual tasks are
     relatively small in terms of code size and execution time, "coarse
     grain" is the opposite.  You talk about the "granularity" of the
     parallelism.
  
     The smaller the granularity, the greater the potential for
     parallelism and hence speed-up but the greater the overheads
     of synchronisation and communication.
  
     (1997-05-08)
  

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary :

  Grain
     used, in Amos 9:9, of a small stone or kernel; in Matt. 13:31,
     of an individual seed of mustard; in John 12:24, 1 Cor. 15:37,
     of wheat. The Hebrews sowed only wheat, barley, and spelt; rye
     and oats are not mentioned in Scripture.
     

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  GRAIN, weight. The twenty-fourth part of a pennyweight. 
       2. For scientific purposes the grain only is used, and sets of weights 
  are constructed in decimal progression, from 10,000 grains downward to one 
  hundredth of a grain. 
  
  

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  GRAIN, corn. It signifies wheat, rye, barley, or other corn sown in the 
  ground In Pennsylvania, a tenant for a certain term is entitled to the way-
  going crop. 5 inn. 289, 258; 2 Binn. 487; 2 Serg. & Rawle, 14. 
  
  

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