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2 definitions found
 for Hong Kong
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Hong Kong
      n 1: formerly a Crown Colony on the coast of southern China in
           Guangdong province; leased by China to Britain in 1842 and
           returned in 1997; one of the world's leading commercial
           centers

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Hong Kong
  
     Introduction Hong Kong
     ----------------------
                              Background: Occupied by the UK in 1841, Hong
                                          Kong was formally ceded by China the
                                          following year; various adjacent
                                          lands were added later in the 19th
                                          century. Pursuant to an agreement
                                          signed by China and the UK on 19
                                          December 1984, Hong Kong became the
                                          Hong Kong Special Administrative
                                          Region (SAR) of China on 1 July
                                          1997. In this agreement, China has
                                          promised that, under its "one
                                          country, two systems" formula,
                                          China's socialist economic system
                                          will not be imposed on Hong Kong and
                                          that Hong Kong will enjoy a high
                                          degree of autonomy in all matters
                                          except foreign and defense affairs
                                          for the next 50 years.
    
     Geography Hong Kong
     -------------------
                                Location: Eastern Asia, bordering the South
                                          China Sea and China
                  Geographic coordinates: 22 15 N, 114 10 E
                          Map references: Southeast Asia
                                    Area: total: 1,092 sq km
                                          water: 50 sq km
                                          land: 1,042 sq km
                      Area - comparative: six times the size of Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: total: 30 km
                                          border countries: China 30 km
                               Coastline: 733 km
                         Maritime claims: territorial sea: 3 NM
                                 Climate: tropical monsoon; cool and humid in
                                          winter, hot and rainy from spring
                                          through summer, warm and sunny in
                                          fall
                                 Terrain: hilly to mountainous with steep
                                          slopes; lowlands in north
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
                                          highest point: Tai Mo Shan 958 m
                       Natural resources: outstanding deepwater harbor,
                                          feldspar
                                Land use: arable land: 5.05%
                                          other: 93.94% (1998 est.)
                                          permanent crops: 1.01%
                          Irrigated land: 20 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: occasional typhoons
            Environment - current issues: air and water pollution from rapid
                                          urbanization
              Environment - international party to: Marine Dumping (associate
                              agreements: member), Ship Pollution (associate
                                          member)
                        Geography - note: more than 200 islands
    
     People Hong Kong
     ----------------
                              Population: 7,303,334 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 17.5% (male 679,311;
                                          female 599,811)
                                          15-64 years: 71.6% (male 2,587,509;
                                          female 2,641,418)
                                          65 years and over: 10.9% (male
                                          364,864; female 430,421) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.26% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 10.92 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 6.11 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: 7.76 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 0.99 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 5.73 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 79.8 years
                                          female: 82.69 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 77.1 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.3 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.06% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 2,500 (1999 est.)
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: less than 100 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Chinese
                                          adjective: Chinese
                           Ethnic groups: Chinese 95%, other 5%
                               Religions: eclectic mixture of local religions
                                          90%, Christian 10%
                               Languages: Chinese (Cantonese), English; both
                                          are official
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over has ever
                                          attended school
                                          total population: 92.2%
                                          male: 96%
                                          female: 88.2% (1996 est.)
    
