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2 definitions found
 for Indonesia
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Indonesia
      n 1: a republic in southeastern Asia on an archipelago including
           more than 13,000 islands; achieved independence from the
           Netherlands in 1945; the principal oil producer in the Far
           East and Pacific regions [syn: Indonesia, Republic of
           Indonesia, Dutch East Indies]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Indonesia
  
     Introduction Indonesia
     ----------------------
                              Background: The world's largest archipelago,
                                          Indonesia achieved independence from
                                          the Netherlands in 1949. Current
                                          issues include: implementing IMF-
                                          mandated reforms of the banking
                                          sector, effecting a transition to a
                                          popularly-elected government after
                                          four decades of authoritarianism,
                                          addressing charges of cronyism and
                                          corruption, holding the military
                                          accountable for human rights
                                          violations, and resolving growing
                                          separatist pressures in Aceh and
                                          Irian Jaya. On 30 August 1999 a
                                          provincial referendum for
                                          independence was overwhelmingly
                                          approved by the people of Timor
                                          Timur. Concurrence followed by
                                          Indonesia's national legislature,
                                          and the name East Timor was
                                          provisionally adopted. On 20 May
                                          2002, East Timor was internationally
                                          recognized as an independent state.
    
     Geography Indonesia
     -------------------
                                Location: Southeastern Asia, archipelago
                                          between the Indian Ocean and the
                                          Pacific Ocean
                  Geographic coordinates: 5 00 S, 120 00 E
                          Map references: Southeast Asia
                                    Area: total: 1,919,440 sq km
                                          water: 93,000 sq km
                                          land: 1,826,440 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly less than three times the
                                          size of Texas
                         Land boundaries: total: 2,830 km
                                          border countries: East Timor 228 km,
                                          Malaysia 1,782 km, Papua New Guinea
                                          820 km
                               Coastline: 54,716 km
                         Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic
                                          baselines
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; hot, humid; more moderate
                                          in highlands
                                 Terrain: mostly coastal lowlands; larger
                                          islands have interior mountains
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Puncak Jaya 5,030 m
                       Natural resources: petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel,
                                          timber, bauxite, copper, fertile
                                          soils, coal, gold, silver
                                Land use: arable land: 9.9%
                                          permanent crops: 7.2%
                                          other: 82.89% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 48,150 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: occasional floods, severe droughts,
                                          tsunamis, earthquakes, volcanoes,
                                          forest fires
            Environment - current issues: deforestation; water pollution from
                                          industrial wastes, sewage; air
                                          pollution in urban areas; smoke and
                                          haze from forest fires
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of
                                          the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone
                                          Layer Protection, Ship Pollution,
                                          Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber
                                          94, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: Climate
                                          Change-Kyoto Protocol, Marine Life
                                          Conservation
                        Geography - note: archipelago of 17,000 islands (6,000
                                          inhabited); straddles Equator;
                                          strategic location astride or along
                                          major sea lanes from Indian Ocean to
                                          Pacific Ocean
    
     People Indonesia
     ----------------
                              Population: 231,328,092 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: NA
                                          15-64 years: NA
                                          65 years and over: NA
                  Population growth rate: 1.54% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 21.87 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 6.28 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: -0.21 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: NA
                                          under 15 years: NA
                                          15-64 years: NA
                                          65 years and over: NA
                                          total population: NA
                   Infant mortality rate: 39.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 68.63 years
                                          female: 71.13 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 66.24 years
                    Total fertility rate: 2.54 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.05% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 52,000 (1999 est.)
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 3,100 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Indonesian(s)
                                          adjective: Indonesian
                           Ethnic groups: Javanese 45%, Sundanese 14%,
                                          Madurese 7.5%, coastal Malays 7.5%,
                                          other 26%
                               Religions: Muslim 88%, Protestant 5%, Roman
                                          Catholic 3%, Hindu 2%, Buddhist 1%,
                                          other 1% (1998)
                               Languages: Bahasa Indonesia (official, modified
                                          form of Malay), English, Dutch,
                                          local dialects, the most widely
                                          spoken of which is Javanese
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 83.8%
                                          male: 89.6%
                                          female: 78% (1995 est.)
    
