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5 definitions found
 for Libya
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Libya \Libya\ prop. n.
     A country in Northern Africa, between Egypt and Tunisia,
     bordering the Mediterranean Sea. It also borders on Algeria,
     Chad, Niger, and Sudan. It is an Arabic-speaking country with
     over 97% of the population Sunni Moslem. The population in
     1995 was about 5,248,000. The capital is Tripoli.
     [WordNet 1.5]
  
     Note: Until the formation of the modern nation of Libya in
           1952, the name had been applied to the same territory
           that had been ruled by Italy, and after World War II,
           by Britain and France. In ancient times, Libya was the
           name given to all of that part of Africa between Egypt
           and the Atlantic Ocean, and sometimes to Africa as a
           whole.
           [1913 Webster +PJC]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Libya
      n 1: a military dictatorship in northern Africa on the
           Mediterranean; consists almost entirely of desert; a major
           exporter of petroleum [syn: Libya, Socialist People's
           Libyan Arab Jamahiriya]

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary :

  Libya
     the country of the Ludim (Gen. 10:13), Northern Africa, a large
     tract lying along the Mediterranean, to the west of Egypt (Acts
     2:10). Cyrene was one of its five cities.
     

From Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary (late 1800's) :

  Libya, the heart of the sea; fat
  

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Libya
  
     Introduction Libya
     ------------------
                              Background: Since he took power in a 1969
                                          military coup, Col. Muammar Abu
                                          Minyar al-QADHAFI has espoused his
                                          own political system - a combination
                                          of socialism and Islam - which he
                                          calls the Third International
                                          Theory. Viewing himself as a
                                          revolutionary leader, he used oil
                                          funds during the 1970s and 1980s to
                                          promote his ideology outside Libya,
                                          even supporting subversives and
                                          terrorists abroad to hasten the end
                                          of Marxism and capitalism. Libyan
                                          military adventures failed, e.g.,
                                          the prolonged foray of Libyan troops
                                          into the Aozou Strip in northern
                                          Chad was finally repulsed in 1987.
                                          Libyan support for terrorism
                                          decreased after UN sanctions were
                                          imposed in 1992. Those sanctions
                                          were suspended in April 1999.
    
     Geography Libya
     ---------------
                                Location: Northern Africa, bordering the
                                          Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and
                                          Tunisia
                  Geographic coordinates: 25 00 N, 17 00 E
                          Map references: Africa
                                    Area: total: 1,759,540 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 1,759,540 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Alaska
                         Land boundaries: total: 4,348 km
                                          border countries: Algeria 982 km,
                                          Chad 1,055 km, Egypt 1,115 km, Niger
                                          354 km, Sudan 383 km, Tunisia 459 km
                               Coastline: 1,770 km
                         Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          note: Gulf of Sidra closing line -
                                          32 degrees, 30 minutes north
                                 Climate: Mediterranean along coast; dry,
                                          extreme desert interior
                                 Terrain: mostly barren, flat to undulating
                                          plains, plateaus, depressions
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Sabkhat Ghuzayyil -47
                                          m
                                          highest point: Bikku Bitti 2,267 m
                       Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, gypsum
                                Land use: arable land: 1.03%
                                          permanent crops: 0.17%
                                          other: 98.8% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 4,700 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: hot, dry, dust-laden ghibli is a
                                          southern wind lasting one to four
                                          days in spring and fall; dust
                                          storms, sandstorms
            Environment - current issues: desertification; very limited
                                          natural fresh water resources; the
                                          Great Manmade River Project, the
                                          largest water development scheme in
                                          the world, is being built to bring
                                          water from large aquifers under the
                                          Sahara to coastal cities
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Hazardous
                                          Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer
                                          Protection, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: Law of the
                                          Sea, Nuclear Test Ban
                        Geography - note: more than 90% of the country is
                                          desert or semidesert
    
     People Libya
     ------------
                              Population: 5,368,585
                                          note: includes 662,669 non-
                                          nationals, of which an estimated
                                          500,000 or more are Africans living
                                          in Libya (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 35% (male 958,243;
                                          female 917,940)
                                          15-64 years: 61% (male 1,694,986;
                                          female 1,581,400)
                                          65 years and over: 4% (male 105,500;
                                          female 110,516) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 2.41% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 27.59 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 3.5 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.95 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 1.06 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 27.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 75.86 years
                                          female: 78.11 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 73.71 years
                    Total fertility rate: 3.57 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.05% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Libyan(s)
                                          adjective: Libyan
                           Ethnic groups: Berber and Arab 97%, Greeks,
                                          Maltese, Italians, Egyptians,
                                          Pakistanis, Turks, Indians,
                                          Tunisians
                               Religions: Sunni Muslim 97%
                               Languages: Arabic, Italian, English, all are
                                          widely understood in the major
                                          cities
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 76.2%
                                          male: 87.9%
                                          female: 63% (1995 est.)
    
