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3 definitions found
 for Hungary
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Hungary \Hun"ga*ry\, n.
     A country in Central Europe, formerly a part of the
     Austro-Hungarian Empire.
     [1913 Webster +PJC]
  
     Hungary water, a distilled "water," made from dilute
        alcohol aromatized with rosemary flowers, etc.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Hungary
      n 1: a republic in central Europe [syn: Hungary, Republic of
           Hungary, Magyarorszag]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Hungary
  
     Introduction Hungary
     --------------------
                              Background: Hungary was part of the polyglot
                                          Austro-Hungarian Empire, which
                                          collapsed during World War I. The
                                          country fell under communist rule
                                          following World War II. In 1956, a
                                          revolt and announced withdrawal from
                                          the Warsaw Pact were met with a
                                          massive military intervention by
                                          Moscow. In the more open GORBACHEV
                                          years, Hungary led the movement to
                                          dissolve the Warsaw Pact and
                                          steadily shifted toward multiparty
                                          democracy and a market-oriented
                                          economy. Following the collapse of
                                          the USSR in 1991, Hungary developed
                                          close political and economic ties to
                                          Western Europe. It joined NATO in
                                          1999 and is a frontrunner in a
                                          future expansion of the EU.
    
     Geography Hungary
     -----------------
                                Location: Central Europe, northwest of Romania
                  Geographic coordinates: 47 00 N, 20 00 E
                          Map references: Europe
                                    Area: total: 93,030 sq km
                                          water: 690 sq km
                                          land: 92,340 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Indiana
                         Land boundaries: total: 2,171 km
                                          border countries: Austria 366 km,
                                          Croatia 329 km, Romania 443 km,
                                          Yugoslavia 151 km, Slovakia 677 km,
                                          Slovenia 102 km, Ukraine 103 km
                               Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
                         Maritime claims: none (landlocked)
                                 Climate: temperate; cold, cloudy, humid
                                          winters; warm summers
                                 Terrain: mostly flat to rolling plains; hills
                                          and low mountains on the Slovakian
                                          border
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Tisza River 78 m
                                          highest point: Kekes 1,014 m
                       Natural resources: bauxite, coal, natural gas, fertile
                                          soils, arable land
                                Land use: arable land: 52.2%
                                          other: 45.34% (1998 est.)
                                          permanent crops: 2.46%
                          Irrigated land: 2,100 sq km (1998 est.)
            Environment - current issues: the approximation of Hungary's
                                          standards in waste management,
                                          energy efficiency, and air, soil,
                                          and water pollution with
                                          environmental requirements for EU
                                          accession will require large
                                          investments
              Environment - international party to: Air Pollution, Air
                              agreements: Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air
                                          Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-
                                          Volatile Organic Compounds,
                                          Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity,
                                          Climate Change, Desertification,
                                          Endangered Species, Environmental
                                          Modification, Hazardous Wastes,
                                          Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban,
                                          Ozone Layer Protection, Ship
                                          Pollution, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: Air
                                          Pollution-Persistent Organic
                                          Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur
                                          94, Antarctic-Environmental
                                          Protocol, Law of the Sea
                        Geography - note: landlocked; strategic location
                                          astride main land routes between
                                          Western Europe and Balkan Peninsula
                                          as well as between Ukraine and
                                          Mediterranean basin
    
     People Hungary
     --------------
                              Population: 10,075,034 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 16.4% (male 847,081;
                                          female 802,340)
                                          15-64 years: 68.8% (male 3,406,701;
                                          female 3,528,087)
                                          65 years and over: 14.8% (male
                                          544,956; female 945,869) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: -0.3% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 9.34 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 13.09 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: 0.76 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.58 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 0.91 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 8.77 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 71.9 years
                                          female: 76.55 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 67.55 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.25 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.05% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 2,500 (1999 est.)
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: less than 100 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Hungarian(s)
                                          adjective: Hungarian
                           Ethnic groups: Hungarian 89.9%, Roma 4%, German
                                          2.6%, Serb 2%, Slovak 0.8%, Romanian
                                          0.7%
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 67.5%, Calvinist 20%,
                                          Lutheran 5%, atheist and other 7.5%
                               Languages: Hungarian 98.2%, other 1.8%
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 99%
                                          male: 99%
                                          female: 98% (1980 est.)
    
