dict.org

The DICT Development Group


Search for:
Search type:
Database:

Database copyright information
Server information
Wiki: Resources, links, and other information


2 definitions found
 for Inductive sciences
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Science \Sci"ence\, n. [F., fr. L. scientia, fr. sciens, -entis,
     p. pr. of scire to know. Cf. Conscience, Conscious,
     Nice.]
     1. Knowledge; knowledge of principles and causes; ascertained
        truth of facts.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              If we conceive God's sight or science, before the
              creation, to be extended to all and every part of
              the world, seeing everything as it is, . . . his
              science or sight from all eternity lays no necessity
              on anything to come to pass.          --Hammond.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Shakespeare's deep and accurate science in mental
              philosophy.                           --Coleridge.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. Accumulated and established knowledge, which has been
        systematized and formulated with reference to the
        discovery of general truths or the operation of general
        laws; knowledge classified and made available in work,
        life, or the search for truth; comprehensive, profound, or
        philosophical knowledge.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              All this new science that men lere [teach].
                                                    --Chaucer.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Science is . . . a complement of cognitions, having,
              in point of form, the character of logical
              perfection, and in point of matter, the character of
              real truth.                           --Sir W.
                                                    Hamilton.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. Especially, such knowledge when it relates to the physical
        world and its phenomena, the nature, constitution, and
        forces of matter, the qualities and functions of living
        tissues, etc.; -- called also natural science, and
        physical science.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Voltaire hardly left a single corner of the field
              entirely unexplored in science, poetry, history,
              philosophy.                           --J. Morley.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. Any branch or department of systematized knowledge
        considered as a distinct field of investigation or object
        of study; as, the science of astronomy, of chemistry, or
        of mind.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: The ancients reckoned seven sciences, namely, grammar,
           rhetoric, logic, arithmetic, music, geometry, and
           astronomy; -- the first three being included in the
           Trivium, the remaining four in the Quadrivium.
           [1913 Webster]
  
                 Good sense, which only is the gift of Heaven,
                 And though no science, fairly worth the seven.
                                                    --Pope.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     5. Art, skill, or expertness, regarded as the result of
        knowledge of laws and principles.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              His science, coolness, and great strength. --G. A.
                                                    Lawrence.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: Science is applied or pure. Applied science is a
           knowledge of facts, events, or phenomena, as explained,
           accounted for, or produced, by means of powers, causes,
           or laws. Pure science is the knowledge of these powers,
           causes, or laws, considered apart, or as pure from all
           applications. Both these terms have a similar and
           special signification when applied to the science of
           quantity; as, the applied and pure mathematics. Exact
           science is knowledge so systematized that prediction
           and verification, by measurement, experiment,
           observation, etc., are possible. The mathematical and
           physical sciences are called the exact sciences.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     Comparative sciences, Inductive sciences. See under
        Comparative, and Inductive.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Syn: Literature; art; knowledge.
  
     Usage: Science, Literature, Art. Science is literally
            knowledge, but more usually denotes a systematic and
            orderly arrangement of knowledge. In a more
            distinctive sense, science embraces those branches of
            knowledge of which the subject-matter is either
            ultimate principles, or facts as explained by
            principles or laws thus arranged in natural order. The
            term literature sometimes denotes all compositions not
            embraced under science, but usually confined to the
            belles-lettres. [See Literature.] Art is that which
            depends on practice and skill in performance. "In
            science, scimus ut sciamus; in art, scimus ut
            producamus. And, therefore, science and art may be
            said to be investigations of truth; but one, science,
            inquires for the sake of knowledge; the other, art,
            for the sake of production; and hence science is more
            concerned with the higher truths, art with the lower;
            and science never is engaged, as art is, in productive
            application. And the most perfect state of science,
            therefore, will be the most high and accurate inquiry;
            the perfection of art will be the most apt and
            efficient system of rules; art always throwing itself
            into the form of rules." --Karslake.
            [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Inductive \In*duct"ive\, a. [LL. inductivus: cf. F. inductif.
     See Induce.]
     [1913 Webster]
     1. Leading or drawing; persuasive; tempting; -- usually
        followed by to.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              A brutish vice,
              Inductive mainly to the sin of Eve.   --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. Tending to induce or cause. [R.]
        [1913 Webster]
  
              They may be . . . inductive of credibility. --Sir M.
                                                    Hale.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. Leading to inferences; proceeding by, derived from, or
        using, induction; as, inductive reasoning.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. (Physics)
        (a) Operating by induction; as, an inductive electrical
            machine.
        (b) Facilitating induction; susceptible of being acted
            upon by induction; as, certain substances have a great
            inductive capacity.
            [1913 Webster]
  
     Inductive embarrassment (Physics), the retardation in
        signaling on an electric wire, produced by lateral
        induction.
  
     Inductive philosophy or Inductive method. See
        Philosophical induction, under Induction.
  
     Inductive sciences, those sciences which admit of, and
        employ, the inductive method, as astronomy, botany,
        chemistry, etc.
        [1913 Webster]

Questions or comments about this site? Contact webmaster@dict.org