     Government Libya
     ----------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Great
                                          Socialist People's Libyan Arab
                                          Jamahiriya
                                          conventional short form: Libya
                                          local short form: none
                                          local long form: Al Jumahiriyah al
                                          Arabiyah al Libiyah ash Shabiyah al
                                          Ishtirakiyah al Uzma
                         Government type: Jamahiriya (a state of the masses)
                                          in theory, governed by the populace
                                          through local councils; in fact, a
                                          military dictatorship
                                 Capital: Tripoli
                Administrative divisions: 25 municipalities (baladiyat,
                                          singular - baladiyah); Ajdabiya, Al
                                          'Aziziyah, Al Fatih, Al Jabal al
                                          Akhdar, Al Jufrah, Al Khums, Al
                                          Kufrah, An Nuqat al Khams, Ash
                                          Shati', Awbari, Az Zawiyah,
                                          Banghazi, Darnah, Ghadamis, Gharyan,
                                          Misratah, Murzuq, Sabha, Sawfajjin,
                                          Surt, Tarabulus, Tarhunah, Tubruq,
                                          Yafran, Zlitan; note - the 25
                                          municipalities may have been
                                          replaced by 13 regions
                            Independence: 24 December 1951 (from Italy)
                        National holiday: Revolution Day, 1 September (1969)
                            Constitution: 11 December 1969, amended 2 March
                                          1977
                            Legal system: based on Italian civil law system
                                          and Islamic law; separate religious
                                          courts; no constitutional provision
                                          for judicial review of legislative
                                          acts; has not accepted compulsory
                                          ICJ jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and
                                          compulsory
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Revolutionary Leader
                                          Col. Muammar Abu Minyar al-QADHAFI
                                          (since 1 September 1969); note -
                                          holds no official title, but is de
                                          facto chief of state
                                          elections: national elections are
                                          indirect through a hierarchy of
                                          people's committees; head of
                                          government elected by the General
                                          People's Congress; election last
                                          held 2 March 2000 (next to be held
                                          NA)
                                          election results: Mubarak al-SHAMEKH
                                          elected premier; percent of General
                                          People's Congress vote - NA%
                                          cabinet: General People's Committee
                                          established by the General People's
                                          Congress
                                          head of government: Secretary of the
                                          General People's Committee (Premier)
                                          Mubarak al-SHAMEKH (since 2 March
                                          2000)
                      Legislative branch: unicameral General People's Congress
                                          (NA seats; members elected
                                          indirectly through a hierarchy of
                                          people's committees)
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court
           Political parties and leaders: none
            Political pressure groups and various Arab nationalist movements
                                 leaders: with almost negligible memberships
                                          may be functioning clandestinely, as
                                          well as some Islamic elements
               International organization ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF, AMU,
                           participation: CAEU, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-77, IAEA,
                                          IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD,
                                          IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol,
                                          IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OAU, OIC,
                                          OPEC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO,
                                          UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO,
                                          WToO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: Libya does not have an embassy in
                                          the US
       Diplomatic representation from the the US suspended all embassy
                                      US: activities in Tripoli on 2 May 1980
                        Flag description: plain green; green is the
                                          traditional color of Islam (the
                                          state religion)
    
     Economy Libya
     -------------
                      Economy - overview: The socialist-oriented economy
                                          depends primarily upon revenues from
                                          the oil sector, which contributes
                                          practically all export earnings and
                                          about one-quarter of GDP. These oil
                                          revenues and a small population give
                                          Libya one of the highest per capita
                                          GDPs in Africa, but little of this
                                          income flows down to the lower
                                          orders of society. Import
                                          restrictions and inefficient
                                          resource allocations have led to
                                          periodic shortages of basic goods
                                          and foodstuffs. The nonoil
                                          manufacturing and construction
                                          sectors, which account for about 20%
                                          of GDP, have expanded from
                                          processing mostly agricultural
                                          products to include the production
                                          of petrochemicals, iron, steel, and
                                          aluminum. Climatic conditions and
                                          poor soils severely limit
                                          agricultural output, and Libya
                                          imports about 75% of its food.
                                          Higher oil prices in 1999 and 2000
                                          led to an increase in export
                                          revenues, which improved
                                          macroeconomic balances and helped to
                                          stimulate the economy. The
                                          suspension of UN sanctions in 1999
                                          also boosted growth. Libya's January
                                          2002 51% devaluation of the official
                                          exchange rate of the dinar is
                                          another fiscal plus, although it
                                          will also bring higher inflation.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $40
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 3% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $7,600
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 7%
                                          industry: 47%
                                          services: 46% (1997 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 13.6% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 1.5 million (2000 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: services 54%, industry 29%,
                                          agriculture 17% (1997 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 30% (2000 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $9.3 billion
                                          expenditures: $9.2 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (2001 est.)
                              Industries: petroleum, food processing,
                                          textiles, handicrafts, cement
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: 19.4 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 18.042 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: wheat, barley, olives, dates,
                                          citrus, vegetables, peanuts,
                                          soybeans; cattle
                                 Exports: $13.1 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: crude oil, refined petroleum
                                          products
                      Exports - partners: Italy 42%, Germany 19%, Spain 13%,
                                          Turkey 6%, France 4%, Switzerland
                                          3%, Tunisia 2% (2000)
                                 Imports: $8.7 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery, transport equipment,
                                          food, manufactured goods
                      Imports - partners: Italy 25%, Germany 10%, UK 8%,
                                          France 7%, Tunisia 7%, South Korea
                                          4% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $4.7 billion (2001 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $7 million (1999 est.)
                                Currency: Libyan dinar (LYD)
                           Currency code: LYD
                          Exchange rates: Libyan dinars per US dollar - 0.6501
                                          (December 2001), 0.6501 (2001),
                                          0.5403 (2000), 0.5403 (1999), 0.3785
                                          (1998), 0.3891 (1997); market rate
                                          for Libyan dinars per US dollar -
                                          1.55 (January 2002)
                                          note: Libya devalued its official
                                          rate for foreign trade on 1 January
                                          2002 to 21.30 dinars per US dollar;
                                          the previous official rate was 0.63
                                          dinar per US dollar (Dec 2001)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
    