     Government Indonesia
     --------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          Indonesia
                                          conventional short form: Indonesia
                                          local long form: Republik Indonesia
                                          former: Netherlands East Indies;
                                          Dutch East Indies
                                          local short form: Indonesia
                         Government type: republic
                                 Capital: Jakarta
                Administrative divisions: 27 provinces (propinsi-propinsi,
                                          singular - propinsi), 2 special
                                          regions* (daerah-daerah istimewa,
                                          singular - daerah istimewa), and 1
                                          special capital city district**
                                          (daerah khusus ibukota); Aceh*,
                                          Bali, Banten, Bengkulu, Gorontalo,
                                          Jakarta Raya**, Jambi, Jawa Barat,
                                          Jawa Tengah, Jawa Timur, Kalimantan
                                          Barat, Kalimantan Selatan,
                                          Kalimantan Tengah, Kalimantan Timur,
                                          Kepulauan Bangka Belitung, Lampung,
                                          Maluku, Maluku Utara, Nusa Tenggara
                                          Barat, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Papua,
                                          Riau, Sulawesi Selatan, Sulawesi
                                          Tengah, Sulawesi Tenggara, Sulawesi
                                          Utara, Sumatera Barat, Sumatera
                                          Selatan, Sumatera Utara,
                                          Yogyakarta*; note - with the
                                          implementation of decentralization
                                          on 1 January 2001, the 357 districts
                                          (regencies) have become the key
                                          administrative units responsible for
                                          providing most government services
                                          note: following the 30 August 1999
                                          provincial referendum for
                                          independence which was
                                          overwhelmingly approved by the
                                          people of Timor Timur and the
                                          October 1999 concurrence of
                                          Indonesia's national legislature,
                                          the name East Timor was adopted as a
                                          provisional name for the political
                                          entity formerly known as Propinsi
                                          Timor Timur; East Timor gained its
                                          formal independence on 20 May 2002
                            Independence: 17 August 1945 (proclaimed
                                          independence; on 27 December 1949,
                                          Indonesia became legally independent
                                          from the Netherlands)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 17 August (1945)
                            Constitution: August 1945, abrogated by Federal
                                          Constitution of 1949 and Provisional
                                          Constitution of 1950, restored 5
                                          July 1959
                            Legal system: based on Roman-Dutch law,
                                          substantially modified by indigenous
                                          concepts and by new criminal
                                          procedures code; has not accepted
                                          compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: 17 years of age; universal and
                                          married persons regardless of age
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President MEGAWATI
                                          Sukarnoputri (since 23 July 2001)
                                          and Vice President Hamzah HAZ (since
                                          26 July 2001); note - the president
                                          is both the chief of state and head
                                          of government
                                          head of government: President
                                          MEGAWATI Sukarnoputri (since 23 July
                                          2001) and Vice President Hamzah HAZ
                                          (since 26 July 2001); note - the
                                          president is both the chief of state
                                          and head of government
                                          cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                                          president
                                          elections: president and vice
                                          president elected separately by the
                                          People's Consultative Assembly or
                                          MPR for five-year terms; selection
                                          of president last held 23 July 2001
                                          (next to be held NA 2006); selection
                                          of vice president last held 26 July
                                          2001 (next to be held NA 2006)
                                          note: the People's Consultative
                                          Assembly (Majelis Permusyawaratan
                                          Rakyat or MPR) includes the House of
                                          Representatives (Dewan Perwakilan
                                          Rakyat or DPR) plus 200 indirectly
                                          selected members; it meets every
                                          five years to elect the president
                                          and vice president and to approve
                                          broad outlines of national policy
                                          and also has yearly meetings to
                                          consider constitutional and
                                          legislative changes
                                          election results: MEGAWATI
                                          Sukarnoputri elected president,
                                          receiving 591 votes in favor (91
                                          abstentions); Hamzah HAZ elected
                                          vice president, receiving 340 votes
                                          in favor (237 against)
                      Legislative branch: unicameral House of Representatives
                                          or Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat (DPR)
                                          (500 seats; 462 elected by popular
                                          vote, 38 are appointed military
                                          representatives; members serve five-
                                          year terms)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - PDI-P 37.4%, Golkar 20.9%,
                                          PKB 17.4%, PPP 10.7%, PAN 7.3%, PBB
                                          1.8%, other 4.5%; seats by party -
                                          PDI-P 154, Golkar 120, PPP 58, PKB
                                          51, PAN 35, PBB 14, other 30; note -
                                          subsequent to the election, there
                                          has been a change in the
                                          distribution of seats; the new
                                          distribution is: PDI-P 153, Golkar
                                          120, PPP 58, PKB 51, PAN 35, PBB 13,
                                          other 32
                                          elections: last held 7 June 1999
                                          (next to be held NA 2004)
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Mahkamah Agung
                                          (justices appointed by the president
                                          from a list of candidates approved
                                          by the legislature); note - the
                                          Supreme Court is preparing to assume
                                          administrative responsibility for
                                          the federal court system, previously
                                          run by the executive
           Political parties and leaders: Crescent Moon and Star Party or PBB
                                          [Yusril Ihza MAHENDRA, chairman];
                                          Federation of Functional Groups or
                                          Golkar [Akbar TANDJUNG, general
                                          chairman]; Indonesia Democracy
                                          Party-Struggle or PDI-P [MEGAWATI
                                          Sukarnoputri, chairperson]; National
                                          Awakening Party or PKB [Alwi SHIHAB,
                                          chairman]; National Mandate Party or
                                          PAN [Amien RAIS, chairman]; United
                                          Development Party or PPP (federation
                                          of former Islamic parties) [Hamzah
                                          HAZ, chairman]
            Political pressure groups and NA
                                 leaders:
               International organization APEC, ARF, AsDB, ASEAN, CCC, CP,
                           participation: ESCAP, FAO, G-15, G-19, G-77, IAEA,
                                          IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA,
                                          IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO,
                                          IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM
                                          (observer), ISO, ITU, MONUC, NAM,
                                          OIC, OPCW, OPEC, UN, UNAMSIL,
                                          UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIKOM,
                                          UNMIBH, UNMOP, UNMOT, UNOMIG, UPU,
                                          WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO,
                                          WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador SOEMADI
                                          Brotodiningrat
                                          chancery: 2020 Massachusetts Avenue
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20036
                                          consulate(s) general: Chicago,
                                          Houston, Los Angeles, New York, and
                                          San Francisco
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 775-5365
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 775-5200
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Ralph
                                      US: L. BOYCE
                                          embassy: Jalan Medan Merdeka Selatan
                                          3-5, Jakarta 10110
                                          mailing address: Unit 8129, Box 1,
                                          APO AP 96520
                                          telephone: [62] (21) 3435-9000
                                          FAX: [62] (21) 385-7189
                                          consulate(s) general: Surabaya
                        Flag description: two equal horizontal bands of red
                                          (top) and white; similar to the flag
                                          of Monaco, which is shorter; also
                                          similar to the flag of Poland, which
                                          is white (top) and red
    
