dict.org

The DICT Development Group


Search for:
Search type:
Database:

Database copyright information
Server information
Wiki: Resources, links, and other information


3 definitions found
 for Haiti
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Haiti \Haiti\ n.
     1. a country on the island of Hispaniola.
        [WordNet 1.5]
  
     2. an island in the West Indies.
  
     Syn: Hispaniola, Hayti.
          [WordNet 1.5]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Haiti
      n 1: a republic in the West Indies on the western part of the
           island of Hispaniola; achieved independence from France in
           1804; the poorest and most illiterate nation in the western
           hemisphere [syn: Haiti, Republic of Haiti]
      2: an island in the West Indies [syn: Hispaniola, Haiti,
         Hayti]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Haiti
  
     Introduction Haiti
     ------------------
                              Background: One of the poorest countries in the
                                          Western Hemisphere, Haiti has been
                                          plagued by political violence for
                                          most of its history. Over three
                                          decades of dictatorship followed by
                                          military rule ended in 1990 when
                                          Jean-Bertrand ARISTIDE was elected
                                          president. Most of his term was
                                          usurped by a military takeover, but
                                          he was able to return to office in
                                          1994 and oversee the installation of
                                          a close associate to the presidency
                                          in 1996. ARISTIDE won a second term
                                          as president in 2000, and took
                                          office early in 2001. However, a
                                          political crisis stemming from
                                          fraudulent legislative elections in
                                          2000 has not yet been resolved.
    
     Geography Haiti
     ---------------
                                Location: Caribbean, western one-third of the
                                          island of Hispaniola, between the
                                          Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic
                                          Ocean, west of the Dominican
                                          Republic
                  Geographic coordinates: 19 00 N, 72 25 W
                          Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
                                    Area: total: 27,750 sq km
                                          land: 27,560 sq km
                                          water: 190 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland
                         Land boundaries: total: 360 km
                                          border countries: Dominican Republic
                                          360 km
                               Coastline: 1,771 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          continental shelf: to depth of
                                          exploitation
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; semiarid where mountains
                                          in east cut off trade winds
                                 Terrain: mostly rough and mountainous
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
                                          highest point: Chaine de la Selle
                                          2,680 m
                       Natural resources: bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate,
                                          gold, marble, hydropower
                                Land use: arable land: 20.32%
                                          permanent crops: 12.7%
                                          other: 66.98% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 750 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: lies in the middle of the hurricane
                                          belt and subject to severe storms
                                          from June to October; occasional
                                          flooding and earthquakes; periodic
                                          droughts
            Environment - current issues: extensive deforestation (much of the
                                          remaining forested land is being
                                          cleared for agriculture and used as
                                          fuel); soil erosion; inadequate
                                          supplies of potable water
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Law of the
                                          Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life
                                          Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection
    
                                          signed, but not ratified: Hazardous
                                          Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban
                        Geography - note: shares island of Hispaniola with
                                          Dominican Republic (western one-
                                          third is Haiti, eastern two-thirds
                                          is the Dominican Republic)
    
     People Haiti
     ------------
                              Population: 7,063,722
                                          note: estimates for this country
                                          explicitly take into account the
                                          effects of excess mortality due to
                                          AIDS; this can result in lower life
                                          expectancy, higher infant mortality
                                          and death rates, lower population
                                          and growth rates, and changes in the
                                          distribution of population by age
                                          and sex than would otherwise be
                                          expected (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 39.5% (male 1,414,052;
                                          female 1,377,693)
                                          15-64 years: 56.3% (male 1,924,867;
                                          female 2,049,952)
                                          65 years and over: 4.2% (male
                                          142,657; female 154,501) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.42% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 31.42 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 14.88 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: -2.31 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.92 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 0.97 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 93.35 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 49.55 years
                                          female: 51.29 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 47.88 years
                    Total fertility rate: 4.3 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 5.17% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 210,000 (1999 est.)
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 23,000 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Haitian(s)
                                          adjective: Haitian
                           Ethnic groups: black 95%, mulatto and white 5%
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 80%, Protestant 16%
                                          (Baptist 10%, Pentecostal 4%,
                                          Adventist 1%, other 1%), none 1%,
                                          other 3% (1982)
                                          note: roughly half of the population
                                          also practices Voodoo
                               Languages: French (official), Creole (official)
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 45%
                                          male: 48%
                                          female: 42.2% (1995 est.)
    
