dict.org

The DICT Development Group


Search for:
Search type:
Database:

Database copyright information
Server information
Wiki: Resources, links, and other information


4 definitions found
 for Judge advocate
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Judge \Judge\ (j[u^]j), n. [OE. juge, OF. & F. juge, fr. OF.
     jugier, F. juger, to judge. See Judge, v. i.]
     [1913 Webster]
     1. (Law) A public officer who is invested with authority to
        hear and determine litigated causes, and to administer
        justice between parties in courts held for that purpose.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The parts of a judge in hearing are four: to direct
              the evidence; to moderate length, repetition, or
              impertinency of speech; to recapitulate, select, and
              collate the material points of that which hath been
              said; and to give the rule or sentence. --Bacon.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. One who has skill, knowledge, or experience, sufficient to
        decide on the merits of a question, or on the quality or
        value of anything; one who discerns properties or
        relations with skill and readiness; a connoisseur; an
        expert; a critic.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              A man who is no judge of law may be a good judge of
              poetry, or eloquence, or of the merits of a
              painting.                             --Dryden.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. A person appointed to decide in a trial of skill, speed,
        etc., between two or more parties; an umpire; as, a judge
        in a horse race.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. (Jewish Hist.) One of the supreme magistrates, with both
        civil and military powers, who governed Israel for more
        than four hundred years.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. pl. The title of the seventh book of the Old Testament;
        the Book of Judges.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Judge Advocate (Mil. & Nav.), a person appointed to act as
        prosecutor at a court-martial; he acts as the
        representative of the government, as the responsible
        adviser of the court, and also, to a certain extent, as
        counsel for the accused, when he has no other counsel.
  
     Judge-Advocate General, in the United States, the title of
        two officers, one attached to the War Department and
        having the rank of brigadier general, the other attached
        to the Navy Department and having the rank of colonel of
        marines or captain in the navy. The first is chief of the
        Bureau of Military Justice of the army, the other performs
        a similar duty for the navy. In England, the designation
        of a member of the ministry who is the legal adviser of
        the secretary of state for war, and supreme judge of the
        proceedings of courts-martial.
  
     Syn: Judge, Umpire, Arbitrator, Referee.
  
     Usage: A judge, in the legal sense, is a magistrate appointed
            to determine questions of law. An umpire is a person
            selected to decide between two or more who contend for
            a prize. An arbitrator is one chosen to allot to two
            contestants their portion of a claim, usually on
            grounds of equity and common sense. A referee is one
            to whom a case is referred for final adjustment.
            Arbitrations and references are sometimes voluntary,
            sometimes appointed by a court.
            [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Advocate \Ad"vo*cate\, n. [OE. avocat, avocet, OF. avocat, fr.
     L. advocatus, one summoned or called to another; properly the
     p. p. of advocare to call to, call to one's aid; ad + vocare
     to call. See Advowee, Avowee, Vocal.]
     1. One who pleads the cause of another. Specifically: One who
        pleads the cause of another before a tribunal or judicial
        court; a counselor.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: In the English and American Law, advocate is the same
           as "counsel," "counselor," or "barrister." In the civil
           and ecclesiastical courts, the term signifies the same
           as "counsel" at the common law.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     2. One who defends, vindicates, or espouses any cause by
        argument; a pleader; as, an advocate of free trade, an
        advocate of truth.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. Christ, considered as an intercessor.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              We have an Advocate with the Father.  --1 John ii.
                                                    1.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Faculty of advocates (Scot.), the Scottish bar in
        Edinburgh.
  
     Lord advocate (Scot.), the public prosecutor of crimes, and
        principal crown lawyer.
  
     Judge advocate. See under Judge.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  judge advocate
      n 1: an officer assigned to the judge advocate general
      2: a staff officer serving as legal adviser to a military
         commander

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  JUDGE ADVOCATE. An officer who, is a member of a court martial. 
       2. His duties are to prosecute in the name of the United States, but he 
  shall so far consider himself as counsel for the prisoner, after the 
  prisoner shall have made his plea, as to object to leading questions to any 
  of the witnesses, or any question to the prisoner, the answer to which might 
  tend to criminate himself. He is further to swear the members of the court 
  before they proceed upon any trial. Rules and Articles of War, art. 69, 2 
  Story, L. U. S. 1001; Lid. Jud. Adv. passim. 
  
  

Questions or comments about this site? Contact webmaster@dict.org