     Government Hong Kong
     --------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Hong Kong
                                          Special Administrative Region
                                          conventional short form: Hong Kong
                                          local short form: Xianggang
                                          local long form: Xianggang Tebie
                                          Xingzhengqu
                                          abbreviation: HK
                       Dependency status: special administrative region of
                                          China
                         Government type: NA
                Administrative divisions: none (special administrative region
                                          of China)
                            Independence: none (special administrative region
                                          of China)
                        National holiday: National Day (Anniversary of the
                                          Founding of the People's Republic of
                                          China), 1 October (1949); note - 1
                                          July 1997 is celebrated as Hong Kong
                                          Special Administrative Region
                                          Establishment Day
                            Constitution: Basic Law approved in March 1990 by
                                          China's National People's Congress
                                          is Hong Kong's "mini-constitution"
                            Legal system: based on English common law
                                Suffrage: direct election 18 years of age;
                                          universal for permanent residents
                                          living in the territory of Hong Kong
                                          for the past seven years; indirect
                                          election limited to about 100,000
                                          members of functional constituencies
                                          and an 800-member election committee
                                          drawn from broad regional groupings,
                                          municipal organizations, and central
                                          government bodies
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President of China
                                          JIANG Zemin (since 27 March 1993)
                                          head of government: Chief Executive
                                          TUNG Chee-hwa (since 1 July 1997)
                                          cabinet: Executive Council consists
                                          of three ex-officio members and 10
                                          appointed members; ex-officio
                                          members are: Chief Secretary Donald
                                          TSANG Yam-kuen (since 1 May 2001),
                                          Financial Secretary Antony LEUNG
                                          (since 1 May 2001), and Secretary of
                                          Justice Elsie LEUNG (since 1 July
                                          1997)
                                          elections: NA
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Council or
                                          LEGCO (60 seats; 30 indirectly
                                          elected by functional
                                          constituencies, 24 elected by
                                          popular vote, and 6 elected by an
                                          800-member election committee;
                                          members serve four-year terms)
                                          elections: last held 10 September
                                          2000 (next to be held NA 2004)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party -
                                          Democratic Party 12, Democratic
                                          Alliance for the Betterment of Hong
                                          Kong 10, Liberal Party 7, Frontier
                                          Party 5, Hong Kong Progressive
                                          Alliance 4, New Century Forum 2,
                                          Hong Kong Association for Democracy
                                          and People's Livelihood 1,
                                          independents 19
                         Judicial branch: The Court of Final Appeal in the
                                          Hong Kong Special Administrative
                                          Region
           Political parties and leaders: Association for Democracy and
                                          People's Livelihood [Frederick FUNG
                                          Kin-kee, chairman]; Citizens Party
                                          [Alex CHAN Kai-chung]; Democratic
                                          Alliance for the Betterment of Hong
                                          Kong [Jasper TSANG Yok-sing,
                                          chairman]; Democratic Party [Martin
                                          LEE Chu-ming, chairman]; Frontier
                                          Party [Emily LAU Wai-hing,
                                          chairwoman]; Hong Kong Association
                                          for Democracy and People's
                                          Livelihood [leader NA]; Hong Kong
                                          Progressive Alliance [Ambrose LAU
                                          Hon-chuen]; Liberal Party [James
                                          TIEN Pei-chun, chairman]; New
                                          Century Forum [NQ Ching-fai,
                                          chairman]
                                          note: political blocs include: pro-
                                          democracy - Association for
                                          Democracy and People's Livelihood,
                                          Citizens Party, Democratic Party,
                                          Frontier Party; pro-Beijing -
                                          Democratic Alliance for the
                                          Betterment of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
                                          Progressive Alliance, Liberal Party,
                                          New Century Forum
            Political pressure groups and Chinese General Chamber of Commerce
                                 leaders: (pro-China); Chinese Manufacturers'
                                          Association of Hong Kong;
                                          Confederation of Trade Unions (pro-
                                          democracy) [LAU Chin-shek,
                                          president; LEE Cheuk-yan, general
                                          secretary]; Federation of Hong Kong
                                          Industries; Federation of Trade
                                          Unions (pro-China) [LEE Chark-tim,
                                          president]; Hong Kong Alliance in
                                          Support of the Patriotic Democratic
                                          Movement in China [Szeto WAH,
                                          chairman]; Hong Kong and Kowloon
                                          Trade Union Council (pro-Taiwan);
                                          Hong Kong General Chamber of
                                          Commerce; Hong Kong Professional
                                          Teachers' Union [CHEUNG Man-kwong,
                                          president]; Liberal Democratic
                                          Federation [HU Fa-kuang, chairman]
               International organization APEC, AsDB, BIS, CCC, ESCAP
                           participation: (associate), ICC, ICFTU, IHO, IMO
                                          (associate), Interpol (subbureau),
                                          IOC, ISO (correspondent), WCL, WMO,
                                          WToO (associate), WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: none (special administrative region
                                          of China)
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Consul General
                                      US: Michael KLOSSON
                                          consulate(s) general: 26 Garden
                                          Road, Hong Kong
                                          mailing address: PSC 464, Box 30,
                                          FPO AP 96522-0002
                                          telephone: [852] 2523-9011
                                          FAX: [852] 2845-1598
                        Flag description: red with a stylized, white, five-
                                          petal bauhinia flower in the center
    