     Economy Indonesia
     -----------------
                      Economy - overview: Indonesia, a vast polyglot nation,
                                          faces severe economic development
                                          problems, stemming from secessionist
                                          movements and the low level of
                                          security in the regions, the lack of
                                          reliable legal recourse in contract
                                          disputes, corruption, weaknesses in
                                          the banking system, and strained
                                          relations with the IMF. Investor
                                          confidence will remain low and few
                                          new jobs will be created under these
                                          circumstances. In November 2001,
                                          Indonesia agreed with the IMF on a
                                          series of economic reforms in 2002,
                                          thus enabling further IMF
                                          disbursements. Keys to future growth
                                          remain internal reform, the build-up
                                          of the confidence of international
                                          donors and investors, and a strong
                                          comeback in the global economy.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $687
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 3.3% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $3,000
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 17%
                                          industry: 41%
                                          services: 42% (2001 est.)
           Population below poverty line: 27% (1999)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 4%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 26.7% (1999)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 31.7 (1999)
                                   index:
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 11.5% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 99 million (1999)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 45%, industry 16%,
                                          services 39% (1999 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 8% (2001 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $26 billion
                                          expenditures: $30 billion, including
                                          capital expenditures of $NA (2000
                                          est.)
                              Industries: petroleum and natural gas; textiles,
                                          apparel, and footwear; mining,
                                          cement, chemical fertilizers,
                                          plywood; rubber; food; tourism
       Industrial production growth rate: 3.5% (2001 est.)
                Electricity - production: 92.575 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 81.02%
                                          hydro: 14.04%
                                          other: 4.94% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 86.095 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: rice, cassava (tapioca), peanuts,
                                          rubber, cocoa, coffee, palm oil,
                                          copra; poultry, beef, pork, eggs
                                 Exports: $56.5 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: oil and gas, electrical appliances,
                                          plywood, textiles, rubber
                      Exports - partners: Japan 23.4%, US 13.8%, Singapore
                                          10.7%, South Korea 7%, China 4.5%,
                                          Malaysia 3.2% (2000 est.)
                                 Imports: $38.1 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment; chemicals,
                                          fuels, foodstuffs
                      Imports - partners: Japan 16.3%, Singapore 11.4%, US
                                          10.2%, South Korea 6.3%, China 6.1%,
                                          Australia 5.1% (2000 est.)
                         Debt - external: $135 billion (2001 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $43 billion from IMF program and
                                          other official external financing
                                          (1997-2000)
                                Currency: Indonesian rupiah (IDR)
                           Currency code: IDR
                          Exchange rates: Indonesian rupiahs per US dollar -
                                          10,377.3 (January 2002), 10,260.9
                                          (2001), 8,421.8 (2000), 7,855.2
                                          (1999), 10,013.6 (1998), 2,909.4
                                          (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year; note - previously was
                                          1 April - 31 March, but starting
                                          with 2001, has been changed to
                                          calendar year
    
