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2 definitions found
 for Martinique
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Martinique
      n 1: an island in the eastern Caribbean in the Windward Islands;
           administered as an overseas region of France

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Martinique
  
     Introduction Martinique
     -----------------------
                              Background: Colonized by France in 1635, the
                                          island has subsequently remained a
                                          French possession except for three
                                          brief periods of foreign occupation.
    
     Geography Martinique
     --------------------
                                Location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean
                                          Sea, north of Trinidad and Tobago
                  Geographic coordinates: 14 40 N, 61 00 W
                          Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
                                    Area: total: 1,100 sq km
                                          water: 40 sq km
                                          land: 1,060 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly more than six times the
                                          size of Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 350 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds;
                                          rainy season (June to October);
                                          vulnerable to devastating cyclones
                                          (hurricanes) every eight years on
                                          average; average temperature 17.3
                                          degrees C; humid
                                 Terrain: mountainous with indented coastline;
                                          dormant volcano
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
                                          highest point: Montagne Pelee 1,397
                                          m
                       Natural resources: coastal scenery and beaches,
                                          cultivable land
                                Land use: arable land: 9.43%
                                          permanent crops: 11.32%
                                          other: 79.25% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 30 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: hurricanes, flooding, and volcanic
                                          activity (an average of one major
                                          natural disaster every five years)
            Environment - current issues: NA
                        Geography - note: the island is dominated by Mount
                                          Pelee, which on 8 May 1902 erupted
                                          and completely destroyed the city of
                                          Saint Pierre, killing 30,000
                                          inhabitants
    
     People Martinique
     -----------------
                              Population: 422,277 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 23% (male 49,261; female
                                          47,843)
                                          15-64 years: 66.8% (male 140,616;
                                          female 141,460)
                                          65 years and over: 10.2% (male
                                          19,274; female 23,823) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 0.89% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 15.37 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 6.4 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: -0.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 0.98 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 7.62 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 78.56 years
                                          female: 77.92 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 79.19 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.79 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Martiniquais (singular and
                                          plural)
                                          adjective: Martiniquais
                           Ethnic groups: African and African-white-Indian
                                          mixture 90%, white 5%, East Indian,
                                          Chinese less than 5%
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 95%, Hindu and pagan
                                          African 5%
                               Languages: French, Creole patois
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 93%
                                          male: 92%
                                          female: 93% (1982 est.)
    
     Government Martinique
     ---------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Department
                                          of Martinique
                                          conventional short form: Martinique
                                          local short form: Martinique
                                          local long form: Departement de la
                                          Martinique
                       Dependency status: overseas department of France
                         Government type: NA
                                 Capital: Fort-de-France
                Administrative divisions: none (overseas department of France)
                            Independence: none (overseas department of France)
                        National holiday: Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
                            Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French
                                          Constitution)
                            Legal system: French legal system
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Jacques
                                          CHIRAC of France (since 17 May
                                          1995); Prefect Michel CADOT (since
                                          21 June 2000)
                                          elections: French president elected
                                          by popular vote for a five-year
                                          term; prefect appointed by the
                                          French president on the advice of
                                          the French Ministry of Interior; the
                                          presidents of the General and
                                          Regional Councils are elected by the
                                          members of those councils
                                          head of government: President of the
                                          General Council Claude LISE (since
                                          22 March 1992); President of the
                                          Regional Council Alfred MARIE-JEANNE
                                          (since NA March 1998)
                                          cabinet: NA
                      Legislative branch: unicameral General Council or
                                          Conseil General (45 seats; members
                                          are elected by popular vote to serve
                                          six-year terms) and a unicameral
                                          Regional Assembly or Conseil
                                          Regional (41 seats; members are
                                          elected by popular vote to serve
                                          six-year terms)
                                          elections: General Council - last
                                          held NA March 2000 (next to be held
                                          NA 2006); Regional Assembly - last
                                          held on 15 March 1998 (next to be
                                          held by March 2004)
                                          election results: General Council -
                                          percent of vote by party - NA%;
                                          seats by party - left-wing parties
                                          29, right-wing parties 14,
                                          independents 2; note - the PPM won a
                                          plurality; Regional Assembly -
                                          percent of vote by party - NA%;
                                          seats by party - RPR-UDF 14, MIM 13,
                                          PPM 7, left parties 4, PMS 3
                                          note: Martinique elects 2 seats to
                                          the French Senate; elections last
                                          held NA September 2001 (next to be
                                          held September 2004); results -
                                          percent of vote by party - NA%;
                                          seats by party - PPM 2; Martinique
                                          also elects 4 seats to the French
                                          National Assembly; elections last
                                          held, first round - 9 June 2002,
                                          second round - 16 June 2002 (next to
                                          be held June 2007); results -
                                          percent of vote by party - NA%;
                                          seats by party - NA
                         Judicial branch: Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel
           Political parties and leaders: Martinique Independence Movement or
                                          MIM [Alfred MARIE-JEANNE];
                                          Martinique Progressive Party or PPM
                                          [Camille DARSIERES]; note - may no
                                          longer be in existence; Martinique
                                          Socialist Party or PMS [Ernest WAN-
                                          AJOUHU]; Movement of Democrats and
                                          Ecologists for a Sovereign
                                          Martinique or Modemas [Garcin
                                          MALSA]; Rally for the Republic or
                                          RPR [Michel CHARLONE]; Socialist
                                          Revolution Group or GRS [Philippe
                                          PIERRE-CHARLES]; Union for French
                                          Democracy or UDF [Jean MAREN]
            Political pressure groups and Caribbean Revolutionary Alliance or
                                 leaders: ARC; Central Union for Martinique
                                          Workers or CSTM [Marc PULVAR];
                                          Frantz Fanon Circle; League of
                                          Workers and Peasants; Proletarian
                                          Action Group or GAP
               International organization FZ, WCL, WFTU
                           participation:
     Diplomatic representation in the US: none (overseas department of France)
       Diplomatic representation from the none (overseas department of France)
                                      US:
                        Flag description: a light blue background is divided
                                          into four quadrants by a white
                                          cross; in the center of each
                                          rectangle is a white snake; the flag
                                          of France is used for official
                                          occasions
    