     Government Hungary
     ------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          Hungary
                                          conventional short form: Hungary
                                          local short form: Magyarorszag
                                          local long form: Magyar Koztarsasag
                         Government type: parliamentary democracy
                                 Capital: Budapest
                Administrative divisions: 19 counties (megyek, singular -
                                          megye), 20 urban counties* (singular
                                          - megyei varos), and 1 capital
                                          city** (fovaros); Bacs-Kiskun,
                                          Baranya, Bekes, Bekescsaba*, Borsod-
                                          Abauj-Zemplen, Budapest**, Csongrad,
                                          Debrecen*, Dunaujvaros*, Eger*,
                                          Fejer, Gyor*, Gyor-Moson-Sopron,
                                          Hajdu-Bihar, Heves,
                                          Hodmezovasarhely*, Jasz-Nagykun-
                                          Szolnok, Kaposvar*, Kecskemet*,
                                          Komarom-Esztergom, Miskolc*,
                                          Nagykanizsa*, Nograd, Nyiregyhaza*,
                                          Pecs*, Pest, Somogy, Sopron*,
                                          Szabolcs-Szatmar-Bereg, Szeged*,
                                          Szekesfehervar*, Szolnok*,
                                          Szombathely*, Tatabanya*, Tolna,
                                          Vas, Veszprem, Veszprem*, Zala,
                                          Zalaegerszeg*
                            Independence: 1001 (unification by King Stephen I)
                        National holiday: St. Stephen's Day, 20 August
                            Constitution: 18 August 1949, effective 20 August
                                          1949, revised 19 April 1972; 18
                                          October 1989 revision ensured legal
                                          rights for individuals and
                                          constitutional checks on the
                                          authority of the prime minister and
                                          also established the principle of
                                          parliamentary oversight; 1997
                                          amendment streamlined the judicial
                                          system
                            Legal system: rule of law based on Western model
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Ferenc MADL (since
                                          NA August 2000)
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Peter MEDGYESSY (since 27 May 2002)
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          elected by the National Assembly on
                                          the recommendation of the president
                                          elections: president elected by the
                                          National Assembly for a five-year
                                          term; election last held 6 June 2000
                                          (next to be held by June 2005);
                                          prime minister elected by the
                                          National Assembly on the
                                          recommendation of the president
                                          note: to be elected, the president
                                          must win two-thirds of legislative
                                          vote in the first two rounds or a
                                          simple majority in the third round
                                          election results: Ferenc MADL
                                          elected president; percent of
                                          legislative vote - NA% (but by a
                                          simple majority in the third round
                                          of voting); Peter MEDGYESSY elected
                                          prime minister; percent of
                                          legislative vote - NA%
                      Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly or
                                          Orszaggyules (386 seats; members are
                                          elected by popular vote under a
                                          system of proportional and direct
                                          representation to serve four-year
                                          terms)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party (5% or more of the vote
                                          required for parliamentary
                                          representation in the first round) -
                                          FIDESZ/MDF 48.70%, MSZP 46.11%,
                                          SZDSZ 4.92%, other 0.27%; seats by
                                          party - FIDESZ/MDF 188, MSZP 178,
                                          SZDSZ 20
                                          elections: last held 7 and 21 April
                                          2002 (next to be held NA April 2006)
                         Judicial branch: Constitutional Court (judges are
                                          elected by the National Assembly for
                                          nine-year terms)
           Political parties and leaders: Alliance of Free Democrats or SZDSZ
                                          [Gabor KUNCZE]; Christian Democratic
                                          People's Party or KDNP [Gyorgy
                                          GICZY, president]; Hungarian Civic
                                          Party or FIDESZ [Zoltan POKORNI];
                                          Hungarian Democratic Forum or MDF
                                          [Ibolya DAVID]; Hungarian Democratic
                                          People's Party or MDNP [Erzsebet
                                          PUSZTAI, chairman]; Hungarian
                                          Justice and Life Party or MIEP
                                          [Istvan CSURKA, chairman]; Hungarian
                                          Socialist Party or MSZP [Laszlo
                                          KOVACS, chairman]; Hungarian
                                          Workers' Party or MMP [Gyula
                                          THURMER, chairman]; Independent
                                          Smallholders or FKGP [Jozsef
                                          TORGYAN, president]
            Political pressure groups and NA
                                 leaders:
               International organization ABEDA, Australia Group, BIS, CCC,
                           participation: CE, CEI, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, EU
                                          (applicant), FAO, G- 9, IAEA, IBRD,
                                          ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA,
                                          IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol,
                                          IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, NAM
                                          (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS
                                          (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA,
                                          PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP,
                                          UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNMIBH, UNMIK,
                                          UNOMIG, UNU, UPU, WCL, WEU
                                          (associate), WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO,
                                          WToO, WTrO, ZC
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Geza
                                          JESZENSZKY
                                          chancery: 3910 Shoemaker Street NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20008
                                          consulate(s) general: Los Angeles
                                          and New York
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 966-8135
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 362-6730
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Nancy
                                      US: Goodman BRINKER
                                          embassy: Szabadsag ter 12, H-1054
                                          Budapest
                                          mailing address: pouch: American
                                          Embassy Budapest, 5270 Budapest
                                          Place, Department of State,
                                          Washington, DC 20521-5270
                                          telephone: [36] (1) 475-4336, 475-
                                          4156
                                          FAX: [36] (1) 475-4520
                        Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of red
                                          (top), white, and green
    
