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2 definitions found
 for Ireland
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Ireland
      n 1: a republic consisting of 26 of 32 counties comprising the
           island of Ireland; achieved independence from the United
           Kingdom in 1921 [syn: Ireland, Republic of Ireland,
           Irish Republic, Eire]
      2: an island comprising the republic of Ireland and Northern
         Ireland [syn: Ireland, Hibernia, Emerald Isle]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Ireland
  
     Introduction Ireland
     --------------------
                              Background: A failed 1916 Easter Monday
                                          Rebellion touched off several years
                                          of guerrilla warfare that in 1921
                                          resulted in independence from the UK
                                          for the 26 southern counties; the
                                          six northern counties (Ulster)
                                          remained part of Great Britain. In
                                          1948 Ireland withdrew from the
                                          British Commonwealth; it joined the
                                          European Community in 1973. Irish
                                          governments have sought the peaceful
                                          unification of Ireland and have
                                          cooperated with Britain against
                                          terrorist groups. A peace settlement
                                          for Northern Ireland, known as the
                                          Good Friday Agreement and approved
                                          in 1998, is currently being
                                          implemented.
    
     Geography Ireland
     -----------------
                                Location: Western Europe, occupying five-
                                          sixths of the island of Ireland in
                                          the North Atlantic Ocean, west of
                                          Great Britain
                  Geographic coordinates: 53 00 N, 8 00 W
                          Map references: Europe
                                    Area: total: 70,280 sq km
                                          water: 1,390 sq km
                                          land: 68,890 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly larger than West Virginia
                         Land boundaries: total: 360 km
                                          border countries: UK 360 km
                               Coastline: 1,448 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: temperate maritime; modified by
                                          North Atlantic Current; mild
                                          winters, cool summers; consistently
                                          humid; overcast about half the time
                                 Terrain: mostly level to rolling interior
                                          plain surrounded by rugged hills and
                                          low mountains; sea cliffs on west
                                          coast
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Carrauntoohil 1,041 m
                       Natural resources: zinc, lead, natural gas, barite,
                                          copper, gypsum, limestone, dolomite,
                                          peat, silver
                                Land use: arable land: 19.49%
                                          permanent crops: 0.04%
                                          other: 80.46% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: NA
            Environment - current issues: water pollution, especially of
                                          lakes, from agricultural runoff
              Environment - international party to: Air Pollution, Air
                              agreements: Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air
                                          Pollution-Sulphur 94, Biodiversity,
                                          Climate Change, Desertification,
                                          Environmental Modification,
                                          Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea,
                                          Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban,
                                          Ozone Layer Protection, Ship
                                          Pollution, Tropical Timber 83,
                                          Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands,
                                          Whaling
                                          signed, but not ratified: Air
                                          Pollution-Persistent Organic
                                          Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto
                                          Protocol, Endangered Species, Marine
                                          Life Conservation
                        Geography - note: strategic location on major air and
                                          sea routes between North America and
                                          northern Europe; over 40% of the
                                          population resides within 97 km of
                                          Dublin
    
     People Ireland
     --------------
                              Population: 3,883,159 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 21.3% (male 425,366;
                                          female 403,268)
                                          15-64 years: 67.3% (male 1,307,469;
                                          female 1,305,038)
                                          65 years and over: 11.4% (male
                                          191,927; female 250,091) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.07% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 14.62 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 8.01 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: 4.12 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 0.98 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 5.43 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 77.17 years
                                          female: 80.12 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 74.41 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.9 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.1% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 2,200 (1999 est.)
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: less than 100 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Irishman(men), Irishwoman
                                          (women), Irish (collective plural)
                                          adjective: Irish
                           Ethnic groups: Celtic, English
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 91.6%, Church of
                                          Ireland 2.5%, other 5.9% (1998)
                               Languages: English is the language generally
                                          used, Irish (Gaelic) spoken mainly
                                          in areas located along the western
                                          seaboard
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 98% (1981 est.)
                                          male: NA%
                                          female: NA%
    
