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3 definitions found
 for Long division
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Long \Long\, a. [Compar. Longer; superl. Longest.] [AS.
     long, lang; akin to OS, OFries., D., & G. lang, Icel. langr,
     Sw. l[*a]ng, Dan. lang, Goth. laggs, L. longus. [root]125.
     Cf. Length, Ling a fish, Linger, Lunge, Purloin.]
     1. Drawn out in a line, or in the direction of length;
        protracted; extended; as, a long line; -- opposed to
        short, and distinguished from broad or wide.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. Drawn out or extended in time; continued through a
        considerable tine, or to a great length; as, a long series
        of events; a long debate; a long drama; a long history; a
        long book.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. Slow in passing; causing weariness by length or duration;
        lingering; as, long hours of watching.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. Occurring or coming after an extended interval; distant in
        time; far away.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The we may us reserve both fresh and strong
              Against the tournament, which is not long.
                                                    --Spenser.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. Having a length of the specified measure; of a specified
        length; as, a span long; a yard long; a mile long, that
        is, extended to the measure of a mile, etc.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. Far-reaching; extensive. " Long views." --Burke.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     7. (Phonetics) Prolonged, or relatively more prolonged, in
        utterance; -- said of vowels and syllables. See Short,
        a., 13, and Guide to Pronunciation, [sect][sect] 22, 30.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     8. (Finance & Com.) Having a supply of stocks or goods;
        prepared for, or depending for a profit upon, advance in
        prices; as, long of cotton. Hence, the phrases: to be, or
        go, long of the market, to be on the long side of the
        market, to hold products or securities for a rise in
        price, esp. when bought on a margin. Contrasted to
        short.
        [Webster 1913 Suppl.]
  
     Note: Long is used as a prefix in a large number of compound
           adjectives which are mostly of obvious meaning; as,
           long-armed, long-beaked, long-haired, long-horned,
           long-necked, long-sleeved, long-tailed, long- worded,
           etc.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     In the long run, in the whole course of things taken
        together; in the ultimate result; eventually.
  
     Long+clam+(Zool.),+the+common+clam+({Mya+arenaria">Long clam (Zool.), the common clam ({Mya arenaria) of the
        Northern United States and Canada; -- called also
        soft-shell clam and long-neck clam. See Mya.
  
     Long cloth, a kind of cotton cloth of superior quality.
  
     Long clothes, clothes worn by a young infant, extending
        below the feet.
  
     Long division. (Math.) See Division.
  
     Long dozen, one more than a dozen; thirteen.
  
     Long home, the grave.
  
     Long measure, Long meter. See under Measure, Meter.
        
  
     Long Parliament (Eng. Hist.), the Parliament which
        assembled Nov. 3, 1640, and was dissolved by Cromwell,
        April 20, 1653.
  
     Long price, the full retail price.
  
     Long purple (Bot.), a plant with purple flowers, supposed
        to be the Orchis mascula. --Dr. Prior.
  
     Long suit
        (a) (Whist), a suit of which one holds originally more
            than three cards. --R. A. Proctor.
        (b) One's most important resource or source of strength;
            as, as an entertainer, her voice was her long suit.
  
     Long tom.
        (a) A pivot gun of great length and range, on the dock of
            a vessel.
        (b) A long trough for washing auriferous earth. [Western
            U.S.]
        (c) (Zool.) The long-tailed titmouse.
  
     Long wall (Coal Mining), a working in which the whole seam
        is removed and the roof allowed to fall in, as the work
        progresses, except where passages are needed.
  
     Of long, a long time. [Obs.] --Fairfax.
  
     To be long of the market, or To go long of the market,
     To be on the long side of the market, etc. (Stock
        Exchange), to hold stock for a rise in price, or to have a
        contract under which one can demand stock on or before a
        certain day at a stipulated price; -- opposed to short
        in such phrases as, to be short of stock, to sell short,
        etc. [Cant] See Short.
  
     To have a long head, to have a farseeing or sagacious mind.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Division \Di*vi"sion\, n. [F. division, L. divisio, from
     dividere. See Divide.]
     1. The act or process of diving anything into parts, or the
        state of being so divided; separation.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              I was overlooked in the division of the spoil.
                                                    --Gibbon.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. That which divides or keeps apart; a partition.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. The portion separated by the divining of a mass or body; a
        distinct segment or section.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Communities and divisions of men.     --Addison.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. Disunion; difference in opinion or feeling; discord;
        variance; alienation.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              There was a division among the people. --John vii.
                                                    43.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. Difference of condition; state of distinction;
        distinction; contrast. --Chaucer.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              I will put a division between my people and thy
              people.                               --Ex. viii.
                                                    23.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. Separation of the members of a deliberative body, esp. of
        the Houses of Parliament, to ascertain the vote.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The motion passed without a division. --Macaulay.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     7. (Math.) The process of finding how many times one number
        or quantity is contained in another; the reverse of
        multiplication; also, the rule by which the operation is
        performed.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     8. (Logic) The separation of a genus into its constituent
        species.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     9. (Mil.)
        (a) Two or more brigades under the command of a general
            officer.
        (b) Two companies of infantry maneuvering as one
            subdivision of a battalion.
        (c) One of the larger districts into which a country is
            divided for administering military affairs.
            [1913 Webster]
  
     10. (Naut.) One of the groups into which a fleet is divided.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     11. (Mus.) A course of notes so running into each other as to
         form one series or chain, to be sung in one breath to one
         syllable.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     12. (Rhet.) The distribution of a discourse into parts; a
         part so distinguished.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     13. (Biol.) A grade or rank in classification; a portion of a
         tribe or of a class; or, in some recent authorities,
         equivalent to a subkingdom.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     Cell division (Biol.), a method of cell increase, in which
        new cells are formed by the division of the parent cell.
        In this process, the cell nucleus undergoes peculiar
        differentiations and changes, as shown in the figure (see
        also Karyokinesis). At the same time the protoplasm of
        the cell becomes gradually constricted by a furrow
        transverse to the long axis of the nuclear spindle,
        followed, on the completion of the division of the
        nucleus, by a separation of the cell contents into two
        masses, called the daughter cells.
  
     Long division (Math.), the process of division when the
        operations are mostly written down.
  
     Short division (Math.), the process of division when the
        operations are mentally performed and only the results
        written down; -- used principally when the divisor is not
        greater than ten or twelve.
  
     Syn: compartment; section; share; allotment; distribution;
          separation; partition; disjunction; disconnection;
          difference; variance; discord; disunion.
          [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  long division
      n 1: the operation of division in which the sequence of steps
           are indicated in detail

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