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1 definition found
 for Heard Island and McDonald Islands
From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Heard Island and McDonald Islands
  
     Introduction Heard Island and McDonald Islands
     ----------------------------------------------
                               Background: These uninhabited, barren, sub-
                                           Antarctic islands were transferred
                                           from the UK to Australia in 1947.
                                           Populated by large numbers of seal
                                           and bird species, the islands have
                                           been designated a nature preserve.
    
     Geography Heard Island and McDonald Islands
     -------------------------------------------
                                Location: Southern Africa, islands in the
                                          Indian Ocean, about two-thirds of
                                          the way from Madagascar to
                                          Antarctica
                  Geographic coordinates: 53 06 S, 72 31 E
                          Map references: Antarctic Region
                                    Area: total: 412 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 412 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly more than two times the
                                          size of Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 101.9 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: antarctic
                                 Terrain: Heard Island - 80% ice-covered,
                                          bleak and mountainous, dominated by
                                          a large massif (Big Ben) and an
                                          active volcano (Mawson Peak);
                                          McDonald Islands - small and rocky
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Southern Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Big Ben 2,745 m
                       Natural resources: fish
                                Land use: arable land: 0%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 100% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: Mawson Peak, an active volcano, is
                                          on Heard Island
            Environment - current issues: NA
    
     People Heard Island and McDonald Islands
     ----------------------------------------
                                      Population: uninhabited (July 2002 est.)
                          Population growth rate: NA
    
     Government Heard Island and McDonald Islands
     --------------------------------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Territory of
                                          Heard Island and McDonald Islands
                                          conventional short form: Heard
                                          Island and McDonald Islands
                       Dependency status: territory of Australia; administered
                                          from Canberra by the Australian
                                          Antarctic Division of the Department
                                          of the Environment and Heritage
                            Legal system: the laws of Australia, where
                                          applicable, apply
     Diplomatic representation in the US: none (territory of Australia)
       Diplomatic representation from the none (territory of Australia)
                                      US:
                        Flag description: the flag of Australia is used
    
     Economy Heard Island and McDonald Islands
     -----------------------------------------
                      Economy - overview: No indigenous economic activity, but
                                          the Australian Government allows
                                          limited fishing around the islands.
    
     Communications Heard Island and McDonald Islands
     ------------------------------------------------
                                                    Internet country code: .hm
    
     Transportation Heard Island and McDonald Islands
     ------------------------------------------------
                                      Waterways: none
                              Ports and harbors: none; offshore anchorage only
    
     Military Heard Island and McDonald Islands
     ------------------------------------------
                            Military - note: defense is the responsibility of
                                             Australia; Australia conducts
                                             fisheries patrols
    
     Transnational Issues Heard Island and McDonald Islands
     ------------------------------------------------------
                                                Disputes - international: none
    
                                         
  
  

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