     Government Haiti
     ----------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          Haiti
                                          conventional short form: Haiti
                                          local short form: Haiti
                                          local long form: Republique d'Haiti
                         Government type: elected government
                                 Capital: Port-au-Prince
                Administrative divisions: 9 departments (departements,
                                          singular - departement); Artibonite,
                                          Centre, Grand 'Anse, Nord, Nord-Est,
                                          Nord-Ouest, Ouest, Sud, Sud-Est
                            Independence: 1 January 1804 (from France)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 1 January (1804)
                            Constitution: approved March 1987; suspended June
                                          1988, with most articles reinstated
                                          March 1989; in October 1991,
                                          government claimed to be observing
                                          the constitution; return to
                                          constitutional rule, October 1994
                            Legal system: based on Roman civil law system;
                                          accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Jean-
                                          Bertrand ARISTIDE (since 7 February
                                          2001)
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Yvon NEPTUNE (since 4 March 2002);
                                          note - former Prime Minister
                                          CHERESTAL resigned in January 2002
                                          cabinet: Cabinet chosen by the prime
                                          minister in consultation with the
                                          president
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote for a five-year term;
                                          election last held 26 November 2000
                                          (next to be held NA 2005); prime
                                          minister appointed by the president,
                                          ratified by the National Assembly
                                          election results: Jean-Bertrand
                                          ARISTIDE elected president; percent
                                          of vote - Jean-Bertrand ARISTIDE 92%
                      Legislative branch: bicameral National Assembly or
                                          Assemblee Nationale consists of the
                                          Senate (27 seats; members elected by
                                          popular vote to serve six-year
                                          terms; one-third elected every two
                                          years) and the Chamber of Deputies
                                          (83 seats; members are elected by
                                          popular vote to serve four-year
                                          terms)
                                          elections: Senate - last held for
                                          two-thirds of seats 21 May 2000,
                                          with runoffs on 9 July boycotted by
                                          the opposition; seven seats still
                                          disputed; election for remaining
                                          one-third held on 26 November 2000
                                          (next to be held NA 2002); Chamber
                                          of Deputies - last held 21 May 2000,
                                          with runoffs on 30 July boycotted by
                                          the opposition; one vacant seat
                                          rerun 26 November 2000 (next to be
                                          held NA 2004)
                                          election results: Senate - percent
                                          of vote by party - NA%; seats by
                                          party - FL 26, independent 1;
                                          Chamber of Deputies - percent of
                                          vote by party - NA%; seats by party
                                          - FL 73, MOCHRENA 3, PLB 2, OPL 1,
                                          vacant 1, other minor parties and
                                          independents 3
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Cour de Cassation
           Political parties and leaders: Alliance for the Liberation and
                                          Advancement of Haiti or ALAH
                                          [Reynold GEORGES]; Assembly of
                                          Progressive National Democrats or
                                          RDNP [Leslie MANIGAT]; Convergence
                                          (opposition coalition composed of
                                          ESPACE, OPL, and MOCHRENA) [Gerard
                                          PIERRE-CHARLES, Evans PAUL, Luc
                                          MESADIEU, Victor BENOIT]; Democratic
                                          Consultation Group coalition or
                                          ESPACE [Evans PAUL, Victor Benoit]
                                          composed of the following parties:
                                          National Congress of Democratic
                                          Movements or KONAKOM, National
                                          Progressive Revolutionary Party or
                                          PANPRA, Generation 2004, and Haiti
                                          Can; Haitian Christian Democratic
                                          Party or PDCH [Marie-France CLAUDE];
                                          Haitian Democratic Party or PADEM
                                          [Clark PARENT]; Lavalas Family or FL
                                          [Jean-Bertrand ARISTIDE];
                                          Mobilization for National
                                          Development or MDN [Hubert DE
                                          RONCERAY]; Movement for National
                                          Reconstruction or MRN [Rene
                                          THEODORE]; Movement for the
                                          Installation of Democracy in Haiti
                                          or MIDH [Marc BAZIN]; Movement for
                                          the Organization of the Country or
                                          MOP [Gesner COMEAU and Jean
                                          MOLIERE]; National Cooperative
                                          Action Movement or MKN [Volrick Remy
                                          JOSEPH]; National Front for Change
                                          and Democracy or FNCD [Evans PAUL
                                          and Turneb DELPE]; New Christian
                                          Movement for a New Haiti or MOCHRENA
                                          [Luc MESADIEU]; Open the Gate or PLB
                                          [Renaud BERNARDIN]; Struggling
                                          People's Organization or OPL [Gerard
                                          PIERRE-CHARLES]
            Political pressure groups and Autonomous Haitian Workers or CATH;
                                 leaders: Confederation of Haitian Workers or
                                          CTH; Federation of Workers Trade
                                          Unions or FOS; National Popular
                                          Assembly or APN; Papaye Peasants
                                          Movement or MPP; Popular
                                          Organizations Gathering Power or
                                          PROP; Roman Catholic Church
               International organization ACCT, ACP, Caricom, CCC, ECLAC, FAO,
                           participation: G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM,
                                          IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF,
                                          IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITU, LAES,
                                          OAS, OPANAL, OPCW (signatory), PCA,
                                          UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL,
                                          WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador
                                          (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Louis
                                          Harold JOSEPH
                                          consulate(s) general: Boston,
                                          Chicago, Miami, New York, and San
                                          Juan (Puerto Rico)
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 745-7215
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 332-4090
                                          chancery: 2311 Massachusetts Avenue
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20008
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Brian
                                      US: Dean CURRAN
                                          embassy: 5 Harry S Truman Boulevard,
                                          Port-au-Prince
                                          mailing address: P. O. Box 1761,
                                          Port-au-Prince
                                          telephone: [509] 222-0354, 222-0269,
                                          222-0200, 223-0327
                                          FAX: [509] 23-1641
                        Flag description: two equal horizontal bands of blue
                                          (top) and red with a centered white
                                          rectangle bearing the coat of arms,
                                          which contains a palm tree flanked
                                          by flags and two cannons above a
                                          scroll bearing the motto L'UNION
                                          FAIT LA FORCE (Union Makes Strength)
    