     Economy Hong Kong
     -----------------
                      Economy - overview: Hong Kong has a bustling free market
                                          economy highly dependent on
                                          international trade. Natural
                                          resources are limited, and food and
                                          raw materials must be imported.
                                          Indeed, imports and exports,
                                          including reexports, each exceed GDP
                                          in dollar value. Even before Hong
                                          Kong reverted to Chinese
                                          administration on 1 July 1997 it had
                                          extensive trade and investment ties
                                          with China. Per capita GDP compares
                                          with the level in the four big
                                          economies of Western Europe. GDP
                                          growth averaged a strong 5% in 1989-
                                          97. The widespread Asian economic
                                          difficulties in 1998 hit this trade-
                                          dependent economy quite hard, with
                                          GDP down 5%. The economy, with
                                          growth of 10% in 2000, recovered
                                          rapidly from the Asian financial
                                          crisis. The recent global downturn
                                          has badly hurt Hong Kong's exports
                                          and GDP growth is estimated to be 0%
                                          in 2001. Private sector analysts
                                          project 2002 GDP growth to be 1.8%.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $180
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 0% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $25,000
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 0.1%
                                          industry: 14.3%
                                          services: 85.6% (1999 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): -1.6% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 3.44 million (2001 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: wholesale and retail trade,
                                          restaurants, and hotels 31%,
                                          financing, insurance, and real
                                          estate 13%, community and social
                                          services 11%, manufacturing 7%,
                                          transport and communications 6%,
                                          construction 2%, other 30% (2001
                                          est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 5.2% (2001 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $22.9 billion
                                          expenditures: $24.6 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $465 million (FY00/01)
                              Industries: textiles, clothing, tourism,
                                          banking, shipping, electronics,
                                          plastics, toys, watches, clocks
       Industrial production growth rate: -9% (2001 est.)
                Electricity - production: 29.449 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 35,401.57 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 1.181 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 9.195 billion kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: fresh vegetables; poultry, fish,
                                          pork
                                 Exports: $191 billion (including reexports;
                                          f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: clothing, textiles, footwear,
                                          electrical appliances, watches and
                                          clocks, toys, plastics, precious
                                          stones
                      Exports - partners: China 34%, US 23%, Japan 6%, Germany
                                          4%, UK 4%, Taiwan 3%, Singapore 2%
                                          (2000)
                                 Imports: $203 billion (2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, transport equipment, raw
                                          materials, semimanufactures,
                                          petroleum, plastics, machinery,
                                          electrical equipment; a large share
                                          is reexported
                      Imports - partners: China 43%, Japan 12%, Taiwan 8%, US
                                          7%, South Korea 5%, Singapore 3%
                                          (2000)
                         Debt - external: $58.8 billion (2001 est.)
                                Currency: Hong Kong dollar (HKD)
                           Currency code: HKD
                          Exchange rates: Hong Kong dollars per US dollar -
                                          7.798 (January 2002), 7.7994 (2001),
                                          7.7918 (2000), 7.7589 (1999), 7.7462
                                          (1998), 7.7425 (1997); note - the
                                          Hong Kong dollar is linked to the US
                                          dollar at a rate of about 7.8 Hong
                                          Kong dollars per US dollar
                             Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March
    
     Communications Hong Kong
     ------------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 3.839 million (1999)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 3.7 million (December 1999)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: modern
                                          facilities provide excellent
                                          domestic and international services
                                          domestic: microwave radio relay
                                          links and extensive fiber-optic
                                          network
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Pacific
                                          Ocean and 2 Indian Ocean); coaxial
                                          cable to Guangzhou, China; access to
                                          5 international submarine cables
                                          providing connections to ASEAN
                                          member nations, Japan, Taiwan,
                                          Australia, Middle East, and Western
                                          Europe
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 7, FM 13, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 4.45 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 4 (plus two repeaters) (1997)
                             Televisions: 1.84 million (1997)
                   Internet country code: .hk
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 17 (2000)
                          Internet users: 3.93 million (2001)
    
     Transportation Hong Kong
     ------------------------
                                Railways: total: 34 km
                                          standard gauge: 34 km 1.435-m gauge
                                          (electrified and double-tracked)
                                          note: connects to China railway
                                          system at Hong Kong-China border
                                          (2001)
                                Highways: total: 1,831 km
                                          paved: 1,831 km
                                          unpaved: 0 km (1997)
                               Waterways: none
                       Ports and harbors: Hong Kong
                         Merchant marine: total: 433 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 13,539,257 GRT/22,682,757
                                          DWT
                                          ships by type: barge carrier 1, bulk
                                          264, cargo 38, chemical tanker 10,
                                          combination bulk 2, container 73,
                                          liquefied gas 8, multi-functional
                                          large-load carrier 1, petroleum
                                          tanker 32, refrigerated cargo 1,
                                          short-sea passenger 1, vehicle
                                          carrier 2
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Belgium 5, Belize 1,
                                          British Virgin Islands 1, China 115,
                                          Denmark 2, Germany 19, Greece 2,
                                          India 8, Japan 8, Liberia 1,
                                          Malaysia 7, Norway 1, Panama 2,
                                          Philippines 5, Singapore 7, South
                                          Korea 2, Taiwan 1, United Kingdom
                                          27, Virgin Islands (UK) 1 (2002
                                          est.)
                                Airports: 3 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 3
                                          over 3,047 m: 1
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2001)
                               Heliports: 2 (2001)
    
     Military Hong Kong
     ------------------
                       Military branches: no regular indigenous military
                                          forces; Hong Kong garrison of
                                          China's People's Liberation Army
                                          (PLA) including elements of the PLA
                                          Ground Forces, PLA Navy, and PLA Air
                                          Force; these forces are under the
                                          direct leadership of the Central
                                          Military Commission in Beijing and
                                          under administrative control of the
                                          adjacent Guangzhou Military Region
        Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 2,028,208 (2002
                                          est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 1,523,378 (2002
                                 service: est.)
             Military manpower - reaching males: 47,139 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
       Military expenditures - percent of NA%
                                     GDP:
                         Military - note: defense is the responsibility of
                                          China
    
     Transnational Issues Hong Kong
     ------------------------------
                Disputes - international: none
                           Illicit drugs: strenuous law enforcement efforts,
                                          but faces serious challenges in
                                          controlling transit of heroin and
                                          methamphetamine to regional and
                                          world markets; modern banking system
                                          provides a conduit for money
                                          laundering; rising indigenous use of
                                          synthetic drugs, especially among
                                          young people
    
                                         
  
  

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