     Communications Indonesia
     ------------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 5,588,310 (1998)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 1.07 million (1998)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: domestic service
                                          fair, international service good
                                          domestic: interisland microwave
                                          system and HF radio police net;
                                          domestic satellite communications
                                          system
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Indian
                                          Ocean and 1 Pacific Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 678, FM 43, shortwave 82 (1998)
                                  Radios: 31.5 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 41 (1999)
                             Televisions: 13.75 million (1997)
                   Internet country code: .id
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 24 (2000)
                          Internet users: 2 million (2001)
    
     Transportation Indonesia
     ------------------------
                                Railways: total: 6,458 km
                                          narrow gauge: 5,961 km 1.067-m gauge
                                          (101 km electrified; 101 km double-
                                          track); 497 km 0.750-m gauge (2001)
                                Highways: total: 342,700 km
                                          paved: 158,670 km
                                          unpaved: 184,030 km (1997)
                               Waterways: 21,579 km total
                                          note: Sumatra 5,471 km, Java and
                                          Madura 820 km, Kalimantan 10,460 km,
                                          Sulawesi (Celebes) 241 km, Irian
                                          Jaya 4,587 km
                               Pipelines: crude oil 2,505 km; petroleum
                                          products 456 km; natural gas 1,703
                                          km (1989)
                       Ports and harbors: Cilacap, Cirebon, Jakarta, Kupang,
                                          Makassar, Palembang, Semarang,
                                          Surabaya
                         Merchant marine: total: 668 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 2,969,281 GRT/4,043,526 DWT
    
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Greece 1, Hong Kong 2,
                                          India 1, Japan 2, Malaysia 1, Monaco
                                          3, Panama 1, Philippines 1,
                                          Singapore 11, South Korea 1,
                                          Switzerland 1, UK 2, US 1 (2002
                                          est.)
                                          ships by type: bulk 41, cargo 392,
                                          chemical tanker 12, container 32,
                                          liquefied gas 3, livestock carrier
                                          1, passenger 8, passenger/cargo 14,
                                          petroleum tanker 126, refrigerated
                                          cargo 1, roll on/roll off 15, short-
                                          sea passenger 8, specialized tanker
                                          9, vehicle carrier 6
                                Airports: 490 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 156
                                          over 3,047 m: 4
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 13
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 48
                                          under 914 m: 45 (2001)
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 46
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 339
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 27
                                          under 914 m: 309 (2001)
                               Heliports: 6 (2001)
    
     Military Indonesia
     ------------------
                         Military branches: Army, Navy (including marines and
                                            naval air arm), Air Force
          Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
          Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 65,013,184 (2002
                                            est.)
       Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 37,942,329 (2002
                                   service: est.)
      Military manpower - reaching military males: 2,263,706 (2002 est.)
                              age annually:
     Military expenditures - dollar figure: $1 billion (FY98/99)
         Military expenditures - percent of 1.3% (FY98/99)
                                       GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues Indonesia
     ------------------------------
                Disputes - international: Sipadan and Ligitan islands dispute
                                          with Malaysia remains with the ICJ
                                          for arbitration since 1998; East
                                          Timor-Indonesia Boundary Committee
                                          meets to survey and delimit land
                                          boundary; Indonesia seeks resolution
                                          of East Timor refugees in Indonesia;
                                          Australia-East Timor-Indonesia are
                                          working to resolve maritime boundary
                                          and sharing of seabed resources in
                                          "Timor Gap"
                           Illicit drugs: illicit producer of cannabis largely
                                          for domestic use; possible growing
                                          role as transshipment point for
                                          Golden Triangle heroin
    
                                         
  
  

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