     Economy Martinique
     ------------------
                      Economy - overview: The economy is based on sugarcane,
                                          bananas, tourism, and light
                                          industry. Agriculture accounts for
                                          about 6% of GDP and the small
                                          industrial sector for 11%. Sugar
                                          production has declined, with most
                                          of the sugarcane now used for the
                                          production of rum. Banana exports
                                          are increasing, going mostly to
                                          France. The bulk of meat, vegetable,
                                          and grain requirements must be
                                          imported, contributing to a chronic
                                          trade deficit that requires large
                                          annual transfers of aid from France.
                                          Tourism, which employs more than
                                          11,000 people, has become more
                                          important than agricultural exports
                                          as a source of foreign exchange. The
                                          majority of the work force is
                                          employed in the service sector and
                                          in administration.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $4.39
                                          billion (1997 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: NA%
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $11,000
                                          (1997 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 6%
                                          industry: 11%
                                          services: 83% (1997 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.9% (1990)
                             Labor force: 170,000 (1997)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 10%, industry 17%,
                                          services 73% (1997)
                       Unemployment rate: 27.2% (1998)
                                  Budget: revenues: $900 million
                                          expenditures: $2.5 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $140 million (1996)
                              Industries: construction, rum, cement, oil
                                          refining, sugar, tourism
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: 1.125 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 1.046 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: pineapples, avocados, bananas,
                                          flowers, vegetables, sugarcane
                                 Exports: $250 million (f.o.b., 1997)
                   Exports - commodities: refined petroleum products, bananas,
                                          rum, pineapples
                      Exports - partners: France 45%, Guadeloupe 28% (1997)
                                 Imports: $2 billion (c.i.f., 1997)
                   Imports - commodities: petroleum products, crude oil,
                                          foodstuffs, construction materials,
                                          vehicles, clothing and other
                                          consumer goods
                      Imports - partners: France 62%, Venezuela 6%, Germany
                                          4%, Italy 4%, US 3% (1997)
                         Debt - external: $180 million (1994)
                Economic aid - recipient: $NA; note - substantial annual aid
                                          from France
                                Currency: euro (EUR); French franc (FRF)
                           Currency code: EUR; FRF
                          Exchange rates: euros per US dollar - 1.1324
                                          (January 2002), 1.1175 (2001),
                                          1.0854 (2000), 0.9386 (1999); French
                                          francs per US dollar - 5.8995
                                          (1998), 5.8367 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
    
     Communications Martinique
     -------------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 170,000 (1997)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 15,000 (1997)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: domestic
                                          facilities are adequate
                                          domestic: NA
                                          international: microwave radio relay
                                          to Guadeloupe, Dominica, and Saint
                                          Lucia; satellite earth stations - 2
                                          Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 0, FM 14, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 82,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 11 (plus nine repeaters) (1997)
                             Televisions: 66,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .mq
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2 (2000)
                          Internet users: 5,000 (2000)
    
     Transportation Martinique
     -------------------------
                                          Railways: 0 km (2002)
                                          Highways: total: 2,105 km (2000)
                                                    paved: NA km
                                                    unpaved: NA km
                                         Waterways: none
                                 Ports and harbors: Fort-de-France, La Trinite
                                   Merchant marine: none (2002 est.)
                                          Airports: 2 (2001)
                     Airports - with paved runways: total: 1
                                                    over 3,047 m: 1 (2001)
                   Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 1
                                                    under 914 m: 1 (2001)
    
     Military Martinique
     -------------------
                        Military branches: no regular indigenous military
                                           forces; French Forces (Army, Navy,
                                           Air Force), Gendarmerie
                          Military - note: defense is the responsibility of
                                           France
    
     Transnational Issues Martinique
     -------------------------------
                Disputes - international: none
                           Illicit drugs: transshipment point for cocaine and
                                          marijuana bound for the US and
                                          Europe
    
                                         
  
  

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