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2 definitions found
 for Mechanical solution
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Solution \So*lu"tion\ (s[-o]*l[=u]"sh[u^]n), n. [OE. solucion,
     OF. solucion, F. solution, fr. L. solutio, fr. solvere,
     solutum, to loosen, dissolve. See Solve.]
     1. The act of separating the parts of any body, or the
        condition of undergoing a separation of parts; disruption;
        breach.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              In all bodies there is an appetite of union and
              evitation of solution of continuity.  --Bacon.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. The act of solving, or the state of being solved; the
        disentanglement of any intricate problem or difficult
        question; explanation; clearing up; -- used especially in
        mathematics, either of the process of solving an equation
        or problem, or the result of the process.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. The state of being dissolved or disintegrated; resolution;
        disintegration.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              It is unquestionably an enterprise of more promise
              to assail the nations in their hour of faintness and
              solution, than at a time when magnificent and
              seductive systems of worship were at their height of
              energy and splendor.                  --I. Taylor.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. (Chem.Phys.) The act or process by which a body (whether
        solid, liquid, or gaseous) is absorbed into a liquid, and,
        remaining or becoming fluid, is diffused throughout the
        solvent; also, the product resulting from such absorption.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: When a solvent will not take in any more of a substance
           the solution is said to be saturated. Solution is of
           two kinds; viz.: (a) Mechanical solution, in which no
           marked chemical change takes place, and in which, in
           the case of solids, the dissolved body can be regained
           by evaporation, as in the solution of salt or sugar in
           water. (b) Chemical solution, in which there is
           involved a decided chemical change, as when limestone
           or zinc undergoes solution in hydrochloric acid.
           Mechanical solution is regarded as a form of
           molecular or atomic attraction, and is probably
           occasioned by the formation of certain very weak and
           unstable compounds which are easily dissociated and
           pass into new and similar compounds.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: This word is not used in chemistry or mineralogy for
           fusion, or the melting of bodies by the heat of fire.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     5. Release; deliverance; discharge. [Obs.] --Barrow.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. (Med.)
        (a) The termination of a disease; resolution.
        (b) A crisis.
        (c) A liquid medicine or preparation (usually aqueous) in
            which the solid ingredients are wholly soluble. --U.
            S. Disp.
            [1913 Webster]
  
     Fehling's solution (Chem.), a standardized solution of
        cupric hydrate in sodium potassium tartrate, used as a
        means of determining the reducing power of certain sugars
        and sirups by the amount of red cuprous oxide thrown down.
        
  
     Heavy solution (Min.), a liquid of high density, as a
        solution of mercuric iodide in potassium iodide (called
        the Sonstadt solution or Thoulet solution) having a
        maximum specific gravity of 3.2, or of borotungstate of
        cadium ({Klein solution, specific gravity 3.6), and the
        like. Such solutions are much used in determining the
        specific gravities of minerals, and in separating them
        when mechanically mixed as in a pulverized rock.
  
     Nessler's solution. See Nesslerize.
  
     Solution of continuity, the separation of connection, or of
        connected substances or parts; -- applied, in surgery, to
        a fracture, laceration, or the like. "As in the natural
        body a wound, or solution of continuity, is worse than a
        corrupt humor, so in the spiritual." --Bacon.
  
     Standardized solution (Chem.), a solution which is used as
        a reagent, and is of a known and standard strength;
        specifically, a normal solution, containing in each cubic
        centimeter as many milligrams of the element in question
        as the number representing its atomic weight; thus, a
        normal solution of silver nitrate would contain 107.7 mgr.
        of silver in each cubic centimeter.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Mechanical \Me*chan"ic*al\, a. [From Mechanic, a.]
     [1913 Webster]
     1. Pertaining to, governed by, or in accordance with,
        mechanics, or the laws of motion; pertaining to the
        quantitative relations of force and matter on a
        macroscopic scale, as distinguished from mental,
        vital, chemical, electrical, electronic, atomic
        etc.; as, mechanical principles; a mechanical theory;
        especially, using only the interactions of solid parts
        against each other; as mechanical brakes, in contrast to
        hydraulic brakes.
        [1913 Webster +PJC]
  
     2. Of or pertaining to a machine or to machinery or tools;
        made or formed by a machine or with tools; as, mechanical
        precision; mechanical products.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              We have also divers mechanical arts.  --Bacon.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. Done as if by a machine; uninfluenced by will or emotion;
        proceeding automatically, or by habit, without special
        intention or reflection; as, mechanical singing;
        mechanical verses; mechanical service.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. Made and operated by interaction of forces without a
        directing intelligence; as, a mechanical universe.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. Obtained by trial, by measurements, etc.; approximate;
        empirical. See the 2d Note under Geometric.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Mechanical effect, effective power; useful work exerted, as
        by a machine, in a definite time.
  
     Mechanical engineering. See the Note under Engineering.
        
  
     Mechanical maneuvers (Mil.), the application of mechanical
        appliances to the mounting, dismounting, and moving of
        artillery. --Farrow.
  
     Mechanical philosophy, the principles of mechanics applied
        to the investigation of physical phenomena.
  
     Mechanical powers, certain simple instruments, such as the
        lever and its modifications (the wheel and axle and the
        pulley), the inclined plane with its modifications (the
        screw and the wedge), which convert a small force acting
        through a great space into a great force acting through a
        small space, or vice versa, and are used separately or in
        combination.
  
     Mechanical solution (Math.), a solution of a problem by any
        art or contrivance not strictly geometrical, as by means
        of the ruler and compasses, or other instruments.
        [1913 Webster]

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