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4 definitions found
 for Machine language
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Language \Lan"guage\, n. [OE. langage, F. langage, fr. L. lingua
     the tongue, hence speech, language; akin to E. tongue. See
     Tongue, cf. Lingual.]
     [1913 Webster]
     1. Any means of conveying or communicating ideas;
        specifically, human speech; the expression of ideas by the
        voice; sounds, expressive of thought, articulated by the
        organs of the throat and mouth.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: Language consists in the oral utterance of sounds which
           usage has made the representatives of ideas. When two
           or more persons customarily annex the same sounds to
           the same ideas, the expression of these sounds by one
           person communicates his ideas to another. This is the
           primary sense of language, the use of which is to
           communicate the thoughts of one person to another
           through the organs of hearing. Articulate sounds are
           represented to the eye by letters, marks, or
           characters, which form words.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     2. The expression of ideas by writing, or any other
        instrumentality.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. The forms of speech, or the methods of expressing ideas,
        peculiar to a particular nation.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. The characteristic mode of arranging words, peculiar to an
        individual speaker or writer; manner of expression; style.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Others for language all their care express. --Pope.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. The inarticulate sounds by which animals inferior to man
        express their feelings or their wants.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. The suggestion, by objects, actions, or conditions, of
        ideas associated therewith; as, the language of flowers.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              There was . . . language in their very gesture.
                                                    --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     7. The vocabulary and phraseology belonging to an art or
        department of knowledge; as, medical language; the
        language of chemistry or theology.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     8. A race, as distinguished by its speech. [R.]
        [1913 Webster]
  
              All the people, the nations, and the languages, fell
              down and worshiped the golden image.  --Dan. iii. 7.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     9. Any system of symbols created for the purpose of
        communicating ideas, emotions, commands, etc., between
        sentient agents.
        [PJC]
  
     10. Specifically: (computers) Any set of symbols and the
         rules for combining them which are used to specify to a
         computer the actions that it is to take; also referred to
         as a computer lanugage or programming language; as,
         JAVA is a new and flexible high-level language which has
         achieved popularity very rapidly.
         [PJC]
  
     Note: Computer languages are classed a low-level if each
           instruction specifies only one operation of the
           computer, or high-level if each instruction may specify
           a complex combination of operations. Machine language
           and assembly language are low-level computer
           languages. FORTRAN, COBOL and C are high-level
           computer languages. Other computer languages, such as
           JAVA, allow even more complex combinations of low-level
           operations to be performed with a single command. Many
           programs, such as databases, are supplied with special
           languages adapted to manipulate the objects of concern
           for that specific program. These are also high-level
           languages.
           [PJC]
  
     Language master, a teacher of languages. [Obs.]
  
     Syn: Speech; tongue; idiom; dialect; phraseology; diction;
          discourse; conversation; talk.
  
     Usage: Language, Speech, Tongue, Idiom, Dialect.
            Language is generic, denoting, in its most extended
            use, any mode of conveying ideas; speech is the
            language of articulate sounds; tongue is the
            Anglo-Saxon term for language, esp. for spoken
            language; as, the English tongue. Idiom denotes the
            forms of construction peculiar to a particular
            language; dialects are varieties of expression which
            spring up in different parts of a country among people
            speaking substantially the same language.
            [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  machine language \machine language\ n. (Computers)
     a set of instructions[3] in a binary form that can be
     executed directly by the CPU of a computer without
     translation by a computer program.
  
     Syn: machine code, binary code.
          [WordNet 1.5 +PJC] machinelike

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  machine language
      n 1: a programming language designed for use on a specific class
           of computers [syn: computer language, computer-oriented
           language, machine language, machine-oriented language]
      2: a set of instructions coded so that the computer can use it
         directly without further translation [syn: machine code,
         machine language]

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (18 March 2015) :

  machine code
  machine language
  
      The representation of a computer program that is
     read and interpreted by the computer hardware (rather than by
     some other machine code program).  A program in machine code
     consists of a sequence of "instructions" (possibly
     interspersed with data).  An instruction is a binary string,
     (often written as one or more octal, decimal or
     hexadecimal numbers).  Instructions may be all the same size
     (e.g. one 32-bit word for many modern RISC
     microprocessors) or of different sizes, in which case the
     size of the instruction is determined from the first word
     (e.g. Motorola 68000) or byte (e.g. Inmos
     transputer).  The collection of all possible instructions
     for a particular computer is known as its "{instruction set".
  
     Each instruction typically causes the Central Processing
     Unit to perform some fairly simple operation like loading a
     value from memory into a register or adding the numbers in
     two registers.  An instruction consists of an op code and
     zero or more operands.  Different processors have different
     instruction sets - the collection of possible operations
     they can perform.
  
     Execution of machine code may either be hard-wired into the
     central processing unit or it may be controlled by
     microcode.  The basic execution cycle consists of fetching
     the next instruction from main memory, decoding it
     (determining which action the operation code specifies and
     the location of any arguments) and executing it by opening
     various gates (e.g. to allow data to flow from main memory
     into a CPU register) and enabling functional units
     (e.g. signalling to the ALU to perform an addition).
  
     Humans almost never write programs directly in machine code.
     Instead, they use programming languages.  The simplest kind
     of programming language is assembly language which usually
     has a one-to-one correspondence with the resulting machine
     code instructions but allows the use of mnemonics (ASCII
     strings) for the "{op codes" (the part of the instruction
     which encodes the basic type of operation to perform) and
     names for locations in the program (branch labels) and for
     variables and constants.  Other languages are either
     translated by a compiler into machine code or executed by an
     interpreter
  
     (2009-06-16)
  

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