     Economy Hungary
     ---------------
                      Economy - overview: Hungary continues to demonstrate
                                          strong economic growth and to work
                                          toward accession to the European
                                          Union. The private sector accounts
                                          for over 80% of GDP. Foreign
                                          ownership of and investment in
                                          Hungarian firms is widespread, with
                                          cumulative foreign direct investment
                                          totaling more than $23 billion since
                                          1989. Hungarian sovereign debt was
                                          upgraded in 2000 to the second-
                                          highest rating among all the Central
                                          European transition economies.
                                          Inflation and unemployment - both
                                          priority concerns in 2001 - have
                                          declined substantially. Economic
                                          reform measures such as health care
                                          reform, tax reform, and local
                                          government financing have not yet
                                          been addressed by the ORBAN
                                          government.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $120.9
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 3.9% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $12,000
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 6%
                                          industry: 34%
                                          services: 60% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: 8.6% (1993 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 4.1%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 20.5% (1998)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 25.3 (1998)
                                   index:
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 9.2% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 4.2 million (1997)
             Labor force - by occupation: services 65%, industry 27%,
                                          agriculture 8% (1996)
                       Unemployment rate: 6.5% (2001 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $13 billion
                                          expenditures: $14.4 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (2000 est.)
                              Industries: mining, metallurgy, construction
                                          materials, processed foods,
                                          textiles, chemicals (especially
                                          pharmaceuticals), motor vehicles
       Industrial production growth rate: 4.7% (2001 est.)
                Electricity - production: 33.436 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 58.83%
                                          hydro: 0.53%
                                          other: 0.35% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 40.29%
               Electricity - consumption: 35.095 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 1.2 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 5.2 billion kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: wheat, corn, sunflower seed,
                                          potatoes, sugar beets; pigs, cattle,
                                          poultry, dairy products
                                 Exports: $27.9 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Exports - commodities: machinery and equipment 59.5%, other
                                          manufactures 29.4%, food products
                                          6.9%, raw materials 2.4%, fuels and
                                          electricity 1.8% (2000)
                      Exports - partners: Germany 37%, Austria 9%, Italy 6%,
                                          Netherlands 5% (2000)
                                 Imports: $29.5 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment 51.1%, other
                                          manufactures 35.9%, fuels and
                                          electricity 8.1%, food products
                                          2.8%, raw materials 2.1% (2000)
                      Imports - partners: Germany 25%, Russia 8%, Austria 7%,
                                          Italy 7% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $28.5 billion (2001)
                Economic aid - recipient: $122.7 million (1995)
                                Currency: forint (HUF)
                           Currency code: HUF
                          Exchange rates: forints per US dollar - 275.920
                                          (January 2002), 286.490 (2001),
                                          282.179 (2000), 237.146 (1999),
                                          214.402 (1998), 186.789 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
    