     Government Ireland
     ------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: none
                                          conventional short form: Ireland
                         Government type: republic
                                 Capital: Dublin
                Administrative divisions: 26 counties; Carlow, Cavan, Clare,
                                          Cork, Donegal, Dublin, Galway,
                                          Kerry, Kildare, Kilkenny, Laois,
                                          Leitrim, Limerick, Longford, Louth,
                                          Mayo, Meath, Monaghan, Offaly,
                                          Roscommon, Sligo, Tipperary,
                                          Waterford, Westmeath, Wexford,
                                          Wicklow
                            Independence: 6 December 1921 (from UK by treaty)
                        National holiday: Saint Patrick's Day, 17 March
                            Constitution: 29 December 1937; adopted 1 July
                                          1937 by plebiscite
                            Legal system: based on English common law,
                                          substantially modified by indigenous
                                          concepts; judicial review of
                                          legislative acts in Supreme Court;
                                          has not accepted compulsory ICJ
                                          jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Mary
                                          MCALEESE (since 11 November 1997)
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Bertie AHERN (since 26 June 1997)
                                          cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                                          president with previous nomination
                                          by the prime minister and approval
                                          of the House of Representatives
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote for a seven-year term;
                                          election last held 31 October 1997
                                          (next to be held NA November 2004);
                                          prime minister nominated by the
                                          House of Representatives and
                                          appointed by the president
                                          note: government coalition - Fianna
                                          Fail and the Progressive Democrats
                                          election results: Mary MCALEESE
                                          elected president; percent of vote -
                                          Mary MCALEESE 44.8%, Mary BANOTTI
                                          29.6%
                      Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament or Oireachtas
                                          consists of the Senate or Seanad
                                          Eireann (60 seats - 49 elected by
                                          the universities and from candidates
                                          put forward by five vocational
                                          panels, 11 are nominated by the
                                          prime minister; members serve five-
                                          year terms) and the House of
                                          Representatives or Dail Eireann (166
                                          seats; members are elected by
                                          popular vote on the basis of
                                          proportional representation to serve
                                          five-year terms)
                                          election results: Senate - percent
                                          of vote by party - NA%; seats by
                                          party - Fianna Fail 29, Fine Gael
                                          16, Labor Party 4, Progressive
                                          Democrats 4, others 7; House of
                                          Representatives - percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - Fianna
                                          Fail 80, Fine Gael 31, Labor Party
                                          21, Progressive Democrats 8, Green
                                          Party 6, Sinn Fein 5, others 15
                                          elections: Senate - last held NA
                                          August 1997 (next to be held NA
                                          August 2002); House of
                                          Representatives - last held 17 May
                                          2002 (next to be held NA May 2007)
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court (judges appointed by
                                          the president on the advice of the
                                          prime minister and cabinet)
           Political parties and leaders: Fianna Fail [Bertie AHERN]; Fine
                                          Gael [Michael NOONAN]; Green Party
                                          [Trevor SARGENT]; Labor Party
                                          [Ruairi QUINN]; Progressive
                                          Democrats [Mary HARNEY]; Sinn Fein
                                          [Gerry ADAMS]; Socialist Party [Joe
                                          HIGGINS]; The Workers' Party [Tom
                                          FRENCH]
            Political pressure groups and NA
                                 leaders:
               International organization Australia Group, BIS, CCC, CE, EAPC,
                           participation: EBRD, ECE, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO,
                                          IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM,
                                          IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO,
                                          IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM
                                          (observer), ISO, ITU, MINURSO,
                                          MONUC, NAM (guest), NEA, NSG, OAS
                                          (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PFP,
                                          UN, UN Security Council (temporary),
                                          UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR,
                                          UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNIKOM, UNITAR,
                                          UNMEE, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNMOP, UNTAET,
                                          UNTSO, UPU, WEU (observer), WHO,
                                          WIPO, WMO, WTrO, ZC
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Sean
                                          O'HUIGINN
                                          chancery: 2234 Massachusetts Avenue
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20008
                                          consulate(s) general: Boston,
                                          Chicago, New York, and San Francisco
    
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 232-5993
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 462-3939
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Richard
                                      US: J. EGAN
                                          embassy: 42 Elgin Road, Ballsbridge,
                                          Dublin 4
                                          mailing address: use embassy street
                                          address
                                          telephone: [353] (1) 668-7122/668-
                                          8777
                                          FAX: [353] (1) 668-9946
                        Flag description: three equal vertical bands of green
                                          (hoist side), white, and orange;
                                          similar to the flag of Cote
                                          d'Ivoire, which is shorter and has
                                          the colors reversed - orange (hoist
                                          side), white, and green; also
                                          similar to the flag of Italy, which
                                          is shorter and has colors of green
                                          (hoist side), white, and red
    
