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2 definitions found
 for Montserrat
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Montserrat
      n 1: a volcanic island in the Caribbean; in the West Indies

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Montserrat
  
     Introduction Montserrat
     -----------------------
                              Background: Much of this island has been
                                          devastated and two-thirds of the
                                          population has fled abroad due to
                                          the eruption of the Soufriere Hills
                                          volcano that began on 18 July 1995.
    
     Geography Montserrat
     --------------------
                                Location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean
                                          Sea, southeast of Puerto Rico
                  Geographic coordinates: 16 45 N, 62 12 W
                          Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
                                    Area: total: 102 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 102 sq km
                      Area - comparative: about 0.6 times the size of
                                          Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 40 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 3 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; little daily or seasonal
                                          temperature variation
                                 Terrain: volcanic islands, mostly
                                          mountainous, with small coastal
                                          lowland
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
                                          highest point: Chances Peak (in the
                                          Soufriere Hills volcanic complex)
                                          914 m
                       Natural resources: NEGL
                                Land use: arable land: 20%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 80% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: severe hurricanes (June to
                                          November); volcanic eruptions
                                          (Soufriere Hills volcano has erupted
                                          continuously since 1996)
            Environment - current issues: land erosion occurs on slopes that
                                          have been cleared for cultivation
                        Geography - note: the island is entirely volcanic in
                                          origin and contains seven active
                                          volcanoes
    
     People Montserrat
     -----------------
                              Population: 8,437
                                          note: an estimated 8,000 refugees
                                          left the island following the
                                          resumption of volcanic activity in
                                          July 1995; some have returned (July
                                          2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 23.6% (male 1,001;
                                          female 986)
                                          15-64 years: 65% (male 2,624; female
                                          2,864)
                                          65 years and over: 11.4% (male 508;
                                          female 454) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 8.43% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 17.54 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 7.47 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: 74.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 1.12 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 0.96 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 7.98 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 78.2 years
                                          female: 80.4 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 76.1 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.81 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Montserratian(s)
                                          adjective: Montserratian
                           Ethnic groups: black, white
                               Religions: Anglican, Methodist, Roman Catholic,
                                          Pentecostal, Seventh-Day Adventist,
                                          other Christian denominations
                               Languages: English
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over has ever
                                          attended school
                                          total population: 97%
                                          male: 97%
                                          female: 97% (1970 est.)
    
     Government Montserrat
     ---------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: none
                                          conventional short form: Montserrat
                       Dependency status: overseas territory of the UK
                         Government type: NA
                                 Capital: Plymouth (abandoned in 1997 due to
                                          volcanic activity; interim
                                          government buildings have been built
                                          at Brades Estate, in the Carr's Bay/
                                          Little Bay vicinity at the northwest
                                          end of Montserrat)
                Administrative divisions: 3 parishes; Saint Anthony, Saint
                                          Georges, Saint Peter
                            Independence: none (overseas territory of the UK)
                        National holiday: Birthday of Queen ELIZABETH II,
                                          second Saturday in June (1926)
                            Constitution: present constitution came into force
                                          19 December 1989
                            Legal system: English common law and statutory law
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II
                                          (since 6 February 1952), represented
                                          by Governor Anthony LONGRIGG (since
                                          NA May 2001)
                                          elections: the monarch is
                                          hereditary; governor appointed by
                                          the monarch; following legislative
                                          elections, the leader of the
                                          majority party usually becomes chief
                                          minister
                                          head of government: Chief Minister
                                          John OSBORNE (since 5 April 2001)
                                          cabinet: Executive Council consists
                                          of the governor, the chief minister,
                                          three other ministers, the attorney
                                          general, and the finance secretary
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Council (11
                                          seats, 9 popularly elected; members
                                          serve five-year terms)
                                          note: expanded in 2001 from 7 to 9
                                          elected members with attorney
                                          general and financial secretary
                                          sitting as ex-officio members
                                          elections: last held NA April 2001
                                          (next to be held by November 2006)
                                          note: in 2001, the Elections
                                          Commission instituted a single
                                          constituency/voter-at-large system
                                          whereby all eligible voters cast
                                          ballots for all nine seats of the
                                          Legislative Council
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - NPLM
                                          7, NPP 2
                         Judicial branch: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court
                                          (based in Saint Lucia, one judge of
                                          the Supreme Court is a resident of
                                          the islands and presides over the
                                          High Court)
           Political parties and leaders: National Progressive Party or NPP
                                          [Reuben T. MEADE]; New People's
                                          Liberation Movement or NPLM [John A.
                                          OSBORNE]
            Political pressure groups and NA
                                 leaders:
               International organization Caricom, CDB, ECLAC (associate),
                           participation: ICFTU, Interpol (subbureau), OECS,
                                          WCL
     Diplomatic representation in the US: none (overseas territory of the UK)
       Diplomatic representation from the none (overseas territory of the UK)
                                      US:
                        Flag description: blue, with the flag of the UK in the
                                          upper hoist-side quadrant and the
                                          Montserratian coat of arms centered
                                          in the outer half of the flag; the
                                          coat of arms features a woman
                                          standing beside a yellow harp with
                                          her arm around a black cross
    