     Communications Libya
     --------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 380,000 (1996)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: NA
                        Telephone system: general assessment:
                                          telecommunications system is being
                                          modernized; mobile cellular
                                          telephone system became operational
                                          in 1996
                                          domestic: microwave radio relay,
                                          coaxial cable, cellular,
                                          tropospheric scatter, and a domestic
                                          satellite system with 14 earth
                                          stations
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          stations - 4 Intelsat, NA Arabsat,
                                          and NA Intersputnik; submarine
                                          cables to France and Italy;
                                          microwave radio relay to Tunisia and
                                          Egypt; tropospheric scatter to
                                          Greece; participant in Medarabtel
                                          (1999)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 17, FM 4, shortwave 3 (1998)
                                  Radios: 1.35 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 12 (plus one low-power repeater)
                                          (1998)
                             Televisions: 730,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .ly
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
                          Internet users: 20,000 (2001)
    
     Transportation Libya
     --------------------
                                Railways: note: Libya has had no railroad in
                                          operation since 1965, all previous
                                          systems having been dismantled;
                                          current plans are to construct a
                                          1.435-m standard-gauge line from the
                                          Tunisian frontier to Tripoli and
                                          Misratah, then inland to Sabha,
                                          center of a mineral-rich area, but
                                          there has been little progress;
                                          other plans made jointly with Egypt
                                          would establish a rail line from As
                                          Sallum, Egypt, to Tobruk with
                                          completion originally set for mid-
                                          1994; Libya signed contracts with
                                          two private companies - Bahne of
                                          Egypt and Jez Sistemas Ferroviarios
                                          of Spain - in 1998 for the supply of
                                          crossings and pointwork (2001)
                                Highways: total: 24,484 km
                                          paved: 6,798 km
                                          unpaved: 17,686 km
                                          note: data for the length of unpaved
                                          roads include the assumption that
                                          because they were listed as
                                          secondary roads, they are unpaved;
                                          some may be paved and some part of
                                          the primary roads may not be paved
                                          (1996)
                               Waterways: none
                               Pipelines: crude oil 4,383 km; petroleum
                                          products 443 km (includes liquefied
                                          petroleum gas or LPG 256 km);
                                          natural gas 1,947 km
                       Ports and harbors: Al Khums, Banghazi, Darnah, Marsa al
                                          Burayqah, Misratah, Ra's Lanuf,
                                          Tobruk, Tripoli, Zuwarah
                         Merchant marine: total: 23 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 209,000 GRT/278,277 DWT
                                          ships by type: cargo 9, chemical
                                          tanker 1, liquefied gas 3, petroleum
                                          tanker 2, roll on/roll off 4, short-
                                          sea passenger 4
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Algeria 1, Kuwait 1,
                                          United Arab Emirates 1 (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 136 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 58
                                          over 3,047 m: 23
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 6
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 5
                                          under 914 m: 2 (2001)
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 22
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 78
                                          under 914 m: 18 (2001)
                                          over 3,047 m: 4
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 40
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 14
                               Heliports: 1 (2001)
    
     Military Libya
     --------------
                       Military branches: Armed Peoples on Duty (Army), Navy,
                                          Air and Air Defense Command
                                          (includes Air Force)
        Military manpower - military age: 17 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 1,503,647 (2002
                                          est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 890,783 (2002 est.)
                                 service:
             Military manpower - reaching males: 61,694 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $1.3 billion (FY99/00)
                                  figure:
       Military expenditures - percent of 3.9% (FY99/00)
                                     GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues Libya
     --------------------------
                Disputes - international: Chadian rebels from Aozou region
                                          reside in Libya; Libya claims about
                                          19,400 sq km in Niger as well as
                                          part of southeastern Algeria in
                                          currently dormant disputes
    
                                         
  
  

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