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2 definitions found
 for Guyana
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Guyana
      n 1: a republic in northeastern South America; formerly part of
           the British Empire, but it achieved independence from the
           United Kingdom in 1966 [syn: Guyana, Co-operative
           Republic of Guyana, British Guiana]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Guyana
  
     Introduction Guyana
     -------------------
                              Background: Guyana achieved independence from
                                          the UK in 1966 and became a republic
                                          in 1970. In 1989 Guyana launched an
                                          Economic Recovery Program, which
                                          marked a dramatic reversal from a
                                          state-controlled, socialist economy
                                          towards a more open, free market
                                          system. Results through the first
                                          decade have proven encouraging.
    
     Geography Guyana
     ----------------
                                Location: Northern South America, bordering
                                          the North Atlantic Ocean, between
                                          Suriname and Venezuela
                  Geographic coordinates: 5 00 N, 59 00 W
                          Map references: South America
                                    Area: total: 214,970 sq km
                                          water: 18,120 sq km
                                          land: 196,850 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Idaho
                         Land boundaries: total: 2,462 km
                                          border countries: Brazil 1,119 km,
                                          Suriname 600 km, Venezuela 743 km
                               Coastline: 459 km
                         Maritime claims: continental shelf: 200 NM or to the
                                          outer edge of the continental margin
    
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; hot, humid, moderated by
                                          northeast trade winds; two rainy
                                          seasons (May to mid-August, mid-
                                          November to mid-January)
                                 Terrain: mostly rolling highlands; low
                                          coastal plain; savanna in south
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Mount Roraima 2,835 m
                       Natural resources: bauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood
                                          timber, shrimp, fish
                                Land use: arable land: 2.44%
                                          permanent crops: 0.08%
                                          other: 97.48% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 1,500 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: flash floods are a constant threat
                                          during rainy seasons
            Environment - current issues: water pollution from sewage and
                                          agricultural and industrial
                                          chemicals; deforestation
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of
                                          the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection,
                                          Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83,
                                          Tropical Timber 94
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: the third-smallest country in South
                                          America after Suriname and Uruguay;
                                          substantial portions of its western
                                          and eastern territories are claimed
                                          by Venezuela and Suriname
                                          respectively
    
     People Guyana
     -------------
                              Population: 698,209
                                          note: estimates for this country
                                          explicitly take into account the
                                          effects of excess mortality due to
                                          AIDS; this can result in lower life
                                          expectancy, higher infant mortality
                                          and death rates, lower population
                                          and growth rates, and changes in the
                                          distribution of population by age
                                          and sex than would otherwise be
                                          expected (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 27.6% (male 98,198;
                                          female 94,397)
                                          15-64 years: 67.4% (male 237,324;
                                          female 233,400)
                                          65 years and over: 5% (male 15,510;
                                          female 19,380) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 0.23% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 17.89 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 9.33 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: -6.28 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 1.01 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 38.37 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 62.59 years
                                          female: 65.34 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 59.96 years
                    Total fertility rate: 2.09 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 3.01% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 15,000 (1999 est.)
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 900 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Guyanese (singular and plural)
    
                                          adjective: Guyanese
                           Ethnic groups: East Indian 50%, black 36%,
                                          Amerindian 7%, white, Chinese, and
                                          mixed 7%
                               Religions: Christian 50%, Hindu 35%, Muslim
                                          10%, other 5%
                               Languages: English, Amerindian dialects,
                                          Creole, Hindi, Urdu
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over has ever
                                          attended school
                                          total population: 98.1%
                                          male: 98.6%
                                          female: 97.5% (1995 est.)
    