     Economy Montserrat
     ------------------
                      Economy - overview: Severe volcanic activity, which
                                          began in July 1995, has put a damper
                                          on this small, open economy. A
                                          catastrophic eruption in June 1997
                                          closed the airports and seaports,
                                          causing further economic and social
                                          dislocation. Two-thirds of the
                                          12,000 inhabitants fled the island.
                                          Some began to return in 1998, but
                                          lack of housing limited the number.
                                          The agriculture sector continued to
                                          be affected by the lack of suitable
                                          land for farming and the destruction
                                          of crops. Prospects for the economy
                                          depend largely on developments in
                                          relation to the volcano and on
                                          public sector construction activity.
                                          The UK has launched a three-year
                                          $122.8 million aid program to help
                                          reconstruct the economy. Half of the
                                          island is expected to remain
                                          uninhabitable for another decade.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $31
                                          million (1999 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: -1.5% (1999 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $2,400
                                          (1999 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 5.4%
                                          industry: 13.6%
                                          services: 81% (1996 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 5% (1998)
                             Labor force: 4,521 (1992); note - lowered by
                                          flight of people from volcanic
                                          activity
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture NA%, industry NA%,
                                          services NA%
                       Unemployment rate: 6% (1998 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $31.4 million
                                          expenditures: $31.6 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $8.4 million (1997 est.)
                              Industries: tourism, rum, textiles, electronic
                                          appliances
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: 5 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 4.65 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: cabbages, carrots, cucumbers,
                                          tomatoes, onions, peppers; livestock
                                          products
                                 Exports: $1.5 million (1998)
                   Exports - commodities: electronic components, plastic bags,
                                          apparel, hot peppers, live plants,
                                          cattle
                      Exports - partners: US, Antigua and Barbuda (1993)
                                 Imports: $26 million (1998)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and transportation
                                          equipment, foodstuffs, manufactured
                                          goods, fuels, lubricants, and
                                          related materials
                      Imports - partners: US, UK, Trinidad and Tobago, Japan,
                                          Canada (1993)
                         Debt - external: $8.9 million (1997)
                Economic aid - recipient: Country Policy Plan (2001) is a
                                          three-year program for spending
                                          $122.8 million in British budgetary
                                          assistance
                                Currency: East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
                           Currency code: XCD
                          Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars per US dollar
                                          - 2.7000 (fixed rate since 1976)
                             Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March
    
     Communications Montserrat
     -------------------------
                Telephones - main lines in use: 4,000 (1997)
                  Telephones - mobile cellular: 70 (1994)
                              Telephone system: general assessment: NA
                                                domestic: NA
                                                international: NA
                      Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 2, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                        Radios: 7,000 (1997)
                 Television broadcast stations: 1 (1997)
                                   Televisions: 3,000 (1997)
                         Internet country code: .ms
             Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 17 (2000)
                                Internet users: NA
    
     Transportation Montserrat
     -------------------------
                                Highways: total: 269 km
                                          paved: 203 km
                                          unpaved: 66 km (1995)
                               Waterways: none
                       Ports and harbors: Plymouth (abandoned), Little Bay
                                          (anchorages and ferry landing),
                                          Carr's Bay
                         Merchant marine: none (2002 est.)
                                Airports: none; the only airport was destroyed
                                          by volcanic activity; a helicopter
                                          service to Antigua is used (2001)
    
     Military Montserrat
     -------------------
                       Military branches: no regular indigenous military
                                          forces; Police Force
                         Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the
                                          UK
    
     Transnational Issues Montserrat
     -------------------------------
                 Disputes - international: none
                            Illicit drugs: transshipment point for South
                                           American narcotics destined for the
                                           US and Europe
    
                                         
  
  

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