     Economy Ireland
     ---------------
                      Economy - overview: Ireland is a small, modern, trade-
                                          dependent economy with growth
                                          averaging a robust 9% in 1995-2001.
                                          Agriculture, once the most important
                                          sector, is now dwarfed by industry,
                                          which accounts for 38% of GDP, about
                                          80% of exports, and employs 28% of
                                          the labor force. Although exports
                                          remain the primary engine for
                                          Ireland's robust growth, the economy
                                          is also benefiting from a rise in
                                          consumer spending and recovery in
                                          both construction and business
                                          investment. Over the past decade,
                                          the Irish government has implemented
                                          a series of national economic
                                          programs designed to curb inflation,
                                          reduce government spending, increase
                                          labor force skills, and promote
                                          foreign investment. Ireland joined
                                          in launching the euro currency
                                          system in January 1999 along with 10
                                          other EU nations. The economy felt
                                          the impact of the global economic
                                          slowdown in 2001, particularly in
                                          the high-tech export sector; the
                                          growth rate was cut by nearly half.
                                          Growth in 2002 is expected to fall
                                          in the 3%-5% range.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $104.7
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 5.6% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $27,300
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 4%
                                          industry: 38%
                                          services: 58% (2000)
           Population below poverty line: 10% (1997 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 2%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 27.3% (1997)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 35.9 (1987)
                                   index:
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 4.9% (2001)
                             Labor force: 1.8 million (2001)
             Labor force - by occupation: services 64%, industry 28%,
                                          agriculture 8% (2000 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 4.3% (2001)
                                  Budget: revenues: $34 billion
                                          expenditures: $27 billion, including
                                          capital expenditures of $NA (2001)
                              Industries: food products, brewing, textiles,
                                          clothing; chemicals,
                                          pharmaceuticals, machinery,
                                          transportation equipment, glass and
                                          crystal; software
       Industrial production growth rate: 6.5% (2001 est.)
                Electricity - production: 22.285 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 94.86%
                                          hydro: 3.77%
                                          other: 1.37% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 20.823 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 71 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 169 million kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: turnips, barley, potatoes, sugar
                                          beets, wheat; beef, dairy products
                                 Exports: $75.9 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Exports - commodities: machinery and equipment, computers,
                                          chemicals, pharmaceuticals; live
                                          animals, animal products
                      Exports - partners: EU 63% (UK 20%, Germany 11%, France
                                          8%, Netherlands 6%, Belgium 5%), US
                                          20% (2000)
                                 Imports: $49.5 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Imports - commodities: data processing equipment, other
                                          machinery and equipment, chemicals;
                                          petroleum and petroleum products,
                                          textiles, clothing
                      Imports - partners: EU 61% (UK 33%, Germany 6%, France
                                          5%, Netherlands 4%), US 16%, Japan
                                          4% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $11 billion (1998)
                    Economic aid - donor: ODA, $283 million (2001)
                                Currency: euro (EUR); Irish pound (IEP)
                                          note: on 1 January 1999, the
                                          European Monetary Union introduced
                                          the euro as a common currency to be
                                          used by financial institutions of
                                          member countries; on 1 January 2002,
                                          the euro became the sole currency
                                          for everyday transactions within the
                                          member countries
                           Currency code: EUR; IEP
                          Exchange rates: euros per US dollar - 1.1324
                                          (January 2002), 1.1175 (2001),
                                          1.0854 (2000), 0.9386 (1999); Irish
                                          pounds per US dollar - 0.7014
                                          (1998), 0.6588 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
    
     Communications Ireland
     ----------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 1.59 million (2001)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 2 million (2001)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: modern digital
                                          system using cable and microwave
                                          radio relay
                                          domestic: microwave radio relay
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic
                                          Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 9, FM 106, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 2.55 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 4 (many low-power repeaters) (2001)
                             Televisions: 1.82 million (2001)
                   Internet country code: .ie
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 22 (2000)
                          Internet users: 1.25 million (2001)
    
     Transportation Ireland
     ----------------------
                                Railways: total: 3,314 km
                                          broad gauge: 1,949 km 1.600-m gauge
                                          (38 km electrified; 485 km double-
                                          tracked)
                                          narrow gauge: 1,365 km 0.914-m gauge
                                          (operated by the Irish Peat Board to
                                          transport peat to power stations and
                                          briqueting plants) (2001)
                                Highways: total: 92,500 km
                                          paved: 87,043 km (including 115 km
                                          of expressways)
                                          unpaved: 5,457 km (1999 est.)
                               Waterways: 700 km (limited facilities for
                                          commercial traffic) (1998)
                               Pipelines: natural gas 7,592 km (transmission
                                          1,158 km; distribution 6,434 km)
                                          (2000)
                       Ports and harbors: Arklow, Cork, Drogheda, Dublin,
                                          Foynes, Galway, Limerick, New Ross,
                                          Waterford
                         Merchant marine: total: 26 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 110,741 GRT/127,342 DWT
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Germany 2 (2002 est.)
                                          ships by type: bulk 4, cargo 20,
                                          container 1, short-sea passenger 1
                                Airports: 41 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 17
                                          over 3,047 m: 1
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 5
                                          under 914 m: 7 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 24
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 2
                                          under 914 m: 22 (2001)
    
     Military Ireland
     ----------------
                       Military branches: Army (including Naval Service and
                                          Air Corps), National Police (Garda
                                          Siochana)
        Military manpower - military age: 17 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 1,013,739 (2002
                                          est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 816,744 (2002 est.)
                                 service:
             Military manpower - reaching males: 32,287 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $700 million (FY00/01)
                                  figure:
       Military expenditures - percent of 0.9% (FY00/01)
                                     GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues Ireland
     ----------------------------
                Disputes - international: disputes with Iceland, Denmark, and
                                          the UK over the Faroe Islands
                                          continental shelf boundary outside
                                          200 NM
                           Illicit drugs: transshipment point for and consumer
                                          of hashish from North Africa to the
                                          UK and Netherlands and of European-
                                          produced synthetic drugs; minor
                                          transshipment point for heroin and
                                          cocaine destined for Western Europe
    
                                         
  
  

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