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3 definitions found
 for Miner''s inch
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Inch \Inch\, n. [OE. inche, unche, AS. ynce, L. uncia the
     twelfth part, inch, ounce. See Ounce a weight.]
     [1913 Webster]
     1. A measure of length, the twelfth part of a foot, commonly
        subdivided into halves, quarters, eights, sixteenths,
        etc., as among mechanics. It was also formerly divided
        into twelve parts, called lines, and originally into three
        parts, called barleycorns, its length supposed to have
        been determined from three grains of barley placed end to
        end lengthwise. It is also sometimes called a prime ('),
        composed of twelve seconds (''), as in the duodecimal
        system of arithmetic.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: The symbol ' is the same symbol as the light accent, or
           the "minutes" of an arc. The "seconds" symbol should
           actually have the two strokes closer than in repeated
           "minutes", but in this dictionary '' will be
           interpreted as "seconds".
           [PJC]
  
                 12 seconds ('') make 1 inch or prime. 12 inches
                 or primes (') make 1 foot.         --B.
                                                    Greenleaf.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: The meter, the accepted scientific standard of length,
           equals 39.37 inches; the inch is equal to 2.54
           centimeters. See Metric system, and Meter.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     2. A small distance or degree, whether of time or space;
        hence, a critical moment; also used metaphorically of
        minor concessins in bargaining; as, he won't give an inch;
        give him an inch and he'll take a mile.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Beldame, I think we watched you at an inch. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     By inches, by slow degrees, gradually.
  
     Inch of candle. See under Candle.
  
     Inches of pressure, usually, the pressure indicated by so
        many inches of a mercury column, as on a steam gauge.
  
     Inch of water. See under Water.
  
     Miner's inch, (Hydraulic Mining), a unit for the
        measurement of water. See Inch of water, under Water.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Miner \Min"er\, n. [Cf. F. mineur.]
     [1913 Webster]
     1. One who mines; a digger for metals, etc.; one engaged in
        the business of getting ore, coal, or precious stones, out
        of the earth; one who digs military mines; as, armies have
        sappers and miners.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. (Zool.)
        (a) Any of numerous insects which, in the larval state,
            excavate galleries in the parenchyma of leaves. They
            are mostly minute moths and dipterous flies.
        (b) The chattering, or garrulous, honey eater of Australia
            ({Myzantha garrula).
            [1913 Webster]
  
     Miner's elbow (Med.), a swelling on the black of the elbow
        due to inflammation of the bursa over the olecranon; -- so
        called because of frequent occurrence in miners.
  
     Miner's inch, in hydraulic mining, the amount of water
        flowing under a given pressure in a given time through a
        hole one inch in diameter. It is a unit for measuring the
        quantity of water supplied.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Water \Wa"ter\ (w[add]"t[~e]r), n. [AS. w[ae]ter; akin to OS.
     watar, OFries. wetir, weter, LG. & D. water, G. wasser, OHG.
     wazzar, Icel. vatn, Sw. vatten, Dan. vand, Goth. wat[=o], O.
     Slav. & Russ. voda, Gr. 'y`dwr, Skr. udan water, ud to wet,
     and perhaps to L. unda wave. [root]137. Cf. Dropsy,
     Hydra, Otter, Wet, Whisky.]
     1. The fluid which descends from the clouds in rain, and
        which forms rivers, lakes, seas, etc. "We will drink
        water." --Shak. "Powers of fire, air, water, and earth."
        --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: Pure water consists of hydrogen and oxygen, H2O, and
           is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, transparent
           liquid, which is very slightly compressible. At its
           maximum density, 39[deg] Fahr. or 4[deg] C., it is the
           standard for specific gravities, one cubic centimeter
           weighing one gram. It freezes at 32[deg] Fahr. or
           0[deg] C. and boils at 212[deg] Fahr. or 100[deg] C.
           (see Ice, Steam). It is the most important natural
           solvent, and is frequently impregnated with foreign
           matter which is mostly removed by distillation; hence,
           rain water is nearly pure. It is an important
           ingredient in the tissue of animals and plants, the
           human body containing about two thirds its weight of
           water.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     2. A body of water, standing or flowing; a lake, river, or
        other collection of water.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Remembering he had passed over a small water a poor
              scholar when first coming to the university, he
              kneeled.                              --Fuller.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. Any liquid secretion, humor, or the like, resembling
        water; esp., the urine.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. (Pharm.) A solution in water of a gaseous or readily
        volatile substance; as, ammonia water. --U. S. Pharm.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. The limpidity and luster of a precious stone, especially a
        diamond; as, a diamond of the first water, that is,
        perfectly pure and transparent. Hence, of the first water,
        that is, of the first excellence.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. A wavy, lustrous pattern or decoration such as is imparted
        to linen, silk, metals, etc. See Water, v. t., 3,
        Damask, v. t., and Damaskeen.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     7. An addition to the shares representing the capital of a
        stock company so that the aggregate par value of the
        shares is increased while their value for investment is
        diminished, or "diluted." [Brokers' Cant]
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: Water is often used adjectively and in the formation of
           many self-explaining compounds; as, water drainage;
           water gauge, or water-gauge; waterfowl, water-fowl, or
           water fowl; water-beaten; water-borne, water-circled,
           water-girdled, water-rocked, etc.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     Hard water. See under Hard.
  
     Inch of water, a unit of measure of quantity of water,
        being the quantity which will flow through an orifice one
        inch square, or a circular orifice one inch in diameter,
        in a vertical surface, under a stated constant head; also
        called miner's inch, and water inch. The shape of the
        orifice and the head vary in different localities. In the
        Western United States, for hydraulic mining, the standard
        aperture is square and the head from 4 to 9 inches above
        its center. In Europe, for experimental hydraulics, the
        orifice is usually round and the head from 1/2 of an inch
        to 1 inch above its top.
  
     Mineral water, waters which are so impregnated with foreign
        ingredients, such as gaseous, sulphureous, and saline
        substances, as to give them medicinal properties, or a
        particular flavor or temperature.
  
     Soft water, water not impregnated with lime or mineral
        salts.
  
     To hold water. See under Hold, v. t.
  
     To keep one's head above water, to keep afloat; fig., to
        avoid failure or sinking in the struggles of life.
        [Colloq.]
  
     To make water.
        (a) To pass urine. --Swift.
        (b) (Naut.) To admit water; to leak.
  
     Water of crystallization (Chem.), the water combined with
        many salts in their crystalline form. This water is
        loosely, but, nevertheless, chemically, combined, for it
        is held in fixed and definite amount for each substance
        containing it. Thus, while pure copper sulphate, CuSO4,
        is a white amorphous substance, blue vitriol, the
        crystallized form, CuSO4.5H2O, contains five molecules
        of water of crystallization.
  
     Water on the brain (Med.), hydrocephalus.
  
     Water on the chest (Med.), hydrothorax.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: Other phrases, in which water occurs as the first
           element, will be found in alphabetical order in the
           Vocabulary.
           [1913 Webster]

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