     Economy Haiti
     -------------
                      Economy - overview: About 80% of the population lives in
                                          abject poverty. Nearly 70% of all
                                          Haitians depend on the agriculture
                                          sector, which consists mainly of
                                          small-scale subsistence farming and
                                          employs about two-thirds of the
                                          economically active work force. The
                                          country has experienced little job
                                          creation since the former President
                                          PREVAL took office in February 1996,
                                          although the informal economy is
                                          growing. Following legislative
                                          elections in May 2000, fraught with
                                          irregularities, international donors
                                          - including the US and EU -
                                          suspended almost all aid to Haiti.
                                          The economy shrank an estimated 1.2%
                                          in 2001, and the contraction will
                                          likely intensify in 2002 unless a
                                          political agreement with donors is
                                          reached and aid restored.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $12
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: -1.2% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $1,700
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 30%
                                          industry: 20%
                                          services: 50% (2001 est.)
           Population below poverty line: 80% (1998 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 14% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 3.6 million (1995)
                                          note: shortage of skilled labor,
                                          unskilled labor abundant (2001)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 66%, services 25%,
                                          industry 9%
                       Unemployment rate: widespread unemployment and
                                          underemployment; more than two-
                                          thirds of the labor force do not
                                          have formal jobs (2001)
                                  Budget: revenues: $273 million
                                          expenditures: $361 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (FY00/01 est.)
                              Industries: sugar refining, flour milling,
                                          textiles, cement, light assembly
                                          industries based on imported parts
       Industrial production growth rate: 0.6% (1997 est.)
                Electricity - production: 522 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 68.97%
                                          hydro: 31.03%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 485.46 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: coffee, mangoes, sugarcane, rice,
                                          corn, sorghum; wood
                                 Exports: $326.6 million (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Exports - commodities: manufactures, coffee, oils, cocoa
                      Exports - partners: US 90%, EU 6% (2000)
                                 Imports: $977.5 million (c.i.f., 2001)
                   Imports - commodities: food, manufactured goods, machinery
                                          and transport equipment, fuels, raw
                                          materials
                      Imports - partners: US 60%, EU 10.5%, Dominican Republic
                                          3.7% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $1.2 billion (1999)
                Economic aid - recipient: $730.6 million (1995)
                                Currency: gourde (HTG)
                           Currency code: HTG
                          Exchange rates: gourdes per US dollar - 26.674
                                          (January 2002), 26.339 (2001),
                                          22.524 (2000), 17.965 (1999), 16.505
                                          (1998), 17.311 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September
    
     Communications Haiti
     --------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 60,000 (1997)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 0 (1995)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: domestic
                                          facilities barely adequate;
                                          international facilities slightly
                                          better
                                          domestic: coaxial cable and
                                          microwave radio relay trunk service
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic
                                          Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 41, FM 26, shortwave 0 (1999)
                                  Radios: 415,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 2 (plus a cable TV service) (1997)
                             Televisions: 38,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .ht
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 3 (2000)
                          Internet users: 6,000 (2000)
    
     Transportation Haiti
     --------------------
                                Railways: total: 40 km
                                          narrow gauge: 40 km 0.760-m gauge;
                                          single-track
                                          note: privately owned industrial
                                          line; closed in early 1990s (2001
                                          est.)
                                Highways: total: 4,160 km
                                          paved: 1,011 km
                                          unpaved: 3,149 km (1996)
                               Waterways: NEGL; less than 100 km navigable
                       Ports and harbors: Cap-Haitien, Gonaives, Jacmel,
                                          Jeremie, Les Cayes, Miragoane, Port-
                                          au-Prince, Port-de-Paix, Saint-Marc
                         Merchant marine: none (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 12 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 2
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 10
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 4
                                          under 914 m: 6 (2001)
    
     Military Haiti
     --------------
                       Military branches: Haitian National Police (HNP)
                                          note: the regular Haitian Army,
                                          Navy, and Air Force have been
                                          demobilized but still exist on paper
                                          until or unless they are
                                          constitutionally abolished
        Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 1,691,585 (2002
                                          est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 919,275 (2002 est.)
                                 service:
             Military manpower - reaching males: 87,049 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $50 million (FY00)
                                  figure:
       Military expenditures - percent of 1.3% (FY00)
                                     GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues Haiti
     --------------------------
                Disputes - international: claims US-administered Navassa
                                          Island
                           Illicit drugs: major Caribbean transshipment point
                                          for cocaine en route to the US and
                                          Europe; vulnerable to money
                                          laundering and pervasive corruption
    
                                         
  
  

Questions or comments about this site? Contact webmaster@dict.org