     Government Guyana
     -----------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Co-operative
                                          Republic of Guyana
                                          conventional short form: Guyana
                                          former: British Guiana
                         Government type: republic within the Commonwealth
                                 Capital: Georgetown
                Administrative divisions: 10 regions; Barima-Waini, Cuyuni-
                                          Mazaruni, Demerara-Mahaica, East
                                          Berbice-Corentyne, Essequibo
                                          Islands-West Demerara, Mahaica-
                                          Berbice, Pomeroon-Supenaam, Potaro-
                                          Siparuni, Upper Demerara-Berbice,
                                          Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo
                            Independence: 26 May 1966 (from UK)
                        National holiday: Republic Day, 23 February (1970)
                            Constitution: 6 October 1980
                            Legal system: based on English common law with
                                          certain admixtures of Roman-Dutch
                                          law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ
                                          jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Bharrat
                                          JAGDEO (since 11 August 1999); note
                                          - assumed presidency after
                                          resignation of President JAGAN
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Samuel HINDS (since NA December
                                          1997)
                                          cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers
                                          appointed by the president,
                                          responsible to the legislature
                                          elections: president elected by the
                                          majority party in the National
                                          Assembly following legislative
                                          elections, which must be held at
                                          least every five years; elections
                                          last held 19 March 2001 (next to be
                                          held by March 2006); prime minister
                                          appointed by the president
                                          election results: President Bharrat
                                          JAGDEO reelected; percent of
                                          legislative vote - NA%
                      Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly (68
                                          seats, 65 elected by popular vote, 1
                                          elected Speaker of the National
                                          Assembly, and 2 nonvoting members
                                          appointed by the president; members
                                          serve five-year terms)
                                          elections: last held 19 March 2001
                                          (next to be held NA March 2006)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - PPP/
                                          C 34, PNC 27, GAP and WPA 2, ROAR 1,
                                          TUF 1
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Judicature;
                                          Judicial Court of Appeal; High Court
           Political parties and leaders: Alliance for Guyana or AFG (includes
                                          Guyana Labor Party or GLP and
                                          Working People's Alliance or WPA)
                                          [Rupert ROOPNARAINE]; Guyana Action
                                          Party or GAP [Paul HARDY]; Guyana
                                          Labor Party or GLP [leader NA];
                                          People's National Congress or PNC
                                          [Hugh Desmond HOYTE]; People's
                                          Progressive Party/Civic or PPP/C
                                          [Bharrat JAGDEO]; Rise, Organize,
                                          and Rebuild or ROAR [Ravi DEV]; The
                                          United Force or TUF [Manzoor NADIR];
                                          Working People's Alliance or WPA
                                          [Rupert ROOPNARAINE]
            Political pressure groups and Civil Liberties Action Committee or
                                 leaders: CLAC; Guyana Council of Indian
                                          Organizations or GCIO; Trades Union
                                          Congress or TUC
                                          note: the GCIO and the CLAC are
                                          small and active but not well
                                          organized
               International organization ACP, C, Caricom, CCC, CDB, ECLAC,
                           participation: FAO, G-77, IADB, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU,
                                          ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO,
                                          IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO
                                          (subscriber), ITU, LAES, NAM, OAS,
                                          OIC, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN,
                                          UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL,
                                          WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Dr. Ali
                                          Odeen ISHMAEL
                                          chancery: 2490 Tracy Place NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20008
                                          consulate(s) general: New York
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 232-1297
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 265-6900
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Ronald
                                      US: D. GODARD
                                          embassy: 100 Young and Duke Streets,
                                          Kingston, Georgetown
                                          mailing address: P. O. Box 10507,
                                          Georgetown
                                          telephone: [592] 225-4900 through
                                          4909 and [592] 225-7961 through 7963
    
                                          FAX: [592] 225-7316
                        Flag description: green, with a red isosceles triangle
                                          (based on the hoist side)
                                          superimposed on a long, yellow
                                          arrowhead; there is a narrow, black
                                          border between the red and yellow,
                                          and a narrow, white border between
                                          the yellow and the green
    