     Communications Hungary
     ----------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 3.095 million (1997)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 1.269 million (July 1999)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: the telephone
                                          system has been modernized and is
                                          capable of satisfying all requests
                                          for telecommunication service
                                          domestic: the system is digitalized
                                          and highly automated; trunk services
                                          are carried by fiber-optic cable and
                                          digital microwave radio relay; a
                                          program for fiber-optic subscriber
                                          connections was initiated in 1996;
                                          heavy use is made of mobile cellular
                                          telephones
                                          international: Hungary has fiber-
                                          optic cable connections with all
                                          neighboring countries; the
                                          international switch is in Budapest;
                                          satellite earth stations - 2
                                          Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean and Indian
                                          Ocean regions), 1 Inmarsat, 1 very
                                          small aperture terminal (VSAT)
                                          system of ground terminals
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 17, FM 57, shortwave 3 (1998)
                                  Radios: 7.01 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 35 (plus 161 low-power repeaters)
                                          (1995)
                             Televisions: 4.42 million (1997)
                   Internet country code: .hu
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 16 (2000)
                          Internet users: 1.2 million (2001)
    
     Transportation Hungary
     ----------------------
                                Railways: total: 7,869 km
                                          broad gauge: 36 km 1.524-m gauge
                                          narrow gauge: 219 km 0.760-m gauge
                                          standard gauge: 7,614 km 1.435-
                                          m gauge (2,423 km electrified; 1,236
                                          km double-tracked)
                                          note: Hungary and Austria jointly
                                          manage the cross-border, standard-
                                          gauge railway connecting Gyor,
                                          Sopron, and Ebenfurt (Gysev
                                          railroad) which has a route length
                                          of about 101 km in Hungary and 65 km
                                          in Austria (2001)
                                Highways: total: 188,203 km
                                          paved: 81,680 km (including 448 km
                                          of expressways)
                                          unpaved: 106,523 km (1998 est.)
                               Waterways: 1,373 km (permanently navigable)
                                          (1997)
                               Pipelines: crude oil 1,204 km; natural gas
                                          4,387 km (1991)
                       Ports and harbors: Budapest, Dunaujvaros
                                Airports: 43 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 16
                                          over 3,047 m: 2
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 8
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 1
                                          under 914 m: 1 (2001)
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 27
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 3
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
                                          under 914 m: 8 (2001)
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 12
                               Heliports: 5 (2001)
    
     Military Hungary
     ----------------
                         Military branches: Ground Forces, Air Forces
          Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
          Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 2,559,260 (2002
                                            est.)
       Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 2,039,710 (2002
                                   service: est.)
      Military manpower - reaching military males: 64,121 (2002 est.)
                              age annually:
             Military expenditures - dollar $1.08 billion (2002 est.)
                                    figure:
         Military expenditures - percent of 1.75% (2002 est.)
                                       GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues Hungary
     ----------------------------
                Disputes - international: Slovakia requested additional ICJ
                                          judgment in 1998 and talks continue
                                          to set modalities to assure
                                          Hungarian compliance with 1997 ICJ
                                          decision to proceed with
                                          construction of Gabcikovo-Nagymaros
                                          Dam, abandoned by Hungary in 1989;
                                          Hungary opposes Croatian plan to
                                          build a hydropower dam on the
                                          boundary stream Drava
                           Illicit drugs: transshipment point for Southwest
                                          Asian heroin and cannabis and for
                                          South American cocaine destined for
                                          Western Europe; limited producer of
                                          precursor chemicals, particularly
                                          for amphetamine and methamphetamine
    
                                         
  
  

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