     Economy Guyana
     --------------
                      Economy - overview: The Guyanese economy has exhibited
                                          moderate economic growth since 1999,
                                          based on an expansion in the
                                          agricultural and mining sectors, a
                                          more favorable atmosphere for
                                          business initiatives, a more
                                          realistic exchange rate, fairly low
                                          inflation, and the continued support
                                          of international organizations.
                                          Chronic problems include a shortage
                                          of skilled labor and a deficient
                                          infrastructure. The government is
                                          juggling a sizable external debt
                                          against the urgent need for expanded
                                          public investment. Low prices for
                                          key mining and agricultural
                                          commodities combined with troubles
                                          in the bauxite and sugar industries
                                          threaten the government's already
                                          tenuous fiscal position and dim
                                          prospects for 2002.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $2.5
                                          billion (2000 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 2.8% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $3,600
                                          (2000 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 36.1%
                                          industry: 31.8%
                                          services: 32.1% (2000)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 6% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 418,000 (2001 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture NA%, industry NA%,
                                          services NA%
                       Unemployment rate: 9.1% (2000) (understated)
                                  Budget: revenues: $227 million
                                          expenditures: $235.2 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $93.4 million (2000)
                              Industries: bauxite, sugar, rice milling,
                                          timber, textiles, gold mining
       Industrial production growth rate: 7.1% (1997 est.)
                Electricity - production: 505 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 99.01%
                                          hydro: 0.99%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 469.65 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: sugar, rice, wheat, vegetable oils;
                                          beef, pork, poultry, dairy products;
                                          fish (shrimp)
                                 Exports: $505 million (f.o.b., 2000)
                   Exports - commodities: sugar, gold, bauxite/alumina, rice,
                                          shrimp, molasses, rum, timber
                      Exports - partners: Canada 22%, US 22%, UK 18%,
                                          Netherlands Antilles 11% (1999)
                                 Imports: $585 million (c.i.f., 2000)
                   Imports - commodities: manufactures, machinery, petroleum,
                                          food
                      Imports - partners: US 29%, Trinidad and Tobago 18%,
                                          Netherlands Antilles 16%, UK 7%
                                          (1999)
                         Debt - external: $1.1 billion (2000)
                Economic aid - recipient: $84 million (1995), Heavily Indebted
                                          Poor Country Initiative (HIPC) $253
                                          million (1997)
                                Currency: Guyanese dollar (GYD)
                           Currency code: GYD
                          Exchange rates: Guyanese dollars per US dollar -
                                          189.5 (December 2001), 187.3 (2001),
                                          182.4 (2000), 178.0 (1999), 150.5
                                          (1998), 142.4 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
    
     Communications Guyana
     ---------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 70,000 (2000)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 6,100 (2000)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: fair system for
                                          long-distance calling
                                          domestic: microwave radio relay
                                          network for trunk lines
                                          international: tropospheric scatter
                                          to Trinidad; satellite earth station
                                          - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 3, FM 3, shortwave 1 (1998)
                                  Radios: 420,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 3 (one public station; two private
                                          stations which relay US satellite
                                          services) (1997)
                             Televisions: 46,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .gy
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 3 (2000)
                          Internet users: 3,000 (2000)
    
     Transportation Guyana
     ---------------------
                                Railways: total: 187 km
                                          standard gauge: 139 km 1.435-m gauge
    
                                          note: all dedicated to ore transport
                                          (2001 est.)
                                          narrow gauge: 48 km 0.914-m gauge
                                Highways: total: 7,970 km
                                          paved: 590 km
                                          unpaved: 7,380 km (1996)
                               Waterways: 5,900 km (total length of navigable
                                          waterways)
                                          note: Berbice, Demerara, and
                                          Essequibo rivers are navigable by
                                          oceangoing vessels for 150 km, 100
                                          km, and 80 km, respectively
                       Ports and harbors: Bartica, Georgetown, Linden, New
                                          Amsterdam, Parika
                         Merchant marine: total: 2 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 2,929 GRT/4,507 DWT
                                          ships by type: cargo 2 (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 51 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 6
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 1
                                          under 914 m: 3 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 45
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 8
                                          under 914 m: 36 (2001)
    
     Military Guyana
     ---------------
                       Military branches: Guyana Defense Force (including
                                          Ground Forces, Coast Guard, and Air
                                          Corps), Guyana Police Force, Guyana
                                          People's Militia, Guyana National
                                          Service
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 206,199 (2002 est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 155,058 (2002 est.)
                                 service:
           Military expenditures - dollar $NA
                                  figure:
       Military expenditures - percent of NA%
                                     GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues Guyana
     ---------------------------
                Disputes - international: all of the area west of the
                                          Essequibo (river) claimed by
                                          Venezuela; Suriname claims area
                                          between New (Upper Courantyne) and
                                          Courantyne/Kutari [Koetari] rivers
                                          (all headwaters of the Courantyne);
                                          territorial sea boundary with
                                          Suriname is in dispute
                           Illicit drugs: transshipment point for narcotics
                                          from South America - primarily
                                          Venezuela - to Europe and the US;
                                          producer of cannabis
    
                                         
  
  

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